geocaching merit badge 2016

Download Geocaching Merit Badge 2016

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  • Geocaching*

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  • Geocaching Merit BadgeMerit Badge CamporeeDo you have a completed Blue Card?Are you in the right class?Do you have a Workbook?

    Chuck Vohs41 Linda DriveMechanicsburg, PA 17050(717) 385-2570fuzzie@vohslaw.com

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  • Requirement #33. Explain the following terms used in geocaching: waypoint, log, cache, accuracy, difficulty and terrain ratings, attributes, trackable. Choose five additional terms to explain to your counselor.*

  • What is Geocaching

    Geocaching is a sport where you use a multi billion dollar satellite system to locate rubbermaid containers in middle of the woods.

    ~ Anonymous

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  • What is Geocaching?Nature meets Technology GPS (Global Positioning Device)MapsHidden Containers Latitude/LongitudeFriends and Family Time geocaching.com Adventures FUN FOR ALL

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  • History of GeocachingGPS was developed by the US Dept of Defense May 1, 2000 the Government made these GPS signals available to the public On May 3, 2000, Dave Ulmer hid a 5 gallon pail out in woods in Oregon The Great American Stash Hunt The first finder, Jeremy Irish, created geocaching.com to document geocaches Geocaching was originally similar to the 160-year-old game letterboxing, which uses clues and references to landmarks embedded in stories Today almost 3 Million are hidden around the world

    Removing Selective AvailabilityThe Great American Stash Hunt to test the accuracy of new systemGPS technology is used in surveying, geology, hiking, environmental research, air and sea travel, etc. *

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  • Types of Geocaches TraditionalMulti-CachePuzzleVirtualEarthcacheEvent

    LetterboxWherigoWebcamBenchmarking Waymarking

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    Briefly explain each type.Letterbox/Letterbox hybrid: has a stamp, NOT swagWherigo: game using cartridges you download from wherigo.com, virtual video game*

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  • Geocache SizesMicro: Nano, film containers, magnetic key holder Typically only a logbook

    Small : Sandwich size lock-n-lock, small peanut butter container Can fit logbook, pencil and small trade items

    Regular: Ammo can, large lock-n-lock, shoebox size Large: 5 gallon pail, big wooden box

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  • Terrain and DifficultyTerrain Rating: 1-5 stars Steep terrain, water, cliffs Paved trail 1 star would be wheelchair accessible 5 star may require special equipment

    Difficulty Rating: 1-5 stars Nano up in a pine tree (5) 50 gallon garbage can (1) 1 star would be super easy, 5 star is evil

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  • AttributesWhat to expect at cache location Is parking available? Can you bring your dog? Do you need special equipment (boat, scuba gear) How long will it take? Is cache available at night? Kid Friendly? Stealth Required? Do I need to watch out for ticks or poisonous plants?

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  • Requirement #11. Do the following:Explain to your counselor the most likely hazards you may encounter while participating in geocaching activities and what you should do to anticipate, help prevent, mitigate, and respond to these hazards.*

  • Potential HazardsAnticipate & PreventMitigate & Respond

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  • HazardsPoisonous plants

    Sunburn

    Heatstroke

    Hypothermia

    Ticks

    Mosquitoes

    Holes in the ground

    Uneven terrain

    Disorientation

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  • Requirement #11. Do the following:Discuss first aid and prevention for the types of injuries or illnesses that could occur while participating in geocaching activities, including cuts, scrapes, snakebite, insect stings, tick bites, exposure to poisonous plants, heat and cold reactions (sunburn, heatstroke, heat exhaustion, hypothermia), and dehydration.Discuss how to properly plan an activity that uses GPS, including using the buddy system, sharing your plan with others, and considering the weather, route, and proper attire.*

  • First Aid and PreventionCuts & Scrapes

    Snakebites

    Insect Stings

    Tick Bites

    Poisonous Plants

    Sunburn

    Heatstroke

    Heat Exhaustion

    Hypothermia

    Dehydration

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  • Requirement #11. Do the following:Discuss how to properly plan an activity that uses GPS, including using the buddy system, sharing your plan with others, and considering the weather, route, and proper attire.*

  • Proper PlanningBring a buddy Tell someone where you are going and when you expect to be back Carry a compass, whistle and first aid kit Dress for weather and terrain Be aware of your surroundings Wear blaze orange during hunting season

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  • Requirement #22. Discuss the following with your counselor:Why you should never bury a cache.How to use proper geocaching etiquette when hiding or seeking a cache, and how to properly hide, post, maintain, and dismantle a geocache.The principles of Leave No Trace as they apply to geocaching.*

  • Geocaching Rules and EtiquetteRule No. 1: Keep SafeStay far away from road traffic and railroad crossings.Dont place a cache higher than 6 feet or require any dangerous climbing to reach it.Dont require Scouts to swim to reach the cache.Public caches are often magnetic containers stuck onto electrical switch boxes.Common sense says to avoid these as well!Always enforce the buddy system.

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  • Geocaching Rules and EtiquetteRule No. 2: Respect the EnvironmentNever bury a cache in the groundAvoid sensitive ecosystems. Place caches so that they can be reached by existing trail accessDont place caches in archaeological or historic sitesDont deface any object, natural or manmadeDont hide caches in lightpost bases, sprinkler heads, etc

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  • Geocaching Rules and EtiquetteRule No. 3: Respect Private PropertyGet permission from land managers to use parks, Scout camps, etc., for your eventsIt is unlawful to put caches on National Park land or national wildlife refugesLocal laws and policies vary so check with any relevant agency before placing cachesCaches in or near military installations are not allowedCaches are not allowed on elementary and secondary schoolsAvoid possible targets for terrorist attacks, including highway bridges, dams, government buildings, and airports

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  • Geocaching Rules and EtiquetteRule No. 4: Be a Positive Ambassador for ScoutingAs with all else we do, cache using the Scout Oath and Law.

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  • Geocaching Rules and EtiquettePractice cache-in-trash-out (CITO). Always carry a trash bag and remove litter along your route.Follow Leave No Trace guidelines in the natural environment.Be careful of the area around the cachedont trample the ground, rip up sprinkler heads, etc., in your frenzy to find the cache.Follow all laws and regulations. Never enter private property without permission.Write an entry in the logbook at the cache.

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  • Leave No TraceFollow 7 Leave No Trace Principles

    Plan Ahead and PrepareCheck weather, be safe, follow land policies, know how to use GPS

    Travel and Cache on durable surfacesStay on the trail, avoid creating new geotrails, avoid sensitive areas

    Dispose of Waste ProperlyCache in, Trash Out

    Leave What you FindSee it as it is, leave it as it was

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  • Leave No TraceMinimize Campfire ImpactsTypically doesnt apply with Geocaching, but know area regulations

    Respect WildlifeNever leave food in a geocacheDogs on a leashObserve wildlife from a distance

    Be Considerate of other VisitorsYield to those on a trailAvoid loud noisesDo not trespass

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  • Geocaching Rules and EtiquetteCache items are there for fun and for tradeTry to leave something of equal value to what you take for yourselfRespect other visitors around the area

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  • Requirement #4Explain how the Global Positioning System (GPS) works. Then, using Scoutings Teaching EDGE, demonstrate the use of a GPS unit to your counselor. Include marking and editing a waypoint, changing field functions, and changing the coordinate system in the unit. N 39 46.263 W 076 40.929*

  • Global Positioning SystemWhat does a GPS do? Tells you where to go Tracks where you have been Stores maps: topo, trails, streets Stores coordinates (waypoints, points of interest) Communicates with satellites in space

    GPS will time the signals of these satellites to calculate your position.Satellites continuously transmits data that indicates its time and location*

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  • How does GPS work?Space 24-30 satellites orbit around the earth at about 12,550 miles Transmits position, orbit, location, and altitude Control Satellites are tracked by US Air Force Monitoring Stations Ground stations send updates to the satellites User GPS Uses data from satellites to calculate users position, altitude and other data

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  • How does GPS work?GPS uses the time it receives the signal from the satellites to determine location and altitude The GPS only needs to receive data from 4 satellites to determine location. The more received, the better the accuracy

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  • GPS Interference: Factors that prevent GPS from receiving information from satellites Weather Buildings Trees Canyons Takes longer for GPS to receive satellite signal No GPS is 100% Accurate Most GPS units will get you within 15 - 25 feet of a Geocache

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  • How to use a GPSGet to know your GPS before you head outWhere is the Enter button, move up or down, zoom in or out, find the menu, turn on backlightHow to switch between the map and the compassCheck battery levelsMark a WaypointA waypoint is a location entered in your GPSFind a waypoin