formal and informal
Post on 02-Jan-2016
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DESCRIPTIONFormal and Informal. Formal and informal. We vary the language we use, when speaking and writing, depending on our audience and purpose. Formal language is used when: we need to be serious the subject is important we dont know the audience very well - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Formal and Informal
Formal and informalWe vary the language we use, when speaking and writing, depending on our audience and purpose.Formal language is used when: we need to be seriousthe subject is important we dont know the audience very well the audience/reader is somebody in authority.Informal language is used when we feel more relaxed about the topic or the person we are writing/speaking to.
Style conventionsEach language style has its own conventions:
INFORMAL languagewill probably useFORMAL languagewill probably use the active voice colloquial language a friendly tone jokes, gossip, cartoons the passive voice standard English a reserved/polite tone longer sentences
Speaking formallyFill in the opposite side of the table with a suitably formal/informal alternative. The first one has been done for you. Can you think of any more?
Speaking informallyAt precisely ten-thirty this morning a sabre-toothed tiger was spotted in a lane just outside Ipson, Hampshire. It is believed the tiger may have escaped from a a local zoo although police have not yet confirmed this. Members of the public are urged not to approach the tiger should they encounter it. Residents of the village have already taken some precautionary measures against the wild animal, with many refusing to leave their houses until such time as they receive weapons with which to defend themselves in case of attack.How has you language changed to suit your audience?Imagine you hear this news report on your way to school.Retell the story to your friends, speaking informally.
Speaking formallyYour friend Stephanie is complaining about a CD she bought.Right, youre not going to believe this. I went down to Rockin Records, like I said yesterday. You know, to get the new Justin CD anyway, coz Trace said it was wicked. So I went all the way into town after school so I could listen to it at the weekend. Anyhow I only got the CD home. I put in my Discman like. And was it Justin? No! Id only gone and bought One True Voice hadnt I! Typical. So I want me money back but I dunno what to say in the shop.Roleplay the conversation Stephanie should have when she complains formally in the shop.
Inappropriate attitudeNo addressUses first nameColloquialBad grammarSlangSpellingWeak argumentOff the pointInformal endingWriting formally
Reg hasnt really tried to convince the council that it would be in their own interests to keep the club open. For example, they could have said that having a club for teenagers reduced the amount of vandalism in the community.He hasnt thought about the purpose of the letter (to persuade people in authority to reconsider) or the audience (councillors who have authority and power).Writing formallyWrite a formal letter which might persuade the council to at least think again about their plans.
This presentation matches key objective S15 Vary the formality of language in speech and writing to suit different circumstances.It may be useful to have already covered Letter writing.pptElements of this presentation will be relevant to Year 8.It may be worth asking students to brainstorm when they might use formal/informal language before showing the box on this slide.Again, students could brainstorm conventions before they are shown.The buttons click into place when right. However, there is some room for discussion as to whether a Newsround report and a request for a refund would use formal or informal language.For example,This meal is delicious.Is there any pudding?Im rather full.The fish has gone cold.Student versions would generally include slang, colloquial language, shorter sentences and exaggeration of facts.Students must decide whether each type of text will use formal or informal language and then drag it into the appropriate box above. If correct, it will turn purple and stay in place. If incorrect, it will turn red and return to its starting position.It is a good idea to brainstorm suggestions at this point. For example, the letter might suggest the youth club raises its membership fees to help with the cost of running the club.