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Excelling on Multiple-Choice Questions. Stetson University College of Law Academic Success Program Academic Success Workshop Series . OBJECTIVES. Excelling on Multiple-Choice Questions Identify reasons why law students struggle with multiple-choice questions - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Its All on the Line: Multiple Choice Exams: Picking the Most Right Answer and Exam Preparation from the Students Perspective

Excelling on Multiple-Choice Questions Stetson University College of Law Academic Success ProgramAcademic Success Workshop Series 11OBJECTIVESExcelling on Multiple-Choice QuestionsIdentify reasons why law students struggle with multiple-choice questionsBecome aware of two kinds of multiple-choice questions Appreciate the knowledge and skills required to respond to multiple-choice questions Learn and apply a four-step approach to responding to multiple-choice questions

22Struggling with Multiple-Choice Questions4 Reasons Students Struggle

Panic

Insecurity

Intuition

Unprepared3Kinds of QuestionsTwo Types of Questions:

Knowledge/Understanding

Application/Evaluation

44Kinds of QuestionsKnowledge/Understanding

Which of the following is not an element of promissory estoppel?

A.Reasonable and detrimental reliance on a promiseB.Promisor made a promiseC.Injustice would result if the promise was not enforcedD.The parties exchanged bargained-for legal detriment or benefit5Kinds of QuestionsApplication/Evaluation

Corman was the owner of a condominium which consisted of an apartment with a patio and a small backyard. When he moved in, he entered into a written contract with Lansman. Pursuant to its terms, Lansman was to perform certain specified gardening services in the yard of Cormans condominium each week for a period of one year, for which Corman was to pay the sum of $50 per month. The contract contained a clause which stated: Corman hereby agrees not to assign this contract without the written permission of Lansman. Three months after entering into the agreement, Corman informed Lansman that he was selling the condominium to Antun, and asked Lansman to consent to Cormans assignment of the contract to Antun. Because the costs of landscaping materials had increased dramatically in the last three months, Lansman was glad for an opportunity to be relieved of his obligations under the contract, and refused to consent to the assignment. Corman assigned the contract to Antun anyway, but Lansman refused to perform any further work on the yard. After formally demanding performance from Lansman, Antun hired another gardener to do the same work for $75 per month, which was the best price Antun could negotiate.

In an action by Anutn against Lansman for breach of contract, the court should find for:

A.Antun, because Lansman had no right to unreasonably withhold consent to the assignment.B.Antun, because the assignment was valid in spite of Lansmans refusal to consent.C.Lansman, because the contract prohibited assignment by Corman without Lansmans consent.D.Lansman, because the contract was for personal services.

Question taken from Steven L. Emanuel, Crunctime Contracts 259-60 (Aspen 2006).

6Knowledge and Skills Required to Respond to Multiple-Choice QuestionsKnowledgeConceptsRule structures Rule applicationCases (rarely)SkillsReading comprehensionLegal analysisTime management7Responding to Multiple-Choice QuestionsManage TimeActively Read and Issue SpotResolveSelect

88Manage Your TimeRead the directions How many questions?How many points? How much time allotted?Allow an equal amount of time for each equally weighted questionAttack, respond, and MOVE ON

99Actively Read and Issue Spot Read the Call of the Question Highlight qualifiersIdentify legal and/or factual issues

Example

If Curran institutes a lawsuit against the City of Metro for the $1,000 reward offered in the signs posted on June 2, which of the following would be the Citys most effective argument in defense?

1010Actively Read and Issue Spot Read the FactsActorsActors state of mindLegal relationshipsActionsMoneyQuoted languageChoose the simple explanationOk to draw inferences, but do not invent facts

11Actively Read and Issue Spot Example

(If Curran institutes a lawsuit against the City of Metro for the $1,000 reward offered in the signs posted on June 2, which of the following would be the Citys most effective argument in defense?)

On June 1, after arson fires had damaged several city buildings, the City Council of the City of Metro voted to offer a reward to aid an apprehension of the arsonists. On June 2, by order of the City Council, signs were posted in various locations throughout the city. The posted identified the buildings which had been burned, and stated: $1,000 REWARD is hereby offered by the City of Metro to any person furnishing information leading to the conviction of persons responsible for setting fire to said buildings. Curran, a police officer employed by the City of Metro, saw the posters on June 5, and resolved to make a special effort to catch the arsonists. Although he was not officially assigned to the case, he notified his fellow police officers and his usual underworld informants that he was especially interested in the case. As a result, Marino, a police officer, and Pigeon, an underworld informant, passed information to Curran which they thought might relate to the arson crimes. The tip that Curran received from Marino proved to be of no assistance, but that which he received from Pigeon led him to conduct a further investigation. His efforts eventually resulted in the arrest of two men who pleaded guilty to setting fires in public buildings. Curran demanded that the City Council pay him $1,000 but the council refused.

Question taken from Steven L. Emanuel, Crunctime Contracts 259-60 (Aspen 2006).

12Actively Read and Issue Spot Identify the Central Legal Issue

Legal issue

Factual issue

13Actively Read and Issue Spot Example

(If Curran institutes a lawsuit against the City of Metro for the $1,000 reward offered in the signs posted on June 2, which of the following would be the Citys most effective argument in defense?)

On June 1, after arson fires had damaged several city buildings, the City Council of the City of Metro voted to offer a reward to aid an apprehension of the arsonists. On June 2, by order of the City Council, signs were posted in various locations throughout the city. The posted identified the buildings which had been burned, and stated: $1,000 REWARD is hereby offered by the City of Metro to any person furnishing information leading to the conviction of persons responsible for setting fire to said buildings. Curran, a police officer employed by the City of Metro, saw the posters on June 5, and resolved to make a special effort to catch the arsonists. Although he was not officially assigned to the case, he notified his fellow police officers and his usual underworld informants that he was especially interested in the case. As a result, Marino, a police officer, and Pigeon, an underworld informant, passed information to Curran which they thought might relate to the arson crimes. The tip that Curran received from Marino proved to be of no assistance, but that which he received from Pigeon led him to conduct a further investigation. His efforts eventually resulted in the arrest of two men who pleaded guilty to setting fires in public buildings. Curran demanded that the City Council pay him $1,000, but the council refused.

14ResolveRecall the applicable rule

Apply the rule to the facts

Reach a conclusion

15****WITHOUT LOOKING AT ANSWERS unless answers are substantive then repeat process for each answerWhat if the question is In which scenario below do Amy and Bill have an enforceable unilateral contract?15ResolveIf Curran institutes a lawsuit against the City of Metro for the $1,000 reward offered in the signs posted on June 2, which of the following would be the Citys most effective argument in defense?

On June 1, after arson fires had damaged several city buildings, the City Council of the City of Metro voted to offer a reward to aid an apprehension of the arsonists. On June 2, by order of the City Council, signs were posted in various locations throughout the city. The posted identified the buildings which had been burned, and stated: $1,000 REWARD is hereby offered by the City of Metro to any person furnishing information leading to the conviction of persons responsible for setting fire to said buildings. Curran, a police officer employed by the City of Metro, saw the posters on June 5, and resolved to make a special effort to catch the arsonists. Although he was not officially assigned to the case, he notified his fellow police officers and his usual underworld informants that he was especially interested in the case. As a result, Marino, a police officer, and Pigeon, an underworld informant, passed information to Curran which they thought might relate to the arson crimes. The tip that Curran received from Marino proved to be of no assistance, but that which he received from Pigeon led him to conduct a further investigation. His efforts eventually resulted in the arrest of two men who pleaded guilty to setting fires in public buildings. Curran demanded that the City Council pay him $1,000, but the council refused.

16SelectActively Read Answer Choices and Identify Legal IssuesDoes the answer resolve the central legal issue by providing the right result for the best reason?ResultConnectorReasonThe reward should go to Pigeon, because it was his information which eventually led to the arrest of the arsonists.

BecauseCompletely satisfactionIfPlausible satisfactionUnlessComplete block to satisfaction

17Easier to Prove:

If enforceable through K formation vs. going into Promissory Estoppel for consideration. 17SelectDiscerning the Best answerSet asideIncomplete rule of law or factMisstated or misapplied the rule of lawContradicts or mischaracterizes f