for use only with perreault/cannon/ mccarthy texts, © 2009 mcgraw-hill companies, inc....

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For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion— Introduction to Integrated Marketing Communications www.mhhe.com/fourps

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Page 1: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Chapter 14

Promotion—Introduction to Integrated Marketing Communications

www.mhhe.com/fourps

Page 2: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

1. Know the advantages and disadvantages of the promotion methods a marketing manager can use in strategy planning.

2. Understand the integrated marketing communications concept and why most firms use a blend of different promotion methods.

3. Understand the importance of promotion objectives.

4. Know how the communication process affects promotion planning.

5. Know how direct-response promotion is helping marketers develop more targeted promotion blends.

At the end of this presentation, you should be able to:

Page 3: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

6. Understand how customer-initiated interactive communication is different.

7. Know how typical promotion plans are blended to get an extra push from wholesalers and retailers and help from customers in pulling products through the channel.

8. Understand how promotion blends typically vary over the adoption curve and product life cycle.

9. Understand how to determine how much to spend on promotion efforts.

At the end of this presentation, you should be able to:

Page 4: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

Marketing Strategy Planning Process

Page 5: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

CH 16: Advertising & Sales Promotion

Promotion methods

Managing promotion

Effective communication

Blending promotion

CH 15: Personal Selling and Customer Service

CH 14: Promotion Intro. to Integrated Marketing Communications

Promotion and Marketing Strategy Planning (Exhibit 14-1)

Page 6: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

Mass SellingMass Selling

Personal SellingPersonal Selling

Sales PromotionSales Promotion

Different methods of promotion Advertising Publicity

Several Promotion Methods Are Available

Page 7: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

• Contests• Coupos• Aisle displays• Samples• Trade shows• Point-of-purchase

materials• Banners & streamers• Frequent buyer

programs• Sponsored events

• Contests• Coupos• Aisle displays• Samples• Trade shows• Point-of-purchase

materials• Banners & streamers• Frequent buyer

programs• Sponsored events

Sales Promotion Tries to Spark Immediate Interest (Exhibit 14-2)

Aimed at consumers or users

Aimed at consumers or users

• Price deals• Promotion allowances• Sales constests• Calendars & gifts• Trade shows• Meetings• Catalogs• Merchandising aids• Videos

• Price deals• Promotion allowances• Sales constests• Calendars & gifts• Trade shows• Meetings• Catalogs• Merchandising aids• Videos

Aimed at wholesalers or retailers

Aimed at wholesalers or retailers

• Contests & Bonuses• Meetings• Portfolios & Displays• Sales aids • Training materials

• Contests & Bonuses• Meetings• Portfolios & Displays• Sales aids • Training materials

Aimed at company’s own sales force

Aimed at company’s own sales force

Page 8: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

Sales Promotion

Page 9: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

Sales Promotion Managers

Sales Promotion Managers

Advertising Managers

Advertising ManagersSales ManagersSales Managers

Marketing Mangers

Marketing Mangers

IntegratedMarketing

Communications

Someone Must Plan, Integrate, and Manage the Promotion Blend

Page 10: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

PersuadingPersuading

InformingInforming

RemindingReminding

Which Method to Use Depends on Promotion Objectives

Page 11: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

Promotion Objectives Adoption Process AIDA Model

Informing

Awareness

Interest

Attention

Interest

Persuading

Evaluation

Trial Desire

Reminding

Decision

Confirmation Action

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Promotion Objectives Relate to the Adoption Process and AIDA Mode (Exhibit 14-3)

Page 12: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

NoiseNoise

The Traditional Communication Process (Exhibit 14-4)

SourceSource

ReceiverReceiver

EncodingEncoding

Message channel

Message channel

DecodingDecoding

FeedbackFeedback

Page 13: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

Encoding & Decoding Depend on a Common Frame of Reference (Exhibit 14-5)

Page 14: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

Ron Popeil has been a pioneer in the use of direct-response television “infomercials.” Over the years his infomercials have promoted many products, including the Showtime Rotisserie Barbecue, a food dehydrating machine, and the world-famous “Veg-O-Matic.” The chief advantage of the infomercial is that it provides plenty of time to describe and demonstrate a product’s benefits in detail. The choice of the infomercial is related mainly to the _________ element of the communication process.

A. message channelB. encodingC. decodingD. feedback E. noise

Checking Your Knowledge

Page 15: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

Target DirectlyWith a DatabaseTarget Directly

With a Database

More Than Direct Mail

More Than Direct Mail

Ethical ConcernsEthical Concerns

Integrated Direct-Response Promotion Is Very Targeted

Page 16: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

NoiseNoise

A Model of Customer-Initiated Interactive Communication (Exhibit 14-6)

Source’s message

Source’s message

Message channel

Message channel

SearchSearch

Select a topic

Select a topic

Receiver (customer)

Receiver (customer)

Page 17: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

How Typical Promotion Plans Are Blended and Integrated (Exhibit 14-7)

Page 18: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

Other Promotional Elements of Pushing

Page 19: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

Pulling – Demand Pulls the Product through the Channel (Exhibit 14-7)

Page 20: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

An Example of Pulling

Page 21: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

Fido, Inc. is a producer of dog food and is getting ready to introduce a new brand. The firm’s marketing research department learns that a competitor is planning to launch another brand about two weeks after Fido’s launch. Fido’s marketing department quickly mails a set of dated coupons to several thousand consumers in a purchased database of dog owners, encouraging them to ask for the new Fido brand in their favorite store and to stock up on the new brand using the coupons. This is an example of:

A. pulling.B. noise.C. pushing.D. encoding.E. decoding.

Checking Your Knowledge

Page 22: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

Adoption Processes Can Guide Promotion Planning (Exhibit 14-8)

Page 23: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

Because life is too short to waste time. Wouldn’t it be nice if your refrigerator could do your shopping on the Internet?

Appeal for Innovators

Page 24: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

““This new This new idea is good”idea is good”

““Our brand is Our brand is best”best”

““Our brand is Our brand is better, really”better, really”

““Let’s tell Let’s tell those who those who

still want our still want our product”product”

Promotion Varies Over the Life Cycle

Page 25: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

Nature of Competition Requires Different Promotion

Page 26: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

Percentage of SalesPercentage of Sales

Task MethodTask Method

Setting the Promotion Budget

Page 27: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

1. Know the advantages and disadvantages of the promotion methods a marketing manager can use in strategy planning.

2. Understand the integrated marketing communications concept and why most firms use a blend of different promotion methods.

3. Understand the importance of promotion objectives.

4. Know how the communication process affects promotion planning.

5. Know how direct-response promotion is helping marketers develop more targeted promotion blends.

You should now be able to:

Page 28: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

6. Understand how customer-initiated interactive communication is different.

7. Know how typical promotion plans are blended to get an extra push from wholesalers and retailers and help from customers in pulling products through the channel.

8. Understand how promotion blends typically vary over the adoption curve and product life cycle.

9. Understand how to determine how much to spend on promotion efforts.

You should now be able to:

Page 29: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

• Promotion• Personal selling• Mass selling• Advertising• Publicity• Sales promotion• Sales managers• Advertising

managers• Public relations• Sales promotion

managers

• Integrated marketing communications

• AIDA model• Communication

process• Source• Receiver• Noise• Encoding• Decoding• Message channel• Pushing

Key Terms

Page 30: For use only with Perreault/Cannon/ McCarthy texts, © 2009 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Chapter 14 Promotion Introduction to Integrated

• Pulling• Adoption curve• Innovators• Early adopters• Early majority• Late majority• Laggards• Nonadopters• Primary demand• Selective demand• Task method

Key Terms