fire service ladders module 1. types of ladders aerial ladders –permanently mounted and operated...
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- Fire Service Ladders Module 1
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- Types of Ladders Aerial ladders Permanently mounted and operated from fire apparatus Portable ladders Carried on fire apparatus Designed to be removed and used in other locations
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- Aerial Ladders Permanently mounted, power- operated ladders Working length of at least 50 Have at least two sections Often referred to as straight-stick aerials
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- Elevating Platform Includes passenger- carrying platform attached to tip Ladder or boom must have at least two sections Telescoping Articulating
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- Portable Ladders Number and lengths of ladders used by a department depend on the maximum height of buildings in the response area. Generally, portable ladders are limited to a length of 50'.
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- Types of Ladders
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- Straight Ladder Single-section, fixed- length ladder May also be called wall ladders or single ladders Commonly 12' to 20' long, but can be up to 30' and longer
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- Roof Ladder Straight ladder with roof hooks Sometimes called a hook ladder Provides stable footing Usually 12' to 18' long
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- Extension Ladder Adjustable length Multiple sections Usually heavier than a straight ladder of the same length
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- Bangor Ladder Extension ladder with staypoles Staypoles are planted in the ground on either side for additional stability.
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- Combination Ladder Convertible from a straight ladder to an A-frame, stepladder Generally 6' to 10' in the A-frame configuration and 10' and 15' in the extension configuration
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- Folding Ladder Also called an attic ladder Narrow, collapsing ladder Designed to allow access to attic scuttle holes and confined areas
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- Pompier Ladder Lightweight, single- beam ladder Used to climb the outside of a building Today, only used when no other option is available
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- Inspection, Maintenance, and Service Testing NFPA 1931 establishes requirements for ladder construction. NFPA 1932 provides general use guidance. Regular inspection, maintenance, and testing
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- Ground ladder visually inspected monthly or after each use Splintering, cracking, deformity, breaks, gouges, fraying, or other conditions indicating failure Components fit snugly and operate smoothly. Heat sensor label If deficiencies are revealed, remove ladder from service and repair it. Inspection
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- Maintenance All fire fighters should be able to perform routine maintenance. Only qualified personnel should repair ladders. Basic maintenance tasks: Clean and lubricate the dogs and slides. Replace worn halyards. Clean and lubricate roof hooks. Maintain finish. Replace ladder in storage racks.
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- Cleaning Clean regularly and after each use with warm, soapy water and a soft-bristle brush. Dry ladder before storing it
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- Rescue Anticipate actions of people you are trying to rescue. Do not let people jump to the ladder. Do not let more than one person on each section. Make verbal contact with victim. Safeguard victims as they climb down. Have another fire fighter guide you and the victim.
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- ASSISTING A VICTIM DOWN A LADDER Lower conscious victims to ladder feet first. Rest unconscious victims on your supporting knee or support at crotch and chest. Turn unconscious victims to face you. TS 924 Cradle heavy victims in front of you, victims legs over your shoulder, victims arms draped over your arms. Cradle heavy victims in front of you, victims legs over your shoulder, victims arms draped over your arms. Place two ground ladders side by side for two-firefighter rescue of extremely heavy victims. Place two ground ladders side by side for two-firefighter rescue of extremely heavy victims. Cradle small children across your arms. Cradle small children across your arms.
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