first battle of bull run

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irst Battle of Bull Run

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First Battle of Bull Run. Bull Run (I). Manassas, July 21, 1861, 25 miles south of Washington, D.C. 1st major land battle McDowell's (North) planned for a surprise attack (poorly executed). The Confederates found themselves at a disadvantage until reinforcements arrived by railroad. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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First Battle of Bull RunBull Run (I)Manassas, July 21, 1861, 25 miles south of Washington, D.C.1st major land battle McDowell's (North) planned for a surprise attack (poorly executed). The Confederates found themselves at a disadvantage until reinforcements arrived by railroad.A Southern Victory!?Union - 460 killed, 1,124 wounded, and 1,312 missing Confederate -387 killed, 1,582 wounded, and 13 missing

EffectsBoth sides realize the war is going to last longer --> more volunteers!!!The Northern public was shocked at the unexpected defeat. Lincoln fears D.C. potential capture.Stonewall Jackson becomes a legendMcDowell gets replacedStonewall JacksonThomas Jonathan "Stonewall" JacksonConfederate As Confederate lines began to crumble (1st Bull Run), he demonstrated the discipline he instilled in his men. "There is Jackson standing like a stone wall. Let us determine to die here, and we will conquer.After the battle, Jackson was promoted to major general

The Naval WarApril 1861, Lincoln proclaims blockadeBy spring 1862, most ports blockedSouth used blockade runners (small vessels used to smuggle goods),to carry on some trade with EuropeConfederate raiders attacked Northern merchant ships North captures New Orleans in April 1862, the central cotton trade port and city.Robert E. LeePresident Abraham Lincoln had offered Lee command of the Union Army.Lee chose to follow his home state, despite his personal desire for the Union to stay intact.Lee originally served as a military adviser to President Jefferson Davis.A shrewd battlefield commander Won numerous battles against larger Union armiesUnable to force back Grant and surrendered on April 9, 1865.

Ulysses S. GrantUnder Grant, the Union Army defeated the Confederate military and effectively ended the war with the surrender of Robert E. Lee's army at Appomattox. Reputation as an aggressive commander 18th President of the United States (18691877)Grant won passage of the 15th Amendment; giving constitutional protection for African American voting rights.

AntietamSharpsburg, Maryland :September 17, 1862On Union soilBloodiest 1-day battles in US history, about 23,000 casualties on both sidesVictory: UnionSouths Goal: invade the North, force the them to accept Souths independence.Despite ample forces McClellan failed to destroy Lee's army but Lee withdraw his army back to Virginia without interference from the McClellanMcClellan is fired by Lincoln.

Famous 54th Black Regiment of Massachusetts which was organized by Frederick Douglass