elements of poetry. what do you know about poetry?

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  • Slide 1
  • Elements of Poetry
  • Slide 2
  • What do you know about poetry?
  • Slide 3
  • 1. Speaker a.The voice that communicates with the reader of a poem. b.A poems speaker can be the voice of a person, an animal, or even a thing.
  • Slide 4
  • Example Lie back, daughter, let your head Be tipped back in the cup of my hand. from First Lesson by Philip Booth Who is the speaker?
  • Slide 5
  • 2. Lines and Stanzas a.line- a row of words, which may or may not form a complete sentence. b.Stanza- a group of lines forming a unit (poem paragraph)
  • Slide 6
  • Example Drum on your drums, batter on your banjoes, Sob on the long cool winding saxophones. Go to it, O jazzmen. From Jazz Fantasia by Carl Sandburg Identify a line and a stanza.
  • Slide 7
  • 3. Rhythm Rhythm- the pattern of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllable in a line. Rhythm can be regular or irregular.
  • Slide 8
  • Example Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore While I nodded nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of someone gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door Tis some visitor, I muttered, tapping at my chamber door Only this and nothing more. From The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe
  • Slide 9
  • 4. Rhyme a.Internal rhyme- occurs within lines of poetry b.End rhyme- occurs at the ends of lines c.Rhyme scheme- the pattern of rhyme formed by the end rhyme
  • Slide 10
  • Example Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore While I nodded nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of someone gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door Tis some visitor, I muttered, tapping at my chamber door Only this and nothing more. Find examples of end rhyme and internal rhyme and the rhyme scheme.
  • Slide 11
  • 5. Sound Devices a.Alliteration- the repetition of consonant sounds b.Onomatopoeia- the use of a word or phrase, such as swoosh or clank, that imitates or suggests the sound of what it describes
  • Slide 12
  • Example Give an example of alliteration. Give an example of onomatopoeia.
  • Slide 13
  • 6. Imagery a.Imagery- descriptive language used to represent objects, feelings, and thoughts. b.It often appeals to the five senses- sight, hearing, touch, taste, smell.
  • Slide 14
  • Example Black horse drive a mower through the weeds, And there, a field rat, startled, squealing bleeds. from Reapers by Jean Toomer To what senses do these lines appeal?
  • Slide 15
  • 7. Figures of Speech a.Simile- uses the words like or as to compare two unlike things Example: My love is like a red, red rose.
  • Slide 16
  • 7.Figures of Speech b. Metaphor- compares two or more different things by stating or implying that one thing is another Example: I was not one for keeping Rubbed in a cage a wing that would be free.
  • Slide 17
  • Extended metaphor a metaphor that appears through out a poem
  • Slide 18
  • Dead metaphor Metaphor so common that it is part of everyday speech Examples: the woman is a beautiful flower or love a beautiful flower
  • Slide 19
  • 7. Figures of Speech c.Personification- giving human characteristics to an animal, object, or idea Example: The headlights of the car stared at Bill.
  • Slide 20
  • Apostrophe Addressing/ speaking to an animal, object, or idea as if it were a human Example: Death, why do you mock me?
  • Slide 21
  • Other Literary Elements Hyperbole exaggeration to create an effect Examples: I was so surprised you could have knocked me over with a feather. I would rather die than eat brussels sprouts.
  • Slide 22
  • Other Literary Elements Oxymoron two or three words that combine opposite ideas Examples: sweet sorrow jumbo shrimp
  • Slide 23
  • Other Literary Elements Paradox holding contradictory ideas together in order to point to a deeper truth Examples: For it is in giving that we receive, In pardoning that we are pardoned, And in dying that we are born to eternal life. Saint Francis of Assisi
  • Slide 24
  • Types of Poetry Epic a long narrative poem (tells a story) in which a hero has a great adventure Lyrical expresses a speakers personal thoughts and feelings Narrative tells a story Dramatic the speaker is a character who gives a speech (like a monologue in a play)
  • Slide 25
  • Introduction to Poetry By Billy Collins
  • Slide 26
  • I ask them to take a poem and hold it to the light like a color slide or press an ear against its hive.
  • Slide 27
  • I say drop a mouse into a poem and watch him probe his way out. or walk inside a poems room and feel the walls for a light switch.
  • Slide 28
  • I want them to water ski across the surface of a poem waving at the authors name on the shore.
  • Slide 29
  • But all they want to do is tie the poem to a chair with rope and torture a confession out of it. They begin beating it with a hose to find out what it really means.