HAZARD COMMUNICATION AND GHS

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HAZARD COMMUNICATION AND GHS. WITH THE GLOBALLY HARMONIZED SYSTEM (GHS) OF CLASSIFICATION AND LABELING OF CHEMICALS FOR WASHINGTON STATE EMPLOYERS. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>HAZARD COMMUNICATIONAND GHS</p><p>WITH THE GLOBALLY HARMONIZED SYSTEM (GHS) OF CLASSIFICATION AND LABELING OF CHEMICALS FOR WASHINGTON STATE EMPLOYERSFunding and support for this project provided by State of Washington, Department of Labor and Industries, Safety and Health Investments projects.</p></li><li><p>HAZARD COMMUNICATION PROGRAMWhat is a HAZCOM plan?What does GHS mean?How do hazardous chemicals affect the body?What are the different types of hazardous chemicals?What is on GHS compliant product labels?What are Safety Data Sheets (SDS)?How to protect yourself from hazardous chemicals.Note: For HAZCOM compliant training, if type is in orange on slides, make sure the employees you are training do the activity and you update your HAZCOM program to match the responses of your COMPANY.</p></li><li><p>What is hazard communication?Employees who work with Hazardous Chemical have a Right to Know :what those chemicals are, what hazards are associated with those chemicals, what they can do to protect themselves,how to handle and store products they work with, what to do if they have an emergency working with those chemicals. Employers need a formal written program that includes employee training. This is often called a HAZCOM program. They need to be based on WAC 296-9012HAZARD COMMUNICATION</p></li><li><p>What is GHS?Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals - needed because of global economyInternationally Developed System to protect workers by using the same criteria (testing procedures, exposure limits, etc) to determine the hazards of chemicalsSafety Data Sheets must be created based on the same 16 part formatThe use of visually based warning symbols (pictograms) on product labels so workers can immediately identify the hazards associated with the products they use.2GHS</p></li><li><p>2WHO NEEDS A HAZCOM PROGRAM?</p></li><li><p>What must our company do to be in compliance? Companies must have a written HAZCOM Plan.It includes list of chemicals you have in your workplace.Collect an SDS (MSDS if SDS is not available) for each of the chemicals and have available for employees.Train your employees on how to read an SDS and Hazard Label.Provide proper PPE for the chemicals your employees use.HAZCOM COMPLIANCE</p></li><li><p>HAZARD COMMUNICATIONWhat is considered a Hazardous Chemical?A hazardous chemical is any chemical that can do harm to your bodyMost industrial chemicals can harm you at some levelEmployees who use chemicals (other than retail packaged products used for their intended purpose) must have access to the SDS and warning labels for products they use at work.</p></li><li><p>HAZARD COMMUNICATIONHow do hazardous chemicals affect the body? The effect a certain chemical has on the body depends on several factors: The physical form of the chemical How the chemical enters the body The amount of chemical that actually enters the body - the dose How toxic (poisonous) the chemical is</p></li><li><p>TYPES OF CHEMICALSThe Three Forms of ChemicalsAll chemicals exists in one of three forms:Solid LiquidGas</p></li><li><p>CHEMICAL SOLIDSSolids Dusts and ParticulatesDust or powder can be released into the air by cutting, drilling, grinding or sanding and inhaled Dust can also be stirred up by dry sweeping and inhaledSpraying Paint causes particulates to be suspended in the air</p></li><li><p>CHEMICAL SOLIDSSolids Fumes and FibersFumes are extremely small droplets of metal formed when the metal has been vaporized by high temperatures (usually welding) Some compounds are fibers which can be similar to dusts but they have an elongated shape (like asbestos or fiberglass)</p></li><li><p>CHEMICAL LIQUIDSLiquidsLiquids can come into direct contact with the skin and be absorbed into the bodyLiquids can be sprayed and form mists or evaporate and form vapors which can be inhaled</p></li><li><p>CHEMICAL LIQUIDSLiquids (Mists)Mists can also be inhaled Mists can settle on the skin and be absorbedAirborne mists can also settle out and contaminate food or drink</p></li><li><p>CHEMICAL GASESGases Some can occur naturally Vapors can form from liquidsCarbon Monoxide, Hydrogen Sulfide, and Ammonia gas are some chemicals that have killed workers in the gas form</p></li><li><p>HOW CHEMICALS ENTER THE BODYThere Are Five Routes of Entry:Ingestion swallowing the chemicalInhalation breathing in the chemicalAbsorption the chemical soaks through the skinSkin or eye contact - chemical does external damage to skin or eyes on contactInjection - sharp object pierces the skin</p></li><li><p>HOW CHEMICALS ENTER THE BODYIngestion (Swallowing)Chemicals that are swallowed are absorbed in the digestive tractChemicals can rub off dirty hands and contaminate food, drinks or tobacco productsChemicals in the air can settle on food or drink and be swallowed</p></li><li><p>HOW CHEMICALS ENTER THE BODYInhalation (Breathing)</p><p>Airborne chemicals are breathed in through the mouth or noseThe size of particles or droplets can affect where the chemical settles in the respiratory tractWhere the chemical settles in the respiratory tract determines what symptoms or diseases will develop</p></li><li><p>HOW CHEMICALS ENTER THE BODYSkin AbsorptionSome chemicals can pass through the skin and be taken into the bodys systemsSolvents and pesticides are examples of compounds that can be absorbed through the skin15</p></li><li><p>CORROSIVE CHEMICALS Skin ContactCorrosives can cause visible skin burns or damageThe extent of skin damage depends on how long the corrosive is on the skin and how concentrated the corrosive is24</p></li><li><p>CORROSIVE CHEMICALSEye ContactInhalation of corrosive mists or vapors can cause severe bronchial irritationCorrosive chemicals are capable of damaging skin, eyes and the respiratory system23Acute chemical burn to the eye</p></li><li><p>HOW CHEMICALS ENTER THE BODYInjectionSome chemicals can pass through the skin and be taken into the bodys systems thorough a break in the skinNeedles and sharp objects cause injection hazards15</p></li><li><p>CHEMICAL TOXICITYToxicity: How dangerous are chemicals?Dose - The effects of any toxic chemical depends on the amount of a chemical that actually enters the bodyAcute Toxicity - The measure of how toxic a chemical is in a single dose over a short period of timeChronic Toxicity The measure of the toxicity of exposure to a chemical over a long period of timeLethal Dose - expressed as LD50 or dose at which 50% of a population will die.16</p></li><li><p>CHEMICAL TOXICITYChronic Toxicity and Acute ToxicitySome chemicals will only make you sick if you get an acute or high dose all at once Example - ammoniaSome chemicals are mainly known for their chronic or long-term effects Example - asbestosMost chemicals have both acute and chronic effects Example carbon monoxide17</p></li><li><p>HEALTH HAZARDS What are some of the things chemicals can do to you?Carcinogens - these chemicals may give you CANCER.Check to see if the chemicals you are using are on DOSHs carcinogen list for special rules when working with these chemicals.Teratogens - these chemicals hurt unborn babies, or CAUSE BIRTH DEFECTS.Mutagens- these chemicals cause BIRTH DEFECTS and sometimes CANCER in the exposed workerSensitizers - these chemicals can cause an ALLERGIC REACTION in smaller and smaller doses, that can be deadly.18</p></li><li><p>CHEMICAL TOXICITY Chemical Exposure LimitsMany chemicals have exposure limits, or allowable amounts of a chemical in the air without having to wear additional protection.These limits are often called PELs or TLVs.They are based on 8-hour average exposure or ceiling or peak levels.Levels must be kept below these limits for safety.Employers have an obligation to monitor for many of these chemicals or use historical data to estimate PELExample: 100 parts per million18</p></li><li><p>PHYSICAL HAZARDS - FLAMMABILITYAir100%Air0%Methane100%Methane0%The flash point is the lowest temperature that a flammable liquid can generate enough vapor to form a mixture with air that will ignite.</p><p>Flammable Range: The limits of flammability is the range that a mixture of air and vapor is flammable. Chemicals have an upper and lower flammability limit (LFL, UFL).5.3%LFL15.0%UFLBoom!Too RichToo LeanVapor pressure is a measure of how fast a liquid evaporates.</p></li><li><p>Vapor density is a measure of how heavy a vapor is compared to air. Air has a vapor density of 1.</p><p>Vapors with a density greater than air can flow like a liquid collect near the floor. Acetone, for example, has a vapor density of 2 and sinks.</p><p>This may create a fire or explosion hazard if the vapor flows to an ignition source.34PHYSICAL HAZARDS - VAPOR DENSITY</p></li><li><p>Explosions are physical hazards. </p><p>Explosive; fire, blast or projection hazards by self-reactive substances, substances that can burn without oxygen; or that may explode when disturbed will be labeled with this symbol.</p><p>Explosions are often caused by pressurized cylinders and can be accelerated by oxidizers.34PHYSICAL HAZARDS - EXPLOSIONS</p></li><li><p>34THIS IS ALL GETTING A BIT TECHNICAL - HOW DOES IT WORK WITH THE AVERAGE EMPLOYEE?</p></li><li><p>CHEMICALS AT WORKMEET BOBWorks for Industrial Maintenance Company for Historic BuildingsDoes everything from cleaning windows, to restoring metal surfaces, to repair grout Bob works with many different kinds of chemicals</p></li><li><p>CHEMICALS AT WORKHow can Bobs Company protect him from Chemicals?The HAZCOM ADMINISTRATOR for his company trains Bob on Chemicals, SDS, and Labels with this Presentation BEFORE Bob works with hazardous chemicals.Give Bob access to a list of SDS and copies of SDSs for the chemicals he works with, so he that he can double check all procedures.Make sure Bob has the correct PPE for the chemicals he works with.Our companys HAZCOM Administrator will be:___________________ * Put in HAZCOM PLAN</p></li><li><p>HAZCOM TRAINING- GHS LABELSWhat does Bob need to know about chemical labels?Bob learns the products he works with need to come with a warning label. He needs to leave the product in the original container whenever possible.If he puts the chemical in a new container, he needs to put a GHS Label on the container.That will be our companies plan too.</p></li><li><p>GHS LABELS MUST HAVE 6 THINGS</p></li><li><p>MAKING LABELSMaking GHS Labels:The information you need to make a label for a product is on the SDS (MSDS) for the product. Many online label making services (JJKeller) and apps are becoming available where you can make or get a GHS label on the jobsite using an IPad or Smartphone.Our company will make labels by: _____________________________ * Put in HAZCOM PLANDid you say MAKE a label?How do we do that?</p></li><li><p>GHS HAZARD COMMUNICATIONWhat do the Pictograms mean?Health Hazards Physical Hazards Environmental Hazards</p></li><li><p>GHS PICTOGRAMSExclamation Point:Chemicals that are acutely toxic and that can be harmful or toxic by ingestion, inhalation, or contact with the skin or eyes, often with a small dose.Most of the cleaning products Bob uses have some minor health effects and may cause skin to become irritated.</p></li><li><p>Cleaning Supplies:Some of Bobs cleaning supplies can cause longterm health effects like cancer, other can make him violently ill and do damage to specific organs.GHS PICTOGRAMS</p></li><li><p>Health Hazard: Chemicals that pose Health Hazards and can cause acute or chronic health effects such as respiratory function damage, cancer, specific organ function damage, sexual dysfunction, fertility problems, birth defects and genetic mutations are represented by this symbol.GHS PICTOGRAMS</p></li><li><p>PICTOGRAMSBug Spray: One of Bobs jobs is to spray for bugs. If he accidentally ingested some of the chemical or some absorbed through his skin, it would be bad!In fact....</p></li><li><p>PICTOGRAMSSkull and Crossbones: Chemicals that are acutely toxic and that can be harmful or toxic by ingestion, inhalation, or contact with the skin or eyes, often with a small dose.</p></li><li><p>PICTOGRAMSEtching metal: Another one of Bobs jobs is to etch metal at one of the buildings to make it look stressed and old. To accomplish that Bob sprays a corrosive chemical on it. Its not only corrosive to metal....</p></li><li><p>PICTOGRAMSCorrosives: Chemicals that can be corrosive to metal, skin, or cause damage to eyes can be labeled with this symbol.</p></li><li><p>PPEPPE: </p><p>Personal Protective equipment such as gloves, safety goggles,respirators, and specialty chemical protective clothing could have protected Bob from many of these hazards.Our company provides the PPE in the precautionary statements and on the SDS for chemicals our employees work with.</p></li><li><p>PICTOGRAMSWelding: Bob does a little welding in some of the buildings he works on. One is at a public pool built in the 1940s. There is lots of pipe to weld in the pump room, which is where they also store the pool chemicals.</p></li><li><p>PICTOGRAMSFLAME: Flammable solids, gases, aerosols, liquids, or; self-reactive substances and mixtures; pyrophorics, self-heating chemicals; chemicals that ignite when exposed to water and organic peroxides can be depicted with this symbol.GAS CYLINDER: Gases under pressure may explode if heated.This pictogram would be used for compressed gases, liquified gases, refrigerated liquified gases, and dissolved gases. Gases may cause cryogenic burns or injuries.</p></li><li><p>PICTOGRAMSFLAME OVER CIRCLE: This symbol represents an oxidizer. Oxidizers are chemicals that cause or help other chemicals to burn by adding oxygen to the chemical process. Oxidizers can be gases, liquids, or solids.To make matters worse, where Bob is welding the pool chemicals are oxidizers... and Bob starts a small fire.Which becomes a big fire..</p></li><li><p>PICTOGRAMSEXPLODING BOMB: Explosive; fire, blast or projection hazards by self-reactive substances, substances that can burn without oxygen; or that may explode when disturbed will be labeled with this symbol.WHICH EXPLODES!</p></li><li><p>PICTOGRAMSENVIRONMENT: This non-mandatory pictogram represents a chemicals effect on water, aquatic life or other impacts on the environment. It warns of immediate and long term hazards to the aquatic environment.Bob next job for this company would been work that cleans up old factories....</p></li><li><p>OUR COMPANIES CHEMICALSActivity:</p><p>Think of the types of chemicals our company uses that need pictograms and match them with the correct symbol.</p><p>Example: Ammonia - </p></li><li><p>TASKS THAT INVOLVE CHEMICALS The following activities are where our company uses or hazardous chemicals are present:Spraying Paints, Primers, or StainsSpreading or spraying certain gluesCleaning ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________* Put this list in our Written HAZCOM Plan36</p></li><li><p>PROTECTING YOURSELFIf you have been exposed to a chemical and feel sick:Let your supervisor knowFind out what the chemical wasFollow the first aid directions in the SDSGet medical attention as neededCheck your PPE before going back to the area50</p></li><li><p>GETTING INFORMATIONHow do you get information about hazardous chemicals?You can get information two ways:From the product labelFrom the product Safety Data Sheet38</p></li><li><p>GETTING INFORMATIONWhat is a Safety Data Sheet? Safety Data Sheets (SDS) and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are information sheets on products that: Tells what chemicals are in the productWhat the hazards of the chemicals areHow to protect yourself from the haza...</p></li></ul>

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