HELSINGIN TUOMIOKIRKKO FROM GUGGENHEIM MUSEUMdesi has expanded to a global network with the Guggenheim Museum leading the way. Moreover, other Guggenheim Museums

Download HELSINGIN TUOMIOKIRKKO FROM GUGGENHEIM MUSEUMdesi  has expanded to a global network with the Guggenheim Museum leading the way. Moreover, other Guggenheim Museums

Post on 26-Mar-2018

218 views

Category:

Documents

6 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

<ul><li><p>GH-5553663091 01G u g g e n h e i m H e l s i n k i D e s i g n C om p e t i t i o n C i t y s c a p e</p><p>2) A new Guggenheim Museum &gt; Continuous Urban and Exhibition Space</p><p>Over a long history, the function of a museum has transformed from a location for storing a private collection to something else; it has expanded to a global network with the Guggenheim Museum leading the way. Moreover, other Guggenheim Museums around the world have led this movement further in recent years by planning expreiemental workshops and events to reach new visitors. Because of this, the Guggenheim Helsinki should futher push the boundary of what a museum should be. Our proposal creates a new style of museum in which people become involved in a variety of activities and subconciously become fascinated by it.</p><p>In order to achieve it, exhibition space must not be a typical repetition of simple enclosed spaces. By mixing exhibition with other functions in between, the entire interior and exterior of the museum become appreciated. Volumes floating in the air sandwich the free, open spaces between and give forth and opportunity for people to be involved with art throughtout the year. In addi-tion, by treating exhibition space and in-between space equivalently, a synergistic effect is created. This mix simulates visitors, providing richer art experience for all and will widen the art culture of Helsinki, adding to the identity of Finland itself. </p><p>4) Design culture, being conscious with timber culture, architecture to be loved by Helsinki</p><p>The proportion of stacked enclosed and open volumes resemble Nordic pottery or furniture design rather than typical architec-tural form. By continuing the idea of product design as architecture as well as considering a traditional and familiar element in Finnish design, a wooden envelope surrounded the buidling preventing the effects of moisture and salinity. This use of wood also falls in line with Finnish history as since World War II the country has become an economic power thorugh the forestry industry as almost 80% of Finland is covered in forests.</p><p>3) Surrounding Park &gt; Provides a place for people to gather </p><p>Many visitors from abroad arrive via the nearby Etel port. And, as the site is near the heart of the city, foot and car traffic from Helsinki natives also can arrive through Esplanadi park. However, the vast plain next to the harbor is far beyond the human scale, and is not the ideal inviting environment for people to remain and actively enjoy. As this area lacks the engagement of the citizens of Helsinki, the site remains a massive urban void. This space in its current state becomes a just a place to pass though by necessity for citizens and visitors alike.</p><p>What we propose is to incorporate an active urban function, that of the museum, to entice visitors to this site. Our museum consists of an obeservatory to view the skyline of Helsinki, a library where gathering the knowledge of the Guggenheim, a caf and restaurant for an socializing, and an outdoor plaza that can convert between an art event space or skating rink in the winter. Because our museum offers visitors many other reasons to visit the complex apart from exhibitions, we target a wider group of potential art viewers. By moving all of these functions to a vertical building, the view to the port from the low surrounding buidlings of the city is minimally interrupted. The museum, like the other tall buildings of the city, responds to the idea that it is an addition to an established urban style, and matches that idea by following the taller, thinner shape of his predecessors. </p><p>32m</p><p>1) Response to the History of Helsinki &gt; High-Rise Museum</p><p>The current city of Helsinkis cityplanning achieves an ordered, elegant cityscape with a neoclassical horizontal skyline which has been restricted in height to preserve its urban scenery.</p><p>On the other hand, architecture such as churches, the Olympic stadium, and telecommunication towers each rise above the low skyline and become important landmarks throughout the city. This contrast between the high-rise landmarks and well-ordered city secure a unique charm of Helsinki. At first glance, while appearing to be a vast site, through careful observation the surround-ing environment creates a quite cramped feeling.</p><p>The site is surrounded by heavy traffic, and a hotel and park overlooking the waterfront in the immediate vicinity. Making the museum rise above the city with a smaller footprint will help to maintain the view from the city to the sea minimally changing the current condition of the urban fabric. Meanwhile, this scheme provides a more open landscape to maintain access for visitors. Additionally, the function of the new museum represents a modern version of Helsinkis cultural background, such as its high standard of education and advanced design industry. After considering the implications of the museum both culturally and its effects in the urban context of the city, we propose a modern tower-like museum as a new landmark for the city.</p><p>CITY SCAPE</p><p>CONCEPT</p><p>HELSINGIN TUOMIOKIRKKO FROM GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM</p><p>GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM FROM OCEAN SKY TERRACE</p><p>When briefed with the goal of a new museum, what should the new architecture of this muesum be? For Finland, Helsinki not only acts as gateway to the country but is also caharacterised as the most important city in Finland. As a city that borders the world, there needs to be a new piece of architecture that new that can announce the city as such.</p><p>Our proposal appears as a high-rise museum, like a lily of the valley blossom aiming up to the sky. Located next to the waterfront, the site is a vast plain much larger than the human scale. Rather than erect a low-rise building which would block views to the sea, our museum becomes a high-rise tower which changes in profile moving up the height. At the ground level, there is an open and lively landscape, while at the upper level there is a platform to view over the city, these compositional element corresponds to the historical surrounding both physically and visu-ally with a dynamic three-dimensional attraction. Inside the museum, mixed use spaces of both free public activity space as well as paid exhi-bition spaces stack along a circulation path, which represents a new type of museum mixing learning, discovery, discussion, and speculation regarding the artworks.</p><p>The above volumes are each smaller and than the one below to allow natural light to enter the volumes of gallery spaces below. They are additionally narrowed at their base to create an open air public art space as well as observation deck. This continuous proportion repeated upwards creates a silhouette that is more remeniscient of Finnish product design which brings a new type of life to architecture in Finland. The museums soft white exterior blends well with the special climatic conditions of Helsinkis winters, but the internal materials, while also visible from the exterior, give warmer tones of Finlands local timber. This museum, standing in an open park next to the seaside, stands like a beautiful flower in the low angled solar altitude. Helsinki as the White Maiden of the Baltic Sea is represented by its new landmark, the lily of the valley.</p><p>Pasilan LinkkitorniCompleted :1983HeightAntenna spire:146 m (479 ft)Architect :Mikko Armanto </p><p>Guggenheim HelsinkiHelsinki Olympic StadiumCompleted :1938Height :72m (235 ft)Architect :Yrj Lindegren :Toivo Jntti</p><p>Helsinki Railway StationCompleted :1914Height :50m(164 ft)Architect :Eliel Saarinen</p><p>Helsinki Cathedral (tuomiokirkko)Completed :1852Height :61.90m(203ft)Architect :Carl Ludwig Engel </p></li><li><p>Rain to used(ex. washing of a toilet)</p><p>90000</p><p>15000</p><p>45000</p><p>4000</p><p>6000</p><p>5000</p><p>4000</p><p>4000</p><p>7000</p><p>7500</p><p>7500</p><p>15000</p><p>7500</p><p>7500</p><p>7500</p><p>7500</p><p>15000</p><p>15000</p><p>15000</p><p>15000</p><p>15000</p><p>60000</p><p>GFL</p><p>1FL</p><p>2FL</p><p>3FL</p><p>4FL</p><p>5FL</p><p>6FL</p><p>7FL</p><p>8FL</p><p>9FL</p><p>10FL</p><p>11FL</p><p>12FL</p><p>RF</p><p>Day light(summer)</p><p>Natural ventilation</p><p>Day light(winter)</p><p>fresh air</p><p>Geothermal use</p><p>GH-5553663091 02G u g g e n h e i m H e l s i n k i D e s i g n C om p e t i t i o n C o n c e p t d e s i g n ( e x t e r i o r )</p><p>CAR</p><p>summer : outdoor theaterwinter : skating rink</p><p>Market</p><p>Forest</p><p>PEOPLE</p><p>BICYCLE</p><p>LAIVASILLANKATUAA</p><p>TO OLYMPIA TERMINAL</p><p>SOUTH HARBOR</p><p>CITY GRID</p><p>CITY G</p><p>CITY GRID</p><p>ETELARANTA</p><p>MARKET SQUEA</p><p>KAIVOOUISTO PARKP</p><p>GUGGENHAIMHELSINKI</p><p>PORT</p><p>BERNHARDINKATU vieewww</p><p>AA</p><p>ET MAKASIINKIK</p><p>ETM</p><p>ATU vieww</p><p>AA</p><p>OCEAN V</p><p>IEW</p><p>OCEANAN V</p><p>IEW</p><p>Also truck can be smoothly pass. </p><p>Main entrancefrom shopping quarter</p><p>CLOSE : Exhibition, BackYard etc</p><p>: Public, Cafe, Retail etcOPEN</p><p>VIEW PONTTWIST 15/ one Volume</p><p>CITY GRID</p><p>MARKET SQUEA</p><p>EXIBITION</p><p>SKYTERRCE</p><p>EXIBITION</p><p>RETAIL/CAFE</p><p>Shut out the view</p><p>TOP LIGHT</p><p>VIEW</p><p>VIEW</p><p>VIEW</p><p>NATURAL</p><p>VENTILATION</p><p>RISE</p><p>THROUGH</p><p>OPEN and CLOSE</p><p>1.</p><p>2.</p><p>3.</p><p>4.</p><p>5.</p><p>6.</p><p>OPEN</p><p>CLOSE</p><p>OPEN</p><p>OPEN</p><p>CLOSE</p><p>CLOSE</p><p>Low Volumeolume</p><p>CLOSE</p><p>FUNCTION</p><p>SHAPE UP BY PROGLAM</p><p>OPEN</p><p>FUNCTION=</p><p>SITE PLAN</p><p> SECTIONMEIN ENTRANCE IMAGE BIRDS EYE VIEW</p></li><li><p>GH-5553663091 03G u g g e n h e i m H e l s i n k i D e s i g n C om p e t i t i o n C o n c e p t D e s i g n ( I n t e r i o r )</p><p>Elevator first guides the visitors that have come to the museum to the top floor. There, they will be able to experience views of Helsinki that they have never experienced before from the observation deck. From this uplifting experience, they will begin to continue down, viewing the great art of the museum.</p><p>Stair and elevators direct visitors down to approximately 600 square meters of exhibition space. Beautiful natural lighting from the ceiling illuminates the exhibition space as small trees help to calm the atmosphere.</p><p>Then, from there going down, visitors arrive in a large 2-floor atrium. Here, a media library and various workshops are held where the knowledge of art from Helsinki can be accu-mulated.</p><p>Just below that, another layer of exhibition space totaling 1000 square meters provides enough space for one of the large travelling exhibitions of the Guggenheim.</p><p>After passing through the exhibition space, visitors then arrive to the media lab where art information can be found, complementing the entire experience of the day. </p><p> This way, one not only enjoys visual information but scholarly information about what they have viewed.</p><p>mechanical space</p><p>restaurant</p><p>officesky terrcesky terrce</p><p>exhibition</p><p>exhibition</p><p>exhibition</p><p>exhibition</p><p>media lab</p><p>entrancemulti-purpose</p><p>media library</p><p>media library</p><p>12media lab</p><p>14exhibition 113exhibition hall</p><p>17exhibition 313exhibition hall</p><p>22office21lunch rooom</p><p>18exhibition 413exhibition hall</p><p>24kitchen23restaurant</p><p>19sky terrce</p><p>15exhibition 213exhibition hall</p><p>16media library</p><p>16media library 20sky terrce</p><p>25mechanical space</p><p>12</p><p>16</p><p>20</p><p>22</p><p>21</p><p>24</p><p>25</p><p>23</p><p>17</p><p>18</p><p>13</p><p>13</p><p>19</p><p>13</p><p>14</p><p>13</p><p>16</p><p>15</p><p>1</p><p>1entrance2entrancehall (multi-purpose zone)3retail4cafe/bar5strage/management6visitor services7art loading dock8maintenance operations9mechanical spece10conferrence hall11classroom/laboratory</p><p>2</p><p>6</p><p>3 4</p><p>789</p><p>1011</p><p>5</p><p>GF PLAN s=1/800</p><p>1F PLAN s=1/800</p><p>2F PLAN s=1/800</p><p>3F PLAN s=1/800</p><p>4F PLAN s=1/800</p><p>5F PLAN s=1/800</p><p>6F PLAN s=1/800</p><p>7F PLAN s=1/800</p><p>8F PLAN s=1/800</p><p>9F PLAN s=1/800</p><p>10F PLAN s=1/800</p><p>11F PLAN s=1/800</p><p>12F PLAN s=1/800</p><p>3950(3920600(565350(300205(190360(300825(700625(500350(350290 </p><p>7305004502900 12135</p><p>exibitionprograms and eventsmulti purpose visiter servicesretaildiningofficesstarage manuagementemaintenance</p><p>assigned areas</p><p>unassigned areas</p><p>total</p><p>area schedule</p><p>skyaterrcemedia librarymedeia labothers</p><p>MULTI-PURPOSE FROM ENTRANCE</p><p>MEDIA LIBRARY OF A GRAND STAIRCASEEXHIBITION SPCE OF A LUMINOUS CELLING</p></li><li><p>light-structure</p><p>to 22m layer</p><p>enter core</p><p>ressure plates</p><p>pile foundation</p><p>mega-structure</p><p>diagonal bracing</p><p>tension members</p><p>tension members</p><p>B: rising three volumes have base floor at, 2F, 5F, 10F, 12F, and supported by the core. Each floors consist of truss mega structure.</p><p>C: constructing 3F, 6F 11F based on mega struc-ture C. Structure is not as massive as the other floor, and enables to construct with economical structural element.</p><p>D: cluster of inclined pieces that connect each volumes function to transfer tension and com-pression against horizontal force of wind and earthquake.</p><p>A: foundation layer beneath GL-22mFoundation reaches this layer with construction of 55m X 55m Pressure plates. Placing center of SRC structure at the center of pressure plates.</p><p>Mega-structire</p><p>Light-structure</p><p> diagonai buacings/ tension members</p><p> diagonai buacings/ tension members</p><p>core (SRC) /pile foundation</p><p>diagonai buacings/</p><p>diagonai buacings/</p><p>A B</p><p>C D</p><p>LAIVASILLANKATU</p><p>SOUTH HARBOR</p><p>RANTA</p><p>KAIVOOUISTO PARK</p><p>IINKIKATU GUGGENHAIM</p><p>HELSINKI</p><p>PORT</p><p>maintenance access</p><p>Main Entrance</p><p>back yard</p><p>Allowance for single lane vehicular port adirections and pedestrian zone.(assumed5.5m clear height for vehicular access to </p><p>Museum network</p><p>Constructing museum network. Guggenheim foundation, like Solo-mon R Guggenheim Museum, it constructs global museum network. Guggenheim Helsinki is a part of this and being conscious of having network with other Guggenheim Museums.</p><p>Constructing national Network</p><p>Currently, comparing with other major museums in Scandinavia for annual visitors, Denmark 790 thousand annual visitors, Norway 760 thousand annual visitors, Finland 580 visitors and Sweden 490 thou-sand visitors. If Guggenheim as speculated, to have extra annual visitor of 500 thousand for the museum, Finland will have more than a million annual visitors and become the top country for annual visitor in Scandinavia. As Guggenheim Helsinki become the most important museum in Scandinavia, there is a need not only with Gug-genheim museums but to have Finnish national wide museum network in operation. </p><p>Involvement of Helsinki citizens</p><p>By setting a body to let Helsinki citizen to join from early stage of the design, enable to deepen the understanding in design and art works. It also helps to apply the experience of Guggenheim lad for organiz-ing it.Especially, at exterior event and application for art space open to public as such, listening to the opinion of software side, it achieves being the museum to be loved by Helsinki citizens, through under-standing needs in art experience beyond the speculation as a char-acter of this proposal.Also, the involvement of the citizens are expected in a form of envi-ronmental consciousness, at the construction stage, bio fuel for heavy machinery will be wastage from Helsinki to be used.</p><p>Application of timber biomass as bio fuel</p><p>Finland is a top class country of energy consumption due to their weather and industry, but limited by natural resources, there is a plan to have more renewable energy such as nuclear plant and biomass. In 2008, the national energy and weather change strategy aim to have 38% of renewable energy by 2020, which is higher that EU aver-age aim of 20%, thus application of timber biomass is realistic.</p><p>Flexible operation enabled by being high-rise</p><p>Stacked exhibition space connected by EV able to correspond vari-ous sized exhibitions due to easy separation between open and non-open space within exhibitio...</p></li></ul>

Recommended

View more >