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  • International Research Journal of Computer Science (IRJCS) ISSN: 2393-9842 Issue 04, Volume 4 (April 2017) www.irjcs.com

    _____________________________________________________________________________________________________ IRJCS: Impact Factor Value SJIF: Innospace, Morocco (2016): 4.281

    Indexcopernicus: (ICV 2015): 79.58 2014- 17, IRJCS- All Rights Reserved Page -1

    Effective Use of Blended-learning in Sudan a Step toward

    Enhancing Higher Education

    Yousif Elshafie Hashim Deanship of PYP, AL JoufUniversity,KSA

    yousif192000@hotmail.com

    ElsamaniA. Talab Ahmed A. Talab Faculty of C.S&IT, AL-Neelain University

    Profsamani@gmail.com Manuscript History Number: IRJCS/RS/Vol.04/Issue04/APCS10082 Received: 30, March 2017 Final Correction: 20, April 2017 Final Accepted: 28, April 2017 Published: April 2017 AbstractAlthough we are aware of the shortcomings mentioned, we think that the results of the study on the effectiveness of blended education, and to increase the concentration of educational programs that contribute to the renaissance of the community, Blended Learning Programs are considered an effective starting point for students to achieve continuing education, combining the classic kinds of learning with online learning. Blended learning is one of the most popular pedagogical methods, and has received numerous researches on blended learning since its beginning in recent years, the introduction of new technological innovations to fill the gap between traditional learning and face-to-face learning. The main purpose of this study is to review and analyze the studies conducted on blended learning through thinking about the past, present and future. In this article, the researcher discussed blended learning system, showing that the use of e-learning in the role of education in general needs a period of time to be good training stage to get rid of the traditional methods, and finding easier ways and more accurate for education and evaluation, and concludes importance of blended learning in preparation for the application of e-learning , so the researcher should direct his research to this type of education so that it is applied properly scientific. Finally, the recent developments in the technology encourages students and teachers to apply blended learning in their ranks, and this is one of the questions that will be discussed in this paper in addition to the successful factors for implementing blended learning and the efficiencies needed for teachers and students to achieve blended learning. We highlighted some successful experiences regionally, globally and some successful experiences in Sudan and what future directions of blended learning systems in Sudanese higher educations.

    Keywords blendedlearning, e-learning, distributed learning, blended learning environments, higher education

    I. INTRODUCTION

    With the expansion and the spread of e-learning systems, increasing demand for the use and employ them in learning it emerged several problems, including: the absence of direct social contact between the practical components of learning - teachers, students and administration which negatively affects the social contact with those components, the application of e-learning systems infrastructure needs require a high cost, in many educational systems may not be available, e-learning systems require skills in educational technology to enable teachers and students to take advantage of e-learning, the difficulty of conducting the assessment for learners when they include practical skills, and Lack of appropriate e-learning systems for students of some of the stages , as well as the lack of suitability of some curricula and courses , especially those that require students to exercise practical skills. Blended learning is a hybrid of the traditional face-to-face and an on-line learning so that instruction occurs in both classroom and an on-line, It has been acknowledged that blended instruction, is an emerging trend and it is trying to give students the advantages of each method [10], [9]. It is necessary to point out that blended learning became a natural extension of traditional classroom learning [8].

    http://www.irjcs.commailto:yousif192000@hotmail.commailto:Profsamani@gmail.com

  • International Research Journal of Computer Science (IRJCS) ISSN: 2393-9842 Issue 04, Volume 4 (April 2017) www.irjcs.com

    _____________________________________________________________________________________________________ IRJCS: Impact Factor Value SJIF: Innospace, Morocco (2016): 4.281

    Indexcopernicus: (ICV 2015): 79.58 2014- 17, IRJCS- All Rights Reserved Page -2

    The current epoch characterized by rapid changes resulting from scientific and technological progress and information technology, so it became necessary to the education system to deal with these changes to address the problems that may arise from them, such as the large number of information and exceeding number of learners and the lack of teachers and distances As a result of these problems, there was a need to learn a new system that combines the advantages of e-learning and the advantages of traditional learning , it is the so-called Blended Learning, It is the integration between the two types to obtain a high quality of learning outcomes and the lowest cost [18],[19].

    II. LITERATURE REVIEW

    Many researches and studies published in respect of blended learning, including what supports and emphasizes the importance and different outputs from the traditional education, which confirms the absence of differences between blended learning outcomes and traditional learning. ManjotKaur [12] in his paper show the concept of Blended Learning and the overview of its challenges and future from different manners also show the trend of e-learning through the concept of blended learning, paper also mention methods which used in Blended Learning if synchronous or asynchronous instructional method, finally this paper mentions many Factors that promote successful blended learning. BayramGzer and Hamit Caner [13] introduced that Blended learning as one of the most popular pedagogical concepts at the beginning of this century, the paper also provided review and analysis of studies conducted on blended learning through thinking about the past, present and future. The paper compared the evolution of technology before the period of time to prevent the combination of traditional face- to-face learning with distributed learning environments, however, in recent years the introduction of new technological innovations to fill the gap between traditional learning and face- to-face learning and distributed environments. In summary, the research explained that the recent development in the technology encourages teachers to apply blended learning in their classrooms. Shaidullin R.N and at el [16] this article describes the experience of the effective use of e-learning in the western countries, and compared with traditional forms of learning, and identify the strengths in e-learning flexibility in education, interaction and adaptation the ability of the educational process for students with different abilities and so forth of ideas and discoveries. Lynn M. Jeffrey and at el [15] say that despite resistance from the teachers on the use of technology in education, and increased spread of the blended learning, the author said that the failure of courses offered on the Internet to maximize the benefits of blended learning. Elson Szeto[14] he presents a study of the quality of teaching experiences simultaneously for engineering students , some of them on the Internet and other face- to-face , It recommended the need to adopt the use of Blended Learning in the teaching of different courses for different disciplines , as well as the recommendation to conduct further studies and research to examine the effectiveness of using the mixture of learning to achieve better learning outcomes in different programs of study.

    Alla L. Nazarenko [17] his study showed learning blended spreads all over the world. A large number of research described blended learning, but at the same time that there is a lack of research that would lead in turn to build effective strategies and different teaching models. This paper is an attempt to assess the impact of blended learning by conducting surveys to students to determine the level of satisfaction with this form of education. Results concluded that the need to shift to blended learning Many researches on different aspects of this problem have been carried out, but only one other study has teaching practice in the course of the blended. Interviews were conducted with teachers using blended learning about the use of the electronic components and the classroom and the reasons for their decisions. Institutions must look beyond the limits of traditional training classes through a combination of current best experiences and new developments in learning technologies in order to maximize results, and more importantly, institutions must seek to prepare everyone in the organization to become an active participant in the learning and participation process. Finally institutions began to discover that blended learnin