Geocaching Merit Badge 2016

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<ul><li><p>Geocaching*</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Geocaching Merit BadgeMerit Badge CamporeeDo you have a completed Blue Card?Are you in the right class?Do you have a Workbook?</p><p>Chuck Vohs41 Linda DriveMechanicsburg, PA 17050(717) 385-2570fuzzie@vohslaw.com</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Requirement #33. Explain the following terms used in geocaching: waypoint, log, cache, accuracy, difficulty and terrain ratings, attributes, trackable. Choose five additional terms to explain to your counselor.*</p></li><li><p>What is Geocaching</p><p>Geocaching is a sport where you use a multi billion dollar satellite system to locate rubbermaid containers in middle of the woods. </p><p>~ Anonymous </p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>What is Geocaching?Nature meets Technology GPS (Global Positioning Device)MapsHidden Containers Latitude/LongitudeFriends and Family Time geocaching.com Adventures FUN FOR ALL</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>History of GeocachingGPS was developed by the US Dept of Defense May 1, 2000 the Government made these GPS signals available to the public On May 3, 2000, Dave Ulmer hid a 5 gallon pail out in woods in Oregon The Great American Stash Hunt The first finder, Jeremy Irish, created geocaching.com to document geocaches Geocaching was originally similar to the 160-year-old game letterboxing, which uses clues and references to landmarks embedded in stories Today almost 3 Million are hidden around the world </p><p>Removing Selective AvailabilityThe Great American Stash Hunt to test the accuracy of new systemGPS technology is used in surveying, geology, hiking, environmental research, air and sea travel, etc. *</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Types of Geocaches TraditionalMulti-CachePuzzleVirtualEarthcacheEvent</p><p>LetterboxWherigoWebcamBenchmarking Waymarking</p><p>*</p><p>Briefly explain each type.Letterbox/Letterbox hybrid: has a stamp, NOT swagWherigo: game using cartridges you download from wherigo.com, virtual video game*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Geocache SizesMicro: Nano, film containers, magnetic key holder Typically only a logbook </p><p>Small : Sandwich size lock-n-lock, small peanut butter container Can fit logbook, pencil and small trade items </p><p>Regular: Ammo can, large lock-n-lock, shoebox size Large: 5 gallon pail, big wooden box </p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Terrain and DifficultyTerrain Rating: 1-5 stars Steep terrain, water, cliffs Paved trail 1 star would be wheelchair accessible 5 star may require special equipment </p><p>Difficulty Rating: 1-5 stars Nano up in a pine tree (5) 50 gallon garbage can (1) 1 star would be super easy, 5 star is evil </p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>AttributesWhat to expect at cache location Is parking available? Can you bring your dog? Do you need special equipment (boat, scuba gear) How long will it take? Is cache available at night? Kid Friendly? Stealth Required? Do I need to watch out for ticks or poisonous plants? </p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Requirement #11. Do the following:Explain to your counselor the most likely hazards you may encounter while participating in geocaching activities and what you should do to anticipate, help prevent, mitigate, and respond to these hazards.*</p></li><li><p>Potential HazardsAnticipate &amp; PreventMitigate &amp; Respond</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>HazardsPoisonous plants </p><p>Sunburn </p><p>Heatstroke </p><p>Hypothermia </p><p>Ticks </p><p>Mosquitoes </p><p>Holes in the ground </p><p>Uneven terrain </p><p>Disorientation </p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Requirement #11. Do the following:Discuss first aid and prevention for the types of injuries or illnesses that could occur while participating in geocaching activities, including cuts, scrapes, snakebite, insect stings, tick bites, exposure to poisonous plants, heat and cold reactions (sunburn, heatstroke, heat exhaustion, hypothermia), and dehydration.Discuss how to properly plan an activity that uses GPS, including using the buddy system, sharing your plan with others, and considering the weather, route, and proper attire.*</p></li><li><p>First Aid and PreventionCuts &amp; Scrapes</p><p>Snakebites</p><p>Insect Stings</p><p>Tick Bites</p><p>Poisonous Plants</p><p>Sunburn</p><p>Heatstroke</p><p>Heat Exhaustion</p><p>Hypothermia</p><p>Dehydration</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Requirement #11. Do the following:Discuss how to properly plan an activity that uses GPS, including using the buddy system, sharing your plan with others, and considering the weather, route, and proper attire.*</p></li><li><p>Proper PlanningBring a buddy Tell someone where you are going and when you expect to be back Carry a compass, whistle and first aid kit Dress for weather and terrain Be aware of your surroundings Wear blaze orange during hunting season</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Requirement #22. Discuss the following with your counselor:Why you should never bury a cache.How to use proper geocaching etiquette when hiding or seeking a cache, and how to properly hide, post, maintain, and dismantle a geocache.The principles of Leave No Trace as they apply to geocaching.*</p></li><li><p>Geocaching Rules and EtiquetteRule No. 1: Keep SafeStay far away from road traffic and railroad crossings.Dont place a cache higher than 6 feet or require any dangerous climbing to reach it.Dont require Scouts to swim to reach the cache.Public caches are often magnetic containers stuck onto electrical switch boxes.Common sense says to avoid these as well!Always enforce the buddy system.</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Geocaching Rules and EtiquetteRule No. 2: Respect the EnvironmentNever bury a cache in the groundAvoid sensitive ecosystems. Place caches so that they can be reached by existing trail accessDont place caches in archaeological or historic sitesDont deface any object, natural or manmadeDont hide caches in lightpost bases, sprinkler heads, etc</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Geocaching Rules and EtiquetteRule No. 3: Respect Private PropertyGet permission from land managers to use parks, Scout camps, etc., for your eventsIt is unlawful to put caches on National Park land or national wildlife refugesLocal laws and policies vary so check with any relevant agency before placing cachesCaches in or near military installations are not allowedCaches are not allowed on elementary and secondary schoolsAvoid possible targets for terrorist attacks, including highway bridges, dams, government buildings, and airports</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Geocaching Rules and EtiquetteRule No. 4: Be a Positive Ambassador for ScoutingAs with all else we do, cache using the Scout Oath and Law.</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Geocaching Rules and EtiquettePractice cache-in-trash-out (CITO). Always carry a trash bag and remove litter along your route.Follow Leave No Trace guidelines in the natural environment.Be careful of the area around the cachedont trample the ground, rip up sprinkler heads, etc., in your frenzy to find the cache.Follow all laws and regulations. Never enter private property without permission.Write an entry in the logbook at the cache.</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Leave No TraceFollow 7 Leave No Trace Principles</p><p>Plan Ahead and PrepareCheck weather, be safe, follow land policies, know how to use GPS</p><p>Travel and Cache on durable surfacesStay on the trail, avoid creating new geotrails, avoid sensitive areas</p><p>Dispose of Waste ProperlyCache in, Trash Out</p><p>Leave What you FindSee it as it is, leave it as it was</p><p>*</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Leave No TraceMinimize Campfire ImpactsTypically doesnt apply with Geocaching, but know area regulations</p><p>Respect WildlifeNever leave food in a geocacheDogs on a leashObserve wildlife from a distance</p><p>Be Considerate of other VisitorsYield to those on a trailAvoid loud noisesDo not trespass </p><p>*</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Geocaching Rules and EtiquetteCache items are there for fun and for tradeTry to leave something of equal value to what you take for yourselfRespect other visitors around the area</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Requirement #4Explain how the Global Positioning System (GPS) works. Then, using Scoutings Teaching EDGE, demonstrate the use of a GPS unit to your counselor. Include marking and editing a waypoint, changing field functions, and changing the coordinate system in the unit. N 39 46.263 W 076 40.929*</p></li><li><p>Global Positioning SystemWhat does a GPS do? Tells you where to go Tracks where you have been Stores maps: topo, trails, streets Stores coordinates (waypoints, points of interest) Communicates with satellites in space </p><p>GPS will time the signals of these satellites to calculate your position.Satellites continuously transmits data that indicates its time and location*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>How does GPS work?Space 24-30 satellites orbit around the earth at about 12,550 miles Transmits position, orbit, location, and altitude Control Satellites are tracked by US Air Force Monitoring Stations Ground stations send updates to the satellites User GPS Uses data from satellites to calculate users position, altitude and other data </p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>How does GPS work?GPS uses the time it receives the signal from the satellites to determine location and altitude The GPS only needs to receive data from 4 satellites to determine location. The more received, the better the accuracy </p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>GPS Interference: Factors that prevent GPS from receiving information from satellites Weather Buildings Trees Canyons Takes longer for GPS to receive satellite signal No GPS is 100% Accurate Most GPS units will get you within 15 - 25 feet of a Geocache </p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>How to use a GPSGet to know your GPS before you head outWhere is the Enter button, move up or down, zoom in or out, find the menu, turn on backlightHow to switch between the map and the compassCheck battery levelsMark a WaypointA waypoint is a location entered in your GPSFind a waypoint (location) or point of interestEdit/Change coordinatesThe CompassThe arrow will not move until you begin to move</p><p>*</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Requirement #55. Do the following:Show you know how to use a map and compass and explain why this is important for geocaching.Explain the similarities and differences between GPS navigation and standard map reading skills and describe the benefits of each.Explain the UTM (Universal Transverse Mercator) system and how it differs from the latitude/longitude system used for public geocaches.Show how to plot a UTM waypoint on a map. Compare the accuracy to that found with a GPS unit. *</p></li><li><p>Maps &amp; Compass</p><p>Why should you bring a Map and Compass with you? </p><p>GPS batteries go dead Satellite signal is not good Enter in the wrong coordinates </p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>How to Determine Coordinates The globe is divided into vertical and horizontal lines called: Latitude and Longitude Latitude (parallels) Horizontal lines around the globe North Pole is 90 degrees north South Pole is 90 degrees south Longitude (meridians) Vertical lines around the globe East to West 0 degrees = Prime Meridian; goes through Greenwich, England </p><p>Latitude: how far north and south you areLongitude: how far east and west you are*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Latitude and Longitude </p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Latitude and Longitude Each degree is divided into 60 minutes Each minute of latitude and longitude = 60 seconds Format used for Coordinates: Degrees, Minutes, Seconds Coordinates at Baldy Mountain at Philmont are N 360 37 45 W 1050 12 48 Geocaching.com and most GPS uses different format: Degrees and Decimal Minutes Coordinates above would read: N 36 37.750 W 105 12.800 </p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) Rectangular grid-based map overlay Divides Earth into 60 zones Each zone = 6 degrees of latitude 20 Latitude bands, each 8 degrees high Each band is lettered from C to X (no I or O) Ends at 84 degrees N Latitude Easting measured from central meridian Northing measured from the equator Always read coordinates East and then North </p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>UTM</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>UTM</p><p>To use the UTM grid, you can place a transparent grid overlay on the map to subdivide the grid, or you can draw lines on the map connecting corresponding ticks on opposite edges. The distances can be measured in meters at the map scale between any map point and the nearest grid lines to the south and west. The northing of the point is the value of the nearest grid line south of it plus its distance north of that line; its easting is the value of the nearest grid line west of it plus its distance east of that line (see fig. 2).On maps at 1:100,000 and 1:250,000 scale, a full UTM grid is shown at intervals of 10,000 meters and is numbered and used in the same way.*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Requirement #6Describe the four steps to finding your first cache to your counselor. Then mark and edit a waypoint.*</p></li><li><p>Four Steps to finding your 1st Cache</p><p>Step 1: Research </p><p>Step 2: Safety</p><p>Step 3: The Hunt </p><p>Step 4: The Actual Find </p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Step 1 : ResearchSign up for free account on Geocaching.com (Requirement #7)Click Hide and Seek a Cache, enter a zip code Select the Geocache you want to find distance, difficulty, terrain, type and size Enter coordinates in your GPS device Look at map of area to determine your best approach In the city, use a city map In rural areas, use a topographic map </p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Preparation for Geocaching TripGPS Extra batteries Cache page Water A buddy Trinkets to trade with Pen/Pencil Bug Spray CITO bag Sense of Adventure</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Step 2: SafetyBring a buddy Tell someone where you are going and when you expect to be back Carry a compass, whistle and first aid kit Dress for weather and terrain Be aware of your surroundings Wear blaze orange during hunting season</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Internet SafetyObtain parent permission and follow the rulesNever give out your email, phone number or other personal informationNever open e-mail or files if you dont the senderTell a parent if you see or receive anything that makes you feel uncomfortableNever agree to meet with anybody you meet onlineDont share passwordsDont believe everything you read onlineObey the laws</p><p>*</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Step 3: The HuntMark your car and/or trailhead Stay on the trail Watch your footing Use your GPS compass to lead you towards the cache Slow down when you get to about 300 feet Once you get to about 30 feet, start your search Sometimes it helps to just put the GPS away and use your geosense </p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Step 4: The Actual FindOnce you find it, write about it in logbook Use your geocaching name (handle) and date Take something, Leave something Only take a trackable if you intend on moving it Trackables are Geocoins, Travel Bugs and tracked on Geocaching.com Put Geocache back, better than how you found it Many times, geocaches move or camo disappears Make sure lid is on tight Log it on Geocaching.com and share your experience. </p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Hiding a GeocacheRead the guidelines on Geocaching.com</p><p>Many parks and cities have special rules</p><p>Same steps as finding:Step 1: ResearchStep 2: SafetyStep 3: The HuntStep 4: The Actual Find</p><p>*</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Step 1: ResearchWhere would be a good place to hide a Geocache?Geocaches must be .10 miles (528 feet) away from others.Think Where would I like to FIND a Geocache?</p><p>Hide Geocache where there will be minimal risk to the environment</p><p>*</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Step 2: SafetyGeocaches must be safe to get to</p><p>If on private property, obtain permission</p><p>Geocaches are not allowed near railroads, bridges, school property or military bases</p><p>*</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Step 3: The HuntMake sure coordinates are accurate</p><p>Supply a hint</p><p>Write Geocache on outside of container</p><p>You want to be sure Geocachers can find your hide</p><p>*</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Step 4: The Actual FindBe sure to use a watertight containerLock N LocksAmmo CansDo not use: gladware, they do not hold up to Pennsylvania wintersPut a Cache Note in the geocacheThis can be printed off Geocaching.comPut logbook in a plastic baggieLeave the pencil out, they tend to poke holes in the baggieLoad the cache up with swagDo not put in food, fireworks, or other dangerous materials</p><p>*</p><p>*</p><p>*</p></li><li><p>Submitting your GeocacheGo to Geocaching...</p></li></ul>