ESP Lec 01 & 02

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<ul><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 1/22</p><p>ESPEnglish for Speci c</p><p>Purpose</p><p>1Irfan</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 2/22</p><p>I. Development</p><p> The Story of the City of ELT The city was surrounded y the high</p><p>mountains which were inha ited yilliterate and savage tri es calledScientists! "usinessmen and Engineers.People in the City of ELT ecame restlessand egan to venture into the landeyond mountains. # ESP ! $utchinsonand %aters&amp;</p><p>2Irfan</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 3/22</p><p>World War II immigrants, refugees andforeign</p><p>Knowledge ExplosionWorld Economy , oil rich countries, developedcountries</p><p>Lingua Franca</p><p>Irfan Irfan 3</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 4/22</p><p>Development #continued&amp; ' revolution in linguistics and Learning</p><p>Psychology (rom semantics to pragmatics</p><p> Learning #Psychology&amp; (ocus on the learner ESP)s history</p><p> The concept of special language* register analysis Target situation analysis S+ills and strategies ' learning,centered approach</p><p>4Irfan</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 5/22</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 6/22</p><p>The Meaning of the Word'Special' in ESP</p><p> special languageor</p><p> speciali-ed aim</p><p>Irfan Irfan 6</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 7/22</p><p>ESP as an 'pproach ESP is not a matter of teaching</p><p>speciali-ed varieties/ of English. ESP is not di0erent in +ind from any</p><p>other form of language teaching. ESP is not 1ust a matter of Science wordsand grammar for Scientists! $otel wordsand grammar for $otel sta0 and so on.</p><p>ESP is an approach to language learning!which is ased on learner need. %hy does this learner need to learn a</p><p>foreign language2</p><p>7Irfan</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 8/22</p><p>' solute and 3aria leCharacteristics of ESPDudley,Evans and St. 4ohn #5667&amp; StrevensAbsolute characteristics: designed to meet speci ed needs of the learner8</p><p> related in content #i.e. in its themes and topics&amp; toparticular disciplines! occupations and activities8</p><p> centered on the language appropriate to thoseactivities in synta9! le9is! discourse!semantics!</p><p>etc.! and analysis of this discourse8 in contrast with :eneral English..</p><p>Irfan Irfan 8</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 9/22</p><p>Dudley,Evans) Concepts</p><p> ESP is de ned to meet speci c needsof the learner8</p><p> ESP ma+es use of the underlyingmethodology and activities of thediscipline it serves8</p><p> ESP is centred on the language#grammar! le9is! register&amp;! s+ills!discourse and genres appropriate tothese activities.</p><p>Irfan Irfan 9</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 10/22</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 11/22</p><p>(#udl$, 1 ! &amp; ESP may use! in speci c teaching situations! a</p><p>di0erent methodology from that of generalEnglish8</p><p> ESP is li+ely to e designed for adult learners!either at a tertiary level institution or in aprofessional wor+ situation. It could! however! efor learners at secondary school level8</p><p> ;ost ESP courses assume some asic +nowledgeof the language system! ut it can e used witheginners.</p><p>Irfan Irfan 11</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 12/22</p><p>T$pes of ESP</p><p>David Carter #567</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 13/22</p><p>aracter st cs o%ourses</p><p>Carter #567</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 14/22</p><p>?eeds 'nalysis Target situation analysis framewor+</p><p> %hy is the language needed2 #for study! forwor+2&amp;</p><p> $ow will the language e used2 #spea+ing2 (ace to</p><p>face2 lectures2&amp; %hat will e the content areas e2 #medicine!iology! commerce2&amp;</p><p> %ho will the learner use the language with2#native spea+ers or non,native! e9pert orstudent2&amp;</p><p> %here will the language e used2 #hotel! o@ce!li rary! meetings or a road2&amp;</p><p> %hen will the language e used2 #freAuently!seldom! often2&amp;</p><p>Irfan 14Irfan</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 15/22</p><p> Learning needs* ' framewor+ foranalysing learning needs %hy are the learners ta+ing the course2 $ow do the learners learn2 #their learning</p><p>ac+ground! what methodology2&amp; %hat resources are availa le2 #teachers)</p><p>+nowledge! materials! aids! etc&amp; %ho are the learners2 #age! su 1ect+nowledge! interest2&amp;</p><p>Irfan 15Irfan</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 16/22</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 17/22</p><p> English for Specific Purpose</p><p> !o ma(e the courses relevant to learners0 needs !he Language for Specific urpose 1ovement!he ES approach concerns</p><p> a$ the need for Non2English +ac(ground students +$ the need for employment c$ the need for +usiness purpose</p><p> d$ the need for migrants</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 18/22</p><p>'pproaches to CourseDesign</p><p> Language,centered course design Select theoretical views of language</p><p>S+ills,centered course design Target situation! s+ills to cope in target</p><p>situation Learning,centered design</p><p> Identify target situation! analy-elearning situation</p><p>Irfan 18Irfan</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 19/22</p><p>Course Design Some Auestions*</p><p> %hy does the student need to learn2 %ho is going to e involved in the process2 #students!</p><p>teachers! sponsors! etc.&amp; %here is the learning to ta+e place2</p><p> %hen is the learning to ta+e place2 %hat does the student need to learn2 To identify the di0erence etween language description and</p><p>learning theory Language description* classical grammar! structural</p><p>linguistics! transformational generative grammar! functional</p><p>grammar! language variation and register analysis! discourseanalysis Learning theories* Learning as ha it formation! thin+ing as</p><p>rule,governed activity! cognitive code #learners as thin+ingeings&amp;! a0ective factor #learners as emotional eings!incentives and motivations&amp;</p><p>Irfan 19Irfan</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 20/22</p><p> Needs analysis in ES</p><p>1un+y0s Systematic 3pproach"</p><p> Needs 3nalysis in ES /ourse .esign and</p><p>!wo .imensions of Needs 3nalysis"#a$ Specification for the !arget2Level</p><p>#+$ !urning the Information into an ES Sylla+us</p><p>Be careful about di erence between &amp;eeds Wants</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 21/22 </p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 ESP Lec 01 &amp; 02</p><p> 22/22</p><p>Evaluation Learner assessment</p><p> Placement tests 'chievement tests #s+ill test or +nowledge</p><p>test&amp; Pro ciency tests #to use the language in real,</p><p>life situation&amp; Course evaluation</p><p> ;aterials Teaching and learning techniAues 'dministrative arrangement Testing</p><p>Irfan 22Irfan</p></li></ul>