helsingin tuomiokirkko from guggenheim museumdesi has expanded to a global network with the...
Post on 26-Mar-2018
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GH-5553663091 01G u g g e n h e i m H e l s i n k i D e s i g n C om p e t i t i o n C i t y s c a p e
2) A new Guggenheim Museum > Continuous Urban and Exhibition Space
Over a long history, the function of a museum has transformed from a location for storing a private collection to something else; it has expanded to a global network with the Guggenheim Museum leading the way. Moreover, other Guggenheim Museums around the world have led this movement further in recent years by planning expreiemental workshops and events to reach new visitors. Because of this, the Guggenheim Helsinki should futher push the boundary of what a museum should be. Our proposal creates a new style of museum in which people become involved in a variety of activities and subconciously become fascinated by it.
In order to achieve it, exhibition space must not be a typical repetition of simple enclosed spaces. By mixing exhibition with other functions in between, the entire interior and exterior of the museum become appreciated. Volumes floating in the air sandwich the free, open spaces between and give forth and opportunity for people to be involved with art throughtout the year. In addi-tion, by treating exhibition space and in-between space equivalently, a synergistic effect is created. This mix simulates visitors, providing richer art experience for all and will widen the art culture of Helsinki, adding to the identity of Finland itself.
4) Design culture, being conscious with timber culture, architecture to be loved by Helsinki
The proportion of stacked enclosed and open volumes resemble Nordic pottery or furniture design rather than typical architec-tural form. By continuing the idea of product design as architecture as well as considering a traditional and familiar element in Finnish design, a wooden envelope surrounded the buidling preventing the effects of moisture and salinity. This use of wood also falls in line with Finnish history as since World War II the country has become an economic power thorugh the forestry industry as almost 80% of Finland is covered in forests.
3) Surrounding Park > Provides a place for people to gather
Many visitors from abroad arrive via the nearby Etel port. And, as the site is near the heart of the city, foot and car traffic from Helsinki natives also can arrive through Esplanadi park. However, the vast plain next to the harbor is far beyond the human scale, and is not the ideal inviting environment for people to remain and actively enjoy. As this area lacks the engagement of the citizens of Helsinki, the site remains a massive urban void. This space in its current state becomes a just a place to pass though by necessity for citizens and visitors alike.
What we propose is to incorporate an active urban function, that of the museum, to entice visitors to this site. Our museum consists of an obeservatory to view the skyline of Helsinki, a library where gathering the knowledge of the Guggenheim, a caf and restaurant for an socializing, and an outdoor plaza that can convert between an art event space or skating rink in the winter. Because our museum offers visitors many other reasons to visit the complex apart from exhibitions, we target a wider group of potential art viewers. By moving all of these functions to a vertical building, the view to the port from the low surrounding buidlings of the city is minimally interrupted. The museum, like the other tall buildings of the city, responds to the idea that it is an addition to an established urban style, and matches that idea by following the taller, thinner shape of his predecessors.
1) Response to the History of Helsinki > High-Rise Museum
The current city of Helsinkis cityplanning achieves an ordered, elegant cityscape with a neoclassical horizontal skyline which has been restricted in height to preserve its urban scenery.
On the other hand, architecture such as churches, the Olympic stadium, and telecommunication towers each rise above the low skyline and become important landmarks throughout the city. This contrast between the high-rise landmarks and well-ordered city secure a unique charm of Helsinki. At first glance, while appearing to be a vast site, through careful observation the surround-ing environment creates a quite cramped feeling.
The site is surrounded by heavy traffic, and a hotel and park overlooking the waterfront in the immediate vicinity. Making the museum rise above the city with a smaller footprint will help to maintain the view from the city to the sea minimally changing the current condition of the urban fabric. Meanwhile, this scheme provides a more open landscape to maintain access for visitors. Additionally, the function of the new museum represents a modern version of Helsinkis cultural background, such as its high standard of education and advanced design industry. After considering the implications of the museum both culturally and its effects in the urban context of the city, we propose a modern tower-like museum as a new landmark for the city.
HELSINGIN TUOMIOKIRKKO FROM GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM
GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM FROM OCEAN SKY TERRACE
When briefed with the goal of a new museum, what should the new architecture of this muesum be? For Finland, Helsinki not only acts as gateway to the country but is also caharacterised as the most important city in Finland. As a city that borders the world, there needs to be a new piece of architecture that new that can announce the city as such.
Our proposal appears as a high-rise museum, like a lily of the valley blossom aiming up to the sky. Located next to the waterfront, the site is a vast plain much larger than the human scale. Rather than erect a low-rise building which would block views to the sea, our museum becomes a high-rise tower which changes in profile moving up the height. At the ground level, there is an open and lively landscape, while at the upper level there is a platform to view over the city, these compositional element corresponds to the historical surrounding both physically and visu-ally with a dynamic three-dimensional attraction. Inside the museum, mixed use spaces of both free public activity space as well as paid exhi-bition spaces stack along a circulation path, which represents a new type of museum mixing learning, discovery, discussion, and speculation regarding the artworks.
The above volumes are each smaller and than the one below to allow natural light to enter the volumes of gallery spaces below. They are additionally narrowed at their base to create an open air public art space as well as observation deck. This continuous proportion repeated upwards creates a silhouette that is more remeniscient of Finnish product design which brings a new type of life to architecture in Finland. The museums soft white exterior blends well with the special climatic conditions of Helsinkis winters, but the internal materials, while also visible from the exterior, give warmer tones of Finlands local timber. This museum, standing in an open park next to the seaside, stands like a beautiful flower in the low angled solar altitude. Helsinki as the White Maiden of the Baltic Sea is represented by its new landmark, the lily of the valley.
Pasilan LinkkitorniCompleted :1983HeightAntenna spire:146 m (479 ft)Architect :Mikko Armanto
Guggenheim HelsinkiHelsinki Olympic StadiumCompleted :1938Height :72m (235 ft)Architect :Yrj Lindegren :Toivo Jntti
Helsinki Railway StationCompleted :1914Height :50m(164 ft)Architect :Eliel Saarinen
Helsinki Cathedral (tuomiokirkko)Completed :1852Height :61.90m(203ft)Architect :Carl Ludwig Engel
Rain to used(ex. washing of a toilet)
GH-5553663091 02G u g g e n h e i m H e l s i n k i D e s i g n C om p e t i t i o n C o n c e p t d e s i g n ( e x t e r i o r )
summer : outdoor theaterwinter : skating rink
TO OLYMPIA TERMINAL
Also truck can be smoothly pass.
Main entrancefrom shopping quarter
CLOSE : Exhibition, BackYard etc
: Public, Cafe, Retail etcOPEN
VIEW PONTTWIST 15/ one Volume
Shut out the view
OPEN and CLOSE
SHAPE UP BY PROGLAM
SECTIONMEIN ENTRANCE IMAGE BIRDS EYE VIEW
GH-5553663091 03G u g g e n h e i m H e l s i n k i D e s i g n C om p e t i t i o n C o n c e p t D e s i g n ( I n t e r i o r )
Elevator first guides the visitors that have come to the