elements of poetry: sound devices 8th grade english/language arts – poetry unit -ms. blume

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  • Elements of Poetry: Sound Devices 8th Grade English/Language Arts Poetry Unit -Ms. Blume
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  • 2 Cornell Notes reminder Your Name Todays Date Blume ELA8 Period Title is POETRY: SOUND DEVICES Write words to be defined and types of figurative language here. Write definitions, explanations, and some examples here. For these notes, you do not need to use a summary space, as you see here.
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  • 3 Alliteration The repetition of initial consonant sounds, in two or more neighboring words or syllables. The wild and wooly walrus waits and wonders when we will walk by. Slowly, silently, now the moon Walks the night in her silver shoon; This way, and that, she peers, and sees Silver fruit upon silver trees -- from Silver by Walter de la Mare How much wood would a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood? (almost ALL tongue twisters!)
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  • 4 Assonance A repetition of vowel sounds within words or syllables. Fleet feet sweep by sleeping geese. Free and easy. Make the grade. The stony walls enclosed the holy space. This one is usually NOT on the CST Test, but why not know it?!
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  • 5 Repetition Words or phrases repeated in writings to give emphasis, rhythm, and/or a sense of urgency. Example: from Edgar Allen Poes The Bells To the swinging and the ringing of the bells, bells, bells Of the bells, bells, bells, bells Bells, bells, bells To the rhyming and the chiming of the bells! Think of all the songs you know where words and lines are repeated often a lot!
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  • 6 Rhythm and Meter Rhythm is the sound pattern created by stressed and unstressed syllables. The pattern can be regular or random. Meter is the regular patterns of stresses found in many poems and songs.. Rhythm is often combined with rhyme, alliteration, and other poetic devices to add a musical quality to the writing.
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  • 7 Rhythm and Meter continued Example: I think that I shall never see a poem lovely as a tree. The purple words/syllables are stressed, and they have a regular pattern, so this poetic line has meter.
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  • 8 Rhyme The repetition of end sounds in words End rhymes appear at the end of two or more lines of poetry. Internal rhymes appear within a single line of poetry. Ring around the rosies, A pocket full of posies, Abednego was meek and mild; he softly spoke, he sweetly smiled. He never called his playmates names, and he was good in running games;
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  • 9 Rhyme Scheme The pattern of end rhymes (of lines) in a poem. Letters are used to identify a poems rhyme scheme (a.k.a rhyme pattern). The letter a is placed after the first line and all lines that rhyme with the first line. The letter b identifies the next line ending with a new sound, and all lines that rhyme with it. Letters continue to be assigned in sequence to lines containing new ending sounds. a.k.a = also known as This may seem confusing, but it isnt. Really!
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  • 10 Rhyme Scheme continued Examples: Twinkle, twinkle little stara How I wonder what you are.a Up above the earth so high,b Like a diamond in the sky.b Baa, baa, black sheepa Have you any wool?b Yes sir, yes sir,c Three bags full.b
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  • 11 Rhyme Scheme continued What is the rhyme scheme of this stanza? Whose woods these are I think I know. His house is in the village though; He will not see me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with snow. From Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening by Robert Frost
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  • 12 Did you get it right? aaba Whose woods these are I think I know. a His house is in the village though; a He will not see me stopping here b To watch his woods fill up with snow. a
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  • 14 Onomatopoeia Words that sound like their meaning --- the sound they describe. buzz hiss roar meow woof rumble howl snap zip zap blip whack crack crash flutter flap squeak whirr.. pow plop crunch splash jingle rattle clickety-clack bam! Onomatopoeia is also considered a poetic sound device.