elements of poetry. what do you know about poetry?
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Post on 24-Dec-2015
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- Elements of Poetry
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- What do you know about poetry?
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- 1. Speaker a.The voice that communicates with the reader of a poem. b.A poems speaker can be the voice of a person, an animal, or even a thing.
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- Example Lie back, daughter, let your head Be tipped back in the cup of my hand. from First Lesson by Philip Booth Who is the speaker?
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- 2. Lines and Stanzas a.line- a row of words, which may or may not form a complete sentence. b.Stanza- a group of lines forming a unit (poem paragraph)
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- Example Drum on your drums, batter on your banjoes, Sob on the long cool winding saxophones. Go to it, O jazzmen. From Jazz Fantasia by Carl Sandburg Identify a line and a stanza.
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- 3. Rhythm Rhythm- the pattern of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllable in a line. Rhythm can be regular or irregular.
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- Example Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore While I nodded nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of someone gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door Tis some visitor, I muttered, tapping at my chamber door Only this and nothing more. From The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe
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- 4. Rhyme a.Internal rhyme- occurs within lines of poetry b.End rhyme- occurs at the ends of lines c.Rhyme scheme- the pattern of rhyme formed by the end rhyme
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- Example Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore While I nodded nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of someone gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door Tis some visitor, I muttered, tapping at my chamber door Only this and nothing more. Find examples of end rhyme and internal rhyme and the rhyme scheme.
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- 5. Sound Devices a.Alliteration- the repetition of consonant sounds b.Onomatopoeia- the use of a word or phrase, such as swoosh or clank, that imitates or suggests the sound of what it describes
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- Example Give an example of alliteration. Give an example of onomatopoeia.
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- 6. Imagery a.Imagery- descriptive language used to represent objects, feelings, and thoughts. b.It often appeals to the five senses- sight, hearing, touch, taste, smell.
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- Example Black horse drive a mower through the weeds, And there, a field rat, startled, squealing bleeds. from Reapers by Jean Toomer To what senses do these lines appeal?
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- 7. Figures of Speech a.Simile- uses the words like or as to compare two unlike things Example: My love is like a red, red rose.
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- 7.Figures of Speech b. Metaphor- compares two or more different things by stating or implying that one thing is another Example: I was not one for keeping Rubbed in a cage a wing that would be free.
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- Extended metaphor a metaphor that appears through out a poem
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- Dead metaphor Metaphor so common that it is part of everyday speech Examples: the woman is a beautiful flower or love a beautiful flower
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- 7. Figures of Speech c.Personification- giving human characteristics to an animal, object, or idea Example: The headlights of the car stared at Bill.
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- Apostrophe Addressing/ speaking to an animal, object, or idea as if it were a human Example: Death, why do you mock me?
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- Other Literary Elements Hyperbole exaggeration to create an effect Examples: I was so surprised you could have knocked me over with a feather. I would rather die than eat brussels sprouts.
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- Other Literary Elements Oxymoron two or three words that combine opposite ideas Examples: sweet sorrow jumbo shrimp
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- Other Literary Elements Paradox holding contradictory ideas together in order to point to a deeper truth Examples: For it is in giving that we receive, In pardoning that we are pardoned, And in dying that we are born to eternal life. Saint Francis of Assisi
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- Types of Poetry Epic a long narrative poem (tells a story) in which a hero has a great adventure Lyrical expresses a speakers personal thoughts and feelings Narrative tells a story Dramatic the speaker is a character who gives a speech (like a monologue in a play)
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- Introduction to Poetry By Billy Collins
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- I ask them to take a poem and hold it to the light like a color slide or press an ear against its hive.
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- I say drop a mouse into a poem and watch him probe his way out. or walk inside a poems room and feel the walls for a light switch.
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- I want them to water ski across the surface of a poem waving at the authors name on the shore.
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- But all they want to do is tie the poem to a chair with rope and torture a confession out of it. They begin beating it with a hose to find out what it really means.
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