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Pros and Cons of Basant


Submitted to:

Submitted by:Mr. Mir Asghar Ali Khan

Danish Khan

Roll No. 1706


1. Culture of Lahore..4

2. Attractions of Basant.....7

3. The Preparations of Basant........8

4. Kite Flying.....9

5. Basant by Night....10

6. Other Attractions......10

7. Dark sides of Basant....13

8. Hakeekat Rai. ..13

9. Bring Sorrow....14

10. Nightmare16

11. Conclusion21

12. References.22


14 December 2007

Mr. Mir Asghar Ali Khan

Instructor for Managerial Communication

Iqra University


Dear Mr. Asghar:

I request you to accept this report on Basant that you assigned to me as final project for fall semester 2007.

For the reason of providing you with a detailed and complete analysis of the topic, both primary and secondary research was employed. This mostly included study of printed materials and visit to the different websites. I would like to thank all those who provided me their valuable help.

It has been a privilege to work on this assignment and I have put in my utmost effort to prepare a comprehensive report on the topic. Should you have any query concerning the report, I will be happy to discuss them with you.


Danish Khan


Lahore's culture is unique. Known as the cultural capital or Heart of Pakistan, the city has been the seat of the Mughal Empire and the Sikh Empire as well as the capital of Punjab in Mahmud Ghaznavi's 11th century empire and in the British Empire.

Lahore played an important role in Pakistani history, as it was in this city where the independence declaration for Pakistan was made. The city was the only known major city of the British Empire that would come into the new Muslims state. It was the largest city in the newly formed Pakistan at the time of independence and provided the easiest access to India, with its porous border near the Indian city of only 30miles (48km) to the east. Large numbers of Hindus, Sikhs, and Muslims lived closely in Lahore in the, and the city suffered many revolts and demonstrations, as well as bloodshed and mobs, at the time of independence. Lahore was also wanted by the Sikhs since it used to be their capital before the British. Initially, Lahore was planned to be made the capital of the newly formed Pakistan, but the idea was dropped due to the city's close proximity to India; Karachi was chosen instead. Lahore's culture -- its history, institutions, food, clothing, films, music, fashion, and liberal community lifestyle -- attract people from all over the country.

Basant is a Punjabi festival marking the coming of spring. Basant celebrations in Pakistan are centered in Lahore and people from all over the country as well as abroad come to the city for the annual festivities. Kite-flying competitions traditionally take place on city rooftops during Basant. Courts have banned the kite flying because of casualties and power installation losses. The ban was lifted for three days in 2007, then immediately reimposed when 11 people were killed by celebratory gunfire, sharpened kite-strings, electrocution, and falls related to the competition.

The Festival of Lamps, or Mela Chiraghan, is an important and popular event in Lahore. This is celebrated at the same time as Basant, every spring on the last Friday of March, outside the Shalimar Gardens.

The National Horse and Cattle Show is one of the most famous annual festivals, held in spring in the Fortress Stadium. The week-long activities include a livestock display, horse and camel dances, tent pegging, colorful folk dances from all regions of Pakistan, mass-band displays, and tattoo shows in the evenings.

On August 14, the people of Pakistan celebrate the day Pakistan gained its independence from the British Raj. There are lots of celebrations in Lahore, the streets are full of people singing and dancing. Parades of the Pakistan Army and Pakistan Air Force are held early in the morning. Concerts are held with many pop and classical singers.

The World Performing Arts Festival is held every autumn (usually in November) at the Alhambra cultural complex, a large venue consisting of several theatres and amphitheatres. This ten-day festival consists of musicals, theatre, concerts, and dance, solo, mime, and puppetry shows. The festival has an international character with nearly 80 percent of the shows performed by international performers. On average 15-20 different shows are performed every day of the festival


Basant or jashan e baharaan, a festival of kites and colors, yellow being the main color, is celebrated to welcome spring in Pakistan. It's a festival when people rejoice, dress up in yellow, or the bright colors of spring and kite flying competitions are held. Lahore is the city where this festival is celebrated with a lot of zeal continuously for three days, whereas in the other cities like Karachi, basant is held for one day only.

The wave of Basant festival starts from Lahore to Faisalabad, Gunjranwala and onward. It has become national occasion of celebration and enjoy. There are special live television and stage programs aired from different centers. There are grand parties, musical programs, Punjabi Banghra and cultural activities taking place in the whole city of Lahore. The walled city is famous for the extravagant in the festivity of Basant. There are grand parties of Wine and Dine on the roofs of walled city. The galaxy of famous film stars mostly celebrates the Basant on the roofs of walled city, Avari towers, Pearl Continental and at the big bungalows of Defence area.

Basant is one of the biggest festivals throughout the country and especially in the city of Lahore. It is a enormous social event that does not revolve around a religious ritual but around putting thousands of kites into the sky to welcome the new spring season and use to fly their long awaited dreams of prosperity, security, and furthermore, love and peace in shapes of different colorful kites.


Preparations for basant starts a month before the event. The singers come up with catchy basant songs. A reservation in hotels and guesthouses becomes a nightmare, as there are hardly rooms available. It's a festival that attracts many tourists from around the world. Rooftops of important buildings and plazas also go on bookings for the kite-flying event.

Men drape themselves in embroidered shalwar kameeze with matching ankle-length scarves, little boys strut in three piece suits, and women coat their hands with henna and stack their arms with bangles.

Families flock Basant or jashan-e- baharaan, a festival of kites and colors, yellow being the main color, is celebrated on the rooftops of their residences to enjoy. Kite flying is like a battle between two teams. It's a time when kite makers too celebrate due to the high demand of kites throughout the country. Special drumbeaters are also hired for the event.

Kite flyers prepare themselves for the Final Battle on the day of Basant. Preparations of all kinds start before the arrival of Basant. Purchase of Guddis, Patangs, Gudhas and Doars are done before the final day. Purchase of herons, big drams, and others important things are bought for the celebration this festival. Guests and friends are invited to give the honour the occasion. Today many professional and amateur kite-flyers are gearing up for their roofs battles with their opponents and old rivals.


Kites in Pakistan are made using thin colored paper that is supported with bamboo sticks. This makes them rise high even in a zephyr. Some of the most popular kinds of kites include Guddi, Takla, Patang, Pari, Koop, Salonidar, Pattidar, Charpana, and Lakhnowkat etc. The string that is used in kite flying (manjha) is treated with finely powdered broken glass pieces, which is a little dangerous if mishandled. The object is to fly the kite in such a way that its string wraps around and cuts the string of the other team's kite. Each fall of the kites is celebrated with drum beating and loud screams of "bokata". The colors of basant are not only seen on land, but it seems as if the whole sky celebrates and dances along with the kites of various colors, shapes and sizes. This event does not even stop during nighttime. For the kite flyers the sky is illuminated with lights using Powerful electric torches, and also by tying candle-lamp, "qindeel" to the kite string.

The streets of the Lahore are full with people of all ages to catch the kites. The race and chase is on and on throughout the day of Basant. Many people with big sticks are stand in the every corner of the city to catch the kites. A group of excited children ran wildly on pavements, their eyes glued to the sky, following every movement of the kites. Basant celebrations have been blown completely out of proportion. By the help of kites many young boys use this festival to convey their feelings of hearts to their beloved.


Basant at night is a new concept. It adds new avenues of excitement. It creates new but unique scenes of happiness, beauty and craze. It is considered to be the peak of a profligate and lavish cultural integration. Nighttime kite flying in the walled old quarter around the 16th century Badshahi mosque and Lahore fort opens the festival. Ancient mughal palaces throw open their doors for all-night parties to view the kites, illuminated by spotl


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