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Lost Generation

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  • 1. The LostGenerationand the Cultural Context of THE GREAT GATSBY

2. Germinal Statement of the LostGenerationEvery man becomes civilized between the ages of18 and 23. If he does not go through a civilizingexperience at that time of his life, he will notbecome a civilized man. The men who went toWorld War 1 at 18 missed the civilizingAll youyoung people who served in the war are a lostgeneration. You have no respect for anything. Youdrink yourselves to death.Gertrude Stein on the American expatriate writers living in Parisafter World War I 3. WOLD WAR I1914-1918 4. FEATURESLiterary Generation of American writers with these characteristics: Youthful idealism. Searched the meaning of life. Drank a lotof alcohol. Had frequent love affairs. Many of the finest literary masterpieces were written during this period. Criticized modern American materialism and values. Lived in Parisduring the Happy Twenties. Gained prominence in twentieth centuryliterature and created a mold for many futurewriters. Many of their novels were adapted intoHollywoodfilms. 5. WORLD WAR 1 HAPPY GREAT DEPRESSION 1914-1918 TWENTIES 1929 -193710s 20s30sCommon "Lost Generation" Members The common people of the "Lost Generation"(born from 1883 to 1900)grew up in a timewhen mass immigration was occurring andAmerica was changing drastically. Upon the return of the soldiers from WWI, theAmerican lifestyle was altered. Many becamedisillusioned and they became known as the"bad kids" and "flaming youth." Badboys, flappers, gangsters, and stars wereall common during the Happy Twenties." 6. However, the twenties came to a close with a bang when the Stock Market crashed, ending the spirit of the 1920s. The Great Depression started in 1929 and is also present in the themes of the Lost Generation novels.The group of writers who moved to Paris believed that America was intolerant, materialistic, and unspiritual. They helped to establish many of the styles and themes that are still used in literature today. 7. themes WORLD WAR 1 THE HAPPY TWENTIES JAZZ AGE FLAPPERS PROHIBITION (1920-1930):MAFIA THE GREAT DEPRESSION 8. THE HAPPY TWENTIESCrazy years between World War 1 inthe 10s and the Great Depression ofthe 30sJoy of life, freedom,Jazz era,music,parties, flapers and Great Gatsby. 9. THE FLAPPERSVery modern and fashionable ladies of the twenties.Flappers were a "new breed" of young Western women inthe 1920s who wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listenedto jazz, and flaunted their disdain for what was thenconsidered acceptable behavior. Flappers were seen asbrash for wearing excessive makeup, drinking, treating sexin a casual manner,smoking, driving automobiles andotherwise flouting social and sexual norms 10. PROHIBITION 11. THE GREAT DEPRESSION Wall Street Crack Down in 1929: Strong American and World finalcial crisis: Unemployment,hunger, poverty: END OF THE HAPPY TWENTIES DREAM BEGINNING OF THE GREAT DEPRESSION OF THE THIRTIES. 12. ALL THESE REALITIESARE REFLECTED IN THEWORKS OF THE LOSTGENERATION WRITERSAND IN THEHOLLYWOOD MOVIESMADE WITH THEIRNOVELS 13. Lost Generation WritersJohn SteinbeckErnest HemingwayF. Scott FitzgeraldEzra PoundWilliam Faulkner 14. John SteinbeckEast of Eden. The Pearl. The grapes of W rath 15. Ernest HemingwayThe Old Man and the Sea. For whomthe Bell Tolls. The Snows of Kilimanjaro 16. FScott FitzgeraldThe Curious Case of Benjamin Button, This side ofParadise, The great Gatsby 17. The life of F. Scott Fitsgerald is likethe life of Gatsby. 18. Scott Fitzgeral became rich thanks to his first novels. He and Zelda went to live in Paris and lived a life of luxury, spending a lot a money, moving in big cars, organizing big parties and drinking more than recomendable.This is the life style reflected in his novel The Great Gatsby.The women in The Great Gatsby are flappers who drink like men and enjoy parties and sex. 19. Gatsby and the Twenties This was the style of the twenties : Youngpeople began to test new limits with more andmore outrageous forms of behavior: Wildermusic, faster cars, heavy drinking and shorterskirts were just a few symptoms of thisstrange postwar era called The Jazz Age. In this context live and act Gatsby and Daisyas acted and lived Scott Fitzgerald and Zelda. 20. NOTHING NEWThe lifestyles of young men and women in the 1920s were UNDER THE SUNas shocking to their Victorian-era parents as the 1960s"hippie" generation was to Americans who came of ageduring World W Two, or as todays hip-hop culture and arnew urban tribes are is to parents who grew up in the1970s.Each succeeding generation seems to be born to shock itsparents, and the children of the twenties were noexception. 21. The Great Gatsby1st term reading Nothing new under the sun One of the real GatsbiesOne of the Great Gatsbies of the 21st Century 22. READING SCHEDULE 60 PAGES 2 PAGES A DAY = 30 DAYS 24TH OCTOBER TO 28TH NOVEMBER FINAL TEST ON Great Gatsby: 28th Nov. Partial tests at any time following the readingschedule. 23. This presentation was madepossible thanks to the works of:WIKIPEDIAGOOGLE IMAGES 24. Books can be dangerous. The bestones should be labeled:"This could change your life." Helen Exley ENJOY YOUR READING