# geometry in islamic art: pinwheel activity ... geometry in islamic art: pinwheel activity activity...

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•   Geometry in Islamic Art:

Pinwheel Activity

Activity Overview    Participants will utilize five provided templates to create a  pinwheel of shapes represented in Islamic art.    The interactive wheel will display:

● How different shapes share similar attributes (such as axes  of symmetry).

● How complex shapes are formed by both the addition and  subtraction of simple forms (circles, squares, and triangles).

● How the combination of shapes represented in Islamic art  can form tessellations.

Materials: ​Four Shape Templates, One Basic Template, Colored  Pencils or Crayons, Scissors, One Brass Fastener.

• Step 1:

Cut out the basic  template (this will  become the square  base of the pinwheel).  Then cut out the  following four shape  templates:

● Circle   ● Square  ● Eight-pointed star  ● Cruciform

Step 2:

Once all five templates  are cut out, color each  shape using a different  colored pencil or  crayon.

The contrasting colors  will help participants  visualize the  intersection of different  shapes and lines of  symmetry.

• Step 3​:

Hole-punch all five shapes at  the center and stack the  shapes in the following order:

● Basic template (Bottom)  ● Circle  ● Eight-pointed star  ● Square  ● Cruciform (Top)

Finally, use a brass fastener to join the drawings (at the center)  and experiment with the rotating form.

Step 4​:

Share your pinwheel with the  Shangri La community!

@HI_ShangriLa

• Reflection:

Consider ​Process​:

● What did you notice while  creating your pinwheel?

● What was the most difficult  part?

Connecting to ​Geometric Principles​:

● What do some of the shapes on  your pinwheel have in common?

● What can you learn by rotating  the shapes on the wheel?

● What other shapes could you  make using the blank template?

● Do you think you could tessellate some of these shapes?  Which ones? Why?

Connecting to the Collection at ​Shangri La​:

● Do you think Islamic art is  strictly made up of the same  four shapes you created?

● What other shapes and forms  can one find in Islamic art?

● Visit our website and see  what other shapes and forms  you can find in our collection!

• Doris Duke Foundation Islamic Art collection featured in  order of appearance:

Embroidered and Appliquéd Cotton Tent Panel (Khayamiya)​,​ ​Ottoman,  Mamluk Revival. 19th century. Cotton. Object Number: 83.23. Overall: 153  x 68 1/2 in. (388.6 x 174cm). Carved Wooden Doors with Tessellated Geometric Motifs​, Ottoman.  19th century. Wood, Polychrome Pigments. Object Number: 64.10a-b.  Other (a): 88 3/4 x 20 1/8 in. (225.4 x 51.1cm) Other (b): 88 1/2 x 19 5/8  in. (224.8 x 49.8cm).

Woman Smoking a Hookah​, British India. 19th century. Glass, Pigments.  Object Number: 46.21.

● From the Metropolitan Museum of Art:  ○ https://www.metmuseum.org/-/media/files/learn/for-educators/

publications-for-educators/islamic_art_and_geometric_design. pdf

● From the School of Islamic Geometric Design  ○ http://www.sigd.org/resources/basic-design-principles/

● From Eric Broug:  ○ https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/0B0yx67aoVWQJflNXVE

luTGNiWEVuQ3FBQ2hkN09JZnFFT3plaUNob2hrRXFqTWhac 0lPbGM​0Activity.pdf

● From Joumana Medlej  ○ ​https://tutsplus.com/authors/joumana-medlej

• Activity Templates:

Blank Template

• Circle Template

• Square Template

• Eight-Pointed Star Template

• Cruciform Template

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