examining the state of academic integrity in europe - university politehnica of bucharest, romania -...

Click here to load reader

Post on 23-Jan-2018

360 views

Category:

Education

1 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster1

    Examining The State of

    Academic Integrity in

    Europe

    Presented by Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    from Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, United Kingdom

    Presented at University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania

    on Tuesday, 27 June 2017

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster2

    Presentation Background

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster3

    Areas For Consideration

    What do we mean by academic integrity and how does a lack of academic integrity manifest itself?

    What recent evidence do we have about academic integrity in Europe?

    Based on the evidence, what are some of the main challenges for academic integrity in Europe?

    What positive academic integrity initiatives can we draw upon?

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster4

    About Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    Professional Interests

    Academic

    (Computer Science)(Associate Dean)

    Social Media Enthusiast

    (@DrLancaster)

    Media Speaker Researcher

    Email: [email protected]

    Website/Blog: http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Slides: https://www.slideshare.net/thomaslancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/mailto:[email protected]://thomaslancaster.co.uk/https://www.slideshare.net/thomaslancaster

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster5

    Academic Integrity

    Research Interests

    A red card to student cheating?

    Contract cheating

    Students paying ghost writers to complete their work

    Plagiarism prevention and detection

    PhD Effective and Efficient Plagiarism Detection

    Emerging areas of student cheating

    Such as exam cheating technologies and smart drugs

    Collaborative research with staff and students

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster6

    Academic Integrity

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster7

    The importance and reach

    of academic integrity is

    not well understood in

    education

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster8

    The Terms People Think About

    academic integrity 495,000 results

    plagiarism 30,500,000 results

    academic misconduct 408,000 results

    cheat exam 5,440,000

    Searches on Google (UK)

    June 2016

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster9

    How Should We View Academic Integrity?

    Negative

    committed plagiarism

    took research shortcuts

    stole exam paper

    Positive

    acted with ethics

    marked work fairly

    led others by example

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster10

    Academic Integrity(my rough definition)

    The set of core values and

    principles that underpin the

    activities of universities

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster11

    Do we want to reward

    academic integrity?

    Do we want to punish a lack

    of academic integrity?

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster12

    Academic Integrity in Romania

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster13

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster14

    Tweets from Plagiarism Across Europe and Beyond

    Conference 2017(24 - 26 May 2017, Brno, Czech Republic)

    https://plagiarism.pefka.mendelu.cz

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/https://plagiarism.pefka.mendelu.cz/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster15

    Impact of Policies for Plagiarism in Higher

    Education Across Europe (IPPHEAE)

    Council of Europe funded project, which ran between from 2010 to 2013

    Part of Pan-European Platform on Ethics, Transparency and Integrity in Education (ETINED) platform

    The 27 countries included were:

    (1) Austria, (2) Belgium, (3) Bulgaria, (4) Cyprus, (5) Czech Republic, (6) Germany, (7) Denmark, (8) Estonia, (9) Finland, (10) France, (11) Greece, (12) Hungary, (13) Ireland, (14) Italy, (15) Latvia, (16) Lithuania, (17) Luxembourg, (18) Malta, (19) Holland, (20) Poland, (21) Portugal, (22) Romania, (23) Slovakia, (24) Slovenia, (25) Spain, (26) Sweden, (27) United Kingdom

    http://plagiarism.cz/ippheae

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://plagiarism.cz/ippheae

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster16

    IPPHEAE Findings

    Academic integrity policies inconsistent and lacking in maturity

    Some countries denied that they had any issues with academic integrity

    Students showed that they were open to operating in a corrupt society

    Some good practice in every country, mostly led by individual academics

    More work to do in every country

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster17

    IPPHEAE Romania

    Exam based system

    (most commonly, 60% of assessment through exams)

    32% of students and 46% of teachers believed there would be no consequences for plagiarising in an assignment Dr. Irene Glendinning

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster18

    Many of the findings for

    Romania are very close to the

    results from our most recent

    SEEPPAI research

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster19

    Quote From A Teacher in Romania

    I think sometimes it is accidental,

    students have not been explained to

    about citation rules, or done lots of

    reading. Need to teach them not to

    plagiarise.

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster20

    South East European Project

    on Policies for Academic

    Integrity (SEEPPAI)

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster21

    South East European Project on Policies

    for Academic Integrity (SEEPPAI)

    A further Council of Europe supported project, with data collected between

    October and December 2016

    Study title reflective of the sector move from discussing plagiarism to

    thinking about academic integrity

    The countries involved were:

    (1) Albania

    (2) Bosnia and Herzegovina

    (3) Croatia

    (4) Montenegro

    (5) the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

    (6) Serbia

    http://www.plagiarism.cz/seeppai

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://www.plagiarism.cz/seeppai

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster22

    SEEPPAI Project Team Members

    Czech Republic SEEPPAI Leads(representing Mendel University in Brno, Czech

    Republic)

    Support for Mendel University

    team

    United Kingdom SEEPPAI Leads(representing Coventry University, United Kingdom)

    Tom Foltnek Ben Calhoun (from Webster Vienna Private

    University, Austria)

    Irene Glendinning

    Dita Dlabolova Tetyana Kapet Thomas Lancaster(now at Staffordshire University,

    United Kingdom)

    Dana Linkeschova(from Brno University of

    Technology)

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster23

    Final SEEPPAI Report

    http://www.plagiarism.cz/seeppai

    Plagiarism Across Europe and Beyond Conference Paper

    (24 - 26 May 2017, Brno, Czech Republic)

    https://plagiarism.pefka.mendelu.cz

    Two main

    SEEPPAI

    resources

    released

    so far

    (plus slides from

    presentations and

    further papers to

    follow)

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://www.plagiarism.cz/seeppaihttps://plagiarism.pefka.mendelu.cz/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster24

    Data Collection(through live visits and online surveys)

    Total Number

    Student Surveys 460

    Teacher Surveys 255

    Higher Education Management Surveys 15

    Student Focus Groups 13

    Interviews and Group Discussions

    (Teachers, Managers, National Representatives)

    24

    Visits included

    a range of

    workshops,

    focus groups,

    discussions

    and interviews

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster25

    Issues found largely consistent across the

    SE Europe region (and further, also

    reflective of IPPHEAE)

    Some emerging trends in student cheating

    identified

    Headline Results

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster26

    0.00

    5.00

    10.00

    15.00

    20.00

    25.00

    UK

    Au

    stri

    a

    Swed

    en

    Iris

    h R

    ep

    Mal

    ta

    Slo

    vaki

    a

    Cyp

    rus

    Fin

    lan

    d

    Net

    her

    lan

    ds

    Cze

    ch R

    ep

    Slo

    ven

    ia

    De

    nm

    ark

    Be

    lgiu

    m

    Bo

    snia

    & H

    erz

    Esto

    nia

    Gre

    ece

    Lith

    uan

    ia

    Mac

    ed

    on

    ia

    Cro

    atia

    Po

    lan

    d

    Alb

    ania

    Po

    rtu

    gal

    Latv

    ia

    Serb

    ia

    Ger

    man

    y

    Hu

    nga

    ry

    Ro

    man

    ia

    Spai

    n

    Fran

    ce

    Ital

    y

    Luxe

    mb

    ou

    rg

    Mo

    nte

    ne

    gro

    Bu

    lgar

    ia

    Research

    Training

    Knowledge

    Communication

    Prevention

    Software

    Sanctions

    Policies

    Transparency

    Academic Integrity Maturity Model

    Model developed by Dr. Irene Glendinning

    Results include 33 IPPHEAE and SEEPPAI countries

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster27

    Challenges Identified From

    SEEPPAI Research

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster28

    Academic Autonomy

    Little monitoring of academic decisions

    Second marking and moderation uncommon

    Academic integrity policies often not defined

    Where academic integrity policies defined, these are often

    not followed

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster29

    Exam Cheating

    Reuse of exam questions

    Inadequate invigilation of exams

    Room layouts allowing students to see other

    answers

    Third parties available to hire, providing

    answers through hidden earpieces

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster30

    Student Comments From SEEPPAI Focus

    Groups

    We have teachers who even dont

    read the papers. One teacher slept

    on the exam!

    I have experienced one or two

    cases when students were caught

    cheating, and the professors just

    tell them to stop looking at the

    other persons paper, and thats

    it.

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster31

    Student Comments From SEEPPAI Focus

    Groups

    If you open Buzzfeed or something

    you will find a hundred articles on how

    to cheat, like you will find articles about

    pens or watches people put a lot of

    thought into [exam] cheating.

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster32

    Contract Cheating

    Ghost writing services offering to complete work for

    students widely advertised

    Students themselves said they were writing assignments

    for other students

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster33

    Student Comments From SEEPPAI Focus

    Groups

    There are Facebook groups

    where you can hire someone.

    There are numbers in the

    bathroom stalls for writing

    seminars

    I wrote many works for other

    students, also at high school, its

    very often

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster34

    Penalties

    Penalties for academic misconduct said to be lenient,

    inconsistently applied and not a deterrent

    Very difficult to delay the progress of a student

    Almost impossible to remove a student from a course

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster35

    What Action Would Be Taken Against A

    Student Who Plagiarised In An Assessment?

    Students Teachers

    No action would be taken 23% 25%

    Warning (informal or formal) or exposing to community 53% 60%

    Rewrite the assignment or new assignment or zero mark 66% 70%

    Repeat the subject or year or temporary suspension 39% 31%

    Expel from the institution 7% 2%

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster36

    Student Comments From SEEPPAI Focus

    Groups

    Many students just go

    through college to get a

    job, and the punishments

    arent strict enough

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster37

    Cultural Challenges

    Wider cultures identified that support bribery and

    corruption, with these issues also seen in education

    In some countries, over 80% of young people find they have

    to university, otherwise they would be unemployed

    Overall focus is on penalties, rather than promoting integrity

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster38

    Student Comments From SEEPPAI Focus

    Groups

    There are a few professors

    who are known for taking

    money to let students pass

    exams.

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster39

    Education

    Teachers assume that students know about academic

    writing and referencing

    Students lack support on avoiding plagiarism

    Staff lack continued professional development

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster40

    Results From Survey Of Teachers

    87.2% of teachers agreed that there should be more training

    for students on avoiding plagiarism and academic dishonesty

    80.3% of teachers agreed that there should be more training

    for teachers on avoiding plagiarism and academic dishonesty

    87.5% of teachers said there is no training provided for people

    involved in making decisions on academic misconduct and

    penalties

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster41

    What Do Students Find Most Challenging

    About Academic Writing?

    Students Teachers

    Finding good quality sources 73% 17%

    Referencing and citation 26% 19%

    Paraphrasing 23% 13%

    Understanding different referencing formats and styles 16% 8%

    Time management 16% 5%

    Language skills 16% 15%

    Tackling cultural differences 6% 2%

    Building a critical argument with evidence 32% 21%

    Other 4% 1%

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster42

    Student Comments From SEEPPAI Focus

    Groups

    Maybe its the mistake of

    teachers and professors? They

    dont teach students how to write

    proper work.

    A good measure, professors should

    give students someone elses

    essays. In that way, students should

    see how they should write it. They

    are reading textbooks and essays of

    professors but the texts are too

    good for students. So students lose

    their self-confidence.

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster43

    SEEPPAI Good Practice

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster44

    Internationalisation

    Institutions had developed strong ties with international

    universities and adopted their codes of practice

    Teaching assistants provided with the opportunity to study

    abroad, bringing good practice back with them

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster45

    Deterrence

    Students required to submit a signed ethical statement

    before taking exams

    Universities and individual academics had adopted text

    matching tools to identify plagiarism

    Only students with a clear academic integrity record entitled

    to grants

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster46

    Assessment

    Spoken exams were used to check that students

    understood their subject

    Exam room layouts set up to make cheating difficult

    Cameras used to record activity in exam rooms

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster47

    Education

    Institutions having pages on their web site relating to ethics

    Teachers delivering writing courses showing students how

    to write and structure essays for their particular subject

    Guest speaker programmes offered to provide a more

    enriching and motivating experience for students

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster48

    SEEPPAI Recommendations

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster49

    A Multi-Levelled Approach

    Academic integrity needs to be addressed all levels

    from National Government support through to individual

    teachers and students

    Institutions to be encouraged to develop international links

    (and supported with this process)

    Local research to be encouraged through small grants

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster50

    Policies and Processes

    Guidance to be provided from National Government, along with quality process monitoring

    Institutions to instigate internal review of processes and practices, including standard penalties

    Guidelines to be developed for students and teachers, supported by training

    All parties to commit to handling academic misconduct cases through official university processes

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster51

    Teaching and Assessment

    Teaching methods to be reviewed to discourage rote

    learning

    Preventative measures, such as the use of software tools,

    to be integrated into assessment

    Staff to work with students as partners to improve teaching

    and to ensure that students see the value in their studies

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster52

    Student Comments From SEEPPAI Focus

    Groups

    It is better to

    plagiarise good ideas

    then to create bad

    ones

    Do we agree?

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster53

    All parties need to take personal

    responsibility for integrity

    And commit to such integrity in

    their professional and personal

    lives

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster54

    For More Information

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster55

    Connect With Thomas Lancaster(Speaking, PhD Supervision, Collaborations)

    Email: [email protected]

    Website: http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Blog: http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/blog

    LinkedIn: https://uk.linkedin.com/in/thomaslancaster

    Twitter: @DrLancaster

    Slides available at http://www.slideshare.net/ThomasLancaster Drawing courtesy of Lesley Imgarthttp://www.lesleyimgart.com

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/mailto:[email protected]://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/bloghttps://uk.linkedin.com/in/thomaslancasterhttps://twitter.com/DrLancasterhttp://www.slideshare.net/ThomasLancasterhttp://www.lesleyimgart.com/

  • Dr. Thomas Lancaster

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk

    Twitter: @DrLancaster56

    Selected Academic Integrity References

    Lancaster, T. and Clarke, R. (2017), Rethinking Assessment By Examination In The Age Of Contract Cheating, Plagiarism Across Europe and Beyond 2017.

    Glendinning, I., Foltnek, T., Dlabolov, D., Linkeschov, D. and Lancaster, T. (2017), Exploring Issues Challenging Academic Integrity in South East Europe, Plagiarism Across Europe

    and Beyond 2017.

    Lancaster, T. and Clarke, R. (2016). Contract Cheating The Outsourcing Of Assessed Student Work, in Handbook of Academic Integrity, Bretag, T. (editor): SpringerReference.

    Hersey, C. and Lancaster, T. (2015). The Online Industry of Paper Mills, Contract Cheating Services, and Auction Sites, Clute Institute International Education Conference, London, June

    2015.

    Lancaster, T. and Clarke, R. (2014). Using Turnitin As A Tool For Attribution In Cases Of Contract Cheating; 3rd Annual Higher Education Academy Conference in Science, Technology,

    Engineering and Mathematics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, April 2014.

    Clarke, R. and Lancaster, T. (2013). Commercial Aspects Of Contract Cheating; 8th Annual Conference on Innovation and Technology in Computer Science Education, University of Kent,

    Canterbury, UK, July 2013.

    Lancaster, T. (2013), The Use of Text Matching Tools For The Prevention And Detection of Student Plagiarism; in Plagiarism Phenomenon In Europe: Research Contributes To Prevention,

    Dias, P. and Bastos, A. (editors): Braga: Aletheia - Associao Cientfica e Cultural da Faculdade de Filosofia da Universidade Catlica Portuguesa.

    Lancaster, T and Clarke, R (2012). Dealing With Contract Cheating: A Question Of Attribution; 1st Annual Higher Education Academy Conference in Science, Technology, Engineering and

    Mathematics, Imperial College, London, April 2012.

    Clarke, R, and Lancaster, T (2007). Establishing a Systematic Six-Stage Process for Detecting Contract Cheating; The Second International Conference on Pervasive Computing and

    Applications, Birmingham City University, July 2007.

    Lancaster, T and Clarke, R (2007). Assessing Contract Cheating Through Auction Sites A Computing Perspective; 8th Annual Higher Education Academy Conference in Information

    and Computer Sciences, University of Southampton, August 2007.

    Lancaster, T and Clarke, R (2007). The Phenomena of Contract Cheating, in Student Plagiarism in an Online World: Problems and solutions, Roberts, T. S. (editor), Hershey, Pennsylvania,

    USA: Idea Group Inc.

    Clarke, R and Lancaster, T (2006). Eliminating The Successor To Plagiarism? Identifying The Usage Of Contract Cheating Sites; 2nd Plagiarism: Prevention, Practice and Policy

    Conference 2006 - Newcastle, UK, June 2006.

    Lancaster T. and Culwin F. (2004), A Comparison of Source Code Plagiarism Detection Engines. Journal of Computer Science Education 14.2.

    Culwin F. and Lancaster T. (2001), Plagiarism Issues for Higher Education. Vine 31(2), pp. 36-41.

    http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/http://thomaslancaster.co.uk/