elhhh1111l - dtic

of 16 /16
AD-AO89 374 NAVAL RFSEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC F/B 4/1 CONDUCTIVITY FOR1ULAS FOR THE DISTURBED IONOSPHEREU) SEP 80 J A FEDDER UNCLASSIFIED NRL-MR-4329 NL ELhhh1111l IL i .

Upload: others

Post on 28-Mar-2022

2 views

Category:

Documents


0 download

TRANSCRIPT

AD-AO89 374 NAVAL RFSEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC F/B 4/1 CONDUCTIVITY FOR1ULAS FOR THE DISTURBED IONOSPHEREU) SEP 80 J A FEDDER
UNCLASSIFIED NRL-MR-4329 NL
ELhhh1111l IL i .
44*
READ INSTRUCTIONSREPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE BEFORE COMPLETING FORM ,. REPO NUMBER 2. GOVT ACCESSION NO. 3 _ j Z ER
11 / 2 A( / / . l;,-. - , /NRL Memorandum tepj1 i,329 /'- "15" 3-1 "
4. TITLE (e Subtitle) 5. TYPE OF REPORT & PERIOD COVERED
61 Interim report on a continuing THEODUCISTRBEDIONO S ,R NRL problem. THEONDITRBEDIOUSER. /. PERFORMING ORO. REPORT NUMBER
7. AUTHOR(e) S. CONTRACT OR GRANT NUMBER(e)
(i J.A Fedder
9. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME AND ADDRESS 10. PROGRAM ELEMENT, PROJECT, TASK AREA & WORK UNIT NUMBERS
Naval Research Laboratory 62704HJS99QAXH 67-0892-0-0 Washington, D.C. 20375
Ii. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME AND ADDRESS M-. 12.-RPORT DAT .L
Defense Nuclear Agency (/.1f L/ Se 80i Washington, D.C. 20305 (13. NUMBER OF PA
14
14. MONITORING AGENCY NAME & ADDRESS(If different from Controlling Office) IS. SECURITY CLASS. (of this report)
UNCLASSIFIED IS&. DECL ASSI Ft CATI ON/ DOWN GRADIN G
SCHEDULE
16. DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT (of thie Report)
Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.
17. DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT fu; the abettac entered in Block 20, it different from Report)
I. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES
This work was sponsored by the Defense Nuclear Agency under Subtask S99QAX fC66) Work Unit 12 and Work Unit title, "Late Time Electrostatic Investigations."
19. KEY WORDS (Continue on revere elde If neceeeary and Identify by block number)
Ionospheric conductivity High altitude nuclear explosion Late time electrostatics / ~ ~(t"4'i' '
20. ABSTRACT (Continue an reveee fdle If neceesary and Identify by'biock number)
y , -In thiepo - e nductivity formulas for the disturbed ionosphere. These formulas are recommended for use m HANE simulation studies and for other disturbed ionospheric con- ditions.
DD I 1473 EDITION Of I NOV 6 1S OBSOLETE S/N 0102-LF-014.6601 SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OPP THIS PAGE (Wotn Date Entered)
iC
Formulas for the perpendicular DC ionospheric plasma conductivities
have been presented previously by numerous authors. 1 ,2 ,3 ,4 ,5 Use of these
published formulas under normal ionospheric conditions for the E and F regions
leads to accurate, reliable results. However, under certain extreme condi-
tions (i.e., a high altitude nuclear explosion) these approximate formulas
can lead to inaccurate and even unphysical results for the conductivities.
In this memo report we present a new set of exact formulas which do not
suffer these deficiencies. They yield accurate and usable results under the
most extreme circumstances of plasma and neutral densities and temperatures.
We therefore recommend use of the formulas presented here for extreme or
unusual ionospheric conditions.
Derivation
We begin with the electron and ion momentum equations considering only
the Lorentz term and frictional terms
m + V'e x ) en Ve + V i(v e Vi) 1e
-(E+ v x~)' V + V(V-v) (2)m i i in *i ie i e
Here is the magnetic induction and ithe electric field strength; v-"e and v
are the electron and ion velocities; m e and m i are the electron and ion mass;
e is the electron charge; and ven V ~,and Vi are the electron-neutral, the
ion-neutral, the electron-ion, and the ion-electron collision frequencies.
We eliminate from (1) and (2) the cross product terms between the velocities
and the magnetic induction resulting in
t Manuscript submitted July 7, 19801
L(V + V ) 2 -V 2 + n2J +-2en ei e i e ve en e TB7 e-By
mi i -- V (V Ven)i (3) meii i e
[(Vi + V ) 2 -Vi 2 + pi2] v = Vn~i + Ti2 2
m m + m C Vei(V -in m Van )e (4)
i in m e
where 1e eB/met ni = eB/mi, and Vie = (m fin) Vei have been used.
We next solve (3) and (4) for ve and v. explicitly which yieldse 1
(did + c2) (diae +_ caE)
me
e B
a i V in 0= a. e0e =i mia en
2
ie e m
c=Vei(Vin - m Ven)
d (Vin + V ie)2 V ie 2 + 2 d e (ven + V ei)2 V2 + 2 ie e- e en ei el e"
Use of equations (5) and (6) in Tne ( v now yields the Pederson and
Hall conductivities.
We write
a 1- e - ded + c 2 ) (8)
ne debi - dib e + 2c(be bi) ah = E dide + C2 ' (9)
and n is the plasma number density.
The conductivity tormulas presented above are considerably more compli-
cated than those previously published in the literature. For instance, the
4 formulas of V51k and Haerendel ignore the effects of collisions between
ions and electrons which can be of considerable importance for very high
5 plasma densities. Similarly, Francis and Perkins while including electron-
ion collisions in the electron momentum equation, ignore their effect on the
ion momentum equation. The result of these types of simplifications is
either incorrect or even unphysical conductivities for the ionosphere under
R extreme plasma conditions. The exact formulas presented above do not suffer
these difficulties.
Summary
In the preceding section we have presented the derivation of exact
formulas for the perpendicular DC ionospheric conductivity. These formulas
are usable and present accurate results under the most extreme of iono-
spheric conditions, a high altitude nuclear explosion. We therefore recom-
3
mend their use in computations for unusual or extreme ionospheric conditions.
Collision frequencies for use in the equations can generally be found in the
standard reference texts on the ionosphere and aeronomy 3,6
4
1~?
References
Whitten, R. C. and I. G. Poppoff, Fundamentals of Aeronomy, John Wiley,
New York (1971).
2 Rowe, J. F. Jr. and J. D. Mathews, "Low Latitude Nighttime E Region
Conductivities", J. Geophys. Res., 73, 7461 (1973).
Rishbeth, H. and 0. K. Garriott, Introduction to Ionospheric Physics,
Academic Press, New York (1969).
4 V5ik, H. J. and G. Haerendel, "Striations in Ionospheric Ion Clouds",
J. Geophys. Res., 76, 4541 (1971).
Francis, S. H. and F. W. Perkins, "Determination of Striations Scale
Sizes for Plasma Clouds in the Ionosphere," J. Geophys. Res., 80, 3111
(1975).
Banks, P. M. and C. Kockarts, Aeronomy, Part 1, Academic Press, New
York (1973).
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE COMMAOER COPM, C1, CONT I INTELL FIELD COMAND WASHINGTON, D.C. 20301 DEFENSE NUCLEAR AGENCY
GICY ATTN .J. BABCOCK KIRTLAND AF8, W~i 87113 0ICY ATTN M. EPSTEIN 0ICY ATTN FCPR
ASSISTANT TO THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DIRECTOR ATOMIC ENERGY INTERSERVICE NUCLEAR WEAPONS SCHOCL WASHINGTON, D.C. 20301 KIRTLAIO AF, W 87115
01CY ATTN EXECUTIVE ASSISTANT OICY ATTN DOCUMENT CONTROL.
DIRECTOR ,JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF COMWCD CONTROL TECHNICAL CENTER WASHINGTON, D.C. 20301 PENTAGON RM BE 685 0ICY ATTN J-3 WW1.CCS EVALUATION OFFICE WASHINGTON, D.C. 20301
OICY ATTN C-650 DIRECTOR OICY ATTN C-312 R. MASON JOINT STRAT TGT PLANNING STAFF
OFFUTT AFB DIRECTOR OMAHA, NS 68113 DEFENSE ADVANCED RSCH PROJ AGENCY OICY ATTN JLTW-2 ARCHITECT BUILDING OlCY ATTN JPST G. GOETZ 1400 WILSON BLVD. ARLINGTON, VA. 22209 CHIEF
GICY ATTN NUCLEAR MONITORING RESEARCH LIVERIORE DIVISION FLD COMMAND DNA OICY ATTN STRATEGIC TECH OFFICE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
LAWRENCE LIVERMORE LABORATORY DEFENSE COKUJNICATION ENGINEER CENTER P. 0. BOx 808 1860 WIEMLE AVcE.NUE LIVERMORE, CA 94550 RESTON, VA. 22090 01CY ATTN FCPRL
01CY ATTN CODE R820 0CiY ATTN CODE R410 *WmES W. MCLEAN 01CY ATTN CODE R720 J. WORTHINGTON DIRECTOR
NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY DIRECTOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEFENSE COM.MJNICATIONS AGENCY FT. GEORGE G. MEADE, O 20755 WASHINGTON, D.C. 20305 OCY ATTN JOH4N SKILLMAN R52
(ADR CNWDI: ATTN CODE 2'0 FOR) 0ICY ATTN FRANK LEONARD 01CY ATTN CODE 101B OICY ATTN W14 PAT CLARK
OICY ATTN OLIVER H. BARTLErr w32 Defense Technical Information, Center OlCY ATTN R5 CAMERON STATION ALEXANDRIA, VA. 22314 COMMANDANT
(12 COPIES IF OPEN PUBLICATION, OTHERWISE 2 COPIES) NATO SCHOOL (SHAPE) 12CY ATTN TC APO NEW YORK 09172
OCY ATTN U.S. DOCUMENTS OFFICER
DIRECTOR UNDER SECY OF DEF FOR RSO' 6 ENGRG DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE AGENCY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE WASHINGTON, D.C. 20301 WASHINGTON, D.C. 20301
OICY ATTN DT-18 0ICY ATTN STRATEGIC 6 SPACE SYSTEMS COS) OICY ATTN OB- C E. O-FARRELL OICY ATTN DIAAP A. 'ISE WWHCCS SYSTEM ENGINEERING ORG OICY ATTN DIAST-5 WASHINGTON, D.C. 20305 01CY ATTN DT-IBZ R. MORTON OCY ATTN R. CRAWFORD 01CY ATTN HQ-TR J. STEWART OICY ATTN W. WITTIG DC-7D COtWANDER/DI RECTOR
ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES '.BORATORY DIRECTOR U.S. ARMY ELECTRONICS COMMAND DEFENSE NUCLEAR AGENCY WHITE SANDS MISSILE RANGE, NM 88002 WASHINGTON, D.C. 20305 OICY ATTN DELAS-EO F. NILES
OICY ATTN STVi 04CY ATTN TITL DIRECTOR 0ICY ATTN DOST BHO ADVANCED TECH CTR 03CY ATTN RAA HUNTSVILLE OFFICE
P. 0. BOX 1500 HUNTSVILLE, AL 35807
OCY ATTN ArC-T MELVIN T. 'CAPPS OICY ATTN ATC-O W. DAVIES 01CY ATTN ATC-R DON RUSS
PROGRAM MANAGER DIRECTOR 8SD PROGRAM OFFICE U.S. ARMY TRADOC SYSTEMS ANALYSIS ACTIVITY 5001 EISENIOdER AVENUE WHITE SANDS MISSILE RMGE, WE 88002 ALEXANDRIA, VA 22333 OICY ATTN ATAA-SA
OICY ATTN DACS-BMT J. SEA OLCY ATTN TCC/F. PAYAN JR. OICY ATTN ATAA-TAC LTC J. HESSE
CHIEF C-E SERVICES DIVISION U.S. ARMY COMMUNICATIONS CMD COMMANDER PENTAGON R4 18269 NAVAL ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS COMMAND WASHINGTON, D.C. 20310 WASHINGTON, D.C. 20360
OICY ATTN C-E-SERVICES DIVISION OICY ATTN NAVALEX 034 T. MUGkES 0ICY ATTN PIE 117
C1W R ICY ATTN PIE 117-T
FRADCOM TECHNICAL SUPPORT ACTIVITY 0ICY ATTN CODE 5011 DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Clv#%NDtNG OFFICER FORT MONMOUTH, N.J. 0770) NAVAL INTELLIGENCE SUPPORT CTR
OICY ATTN DRSEL.-.RD M BENNET 4301 SUITLAND ROAD, BLDG. 5 0ICY ATTN D.SEL-PL-E M. B WASHINGTON, D.C. 20390 GICY ATTN J. E. QUIGLEY OICY ATTN MR. DUSBIN STIC 12
0ICY ATTN NISC-SO CGW ER OICY ATTN CODE 5404 J. GALET
HARRY DIAMOND LABORATORIES DEPARTIENT OF THE ARMY COMMANDER 2800 PONDER MILL ROAD NAVAL OCEAN SYSTEMS CENTER AOELPMI, mo 20783 SAN DIEGO, CA 92152
(ClwDIDINNER ENVELOPE: ATTN: CELlO-RIM) 03CY ATTN CODE 532 w. MLER 0ICY ATTN DELHO-TI M. WEINER OICY ATTN CODE 0230 C. BAGGETT 01CY ATTN DELIHD-RB R. WILLIA"S ICY ATTN CODE 81 R. EASTMAN OCY ATTN DELID-iP F. WIMENITZ OlCY ATTN DELMD-NP C. MOAZED DIRECTOR
NAVAL RESEARCH LABORATORY
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20375 COMMANDER ICY ATTN CODE 4700 TI.-OTMY P. COFFEY (25 CYS U.S. ARMY COM-ELEC ENGRG INSTAL AGY IF UNCLASS, I CY IF CLASS) FT. HJACHUCA, AZ 85613 OICY ATTN CODE 4701 JACK 0. BROWN
OICY ATTN CCC-EEO GEORGE LANE OICY ATTN CODE 4780 BRANCH HEAD (150 CYS
IF UNCLASS, I CY IF CLASS)
OICY ATTN CODE 7500 MQ COMvq DIR BRUCE WALD COMMANDER OICY ATTN CODE 7550 J. DAVIS U.S. ARMY FOREIGN SCIENCE 6 TECH CTR OICY ATTN CODE 7580 220 Trh STREET, NE OICY ATTN CODE 7551 CHARLOTTESVILLE, VA 22901 OCY ATTN CODE 7555
OICY ATTN DRXST-SD OICY ATTN CODE 4730 E. MCLEAN OICY ATTN R. JONES 0ICY ATTN CODE 4127 C. JOHNSON
COMMNER COYANDER NAVAL SEA SYSTEMS COMMAND U.S. ARMY MATERIEL 0EV 9 READINESS COO WASHINGTON, D.C. 20362 5001 EISENIHWER AVENUE OICY ATTN CAPT R. PITKIN ALEXANDRIA, VA 22333
OICY ATTN DRCLDC J. A. SENDER COIMANDER NAV'-' SPACE SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM
C lYCR DAILGREN, VA 22448 COMMNDEROICY ATTN CAPT J. MI. BURTON
U.S. ARMY NUCLEAR AND CHEMICAL AGENCY 7500 BACKLICK ROAD OFFICER-IN-CHARGE BLDG 2073 NAVAL SURFACE WEAPONS CENTER SPRINGFIELD, VA 22150 WHITE OAK, SILVER SPRING, MD 20910
0ICY ATTN LIBRARY OICY ATTN CODE F31
DIRECTOR DIRECTOR U.S. ARMY BALLISTIC RESEARCH LAS STRATEGIC SSTEMS PROJCT OFFICE
ABEDEEN PRCVING GROUND, PC 21005 OEPARTMENT OF ThE NAVY 01CY ATTN TECH LIB EOWARD BAICY WASHINGTON, D.C. 20376
COF9.IADER OICY ATTN NSP-2141 U.S. ARMY SATCON AGENCY OICY ATTN NSSP-2722 FRED WIMBERLY
FT. MOMOUTH, NJ 0?703 NAVAL SPACE SYSTEM ACTIVITY OICY ATTN DOCUMENT CONTROL P. O. BoX 92960
WORLOWAY POSTAL CENTER COMMNDR LOS ANGELES, CALIF. 09
U.S. ARMY MISSILE INTELLIGENCE AGENCY OICY ATTN A. .00AZA REDSTONE ARSENAL, AL 35809
OICY ATTN JIM GAMBLE
COMA"NDER HEADQUARTERS NAVAL SURFACE WEAPONS CENTER ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS DIVISION/YSEA DALGREN LABORATORY DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE DAMLGREN, VA 22448 HANSCOM AFS, MA 01731
OICY ATTN CODE OF-4 R. BUTLER OICY ATTN YSEA
COHMA I NG OFFICER HEADQUARTERS NAVY SPACE SYSTEMS ACTIVITY ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS DIViSION/DC P.O. BOX 92960 DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE WORLOWAY POSTAL CENTER HANSCOM AFB, MA 01731 LOS ANGELES, CA. 90009 OCY ATTN DCKC MAJ J.C. CLARK
OICY ATTN CODE 52
COMMtANDER OFFICE OF NAVAL RESEARCH FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIVISION, AFSC ARLINGTON, VA 22217 WRIGHT-PATTERSON AF8, OH .5433
OCY ATTN CODE 465 OICY ATTN NICD LIBRARY OICY ATTN CODE 461 0ICY ATTN ETOP B. BALLARD OCY ATTN CODE 402 OICY ATTN CODE 420 COMMANDER OICY ATTN CODE 421 ROME AIR DEVELOPMENT CENTER, AFSC
GRIFFISS AFS, NY 13441 COMMANDER OICY ATTN DOC LIBRARY/TSLD AEROSPACE DEFENSE COMAM/DC 01CY ATTN OCSE V. COYNE
DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE ENT AFB, CO 80912 SAMSO/SZ
OlCY ATTN DC ,R. LONG POST OFFICE BOX 92960 WOR.DWAY POSTAL CENTER
COMMANDER LOS ANGELES, CA 90009 AEROSPACE DEFENSE C01MAN4D/XPD (SPACE DEFENSE SYSTEMS) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE 0ICY ATTN SZJ
ENT AF8, CO 80912 0ICY ATTN XPDQQ OICY ATTN XP STRATEGIC AIR CO"1H.ND/XPFS
OFFUTT AFB, NB 63113
AIR FORCE GEOPHYSICS LABORATORY 01CY ATTN XPFS MAj 8. STEPHAN HANSCOM AFS, MA 01731 OICY ATTN ADWATE MAJ BRUCE BAUER
01CY ATTN OPR HARO.D GARDNER OCY ATTN NRT OICY ATTN OPR-1 WIAES C. ULWICK 01CY ATTN DO(K CHIEF SCIENTIST OICY ATTN LKB KENNETH S. W. CHAPIPION OCY ATTN OPR ALVA T. STAIR OlCY ATTN PmP JuLES AARONS 0ICY ATTN PHD JURGEN BUCHAU OICY ATTN PHO ,Jt4 P. PU.LEN
AF WEAPONS LABORATORY KIRTLAND AFB, WM 87117 SAMSO/SK
OICY ATTN SUL P. 0. BOX 92960 OICY ATTN CA ARTHUR H. GIENTHER WORLDWAY POSTAL CENTER O0CY ATTN DYC CAPT J. BARRY LOS ANGELES, CA 90009 OICY ATTN DYC %JOHN M. KAtM 01CY ATTN SKA (SPACE COMM. SYSTEMS) M. CLAVIN
OCY ATTN DYT CAPT HARK A. FRY OICY ATTN DES WA.j GARY GANONG SAMSO/MN
OCY ATTN OYC J. UA MI NORTON AF, CA 92409 (MINUTE-AN)
OICY ATTN MNNL LTC KENIEDY AFTAC
PATRICK AFB, FL 32925 COMMANDER 01CY ATTN TF/MAJ WILEY ROE AIR DEVELOPMENT CENTER, AFSC 01CY ATTN TN HANSCOM AFB, MA 01731
0lCY ATTN EEP A. LORENTZEN AIR FORCE AVIONICS
LABORATORY
WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB, OH 45433 OCY ATTN AAD WADE HUNT DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OCY ATTN AAD ALLEN jO-1N45N ALBUQUERQUE OPERATIONS OFFICE
P. 0. BOX 5400DEPUTY CHIEF OF STAFF BUE(JN 871 RESERCHDEVEOPMET, £ACQALBUQUERQUE, Wi 87115
RESEARCH, DEVELOPM"ENT, 6 ACQ 1OCY ATTN DOC CON FOR D. SHERWOOD DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE WASHINGTON, D.C. 20330 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY
OICY ATTN AFRDq LIBRARY ROOM G-042 WASHINGTON. D.C. 20545
HEADQUARTERS OCY ATTN DOC CON FOR A. LABUWITZ ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS DIVISION/XR DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE HANSCOM AF8, HA 01731
OICY ATTN XR ,J. DEAS
EG6G, INC. NATIONAL OCEANIC 6 ATMOSPHERIC ADMIN LOS ALAJA.S DIVISION ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LABORATORIES P. 0. BOX 809 DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE LOS ALAM"OS, NM 85544 BOLDER, CO 80302
0ICY ATTN DOC CON FOR J. BREEDLOVE 01CY ATTN R. GRUBS 01CY ATTN AERONO4Y LAB 6. REID
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
LAWRENCE LIVERMORE LA8ORATORY P. 0. BOX 808 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTORS LIVERMORE, CA 94550
OICY ATTN DOC CON FOR TECH INFO DEPT AEROSPACE CORPORATION OCY ATTN DOC CON FOR L-389 R. OTT P. 0. BOX 92957 OICY ATTN DOC CON FOR L-31 R. HAGER LOS ANGELES, CA 90009 01CY ATTN DOC CON FOR L-46 F. SEWARD 0ICY ATTN I. GARFUNKEL
OICY ATTN T. SALMI LOS ALAJOS SCIENTIFIC LABORATORY 01CY ATTN V. JOSEPISON P. 0. BOX 1663 0ICY ATTN S. BOER LOS ALAMOS, h#l 87545 BICY ATTN N. STOCWELL
GCY ATTN DOC CON FOR J. WOLCOTT 0ICY ATTN D. OLSEN 0ICY ATTN DOC CON FOR R. F. TASCHEK OICY ATTN J. CARTER OCY ATTN DOC CON FOR E. JONES OICY ATTN F. MORSE 01CY ATTN DOC CON FOR J. MALIK 0ICY ATTN SrMFA FOR PW' OCY ATTN DCC CON FOR R. JEFFRIES 01CY ATTN DOC CON FOR J. ZINN ANALYTICAL SYSTEMS ENGIN EERING CORP OICY ATTN DOC CON FOR P. KEATON 5 OLD CONCORD ROAD OlCY ATTN DOC CON FOR D. WESTERVELT BURLINGTON, MA 01803
OICY ATTN RADIO SCIENCES SANDI A LABORATORIES P. 0. BOX 5800 BERKELEY RESEARCH ASSOCIATES, INC. ALBUQUERQUE, M 87115 P. 0. BOX 983
0ICY ATTN DOC CON FOR U. MARTIN BERKELEY, CA 94701 0ICY ATTN DOC CON FOR W. BROWN 01CY ATTN J. WRKMAN 01CY ATTN DOC CON FOR A. THORNBROUGH OCY ATTN DOC CON FOR T. WRIGHT BOEIWK COMPANY, THE 01CY ATTN DOC CON FOR D. DA-ILGREN P. 0. BOX 3707 OCY ATTN DOC CON FOR 3141 SEATTLE, WA 98124 O1CY ATTN DOC CON FOR SPACE PROJECT DIV OICY ATTN G. KEISTER
01CY ATTN D. MURRAY
SANDIA LABORATORIES 0ICY ATTN G. MALL
LIvERMIRE LABORATORY 01CY ATTN J. KENNEY
P. 0. BOX 969 CALIFORNIA AT SAN DIEGO, UNIV OF LIVERMORE, CA 94550 IAS -10ICY ATTN DCC CON FOR B. LRPMET IPAP'S, B-019
01CY ATTN DOC CON FOR T. COO( LA JOLLA, CA 92093 D1CY ATTN HENRY G. BOOKER
OFFICE OF MILITARY APPLICATION BROWN ENGINEERING COANY, INC. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY BROMN ESERCH PA WASHINGTON, D.C. 20545 CUINGS RESEARO4 PARK
01CY ATTN DOC CON FOR D. GALE HUNTSVILLE, AL 35807 01CY ATTN ROMEO A. DELIBERIS
OTHER GOVERtENT CHARLES STARK DRAPER LABORATORY, INC. 555 TECHNOLOGY SQUARE
CAMBRIDGE, MA 02139 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 0ICY ATTN D. B. COX ATTN RD/SI, RM 5r48, MQ BLDG 0ICY ATTN J. P. GILMORE WASHINGTON, D.C. 20505 COMPUTER SCIENCES CORPORATION
OCY ATTN OS1/PSID RM 5F 19 65n ARLINGTON BLVD
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FALLS CIURCH, VA 22046
NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS 01CY ATTN H. SLANO
oASHINGTON, D.C. 20234 01CY ATTN JOHN SPOOR
(ALL CORRES: ATTN SEC OFFICER FOR) 01CY ATTN C. NAIL
01CY ATTN R. MOORE
COMSAT LABORATORIES INSTITUTE FOR TELECOM SCIENCES LINTIICUM ROAD NATIONAL TELECOPIJNICATIONS & IFO ADMIN CLARKSBURG, MD 20734 EOULDER, CO 80303 0ICY ATTN G. HYDE
OLCY ATTN A. JEAN (UNCLASS ONLY) OICY ATTN W. UTLAUT CORNtLL UNIVERSITY 0ICY ATTN D. CROMB IE DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERIIG 01CY ATTN L. BERRY ITHACA, NY 14850
01CY ATTN 0. T. FARLEY JR
' 9
ELEROSPAC NC URBA'A, IL 61805
Box 1359 OlCy ATTN K- YEN
RICHARDSON, TX 75080
ILLINOIS, UNIVERSITY OF
107 COBLE MALL
olry ATTN j. ROBERTS 0CY ATTN K. Y.H
OICY ATTN JAKS mARSHAUL.
4O0 ARMY-NAVY DRIVE
3939 FABIAN WAY .OICY ATTN J. A. AEIN
PALO ALTO, CA 94303 0ICY
GICY ATTN J. T. MATTI N
GLEY OICY ATTN HANS WOLFMARDo' Cy ATTN4 JOEL BE N GST
O N
GOODARD BLVO KING OF PRUSSIA BEDFORD, A 01730
P. . BoX 8555 gicy ATTN DONALD "ANW4
PHILADELPHIA, PA 19101C
01CY ATTN M. t. BORTNER SPACE SCI LAB INTL TEL & TELEGRAPM CORPORATIO N
500 WASHINGTON AVENJE
P 0. BOA 1122 0CY ATTN TECHNICAL
SYRACUSE, NY 13201
GE,,ErAL ELECTRIC COMPANY DEL MAR, CA 92014
FOR AOVANCED STUDIES
SA.'TA BARBARA, CA 93102 AppLIEQ PHYSICS LABORATORY
o1CT ATTN DASLAC JONS HOPKINS ROAD
01r ATTN "XN CHADLER LAUREL. m' 2810
oicy TTN om BARETTOICY ATTN DCUtPNT LIBRARIA14OLCY ATTN TOM~ BARRETT LUE, 8.
o1CY ATTN TIM STEPiIANS 0ICY ATTN U'0145 POTE HA
OICY ATTN WARREN S. KNAPP 0CY ATTN JOHI DASOJLAS
oj., ATTN ' ILLIAM MCNAMRA
CO INC
GE\ERAL- ELECTRC TEC)h SERVICES CO.. INC*. SUNNYVA..E, CA 94088
GENERL 0CY ATTN DEPT 60-12
COR ST OCY ATTN D. R. CUR I ILL
CORT STREET
SyRACUSE, NY 13201 LOCKHEED MISSILES AND SPACE CO INC
0LCY ATTN G. MILL,'AN 5251 HANOVER STREET PALO ALTO. CA 94304
GENER, AL RESEARCH CORPORATION 0ICY ATTN MARTIN WALT DEPT 52-10
S,,NTA BARBARA DIVISION OICY ATTN RICHARD G. ,JOHNSON DEPT 52-12
SANTA BARBARA, CA O 30 OIC-y ATTN W. L. 14r1OF DEPT 52-12
P. 0. sox 6770SANTA BARBARA, CA 93"'l
OCY ATTN oi% ISE JR KAMM SCIENCES CORP
OICY ATTN JOEL GARBARINO ". 0. BOX 7463
COLORADO SPRINGS, CO %0933 GEC .ysICAL INSTITUTE OICY ATTN T. MEAGHER
UNI.ERSITY OF ALASKA FAIRBANKS, AK 99701 10453 R
(ALL CLASS ATTN: SECURITY OFFICER) .53 ROSELLE
01CY ATTN T. N. OAVIS (UNCL ONLY) SAN DIEGO, CA 92121
oICY VWTN NEAL eRr-WN CUNCL ONLY) 0ICY ATT,4 IRWIN JACOBS
O1CY ATTN TEC.NICAL LI3R;WY
EECTRONICS SYSTEMS GRP-EASTERN DIV LEXINGTON, MA 02173
77 ; STREET OICY ATTN JAVIO M. TC
* lF
MARTIN ,.RIEfa CORP
ORLANDO, FL 32805 GICY ATTN R. HEFFNER
10
MCDO0WLL DOJGLAS CORPORATION R 0 0 ASSOCIATES 5301 BOLSA AVENUE P. 0. BOX 9695 HUNTINGTON BEACH, CA 92647 MARINA DEL REY, CA 90291
OICY ATYN N. HARRIS SICY ATTN FORRST GILPmhE OICY ATTN J. HOULE OICY ATTN BRYAN GAMIADI GICY ATTN GEORGE MROZ OICY ATTN WILLIAN I. WRIGHT A GICY ATTN W. OLSON 0ICY ATTN ROERT F. 1L.9I9ER 0ICY ATTN R. W. HALPRIN OICY ATTN WILLIAM j. KARZAS OICY ATTN TECHNICAL LIBRARY SERVICES 0ICY ATTN H. ORT
0ICY ATTN c. MooALo
MISSION RESEARCH CORPORATION SICY ATTN It. TtACO 735 STATE STREET SANWA BARBARA, CA 93101 RAND CORPORATION, THE
OICY ATTN P. FISCHER 1700 PAIN STREET 01CY ATTN w. F. CREVIER SANTA MONICA, CA 90406 OICY ATTN STEVEN L. GUTSCHE OICY ATTN CULLEN C*AIN OXCY ATTN D. SAPPENFIELD OICY ATTN ED BEROZIAN OICY ATTN R. BOGUSCH OICY ATTN R. HENDRICK RIVERSIDE RESEARCH INSTITUTE 0ICY ATTN RALPH KILS 0 WEST END AVENJE OICY ATTN DAVE SOWLE NEW YORK, NY 10023 OICY ATTN F. FAJEN OICY ATTN VINCE TRAPANI OlCY ATTN M. SCHEIBE
ICY ATTN CONRAD L. LONGMIRE SCIENCE APPL[CAIONS, INC. GICY ATTN WARREN A. SCHLUETER P. 0. BOX 2351
LA %JOLLA, CA 92038 MITRE CORPORATION, TE 'ICY ATTN LEWIS H. LINSONP. o. BOX 208 OICY ATTN DANIEL A. AMtLIN BEDFORD, MA 01730 0lCY ATTN 0. SACHS
01CY ATTN JOtN MORGANSTERN CICY ATTN E. A. STRAKER OCY ATTN G. HARDING ICY ATTN CURTIS A. SMITH OICY ATTN C. E. CALLAHAN 0ICY ATTN JAK MCDOxJGALL
MITRE CORP RAYTHEON CO. WESTGATE RESEARCH PARK 528 BOSTON POST ROM 1820 DOLLY MADISON BLVD SUDBURY, NA 01776 MCLEAN, VA 22101 0let Ar BARBAA ADMS
0ICY ATTN w. HALL OICY ATTN W. FOSTER SCIENCE APPLICATIONS. INC.
MUNTSVILLE DIVISION PACIFIC-SIERRA RESEARCH CORP 2109 W. CLINTON AVENUE 1456 CLOVERFIELD 8LV. SUITE 700 SANTA [CA, CA 90404 HUNTSVILLE. AL 35805
OICY ATTN E. C. FIELD JR 0ICT ATTN DALE H. O|VIS
PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY SCIENCE APPLICATIONS. INCORPORATED IONOSPHERE RESEARCH LAS 84.00 WESTPARK DRIVE 318 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING EAST MCLEAN, VA 22101 UNIVERSITY PARK, PA 16802 O1CY ATTN J. COOCKAYNE
(NO CLASSIFIED TO THIS ADDRESS) OICY ATTN INOSPHERIC RESEARCH LAB SCIENCE APPLICATIONS, INC.
80 MISSION DRIVE PmOTOETRICS, INC. PLEASANTON, CA 94566 '442 MARRETT ROAD 01CY ATTN SZ LEXINGTON, MA 02173
OCY ATTN IRVING L. KOFSKY SRI INTERNATIONAL
PHYSICAL DYNAMICS INC. 333 RAvENSWOOo AVENUE P. 0. BOx 3027 MENLO PARK, CA 94025
BELLEVUE, WA 98009 OICY ATTN O0hWL EILSON 0lCY ATTN E. .J. FREMOUW 0ICY ATTN ALAN BURNS
OICY ATTN G. SMITH
P'"YSICAL DYNAMICS INC. 0ICY ATTN L. L. COBB P. 0. BOx 1069 ICY ATTN DAVID A. 404SON BERKELEY, CA 94701 OICY ATTN WALTER G. CHESNUT
rICY ATTN A. THMPSON 01CT ATTN CHARLES L. RINO QICY ATTN WALTER JAYE OICY ATTN N. BARoN OICY ATTN RAY L. LEADABRA" OICY TTN G. CARPENTER OICY ATYN G. PRICE
OICY ATTN J. PETERSON 01CY ATTN R. IKAE, JR. OICY ATTN V. GONZALES 0ICY ATTN 0. MICDANIEL
11
O1CY ATTN W. P. BOQUIST
TRW DEFENSE & SPACE SYS GROUP
ONE SPACE PARK R;EDOO BEACH, CA 90278
0CY ATTN R. I. PLEBUCH OICY ArTN S. ALTSC'II.LER o0CY ATTN D. DEE
VISIDYNE, INC. 19 THIRD AVENUE NORTH WEST INDUSTRIA. PAMK
BURLINGTON, MA 01803 OICY ATTN CHARLES .UMREY
oiCY ATTN j. W. CARPENTER
12
11
(4 .,