electromyography. emg measures a muscle’s electric potential – surface emg – intramuscular emg

of 14 /14

Author: agatha-goodwin

Post on 17-Dec-2015




12 download

Embed Size (px)


  • Slide 1
  • Electromyography
  • Slide 2
  • EMG Measures a muscles electric potential Surface EMG Intramuscular EMG
  • Slide 3
  • Muscles!!! Motor Unit: A motor neuron and all the muscle fibers it innervates.
  • Slide 4
  • Muscles!!! Contraction State of mechanical activity. Either isotonic or isometric. Triggered when a nerve impulse at neuromuscular junction causes acetylcholine to spread over the muscle surface/sarcolemma as an electrical depolarization.
  • Slide 5
  • Neuromuscular Junctions (my favorite!... Seriously.)
  • Slide 6
  • Video http://highered.mcgraw- hill.com/olc/dl/120107/bio_c.swf
  • Slide 7
  • Muscle Types Cardiac Striated Involuntary Skeletal Striated Voluntary Smooth Non-striated Involuntary
  • Slide 8
  • Fatigue 2 Types: Muscle Fatigue: Exercising muscle can no longer respond to stimulation with the same degree of contractile activity. Central or Psychological Fatigue: CNS no longer adequately activates the motor neurons supplying the working muscles.
  • Slide 9
  • EMG Shape Indicates: Composition of motor units, number of muscle fibers innervated by a motor unit, muscle type, health, etc. Used to diagnose neuropathies and myopathies
  • Slide 10
  • EMG Neuropathy: An AP amplitude 2x normal due to increase # of fibers/motor unit because of re-innervation of de- innervated fibers. Increase in duration of AP. Decrease # of motor units in muscle. Myopathy: Decrease duration of AP. Reduction in area to amplitude ratio of AP. Decrease # of motor units in muscle.
  • Slide 11
  • Myotonia Congenita Fainting goats Abnormality of Cl - channels. They cant act as buffers against APs; muscles relax slowly. Cold makes condition worse. Cl - channels dont open fast enough after AP to get membrane potential back to negative.
  • Slide 12
  • Methods Should be in PAST tense! Should be DETAILED. How many trials did you run? How long was each? How did you measure the cues? What are the data you collected? DATA IS A PLURAL WORD!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! These data were recorded using the labscribe program.
  • Slide 13
  • A GREAT answer! Reflexes to auditory stimuli occur faster than reflexes to visual stimuli. This is due to the neural pathways for visual and auditory systems being different. Auditory receptors are ionotropic in that the stimulus is translated into an electrical signal, while the visual receptors are metabotropic, which translates the stimulus into a chemical signal (Hill 2008). DO NOT CITE ME!!!!
  • Slide 14
  • HOMEWORK!!!! Answer all questions. Write a methods and results section. Make sure to check my rubric (Will be posted on the website!). I will use it to grade assignments from this point forward. Be thorough. My grading gets harder, not easier as the semester progresses.