Greek Sculpture. Two Enduring Understandings about Greek sculpture: 1. Greek sculpture demonstrates a discernable pattern of development that we can categorize

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Greek Sculpture </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Two Enduring Understandings about Greek sculpture: 1. Greek sculpture demonstrates a discernable pattern of development that we can categorize 2. A specific vocabulary can be used to describe Greek sculpture </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Objectives: 1. Identify periods of Greek sculptural development. 2. Define vocabulary to describe sculpture. 3. Apply period names and vocabulary terms to analysis of example sculptures. </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> A Pattern of Development Enduring Understandings about Greek sculpture: 1. Greek sculpture demonstrates a discernable pattern of development that we can categorize </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Evolution of the Kouroi to the Kritios Boy and Comparison with the Hellenistic Apollo Belvedere. The Evolution of Realism: 1) c. 600 BC, 2) c. 575-550 BC, 3) c. 560 BC, 4) c. 530-520 BC, 5) c. 515-500 BC, 6) c. 485 BC, 7) c. 320 BC http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Arts/Evolution.htm A Pattern of Development </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Greek Sculpture Development Periods and their Styles Periods and their Styles Vocabulary to Describe Styles Vocabulary to Describe Styles Example Pieces Example Pieces Example Types Example Types </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Periodization Historians use a technique we may term periodization to assign events, individuals and works of art and literature to a specific time period. </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Periods of Greek Sculpture ArchaicClassicalHellenistic 500s and earlier B.C. 400s B.C 300s B.C. and later </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Archaic </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Two Archaic Sculpture Types: Kouros &amp; Kore Male: kouros (youth)Female: kore (maiden) </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Classical </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> Hellenistic Period ________ </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> Vocabulary to Describe Greek Sculpture stylized: elimination or exaggeration of details; subjects are portrayed using a pattern or standard of expression stylized: elimination or exaggeration of details; subjects are portrayed using a pattern or standard of expression symbolic: use of symbols to convey meaning symbolic: use of symbols to convey meaning idealize: attempt to create perfect representations idealize: attempt to create perfect representations contraposotto: contraposotto: weight shift that renders a graceful attitude to the sculpture. naturalistic or realistic: portraiture, replicate life without relying on ideals, styles, or symbols; we may think of this as life-like naturalistic or realistic: portraiture, replicate life without relying on ideals, styles, or symbols; we may think of this as life-like </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> How to look at Greek Sculpture Ask Three Questions To Identify the Period of a Greek Sculpture </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> How to look at Greek Sculpture What is the FACIAL EXPRESSION? What is the FACIAL EXPRESSION? What is the POSE? What is the POSE? How are the KNEES portrayed? How are the KNEES portrayed? </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> How to look at Greek Sculpture What is the FACIAL EXPRESSION? What is the FACIAL EXPRESSION? stylized: elimination or exaggeration of details; subjects are portrayed using a pattern or standard of expression note hair, eyes, nose, mouth and symmetry Archaic </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> How to look at Greek Sculpture What is the FACIAL EXPRESSION? What is the FACIAL EXPRESSION? idealized: represents an attempt to create perfect representation of the human form Classical </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> How to look at Greek Sculpture What is the FACIAL EXPRESSION? What is the FACIAL EXPRESSION? naturalistic or realistic: portraiture, replicates life without relying on ideals, styles, or symbols We may think of these pieces as life-like. Hellenistic </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> Archaic note head position and attention note arm position and flexion note foot/leg position: stylized/ or symbolic of motion or being at rest * the meaning is debated note symmetry What is the POSE? </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> Classical frozen action or static pose contraposotto: weight shift that renders a graceful attitude to the sculpture. What is the POSE? </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> Hellenistic Period ________ What is the POSE? awkward position frozen moment emotion demonstrated physical age imperfection evident or exaggerated </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> Archaic block-like stiff, flexed muscles patella (knee cap) over emphasized How are the KNEES portrayed? </li> <li> Slide 24 </li> <li> Classical a pose in motion may render differences between the two knees muscles are more gracefully joined, often somewhat over emphasized patella (knee cap) slightly over-emphasized How are the KNEES portrayed? </li> <li> Slide 25 </li> <li> Hellenistic Period ________ more graceful musculature knee cap evident but not over emphasized possibly obscured by clothing How are the KNEES portrayed? </li> <li> Slide 26 </li> <li> Slide 27 </li> <li> Hellenistic Period ________ more graceful musculature knee cap evident but not over emphasized possibly obscured by clothing How are the KNEES portrayed? </li> <li> Slide 28 </li> <li> Greek Sculpture Quiz </li> <li> Slide 29 </li> <li> The Laocon Group (Rome, Vatican Museums) </li> <li> Slide 30 </li> <li> Discobolos (c450 BC) Roman marble copy after bronze original (Rome, National Museum) </li> <li> Slide 31 </li> <li> Doryphoros Polykleitos (The Canon, or Spear Carrier) marble, c450 BC (Vatican Museums) </li> <li> Slide 32 </li> <li> Diadoumenos, or the Fillet Binder Polykleitos (Roman copy after bronze original c.450) </li> <li> Slide 33 </li> <li> Wounded Amazon, copy after originals known to have been created by Phidias for competition Metropolitan Museum, New York </li> <li> Slide 34 </li> <li> Wounded Amazon, copy after originals known to have been created by Polykleitos for competition ?In Ephesus? Won by Polykleitos Vatican Museum </li> <li> Slide 35 </li> <li> Greek Sculpture Quiz: Peplos Kore (c530 BC) polychromed (painted) marble </li> <li> Slide 36 </li> <li> Peplos Kore (c530 BC) polychromed (painted) marble </li> <li> Slide 37 </li> <li> Greek Sculpture Quiz: Moscophoros, the Calf-Bearer (Acropolis Museum) </li> <li> Slide 38 </li> <li> Greek Sculpture Quiz: "Rampin Horseman" Athens, Acropolis Museum </li> <li> Slide 39 </li> <li> Greek Sculpture Quiz: Kroisos from Anavyssos, grave marker (c540-515 BC) (Athens, National Museum) polychromed (painted) marble </li> <li> Slide 40 </li> <li> Greek Sculpture Quiz: Kroisos from Anavyssos, grave marker (c540-515 BC) (Athens, National Museum) polychromed (painted) marble </li> <li> Slide 41 </li> <li> Kritios (c480 BC) marble (Athens, Acropolis Museum) </li> <li> Slide 42 </li> <li> Aphrodite of Melos, second century BC (Paris, Louvre) </li> <li> Slide 43 </li> <li> Aphrodite of Melos, second century BC (Paris, Louvre) </li> <li> Slide 44 </li> <li> Greek Sculpture Quiz: Apollonios, Seated Boxer (Rome, Museo delle Terme) ) </li> <li> Slide 45 </li> <li> Greek Sculpture Quiz: Satyr with Infant Dionysos (Rome, Vatican Museums) </li> <li> Slide 46 </li> <li> Greek Sculpture: Quiz Name_______________________ Date__________ Directions: Examine the figures as noted. Above and beside each figure create a flower as indicated by the diagram on the balckboard. </li> </ul>