hodges unit 4 presentation
out of 25
Post on 05-Dec-2014
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- 1. LO1 Funding
- 2. British TV Presentation
- 3. Terrestrial Channels
Funding: BBC is heavily funded through the TV licensing which we, the general public, pays for, because the channel is a public service broadcast it has guidelines it has to follow like it has to be` promoting education and learning; stimulating creativity and cultural excellence; representing the UK, its nations, regions and communities For ITV Channel 4 and Five funding is self provided through the use of advertising, programme sponsorship, dvd/video sales (through ownership of merchandising rights). Channel 4 used to be funded by ITV but around 1990 the Broadcasting Act came into fruition and the corporation was able to fund itself.
Ownership: Every channel is owned by some sort of company that set it up, The Crown owns BBC, and through that BBC owns BBC2 BBC Three, BBC Four etc. ITV is owned by ITV plc which is a result of Granada plc and Carlton Communications merging together in 2004, ITV then owns the sister companies ITV2/3/4. Channel 4 is owned by by the Channel Four Television Commission, its mostly self funding but evidently is public owned. Channel 5 is owned by Northern & Shell who is owned by Richard Desmond, Channel Five (rebranded Five in 2002) owns 5* and 5USA.
Technology: With the digital switch over happening in 2012 all analogue channels will be instinct, which will improve the quality and signal but requires a digital sky box. Also over the past 10 or so years internet technology has improved beyond recognition, all of the Terrestrial Channels have catch up features which are accessible through a set up website or youtube. For example 4 On Demand, BBC iplayer, itv player, Demand 5.
- 4. TV Providers
Funding: The main three service providers are BskyB, BT and Virgin, they are all mainly funded by their monthly subscriptions packages and also the sale of their Sky box and Sky+ box, Virgin and Sky also have a pay per view feature which which requires a single set rate to watch a box office film or sporting event.
Ownership: BskyB is owned by News Corporation who owns Fox Entertainment Group the chairman and CEO of Fox Entertainment group is Rupert Murdoch and his song is the Chairman of Sky. Virgin Media is owned by Sir Richard Branson who also owns other Virgin ventures such as Virgin Mobile and Internet. BT Vision is owned by BT Group which was founded by William Cooke and John Ricardo when they founded Electric Telegraph Community.
Technology: Each of the providers use different methods to provide their TV services, Virgin media for example uses a fiber optic cable which runs into your house and into the Virgin Box. BT uses a connection in which you connect to your router so you can receive channels and on demand services, using the router doesnt affect the routers bandwidth. Sky uses a satellite which has to be installed by a technician and a Sky(+) box is installed.
- 5. UKTV
Funding: UKTV is an example of a commercial TV network, it is mainly funded through commercial advertising and sponsorships (Old Speckled Hen on Dave), also they are commissioned to play repeat programmes from the BBC.
Ownership: The network is owned through a joint venture between BBC Worldwide (subsidiary of BBC) and Virgin Media, through the network the two companies own channels such as Dave, Living, Yesterday, Really, Watch etc. Like I said above they are commissioned to play repeat programmes from BBC. The channel was originally set up from BBC worldwide and Thames Television, later United Artists Holding Europe (Flextech) became a part owner, flextech was owned by Tele-Communications Inc.
Technology: The channels are available on digital cable and satellite, on the launch of digital television in 1998 two channels were launched, UK Gold Classics (Now G.O.L.D) and UK play (now Play UK, which was shut down due to lack of intereset). In 2007 UKTVG2 was renamed Dave and it was put on Freeview which proved to be successful and led to a campaign to rebrand the rest of the channels i.e. UKTV Gold to G.O.L.D, UKTV Drama to Alibi. By 2009 all of the channels had been rebranded.
- 6. American Film Presentation
- 7. The American film industry in this present day is the biggest and most influential industry
in the world at the moment, it is also the oldest film industry, this is what is known as Hollywood.
Americans film history is considered to be split into four main periods: the silent film era, classical
Hollywood cinema, New Hollywood, and the contemporary period. The american film industry started booming in 1927 with the release of The Jazz Singer which was the end of silent movies and the start of classical Hollywood cinema, it was released by Warner Brothers (Owned by Time Warner) the gross profits meant they could acquire a string of movie theatres. Incidentally Warner started showing their films in their own cinema which is the third stage of vertical integration, where the company produces, distributes and exhibits their own work so all of the profits goes straight to their own company and nobody else. Warner Brothers used to be a private company until it had the money to start buying other companies until it became a conglomerate.
A good example of horizontal integration would be Disney, horizontal integration is similar to vertical integration in the sense that all of the money goes to The Walt Disney Company but through subsidiaries instead. For example; Disney Motion Pictures Group will produce the film then the Disney Music group will make the sound track, then they will show their films on their own Television channel Disney-ABC Television Group, Disney consumer products will then create all of the merchandise in which they will sell at their own Disney Parks and resorts. So all of the profits will eventually go to the parent company The Walt Disney Company through subsidiaries rather than through vertical integration where just the one company will produce, distribute and exhibit it. Disney and Time Warner are both part of the Big 6 Conglomerate, the Big 6 conglomerates are the top of the top, they own everything through subsidiaries and sister companies. Disney used to be a corporation until it became one of the big conglomerates.
- 8. British Film Presentation
- 9. The British film industry over the years has had a major influence on the Film industry, with auteurs such as Alfred Hitchcock and David Lean who are seen as poets of film production. The first film created was made on celluloid film in Hyde park in 1989 by William Greene, since then the golden age of British cinema occurred in 1940s led by J Arthur Rank and Alexander Korda. There is strong connection between British and American cinema which has sparked debates about Britains identity in the film industry, many films have been co-produced with American producers using American and British actors also some American produced films are set in England using English actors.
Because there are no big conglomerates in the British film industry they have to get funding through different ways, there are 3 main ways of acquiring funding in British film. Private capital funding is funding through individuals for example Monty Pythons Life of Brian didnt have enough money to finish their film and was at risk having to scrap the film, George Harrison opted in and started his own company and loaned then money. Financial aid is money which is given to them through government funding because the government strongly support the development of the British Film Indunstry, the money comes from the UK Film Council (Now its form BFI due to coalition government). Warp films gets most of their funding through the lottery, theyve produced films such as four lions, dead mans shoes, this is england etc, this is what we call an independent film company, if we compare them to Fox who is part of the big conglomerate the difference in funding is very evident. The idea is that the British film industry is a house of cards and if you pull out one of the cards (i.e. companies) the whole thing will fall apart.
- 10. LO2Understanding job roles
- 11. Understanding job roles in the BBC
- 12. Working patterns in British TV
Freelance A freelance is an individual who is self employed and doesnt hold any commitments to any fixed term contracts. Freelancers are required to sign a one off contract or a
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