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- 1. Egyptian Mythology Tyson, Velasquez,and Castillo
2. Egyptian mythology is the collection of myths from ancient Egypt, which describe the actions of the Egyptian gods as a means of 3. Ancient Egyptian Deities Ancient Egyptian deities are the gods and goddesses who were worshiped in ancient Egypt. The beliefs and rituals surrounding these gods formed the core of ancient Egyptian religion, which emerged along with them sometime in 4. Egyptian Base Gods In different eras, various gods were said to hold the highest position in divine society. 5. Osiris: is an Egyptian base god, usually identified as the god of the afterlife, the underworld and the dead. He was classically depicted as a green skinned man with a pharaoh's beard, partially mummy wrapped at the legs, wearing a distinctive crown with two large ostrich feathers at either side, and holding a symbolic crook and flail.OSIRIS 6. ANUBIS Anubis: is the Greek name for a jackalheaded god associated with mummification and the afterlife in ancient Egyptian religion. He is the son of Nephthys and Set according to the Egyptian mythology. According to the Akkadian transcription in the Amarna letters, Anubis' name was vocalized in Egyptian as Anapa. The oldest known mention of Anubis is in the Old Kingdom 7. HORUS Horus is one of the oldest and most significant deities in ancient Egyptian religion, who was worshipped from at least the late Predynastic period through to Greco-Roman times. The most commonly encountered family relationship describes Horus as the son of Isis and Osiris but in another tradition Hathor is regarded as his mother and sometimes as his wife. Horus served many functions in the 8. Figure of a Horus Falcon, between circa 300 and circa 250 BC (GrecoRoman). Courtesy of the Walters Art Museum. 9. Praised for controlling vermin and killing dangerous snakes such as cobras, the cat became a symbol of grace and poise. As a revered animal and one important to Egyptian society and religion, some cats received the same mummification after death as humans. Mummified cats were given in offering to Bastet, who is the Goddess of cats, Lower Egypt, the sun and the moon. In 1888, an Egyptian farmer uncovered a large tomb with mummified cats and kittens. This discovery outside the town of Beni Hasan hadSIDE NOTE CATS IN ANCIENT EGYPTPicture: A bronze statue of the cat goddess, Bastet 10. Bastet also known as BASTET baast, ubasti and Baset refers to a cat goddess of ancient Egyptian mythology who was worshipped. She was the Goddess of cats, Lower Egypt, the sun and the moon. Bastet may have been the 11. alabaster cosmetic jar topped with a lioness, representing Bast, an eighteenth dynasty burial artifact from the tomb of Tutankhamun circa 1323 BC - Cairo Museum 12. Egyptian Heros? The Egyptians didn't have the same cosmology as the Greeks and Romans. There are tales of great deeds done by the Egyptian gods and goddesses, but they aren't the same as the Heroes and demigods of Greek and Roman mythology. Most of the Egyptian 'heroes' would have been pharaohs who won great battles or did great things for their country. However there are many myths. 13. Creation Myths Among the most important myths were those describing the creation of the world. The Egyptian developed many accounts of the creation, which differ greatly in the events they describe. In particular, the deities credited with creating the world vary in each account. This difference partly reflects the desire of Egypt's cities and priesthoods to exalt their own patron gods by attributing creation to them. Yet the differing accounts were not regarded as contradictory; instead, the Egyptians saw the creation 14. The sun rises over the circular mound of creation as goddesses pour out the primeval waters around it. Picture Courtesy of Wikipedia 15. Hermopolis Creation Myth The creation myth formed in the city of Hermopolis focused on the nature of the universe before the creation of the world. The qualities of the primeval waters were represented by a set of eight gods, called the Ogdoad. The god Nu and his female counterpart Naunet represented the inert primeval water itself; Huh and his counterpart Hauhet represented the water's infinite extent; Kuk and Kauket personified the darkness present within it. and Amun and Amaunet represented its hidden and unknowable nature, in contrast to the tangible world of the living. The primeval waters were themselves part of the creation process, therefore, the deities representing them could be seen as creator gods. According to the myth, the eight gods were originally divided into male and female groups. They were symbolically depicted as aquatic creatures because they dwelt within the water: the males were represented as frogs, and the females were represented as snakes. These two groups eventually converged, resulting in a great upheaval, which produced the pyramidal mound. From it 16. Questions?