hack the mooc: alternative mooc use

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Increasing LifeLong Learning Skills for upper-secondary students: combining CLIL and MOOC with teachers as guides on the side

Hack MOOCs!& Increase Lifelong Learning skillsInge (Ignatia) de Waard

Presenting us: name, what we do general welcome.1

MOOC CLIL learnersYouTube learners + class views

To run while people enter the session2

MOOCsAgainst it or for it? Lets just use it!

(Pic attr: http://inkcinct.com.au/index.htm )


Think questions


Secrets of passionate, successful learningPersonal, authentic, and you are drawn into it!


The Flow Csikszentmihalyi

Thieves use it, Jerry Seinfeld uses it7

Self-Regulated Learning - PintrichSelf-esteem (MSLQ)Intrinsic motivation Personal, contextual interest

Dont talk about it, Do It

Meta-learning is not (always) taught, it is Done and Felt. Dont talk about how to learn in a MOOC, give them the experience. Like ping pong, you mention the pad, the ball but smashing is learned by doing.

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What is a MOOC?Massive: everyone can join, no limits on enrolmentOpen: all the information (content and interactions) is open to all / on the Web closed eLearning Online: all the content and discussions happen onlineCourse: limited in time, organised by institution/corporation

Participants learn in cohort (central location/deadlines) Interactions happen synchronous and asynchronousThe learning is often public, social and networked.

It is crucial to have a very clear understanding on the definition of a MOOC inside of the organisation. There are multiple MOOC formats out there, multiple experiences and a lot of ongoing debates on the pros and cons of MOOCs, which means that different people have different views and experiences. Coming to a shared meaning of what a MOOC will make it easier to work as a team towards a succesfull MOOC. 11

But what is it really?

A source of (quality) curated, topic specific content for passionate people Jack Andraka (15y cheap, paper-based biomarker for pancreatic cancer)

A MOOC costs 35000 EUR on average, experts have production teams at their disposal to make the media that is something most of us can only dream off. But! We can access these materials and in many cases use bits and pieces from it. 12

So lets use them!MOOC: build by the few, free, available, & curated for the many. Ideal for blending.

No matter how you twist or turn it, MOOC offer content that we never had before in terms of narrative video, synthesized content, 13

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MOOC additions to class / curriculumMOOC video or multimedia sources in class (eg. OER)Access to texts, video or documentsDepends on platformAgreement with organising university (intellectual property)Norm: a few months, if you registered for that particular course

Building a (new) lesson planIt is free, somewhat available and curated!

Saves time (curation), and offers mixed media

Flipped classroom?MOOC media first => viewing previously provided online/digital sources, followed by classroom interactions, and possible hands-on activity. Full presentation on Flipped Classroom here. Picture attribution:

Transfer high school => college / Uni

University students entering with low preparation but following MOOCs outperformed students entering university with credentials to become biology majors

Jiang, S., Williams, A. E., Warschauer, M., He, W., & O'Dowd, D. K. (2014). Influence of incentives on performance in a pre-college biology MOOC.The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning,15(5). Paper here.

Jiang et al. (2014) looked at factors influencing enrollment and completion in a pre-college preparatory MOOC. University of California at Irvine (UCI) students of all preparation levels, defined by math Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) score, were invited to take a Bio Prep MOOC to help them prepare for introductory biology. Students with math SAT below 550 were offered the explicit incentive of an early change to the biology major upon successful completion of the MOOC and two additional onsite courses. Their study showed that university students entering with low preparation outperformed students entering who already had the credentials to become biology majors. These findings suggest that MOOCs can reach students, even those entering college with less preparation, and have the potential to prepare them for challenging science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) courses.


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CLIL and MOOC?Content and Language Integrated Learning (English and French)Massive Open Online Courses (EdX, FUN, Coursera, FutureLearn).

Quick overview of CLIL and MOOC.20

Situating projectGUSCO-schoolAcademic year 2015 2016Three classes in vrije ruimte (free space): 2 English groups, 1 French group2 hours per week

Situating the actors, and the project environment Kathy provides feedback on vrije ruimte.21

Target population3 Teachers 42 Students (aged 16 17 y)Academic qualifications: human sciences, Latin & sciences/mathematics Optional course

Ah, Engelse termen voor dit?22

EdX France TV - FutureLearn Coursera - FUN23


Lessonplan (work in transition)Three major parts:GroupMOOC: introducing MOOC, the elements, platforms, interactions Class progressEigenMOOC (OwnMOOC): students choose from a selection, grouped per 3. Evaluation & production: evaluate the whole process and build an intro for next years students

Explaining the major parts. 24

Roadmap first lessonsIntroduction overallExplaining evaluation and approach Situating groupMOOC: The Rise of Superheroes and Their Impact on Pop Culture (EdX).

Concrete - Lesson 2 : Overview assessment system useful language tools (overview online translation machines/explanatory dictionaries/thesaurus/ and exercises on how to use them efficiently

Concrete example of what is planned during the first lessons.25

GroupMOOCPeople choose a MOOC Teacher narrows down the options/ learning to pick the cherriesFora are replaced by discussion on digital school platform (LMS)

-> Evade starting date problems-> Less overwhelming for the students-> Teacher/coach can keep an overview


Peer reviews in MOOCRmi Bachelet http://www.slideshare.net/bachelet/emoocs2015-does-peer-grading-work-r-bachelet

Paper p224: http://www.emoocs2015.eu/sites/default/files/Papers.pdf



Logbook students: 5 min per 2h classSAM-scale (Attitude and skills)Self-esteem and motivation (research part)Process throughout the year


I did the course DemoX, in this course I learned how to use edX. I found it rather easy questions but it was a handy way of learning how to use edX. I now understand how to use the website. The English was sometimes hard to understand but I used an online dictionary to help me understand the words. I think its a good idea to use the forum because then you can discuss your problems with the others. They can find ways to help you if you dont understand things.Student logging in action

Student/teacher ProsMotivated pupilsGood preparation for higher educationWay to meet learners from all over the worldProcess assessmentStrengths of blended learning

Pros-different from usual classesPupils like the self-regulated learning.-Good preparation for higher education-Way to meet learners from other countries, cultures, with different opinions. They get a broader view on certain topics, or can see things from an other angle and can share their experiences with people who share the same interests.-Process assessment rather than product assessment -> pupils who are not that strong, but are willing to learn benefit from this way of assessment-Pupils start to realize the strength of blended learning


Student/teacher ChallengesMostly practicalFocus teacher pupilSelf-regulated learning -> creepy for secundary school teachers!

Challenges-Mostly practical : dates of MOOCS do not coincide with the school calendar (solution : own forum/hand in tasks with teacher -> Pupils dont like that, they want to take the course for real, and discuss with co-learners from other countries, not only with their fellow pupils in the class-Focus teacher pupils : different!Teacher : focus on enhancing digital skills (MOOC), the ability to work with the tools at hand, and improving English language (CLIL)Pupil : focus on content of MOOCPupils are eager to get started on an individual MOOC, but we chose to evolve from a general class MOOC, to a MOOC in small groups (ca 4 pupils), and finally to an individual MOOC. This sometimes makes them impatient, and the class MOOC about Superheroes -Secondary school teacher : used to have full control of the learning process, challenge to let go and give more independence to the pupil.


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Evidence-based research resultsPilot => Ensure at least continued self-esteem and motivation from learnersDevelop instruments and approach (cartoon attr)

Instruments used in class(open science/access)Adapted SAM scale view here (Scale for Attitudes and Skills) used by teachersWeekly logbook used by students

I will link to online versions of the instruments always nice. Explain the used instruments one by one. In general not too detailed. We might put up the instruments in other screens, allowing us to show them at a glance. 34

Instruments used outside of class

Self-regulated questionnaire view here: monitoring self-esteem, motivation, digital literacy

More informationTasks using MO