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  • Flight Simulator Handbook (Instrument Rating Course MFI-200)

    First Edition, 2004 Second Print, 2006 Copyright © 2004 by Captain/Hesham Abdalla(Synthetic Flight Dep.) Captain / Hossam Emam (Synthetic Flight Dep.) Captain / Muhammad Shawky (Synthetic Flight Dep.) All rights reserved, including the right to reproduce any part of this book, by any means, without the written permission of the publisher Dedication: Special Thanks to General Pilot / Essam Ahmed (MFI Dean)&

    Pilot/ Ahmed Saeid (Head of Training Dep.) for their efforts & supporting in the production of this handbook.

    "NO ONE CAN MAKE AN APPROACH SAFER THAN A WELL TRAINED PILOT"

  • Synthetic Flight Dep.

    Flight Simulator Handbook

    Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 2

    ITEM PAGE - Flight Attitudes Climb Attitude………………………………………………………………………………….……………….. 03 Straight & Level Attitude…….…….…….…….…….…….…….…….…….…………………. 04 Descent Attitude……………………………………………………………………………………………... 05 Changing Attitudes…………………………………………………….…………………………………… 06 - ADF (Automatic Direction Finder) ……………………………………………… 08 QDR…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 09 QDM…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 10 Flight Procedures & Course Reversals………………………………………………. 12 - VOR (VHF Omni directional Range) …………………………………………. 14 OBS (Omni Bearing Selector) ………………………………………………………………… 15 VOR Orientation………………………………………………………………………………………………… 16 Intercepting Radials (FROM FROM, TO TO) ……………………… 17 Changing Radials ( FROM TO) Using OBS…………………………………. 18 Cross Radials………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 19 Homing…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 20 Procedure Turn with OBS…………………………………………………………………………… 21 DME (DISTANCE MEASURING EQUIPMENT) ………………………………… 22 HSI (HORIZONTAL SITUATION INDICATOR), RMI (Radio Magnetic Indicator) ………………………………………………………….

    23

    - ILS (INSTRUMENT LANDING SYSTEM) …………………………………. 24 ILS BACKCOURSE (BC) ………………………………………………………………………………. 27 ILS CATEGORIES , Aircraft Categories……………………………………………… 28 - HOLDING PATTERNS…………………………………………………………………………………. 29 Standard Hold……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 30 Hold Entries…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 32 THE PARALLEL ENTRY (STANDARD HOLD) …………………………………… 33 THE TEARDROP ENTRY (STANDARD HOLD) …………………………………. 34 NON Standard Hold………………………………………………………………………………………… 35 Identifying Entry In Flight…………………………………………………………………………. 37 DME HOLD……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 38 EFFECT OF WIND ON HOLDING PATTERNS…………………………………… 39 - DME ARC…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 40 - TRANSITION LEVEL & TRANSITION ALTITUDE……………. 41 - JEPPESEN APPROACH CHARTS………………………………………………………. 42 - En-route Chart Legend……………………………………………………………………………. 51 - RNAV…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 52 - DEFINITIONS……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 53

  • Synthetic Flight Dep.

    Flight Simulator Handbook

    Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 3

    FLIGHT ATTITUDES

    CLIMB ATTITUDE -:احملافظة على اآلتييتم

    .א -1 2- . 3- .

    -:للمحافظة على االجتاه א −1 א א א Turnא

    Coordinator. א -2 א א Directional Gyroאא

    -:محافظة على السرعةلل א −1 א א . Attitude Indicatorא א −2 .Airspeed Indicatorא .(Full Power)א −3

    -:للمحافظة على معدل صعود ثابت א−1 א אא

    Vertical Speed Indicator. Airspeed Vy (best rate of climb)

    Power Setting:

    25" MP. 2500 RPM.

    Or

    Full Throttle 2500 RPM.

    Never Leave RPM in Red Arc

  • Synthetic Flight Dep.

    Flight Simulator Handbook

    Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 4

    STRAIGHT & LEVEL ATTITUDE

    -:يتم احملافظة على اآلتي .א −1 2− . .א −3

    -: للمحافظة على االجتاه א −1 א א א Turnא

    Coordinator. א -2 א א .אDirectional Gyroא

    -: للمحافظة على االرتفاع א −1 א .Altimeterא א -2 א .VSI0א

    -: للمحافظة على السرعة א+א −1 .אא

    Power Setting: 21" MP. 2300 RPM.

  • Synthetic Flight Dep.

    Flight Simulator Handbook

    Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 5

    DESCENT

    -:يتم احملافظة على اآلتي .א −1 2− . 3− .

    -: للمحافظة على االجتاه א −1 א א א Turnא

    Coordinator. א -2 א א .אDirectional Gyroא

    -: للمحافظة على السرعة א −1 א א . Attitude Indicatorא א −2 .Airspeed Indicatorא א -3 .א

    -:للمحافظة على معدل نزول ثابت א −1 א .אא א −2 א Vertical Speedא

    Indicator.

    Airspeed as Desired Power Setting:

    15~10" MP. Full RPM.

  • Synthetic Flight Dep.

    Flight Simulator Handbook

    Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 6

    CHANGING ATTITUDES

    - : LEVEL& STRAIGHT إىل وضع CLIMBمن وضع א −1 א .א א −2 אא .א א -3 א .TRIMMERא

    - :DESCENT إىل وضع CLIMB من وضع א −1 א א .א א -2 .TRIMMERא

    - :CLIMBضع إىل و LEVEL& STRAIGHT من وضع א -1 א .א א -2 .TRIMMERא

    - :DESCENT إىل وضع LEVEL& STRAIGHT من وضع א −1 א .א א −2 א .DESCENTאא א -3 .TRIMMERא

    - :CLIMB إىل وضع DESCENT من وضع א −1 א .א א -2 .TRIMMERא

    - : LEVEL& STRAIGHT إىل وضع DESCENT من وضع אא −1 א .א א -2 א .TRIMMERא

  • Synthetic Flight Dep.

    Flight Simulator Handbook

    Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 7

    PRACTICE

    1- HDG 360 7 MIN 2- T/R 090 2.30 MIN 3- T/R 270 2 MIN 4- T/L 180 2 MIN 5- T/L 090 2 MIN 6- T/R 270 2 MIN 7- T/L 180 2 MIN 8- T/L 090 2 MIN 9- T/R 270 2.30 MIN

  • Synthetic Flight Dep.

    Flight Simulator Handbook

    Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 8

    ADF (Automatic Direction Finder)

    BEARING ADF جهاز يف الطائرة N

    360 000

    090 °

    RMI

    180 °

    270 °

    Radio Magnetic Indicator

    Non Directional Beacon

  • Synthetic Flight Dep.

    Flight Simulator Handbook

    Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 9

    QDR Magnetic Bearing From Facility

    To Fly More QDR Turn Right To Fly Less QDR Turn Left

  • Synthetic Flight Dep.

    Flight Simulator Handbook

    Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 10

    QDM Magnetic Heading To Facility

    To Fly More QDM Turn Left To Fly Less QDM Turn Right

  • Synthetic Flight Dep.

    Flight Simulator Handbook

    Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 11

    Follow the Needle (بوز اإلبرة)

    Backward the Needle (ديل اإلبرة)

    אBearing080oא: א ؟Bearing100oא א: א אא .א60oא

    אBearing080oא: א א ؟Bearing100oא א: א א א .א60oא

  • Synthetic Flight Dep.

    Flight Simulator Handbook

    Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 12

    Basic Instrument Flight Patterns Steps: 1. Start timing at

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