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  • Guilford County OJJDP Comprehensive Gang Assessment, 2010 Page 1

    GUILFORD COUNTY GANG ASSESSMENT

    OJJDP Comprehensive Gang Assessment

    September 30, 2010

    Written By: Kelly N. Graves, PhD, Amanda Ireland, MA, Jessica Benson, MA, Kristen DiLuca, MA, Korinne Chiu, MA, Kristin Johnston, MA, Lindsey Dunn, BS, Shuntay McCoy, MS, Stacy Sechrist, PhD

  • Guilford County OJJDP Comprehensive Gang Assessment, 2010 Page 2

    Acknowledgements Funding for this assessment was provided by Guilford County and the North Carolina Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. We gratefully acknowledge Guilford County and the local steering committee, which included Youth Focus, Inc., One Step Further, Inc., and Guilford County Court Alternatives, who selected us to conduct this assessment and guided us through the process. We also express our appreciation to all of the individuals and agencies who assisted with data collection and review, including (but not limited to) the following: Alcohol & Drug Services Brothers Organized to Serve Others (B.O.T.S.O.) Calvary Christian Center Community Program Representatives Family Service of the Piedmont, Inc. Greensboro Child Response Initiative Greensboro Parks and Recreation Greensboro Police Department Greensboro Safe Communities Coalition Guilford CARES Guilford Center Guilford County Court Alternatives Guilford County Health Department – Smart Girls® Life Skills Training Guilford County Juvenile Court Counselors Guilford County Pretrial Services Guilford County Schools Guilford County Sheriff’s Office Guilford Education Alliance Guilford Technical Community College (GTCC)

    High Point Community Against Violence High Point Parks and Recreation High Point Police Department JobLinks Juvenile Crime Prevention Council Latino Family Center of High Point Lee St. Merchants NC 211 One Step Further, Inc. Piedmont Triad Partnerships Reclaiming Futures – Guilford County Social Policy Research Associates Successfully Overcoming the Odds TRIADWorks TYINetz United Way of Greater Greensboro United Way of High Point Washington Terrace Park Recreation Center Win-Win Resolutions, Inc. WSSU Center for Community Safety Youth Focus, Inc.

    Suggested Citation: Graves, K.N., Ireland, A., Benson, J., DiLuca, K., Chiu, K., Johnston, K., Dunn, L., McCoy, S., & Sechrist, S. (2010, September). Guilford County Gang Assessment: OJJDP Comprehensive Gang Assessment Model. Greensboro, NC: Center for Youth, Family, and Community Partnerships, University of North Carolina at Greensboro.

  • Guilford County OJJDP Comprehensive Gang Assessment, 2010 Page 3

    Table of Contents Acknowledgements ......................................................................................................................... 2 Table of Contents ............................................................................................................................ 3 List of Tables .................................................................................................................................. 4 List of Figures ................................................................................................................................. 6 Executive Summary ........................................................................................................................ 9

    Summary of Recommendations ................................................................................................ 12 Overview: The OJJDP Comprehensive Gang Model ................................................................... 15

    Guilford County’s Approach .................................................................................................... 16 Definition of a Gang ................................................................................................................. 17 Community Presentations Prior to Implementation .................................................................. 18

    Community Descriptions .............................................................................................................. 20 City of Greensboro: A Snapshot ............................................................................................... 25 City of High Point: A Snapshot ................................................................................................ 29 Across Guilford County: Risk Statistics ................................................................................... 31

    Guilford County Schools: A Snapshot .......................................................................................... 38 Law Enforcement Gang Activity Summary ................................................................................. 75

    Gang-Related Crime ................................................................................................................. 86 Overview of Gangs and Gang-Related Activity Across Guilford County ............................... 99 Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Maps ....................................................................... 100

    Guilford County DJJDP Data Summary ..................................................................................... 108 Community Voices ..................................................................................................................... 115 Youth Perception Survey ............................................................................................................ 116 Community Resident Survey Summary...................................................................................... 142 School Resource Officer Survey Summary ................................................................................ 171 Gang Member Interviews ........................................................................................................... 200

    Survey Comparisons ............................................................................................................... 210 Community Resource Inventory ................................................................................................. 213 Summary and Recommendations ............................................................................................... 247

    Community Recommendations ............................................................................................... 247 Law Enforcement/Juvenile Justice Recommendations ........................................................... 253 School Recommendations ....................................................................................................... 254

    Appendices .................................................................................................................................. 257

  • Guilford County OJJDP Comprehensive Gang Assessment, 2010 Page 4

    List of Tables Table 1: General Demographics ................................................................................................... 26 Table 2: Citizenship and Language ............................................................................................... 27 Table 3: Educational Attainment .................................................................................................. 28 Table 4: Employment Status ......................................................................................................... 28 Table 5: Poverty Rates .................................................................................................................. 29 Table 6: General Demographics ................................................................................................... 30 Table 7: Brief Risk Statistics ........................................................................................................ 32 Table 8: Substance Abuse Statistics ............................................................................................. 33 Table 9: Assault and Violence Statistics ....................................................................................... 35 Table 10: AYP Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group ........................................ 43 Table 11: Crimes, Suspensions, and Expulsions By School: Middle Schools ............................. 50 Table 12: Crimes, Suspensions, and Expulsions By School: High Schools ................................. 51 Table 13: Crimes, Suspensions, and Expulsions By School: Charter Schools ............................. 52 Table 14: Guilford County Public Schools – Middle School Characteristics .............................. 59 Table 15: Guilford County Public Schools – Middle School Demographics ............................... 62 Table 16: Guilford County Public Schools – High School Characteristics .................................. 65 Table 17: Guilford County Public Schools – High School Student Body Race/ Ethnicity .......... 67 Table 18: Guilford County Private Schools –School Characteristics ........................................... 69 Table 19: Guilford County Private Schools –Student Demographics .......................................... 71 Table 20: Guilford County Charter Schools –School Characteristics .......................................... 73 Table 21: Guilford County Charter Schools –Student Body Population ...................................... 73 Table 22: Age and Sex, Active Greensboro Gangs ...................................................................... 78 Table 23: Race/Ethnicity and Gang Status, Active Gre