famous dramatists, poets and novelists
Post on 14-Jun-2015
ENGLISH HOLIDAYS HOMEWORK
Made By : Rishabh Bansal
Famous Dramatists, Poets And Novelists
INTRODUCTION : A poet is a person who writes poetry. A poet's work can be literal, meaning that his work is derived from a specific event, or metaphorical, meaning that his work
can take on many meanings and forms.
A dramatist, also known as a playwright, is a person who writes dramatic literature or drama. These works may be written specifically to be
performed by actors, or they may be closet dramas - simple literary works - written using dramatic forms,
but not meant for performance.
A novelist is an author or writer of novels, though often novelists also write in other genres of
both fiction and non-fiction.
William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as the
greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often
called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon".
“There is nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes it so”- WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE
Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer, philosopher and political thinker who primarily wrote novels and short stories. Tolstoy was a master
of realistic fiction and is widely considered one of the world's greatest novelists. He is best known for two long novels, War and
Peace (1869) and Anna Karenina (1877). Tolstoy first achieved literary acclaim in his 20s with his semi-autobiographical trilogy of
novels, Childhood, Boyhood, and Youth (1852-1856) and Sevastopol Sketches (1855), based on his experiences in the Crimean War, His fiction output also includes two additional novels, dozens of short stories, and several famous novellas, including The Death of Ivan Lynch, Family Happiness, and Hadji Murad. Later in life, he also
wrote plays and essays. Tolstoy is equally known for his complicated and paradoxical persona and for his extreme moralistic and ascetic views, which he adopted after a moral crisis and spiritual awakening
in the 1870s, after which he also became noted as a moral thinker and social reformer.
Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic. He created some of the world's most memorable fictional characters and is generally regarded as the
greatest novelist of the Victorian period. During his life, his works enjoyed unprecedented fame, and by the twentieth century his
literary genius was broadly acknowledged by critics and scholars. His novels and short stories continue to be widely popular.
Born in Portsmouth, England, Dickens was forced to leave school to work in a factory when his father was thrown into debtors' prison. Although he had little formal education, his early impoverishment
drove him to succeed. Over his career he edited a weekly journal for 20 years, wrote 15 novels, five novellas and hundreds of short stories and non-fiction articles, lectured and performed extensively, was an indefatigable letter writer, and campaigned vigorously for children's
rights, education, and other social reforms.
Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910),better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American author and humorist. He
wrote The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) and its sequel, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885), the latter often
called "the Great American Novel.“Twain began his career writing light, humorous verse, but evolved into a chronicler of the vanities, hypocrisies and murderous acts of mankind. At mid-career, with Huckleberry Finn, he combined rich
humor, sturdy narrative and social criticism. Twain was a master at rendering colloquial speech and helped to create and popularize a
distinctive American literature built on American themes and language
Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950),
known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic. His work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism, and
commitment to democratic socialism. Commonly ranked as one of the most influential English writers of the 20th century, and as one of the most important chroniclers of English culture of his generation,
Orwell wrote literary criticism, poetry, fiction, and polemical journalism. He is best known for the
dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four(1949) and the allegorical novella Animal Farm (1945). His book Homage to
Catalonia (1938), an account of his experiences in the Spanish Civil War, is widely acclaimed, as are his numerous essays on politics,
literature, language, and culture. Orwell's work continues to influence popular and political culture, and the term Orwellian— descriptive of totalitarian or authoritarian social practices — has entered the language together with several of his neologisms,
including cold war, Big Brother, thought police, Room 101,doublethink, and thought crime.
Oscar WildeOscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde
(16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900) was an Irish writer and poet. After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, he became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early 1890s. Today he is remembered for
his epigrams, his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, his plays, and the circumstances of his imprisonment and early death.
Wilde's parents were successful Anglo-Irish Dublin intellectuals. Their son became fluent in French and German early in life. At university, Wilde
read Greats; he proved himself to be an outstanding classicist, first at Dublin, then at Oxford. He became known for his involvement in the rising
philosophy of aestheticism, led by two of his tutors, Walter Pater and John Ruskin. After university, Wilde moved to London into fashionable cultural and social circles. As a spokesman for aestheticism, he tried his hand at various
literary activities: he published a book of poems, lectured in the United States and Canada on the new "English Renaissance in Art", and then returned to
London where he worked prolifically as a journalist. Known for his biting wit, flamboyant dress and glittering conversation, Wilde became one of the best-
known personalities of his day.
Adeline Virginia Woolf (25 January 1882 – 28 March 1941) was an English writer, and one of
the foremost modernists of the twentieth century.During the interwar period, Woolf was a significant figure in London
literary society and a central figure in the influential Bloomsbury Group of intellectuals. Her most famous works include the novels Mrs.
Dalloway (1925), To the Lighthouse (1927) and Orlando(1928), and the book-length essay A Room of One's Own (1929), with its famous dictum, "A woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction." Woolf suffered from severe bouts of mental illness throughout her life, thought to have been the result of what is now
termed bipolar disorder, and committed suicide by drowning in 1941 at the age of 59.
Ferenc Molnár (12 January 1878 – 1 April 1952) was a Hungarian-born dramatist and novelist who adopted American
citizenship. Molnar was born in Budapest. He emigrated to the United States to escape persecution of Hungarian Jews during World War II. As a novelist, Molar may best be remembered for The Paul Street Boys, the story of two
rival gangs of youths in Budapest. It was ranked second in a poll of favorite books as part of the Hungarian version of Big Read in 2005 and has been
made into feature films on several different occasions. His most popular plays are Lilia (1909, tr. 1921), later adapted into a musical (Carousel (1945)); The
Guardsman (1910, tr. 1924), which served as the basis of the film of the same name, which starred Alfred Lunt and Lynn Fontanne (1931); and The
Swan (1920, tr. 1922). His 1918 film, The Devil, was adapted three years later for American audiences, starring George Arils in his first nationally released
film. The 1956 film version of The Swan (which had been filmed twice before) was Grace Kelly's penultimate film, and was released on the day of her
wedding to Prince Rainier. Two of Molar's plays have been adapted for other media: The Good Fairy, was adapted by Preston Sturgis and filmed in
1935 with Margaret Sullivan, and subsequently turned into the 1947 Deanna Durbin vehicle,
I'll Be Yours.
F. C. Burnand
Sir Francis Cowley Burnand (29 November 1836 – 21 April 1917), often credited as F. C. Burnand,
was an English comic writer and dramatist.Burnand was a contributor to Punch for 45 years and its editor from 1880 until 1906. He was also a prolific humorist and writer, creating
almost 200 Victorian burlesques, farces, pantomimes and other works. He was knighted in 1902 for his work on Punch. Burnand
began to write farces while a teenager at Eton, acting in his plays under the name Tom Pierce. His first professional production was
called Dido, a burlesque played at the St. James's Theatre in 1860. This was followed by The Iles of St. Tropez (1860); Fair
Rosamond(1862); and The Deal Boatman (1863) among many others. His most memorable early success was Ixion, or the Man at
the Wheel (1863), a musical spoof that found audiences on both sides of the Atlantic.
Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 – September 28, 1891) was an American novelist,
poet, and writer of short stories. One of the first authors to have his works published in the Library of America, Herman Melville was an
acclaimed American novelist, poet and a short story writer. An enigma of American literature, Melville's first few books brought him fame and literary recognition. He first gained critical acclaim with his book 'Typee: A Peep at Polynesian Life', after which his most popular novel, 'Moby-Dick' elevated his status as a prolific writer. Some of his other books include, 'Omoo: A Narrative of Adventures in the South Seas', 'Mardi and a Voyage Thither', White-Jacket', 'Clarel: A Poem and Pilgrimage in the Holy Land' and the posthumously published novel 'Billy Budd'. Unfortunately, the books published before the
success of 'Moby-Dick' did not do very well. In the 20th century, he was catapulted to great fame as a writer for his book 'Moby-Dick', a
book that is regarded as one of the most acclaimed pieces of literature in the world. Although he was not a financially successful
writer, yet he received worldwide recognition for his writings.
Thank You. . .