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Flight Simulator Handbook (Instrument Rating Course MFI-200) First Edition, 2004 Second Print, 2006 Copyright 2004 by Captain/Hesham Abdalla(Synthetic Flight Dep.) Captain / Hossam Emam (Synthetic Flight Dep.) Captain / Muhammad Shawky (Synthetic Flight Dep.) All rights reserved, including the right to reproduce any part of this book, by any means, without the written permission of the publisher Dedication: Special Thanks to General Pilot / Essam Ahmed (MFI Dean)& Pilot/ Ahmed Saeid (Head of Training Dep.) for their efforts & supporting in the production of this handbook. "NO ONE CAN MAKE AN APPROACH SAFER THAN A WELL TRAINED PILOT"Synthetic Flight Dep. Flight Simulator Handbook Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 2 ITEM PAGE - Flight Attitudes Climb Attitude... 03 Straight & Level Attitude.......... 04 Descent Attitude... 05 Changing Attitudes. 06 - ADF (Automatic Direction Finder) 08 QDR 09 QDM. 10 Flight Procedures & Course Reversals. 12 - VOR (VHF Omni directional Range) . 14 OBS (Omni Bearing Selector) 15 VOR Orientation 16 Intercepting Radials (FROM FROM, TO TO) 17 Changing Radials ( FROM TO) Using OBS. 18 Cross Radials. 19 Homing 20 Procedure Turn with OBS 21 DME (DISTANCE MEASURING EQUIPMENT) 22 HSI (HORIZONTAL SITUATION INDICATOR), RMI (Radio Magnetic Indicator) . 23 - ILS (INSTRUMENT LANDING SYSTEM) . 24 ILS BACKCOURSE (BC) . 27 ILS CATEGORIES , Aircraft Categories 28 - HOLDING PATTERNS. 29 Standard Hold. 30 Hold Entries. 32 THE PARALLEL ENTRY (STANDARD HOLD) 33 THE TEARDROP ENTRY (STANDARD HOLD) . 34 NON Standard Hold 35 Identifying Entry In Flight. 37 DME HOLD. 38 EFFECT OF WIND ON HOLDING PATTERNS 39 - DME ARC. 40 - TRANSITION LEVEL & TRANSITION ALTITUDE. 41 - JEPPESEN APPROACH CHARTS. 42 - En-route Chart Legend. 51 - RNAV 52 - DEFINITIONS. 53 Synthetic Flight Dep. Flight Simulator Handbook Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 3 FLIGHT ATTITUDES CLIMB ATTITUDE 4 : - 1 - .:t :t> .2 - .:t e,. .3 - .:t s. _.s. . 4 : - 1 .......U _ ....I.l. _....I ,..... _ _et.....l _...v _...Ie ...Dt> Turn Coordinator . 2 - I....l ...e _... :t..>Y s,..i ,...: .:x....,> Directional Gyro ,...:. .Ie Dt> . 4 : - 1 s.l ,.. _ _et..l _v ,.. _Ie Dt> Attitude Indicator .2 e,.l _Ie Dt> Airspeed Indicator .3 ,>Il ..i _.iI _Ie Dt> (Full Power) . 4 : - 1 .>Il ...i _..iI _.Ie .Dt> .t. e,.l ct. ..e .Dt> ,..: ... , .:t s. _.s. _Ie Vertical Speed Indicator . Airspeed Vy (best rate of climb) Power Setting: 25" MP. 2500 RPM. Or Full Throttle 2500 RPM. Never Leave RPM in Red Arc Synthetic Flight Dep. Flight Simulator Handbook Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 4 STRAIGHT & LEVEL ATTITUDE 4 : - 1 .:t :t> . 2 .:t e,. .3 .:t t.:. . 4 : - 1 .......U _ ....I.l. _....I ,..... _ _et.....l _...v _...Ie ...Dt> Turn Coordinator .2 - I..l .e _. :t>Y s,i ,.: Directional Gyro .Ie Dt> ,.:. . 4 : - 1 .:t t.:.Y .e _Ie Dt> Altimeter . 2 - .l .e _Ie Dt> VSI ,.. I,.: 0 . 4 : - 1 t.:.Y ct. ,. + > ,.: .. ,> ..i e,.l _Ie Dt . Power Setting: 21" MP. 2300 RPM. Synthetic Flight Dep. Flight Simulator Handbook Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 5 DESCENT 4 : - 1 .:t :t> .2 .:t e,. .3 ,: _.s. .:t _. . 4 : - 1 .......U _ ....I.l. _....I ,..... _ _et.....l _...v _...Ie ...Dt> Turn Coordinator . 2 - I..l .e _. :t>Y s,i ,.: Directional Gyro .Ie Dt> ,.:. . 4 : - 1 _.,.l ,.. _ _et..l _v ,.. _Ie Dt> Attitude Indicator .2 e,.l _Ie Dt> Airspeed Indicator . 3 - .:t ,> ..i _Ie Dt> . 4 : - 1 .: .. ,> ..i .t. e,.l ct. ..e .:t _.,: _.s. _Ie Dt> , .2 ...Ie ..Dt>. _.,...l _...s. ...e _..Ie _.,..: _..e ,...: Vertical Speed Indicator . Airspeed as Desired Power Setting: 15~10" MP. Full RPM. Synthetic Flight Dep. Flight Simulator Handbook Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 6 CHANGING ATTITUDES 4 CLIMB LEVEL & STRAIGHT : - 1 ,....U _.v ,.. _ ,:tul .... ,.. .2 v e,. _I tJ.. _.> e,.l t: ..e ,> _.I.: ,.: ,....U _. .3 - .l 1.. ,.: t.:.Y. e,.l ct. ..e TRIMMER . 4 CLIMB DESCENT : - 1 ,> _.I.: ,.: ...U _.,: st.I. _.,.l ,.. _.> ...U _.,: ,.: .2 - .l 1.. ,.: e,.l ct. ..e TRIMMER . 4 LEVEL & STRAIGHT CLIMB : - 1 - s.l ,.. _.> ...U ,. ,. ..i _.iI _I ,> . .2 - .l 1.. ,.: e,.l ct. ..e TRIMMER . 4 LEVEL & STRAIGHT DESCENT : - 1 t.:.Y _Ie Dt> ,. ,> ..i _.I.: ,.: . 2 _I ...U _.,: ,.: _.,.l e,. _.> e,.l _.. ..e .l ,.. DESCENT .3 - .l 1.. ,.: e,.l ct. ..e TRIMMER . 4 DESCENT CLIMB : - 1 s.l ,.. _.> ,:tul .... ,. ,. ..i _.iI _I ,> . ,.: .2 - .l 1.. ,.: e,.l ct. ..e TRIMMER . 4 DESCENT LEVEL & STRAIGHT : - 1 ,> . ,.: ,....U _.v ,.. _.> ,:tul .... ,. ,. .2 - .l 1.. ,.: t.:.Y. e,.l ct. ..e TRIMMER .Synthetic Flight Dep. Flight Simulator Handbook Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 7 PRACTICE 1- HDG 360 7 MIN 2- T/R 090 2.30 MIN 3- T/R 270 2 MIN 4- T/L 180 2 MIN 5- T/L 090 2 MIN 6- T/R 270 2 MIN 7- T/L 180 2 MIN 8- T/L 090 2 MIN 9- T/R 270 2.30 MIN onprqstuv Synthetic Flight Dep. Flight Simulator Handbook Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 8 ADF (Automatic Direction Finder) BEARING ADF N 360 000090 RMI 180 270 Radio Magnetic Indicator Non Directional Beacon Synthetic Flight Dep. Flight Simulator Handbook Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 9 QDR Magnetic Bearing From Facility To Fly More QDR Turn Right To Fly Less QDR Turn Left Synthetic Flight Dep. Flight Simulator Handbook Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 10 QDM Magnetic Heading To Facility To Fly More QDM Turn Left To Fly Less QDM Turn Right Synthetic Flight Dep. Flight Simulator Handbook Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 11 Follow the Needle ( ) Backward the Needle ( ) _ : _Ie ,u: ,:tul Bearing 080o _Ie _,ul .IuU. u>Il Bearing 100o : .s.: .t..Il ,:Y :t> ,. .>..l .,>Y _.>. 60o.IuU _. . _ : _Ie ,u: ,:tul Bearing 080o _. _Ie _,ul .IuU. u> Bearing 100o : _.>. .,>Y .s.: _.Il ,:Y :t> _xe .>..l 60o.IuU _. . Synthetic Flight Dep. Flight Simulator Handbook Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 12 Basic Instrument Flight Patterns Steps: 1. Start timing at A for 2 minutes from A to B. [Figure A] 2. At B, turn 45 (standard rate). After roll-out, fly 1 minute to C. 3. At C, turn 180. 4. At completion of turn, time 45 seconds from D to E. 5. Start turn at E for 45 change of heading to reciprocal of heading at beginning of maneuver. Steps: 1. Start timing at A for 2 minutes (or as instructed) from A to B. [Figure B] 2. At B, enter a left standard-rate turn for a heading change of 80. 3. At the completion of the 80 turn at C, immediately turn right for a heading change of 260, rolling-out on the reciprocal of the entry heading. 1 to 3 min.Synthetic Flight Dep. Flight Simulator Handbook Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 13 Steps: 1. Start timing at A for 2 minutes from A to B. [Figure C] Reduce airspeed to holding speed in this interval. 2. At B, enter standard-rate turn for 30 change of heading. Time 1 minute from B to C. 3. At C, enter standard-rate turn for a 210 change of heading, rolling-out on the reciprocal of the original entry heading. Steps: 1. Time 3 minutes straight-and-level flight from A to B. [Figure D] During this interval, reduce airspeed to the holding speed appropriate for your aircraft. 2. Start 180 standard-rate turn at B. Roll-out at C on the reciprocal of your heading at A. 3. Time 1 minute straight-and-level flight from C to D. 4. Start 180 standard rate level turn at D, rolling-out on original heading. Note: This pattern is an exercise combining use of the clock with basic maneuvers. Synthetic Flight Dep. Flight Simulator Handbook Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 14 VOR VHF Omni directional Range VOR Frequency 108.10 117.95 MHz 4 .l u> _. ,> VOR .l _.: ts: RADIAL . 4 _Ie _,ul ,:tul ,.u..: 360 RADIAL .l u> _. VOR . 4 .l _Ie ,:tul ,u: RADIAL .l u> _. ta>.,> st.I s. VOR _.:. FROM _.:. u>Il tJ> st.I .l.t. TO . 4 .l ,: RADIAL _.:. _.Il _...lt: lt> _ .t..Il _...lt: FROM STATION . Synthetic Flight Dep. Flight Simulator Handbook Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 15 OBS OMNI BEARING SELECTOR The OBS display has four elements: A. A Rotating Course Card, calibrated from 0 to 360. B. The Omni Bearing Selector, or OBS knob, used. C. The CDI, or Course Deviation Indicator. D. The TO-FROM indicator 4 OBSSynthetic Flight Dep. Flight Simulator Handbook Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 16 VOR ORIENTATION 4 ,:tul A _Ie ,u: R-230O TO VOR :t>t: 050O. 4 ,:tul B _Ie ,u: R-050O FROM VOR :t>t: 050O. 4 .l ,tI RADIAL _:,:tul :t>. C & D 4 FROM H = R 4 TO H X R Synthetic Flight Dep. Flight Simulator Handbook Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 17 INTERCEPTING RADIALS OBS OBS OBS OBS OBS OBS 4 _.iI .> .>..l 45o.IuU _. 4 FROM FROM 4 TO TO_xl _.. _,.ul ,..s: ,..: RADIAL _I RADIAL .l 1.. ,.: CRS _.Ie ....l :t...> RADIAL s.... ....IuU _t..t TO .I FROM . ,:t..t ...:tt I_Ie ,u: R030 FROM STATION_Ie _,ul .IuU. R050 FROM STATION :t..>Y 1.... ,...: (CRS) :t..> _..Ie 050 .>.: ,.: , .,.>Y U .> _IeI .l CDI _.> 45O.IuU _. . Synthetic Flight Dep. Flight Simulator Handbook Revision 02 20 April, 2006 Page 18 1 .l _tx. .:.> RADIAL .t.

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