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THE FIFA WORLD CUP: A GRAPHIC HISTORY
The World Cup has become one of the most anticipated and celebrated sporting competitions on the planet, watched by about half of the worlds population. Countries spend years and billions of dollars preparing to competenot to mention hosting the Cup. Brazil spent $14 billion this year. Clearly, this is a branding success story of phenomenal proportions. How has the World Cup brand evolved over time? Every four years, FIFA selects a host nation and they design the event in their vision, revealing not just how the host country views itself, but how our world has changedand design along with it. Believe it or not, the World Cup had no logo until the 1950s; by 2014, the logo was created with animation in mind demonstrating the kinetic nature of brands today. What stories do these graphic identities tell about their moments in time and our shared global experience? We reached back in branding history to find out.
The logo is titled Inspiration. Its colors symbolize the ecology of the host nation; tropics (green) and beaches (gold). They are also colors of the Brazilian flag. The five fingers can represent Brazils five World Cup victories. Three hands are raised to form the trophy and animate together for interstitial broadcast elements. The hands are meant to welcome everyone to the tournament but also evoke cheering and coming together of people. This is the first World Cup logo designed with kinetics in mind. The official poster was presented conceptually by Brazilian agency Crama as an entire country at footballs serviceBrazil and football: one shared identity.
TOURNAMENT BALLPOSTERLOGOMASCOTBrazucaKaren HaidingerAfrica AgencyFulecoCrama
2010 SOUTH AFRICA The slogan for the 2010 World Cup was Ke Nako. Celebrate Africa's Humanity. The graphic identity features a black silhouette of a bicycle kick with African colors throughout. Ke Nako simply means 'it's time.' And indeed Africa's time had come to use the 2010 FIFA World Cup to change perceptions of Africa and reposition the continent in a positive light with South Africa as the theatre and Africa the stage. Having successfully campaigned for South Africa to be granted host status, an emotional Nelson Mandela raised the FIFA World Cup Trophy.
TOURNAMENT BALLPOSTERLOGOMASCOTJabulaniPaul DaleGaby de AbreuZakumiSwitch DesignSwitch Design
2006 GERMANY The slogan time to make friends is articulated graphically in an identity portraying emotions of joy and exuberance. Two of the faces are formed from a 06. The theme reflects our increasingly connected planet and embodies the higher aspirations of the game to bring people together.
TOURNAMENT BALLPOSTERLOGOMASCOTTeamgeistWE DO CommunicationWhitestone AgencyGoleo VI/Sidekick Pille
2002 JAPAN/KOREA Contemporary graphic articulation of the World Cup trophy itself evokes multiple meanings; unity between host nations, forward movement, the literal inbounding of a ball. The poster evokes all of these themes with the additional urgency of Asian calligraphic brush strokes. The 2002 symbol makes appearances in 2006 and 2010.
TOURNAMENT BALLPOSTERLOGOMASCOTFevernovaByun Choo Suk/Hirano SogenInterbrandAto/Kaz/Nik
1998 FRANCE This logo is rendered in French national colors and shows the football rising over the France on the Earths horizon as if it is the sun. The poster is more gestural and celebratory, suggesting the festive blending together of many nations and football fans.
TOURNAMENT BALLPOSTERLOGOMASCOTTricoloreNatalie le GallADSA CompanyFootix
1994 UNITED STATES
This bold, graphic logo represents both the host nation and the movement and energy of the sport simultaneously. The poster is a more emotional evocation of the spirit and joy of football. The selection of Pentagram for the logo and Peter Max for the poster demonstrates clear strategic communications planning: graphically targeting both the heart and mind.
TOURNAMENT BALLPOSTERLOGOMASCOTQuestraPeter MaxPentagramStriker
1990 ITALY The logo utilizes the colors of the Italian flag in relation to custom stencil typography to create an implied three dimensional graphic field. Italian painter and sculptor Alberto Burri connects modern sport to the heritage of the Roman Coliseum.
TOURNAMENT BALLPOSTERLOGOMASCOTEtruscoAlberto BurriArtist UnknownCiao
The mark visualizes the world united by ball" slogan by featuring both sides of the globe. The inline Typography references the famous Lance Wyman 1968 Olympic identity, as well as the 1970 World Cup typography, also both hosted by Mexico. Although the articulation is different, Wymans seminal work cannot be ignored. The poster features a compelling photographic interplay between Aztec architectural heritage and contemporary human forms by Annie Liebovitz, the first woman commissioned to create a poster in the series.
TOURNAMENT BALLPOSTERLOGOMASCOTAztecaAnnie LeibovitzArtist UnknownPique
THE WORLD CUP: A GRAPHIC HISTORY 1982 SPAIN
The central portion of the logo is simplified into two fundamental elements: the Spanish flag and a football. This communicates with no letters and was pulled out as a signature in the poster. The full version of the logo is a celebration of the flags of participating nations. The poster, created by national treasure Joan Mir, depicts a celebratory somersault filled with Spanish colors and the declarative statement of home Espaa!
TOURNAMENT BALLPOSTERLOGOMASCOTTango EspaaJoan MirArtist UnknownNaranjito
1978 ARGENTINA The logo contains a simple graphic football depicted within vertical striping in the colors of the host nation which can represent a jersey, goal, or cupped hands. The poster utilizes a stylized halftone screen capturing a both an emotional game moment and the media of the era.
TOURNAMENT BALLPOSTERLOGOMASCOTTangoMandatos Internacionales AgencyArtist UnknownGauchito
1974 WEST GERMANY The logo is very much a product of minimalist industrial age graphic design. The bold, simple forms are evocative of a ball, the point of contact, motion, the shape of a goal. WM is short for Weltmeisterschaft which means World Cup in German. The explicit need for a global kind of inclusiveness is evident in the mark, however, when contextualized on other elements such as the textural poster, multicultural globalism comes through.
TOURNAMENT BALLPOSTERLOGOMASCOTDurlastFritz GenkingerArtist UnknownTip/Tap
The logo and the poster are embodiments of simplicity. They both utilize simple positive and negative forms to graphically depict a football. The inline typography was clearly an extension of Lance Wymans 1968 Olympic identity, which has been hailed as a pinnacle of branding and wayfinding. Taken together, the 1968 Olympics and 1970 World Cup branded Mexico itself. The bold use of color is not directly related to host nation's national colors, however, it could be thought of as an exemplification of the richness of color in the country itself. Brazil takes home the Jules Rimet trophy permanently.
TOURNAMENT BALLPOSTERLOGOMASCOTTelstarLance WymanLance WymanJuanito
1966 ENGLAND A literal depiction of the world superimposed upon a soccer ball with Jules Rimet trophy and an English coat of arms in the foreground. Everything is symmetrically aligned within the iconic British flag design. Includes name of cup. Poster playfully features Willie, the 1966 mascot playfully booting the football into the sky.
TOURNAMENT BALLPOSTERLOGOMASCOTSlazenger BallCarvossoArtist UnknownWillie
1962 CHILE The logo positions Chile's national flag on the ground within a stadium, symbolizing that the World Cup is taking place on their ground. Behind the stadium is both a globe and football. In the poster the earth and a football are conjoined in space. The globe is turned to reveal Chile highlighted in red with the ball is perhaps headed that direction. Translation: Football World Championship.
TOURNAMENT BALLPOSTERLOGOThe CrackGalvarino PonceArtist Unknown
1958 SWEDEN VM is an abbreviation for Varldsmasterskapet, Swedish for World Championship. Although it is referred to as a logo, the illustration is hardly what we think of as a trademark today. Regardless, the expression of the World Cup brand shines through very clearly: A celebration of global community through competitive football.
TOURNAMENT BALLPOSTERLOGOTop StarSaul BassSaul Bass
1954 SWITZERLAND The trademark is a bi-product of its era: Simple, utilitarian, and official. This is Swiss design following Modernism in the industrial revolution. The text translates to World Football Championship in three languages: French, German, and Italianthe three languages most closely related to Switzerland. The poster captures the games penultimate moment: The goal. It does not utilize the trademark.
TOURNAMENT BALLPOSTERLOGOSwiss Zig-ZagPaul Werner WeissknigArtist Unknown
1950 BRAZIL A return to friendly competition after the horrors of World War II. Although this was the first competition to use an actual logo, it was still very poster-like. In fact, its hard at first glance to tell the difference. The logo incorporates Brazils national colors into the design, while the poster brings the flags of participating nations into the illustration, literally on the leg of the footballer.
TOURNAMENT BALLPOSTERLOGOTossolini SuperballJ. NeyArtist Unknown
1938 FRANCE A powerful articulation of confidence: A victorious figure with the world is at his feet. There may also be some pre-WWII posturing here. The poster embodies many characteristics of Modernism from the condensed, decorative typography to a graphical embodiment of Romanticism and a recapitulation of Expressionism in