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  • Engaging Communities in Offshore Wind:

    Case Studies and Lessons Learned from New England Islands

    December 15, 2015

  • Overview Welcome and Introductions Report Summary Case Study Perspectives Audience Q&A Wrap Up

  • Island Institute Work to sustain Maines island and rural coastal communities and

    exchange ideas and experiences to further the sustainability of communities in Maine and elsewhere Offshore wind and ocean planning: information dissemination, convening,

    environmental research, fisheries mapping, prioritizing local benefit

  • Islanded Grid Resource Center

    FOCUS AREAS Wind-Diesel Systems Megawatt-Scale Systems on

    Islanded Grids

    Support for Island Communities in Close Proximity to Proposed Commercial-Scale Offshore Wind and Other Ocean Energy Projects

    MISSIONRemote communities limited resources and high energy costs threaten their long-term sustainability and economic viability. The Islanded Grid Resource Centers is committed to building a network of utilities, wind operators, government agencies, researchers, technical experts and others to promote collaboration and share information so communities can work together to solve the energy challenges and opportunities facing remote grids, specifically, those involving wind power.

    www.islandedgrid.org

    HUGE GEOGRAPHYThe center focuses on U.S. states and territories, but is open to any interested party. Participants are currently located in Alaska, Maine, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Hawaii, Guam, American Samoa, Commonwealth of Northern Marianas, and U.S. Virgin Islands.

    http://www.islandedgrid.org/

  • WINDExchange is the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Wind Program's hub of stakeholder engagement and outreach activities. The purpose of WINDExchange is to help communities weigh the benefits and costs of wind energy, understand the deployment process, and make wind development decisions supported by the best available science and other fact-based information.http://energy.gov/eere/wind/wind

    exchange

    Wind Energy Regional Resource Centers

    http://energy.gov/eere/wind/windexchange

  • Report Goals

    BlockIsland,RhodeIsland

    MonheganIsland,Maine

    Windresourcepoten al

    Poor

    Fair

    Good

    Excellent

    Outstanding

    MarthasVineyard,Massachuse s

    Maine

    Vermont

    Massachuse s

    NewHampshire

    Connec cut

    Map of Case Study Islands. Wind data and categorization from NREL (2015).

    Highlight the need and opportunity to engage island and coastal communities in the process of siting new ocean uses including offshore wind;

    Inform the development of best practices for engaging stakeholders that are being developed through the offshore wind industry and the regional ocean planning process;

    Connect what we are seeing on the ground in New England with global research efforts

  • Acknowledgments U.S. Department of Energys

    WINDExchange Program Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation University of British Columbia Case study representatives Report reviewers Sarah Klain and Island Institute staff

    teamwww.islandinstitute.org/oswreport

    http://www.islandinstitute.org/oswreport

  • Engaging Communities in Offshore Wind: Case Studies and Lessons Learned from New England Islands

    Sarah KlainAaron on Flikr

    Suzanne MacDonald, Nicholas BattistaRebecca Clark Uchenna, Brooks Winner

  • Don Shall

    Dave WilsonSarah Klain

  • Incisive Media

    Colm O. Laoi

  • 0%

    20%

    40%

    60%

    Enco

    urage

    d

    Toler

    ated

    Disco

    urage

    d

    Prohib

    ited

    Not s

    ure

    Opinion

    Perc

    ent o

    fR

    espo

    nden

    ts EncouragedToleratedDiscouragedProhibitedNot sure

    In your opinion, construction of offshorewind turbines off the coast of your state should be:

    N = 400

    Source: Klain, in prep, Public Opinion and Offshore Wind in Coastal New England States

  • Block Island

    The Economist, August 19, 2010

    Reve, Wind Energy and Electric Vehicle Review

    Cape Wind

  • Seich Blog

    GulfGeneral Public

    Support

    Site Specific Opposition

  • Goals

    Learn from past community engagement experiences How was it conducted? What went well? What were major challenges?

    Improve quality of interactions during decision process Communities Developers Government Agencies

  • Methods

    Literature Review Decision science Community benefits Wind farm siting

    Case Study Comparison: 3 Islands Document analysis Informal interviews

  • Wind Data Source: National RenewableEnergy Lab (NREL)

    Block Island, Rhode Island

    Monhegan Island, Maine

    Wind resource potential

    Poor

    Fair

    Good

    Excellent

    Outstanding

    Marthas Vineyard,

    Massachusetts

    Maine

    Vermont

    Massachusetts

    New Hampshire

    Connecticut

    Case Studies

  • Results

    Make mutual learning accessible Provide community benefits

  • Lesson 1: Make mutual learning accessible

    Readily Available and Appropriate Information Deliberative Learning Mindful of the Messenger Bridging Organizations Timing of engagement

    > 1 year of engagement before specific sites are selected

  • Lesson 2:Provide community benefits

    Confront distribution issues Global benefits Local costs

    Avoid perception of community benefit as bribe Goal: means of creating greater equity (Aitken,

    2010) Work best when custom tailored

    Denmark & Germany: Cooperative models UK: developers pay into fund for community

    organizations

  • Whataretheimpacts?-Environmental

    -Social-Economic

    Howareimpactsperceived?-Posi vely-Nega vely

    Why&howtoprovidebenefits?-Shareeconomic

    gainsassociatedwithusingpublicresource-Recognizehosts

    -Accountforimpact-Compensateforspecific

    los se s-Other

    GovernmentAuthori es Communi es Developers

    AppropriateCommunityBenefits

    Stakeholders

    Tocollabora velydevelop

    Whoshouldbenefit? Beneficiarycommuni es

    canbedefinedby-Loca ons:town,island-Interests/prac ces:fishermen,sailors-Groupsadverselyimpacted:fishermen-Organiza ons:energycoopera ves,

    conserva ongroups-Othera ributes:demographic

    characteris cs

    Adapted from Rudolph et al. 2015

  • Offshore Wind Farm Pioneers, Block Island

    Stephan Savola/AP

    Timing & Deliberative Learning RI Ocean Special Area

    Management Plan (SAMP) before wind farm proposed

    Bridging liaisons New Shoreham selected and

    hired consultants to represent their interests

    Deepwater reimbursed town for this expense

  • Offshore Wind Farm Pioneers, Block Island

    Community benefits Fiber-optic cable bundled with

    electrical cable Anticipated electricity

    Cost reduction Price stabilization

    Stephan Savola/AP

  • Cooperative Approach onMarthas Vineyard

    Timing Marthas Vineyards Island Plan

    (2009) Led to renewable energy

    cooperative

    Readily Available & Appropriate Information Interactive offshore wind map

    viewer

    Trip Adviser

    Neal Wellons

  • Cooperative Approach onMarthas Vineyard

    Community Benefits Vineyard Power

    Community owned renewable energy cooperative

    Creation of Community Benefit Agreement with developer

    BOEM gave developer discounted bid price during auction

    Neal Wellons

    Trip Adviser

  • Ben Chrisman

    Confronting Deep Water Challenges on Monhegan Island, Maine

    Timing & deliberative learning Public meetings Kitchen table discussions Offshore Wind Energy Information

    Exchange Mapping Working Waters

    Challenges UMaine limited time to inform

    islanders about change in project scope Small scale portable to Large scale stationary

  • Confronting Deep Water Challenges on Monhegan Island, Maine

    Ben Chrisman

    Lack of clarity on community benefits

    UMaine got $3.7 mill grant Still in competition for

    $47 mill grant More time to learn from

    experiences of others

  • Take Home

    Make mutual learning accessible Defensible Salient Legitimate

    Community benefits Tailored to community needs

    Craig Denford

  • References & Acknowledgement for Graphics

    Aitken, M. (2010). Wind power and community benefits: Challenges and opportunities. Energy Policy, 38(10), 60666075. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2010.05.062Rudolph, D., Haggett, C., & Aitken, M. (2015). Community Benefits from Offshore Renewables: Good Practice Review. ClimateXChange (pp. 150).

    http://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2010.05.062

  • Case Study PerspectivesBlock Island, RI Kim Gaffett

    former Town Council member Bill Penn

    Block Island Residents Association Block Island Utility Task Group

    Bryan Wilson Deepwater Wind

    Deepwater Wind

  • Case Study PerspectivesMarthas Vineyard, MA Richard Andre

    Vineyard Power Erik Peckar

    Vineyard Power

  • Case Study PerspectivesMonhegan, ME Marian Chioffi

    Monhegan Energy Task Force Monhegan Plantation Power District

    Jake Ward University of Maine

  • Audience Q&A

    Please enter your question into the text box.

  • Thank You Download the report:

    www.islandinstitute.org/oswreport Request hard copies:

    bwinner@islandinstitute.org

    http://www.islandinstitute.org/oswreportmailto:bwinner@islandinstitute.org