How could Open Badges contribute to creating a more trustworthy world?

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  • Trust & Open Badges workshop

    How could Open Badges contribute to creating a more trustworthy world?

    EURO

    PORT

    FOLIO

    Serge RavetADPIOS, EUROPORTFOLIO, Badge Europe, Open Badge Passport, BadgeChain

    @Szerge, learningfutures.eu, iosf.org, europortfolio.org , openbadgepassport.com, www.salava.org

  • Objectives of the workshop

    What is trust about? What relationship between Open Badges & trust? Can Open Badges contribute to improving trust?

    Explore

  • ContextWhere does this workshop come from?

  • 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015

    10 e

    Port

    folio

    Cha

    lleng

    es

    Trust

    Ope

    n Tr

    ust

    Box

    ePortfolio Identity

    ePIC 2016Pathways to educational andsocial innovation

    BOLOGNA 27-29 OCTOBER

    Open Badge

    ePortfolio

    Identity

    Trust

    Blockchain

    http://openepic.eu

    0101011

    01100

  • ePortfolio

    IdentityTrust

    Open BadgesOpen Badge Passport

    Personal Ledger

    Portfolio

    Competency Based EducationQuality

    Blockchains

    1985 1995 2000 2010 2015

    Simulation

    Self-studyeLearningComputer Based Training

    BadgeChain

  • About trustTrust is based on symmetrical power relations

  • The Trust Paradox

  • Social changes and increased social complexity expand the need for trust, but erode its familiar basis

    The Trust Paradox An Inquiry into the Core of Social Life, May-Britt Ellingsen

  • Percentage of citizens who trust the government in Washington

    always or most of the time

    Source: Pew Research Centre

    %

  • Percentage of citizens who trust the government in Washington always or most of the time Pew Research Centre

  • Percentage of adults trusting others

    source: Education at a Glance 2014 OECD Indicators

    %

  • Percentage of adults trusting others70 7050 5030 3010 100 060 6040 4020 20% %

    By literacy proficiency level By educational attainment

    Slovak RepublicEstonia

    ItalyCzech Republic

    FranceKorea

    GermanyJapan

    IrelandPoland

    England/N. Ireland (UK)Average

    Flanders (Belgium)CanadaSpain

    AustriaUnited States

    AustraliaFinland

    NetherlandsSwedenNorway

    Denmark

    Below upper secondary education

    Upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education

    Tertiary educationLevel 4 or 5Level 3Level 2Level 1 or below

  • What do these statistics tell you about trust?

    Percentage of citizens who trust the government in Washington always or most of the time Pew Research CentrePercentage of adults reporting trusting others

    70 7050 5030 3010 100 060 6040 4020 20% %

    By literacy proficiency level By educational attainment

    Slovak RepublicEstonia

    ItalyCzech Republic

    FranceKorea

    GermanyJapan

    IrelandPoland

    England/N. Ireland (UK)Average

    Flanders (Belgium)CanadaSpain

    AustriaUnited States

    AustraliaFinland

    NetherlandsSwedenNorway

    Denmark

    Below upper secondary education

    Upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education

    Tertiary educationLevel 4 or 5Level 3Level 2Level 1 or below

  • Trust and social capital

  • Trust and Social Capital

    Social capital is defined by the OECD as: networks together with shared norms, values and understandings that facilitate co-operation

    within or among groups.

    Source: OECD Insights: Human Capital

    Put together, these networks and understandings engender trust and so enable people to work together.

    Trust, the necessary condition for empowerment

  • If we could measure trust, we could measure social capital

    Can we measure trust?

    Could Open Badges contribute to measuring trust?

  • About Open BadgesWhy Open Badges are more than credentials and not a

    currency and the dangers of believing they are?

  • Open Badges are more than credentials Open Badges are about

    Recognition

  • Formal

    Non-Formal

    Traditional Non-TraditionalCompetency

    Badges

    Micro-Credentials Smart Badges

    Conversational Badges

    Self-Issued Badges

    Peer Endorsement

    Scout Badges

    (Institution-centred)

    Recognition

    (Community-centred)

    Nano-Diplomas

    (Dynamic/Future)(Static/Past)

    Badges as launchpads

    Dream Badges

    Collective Achievement Badges

    Empowerment

    Conformance

    Inclusion

    Enabling

    Affiliation Badges

    AchievementBadges

  • Open Badges are not a currency

  • currency |kr()nsi|

    noun (pl.currencies)

    1. a system of money in general use in a particular country: the

    dollar was a strong currency | [ mass noun ] : travellers cheques in foreign currency.

    2. [ mass noun ] the fact or quality of being generally accepted or in use: the term gained wider currency after the turn of the century.

  • Open Badges are not fungible. You cannot give a badge you own to someone

    else in exchange for goods or services

    You can create and give a badge to someone as a token of recognition or in exchange for goods, money or services, but that badge stays with that person

    Badges are currencies

    Badges have currency

  • Open Badges are based on relational trust

    Currencies are based on structural trustdo not depend on individuals relationships

  • Open Badges are aboutTrust

  • Issuer EarnerTrust

  • TrustIssuer Earner

  • Issuer Earner

  • The dangers of mistaking Open Badges for

    credentials and currencies

    Formal

    Non-Formal

    Traditional Non-TraditionalCompetency

    Badges

    Micro-Credentials Smart Badges

    Conversational Badges

    Self-Issued Badges

    Peer Endorsement

    Scout Badges

    (Institution-centred)

    Recognition

    (Community-centred)

    Nano-Diplomas

    (Dynamic/Future)(Static/Past)

    Badges as launchpads

    Dream Badges

    Collective Achievement Badges

    Empowerment

    Conformance

    Inclusion

    Enabling

    Affiliation Badges

    AchievementBadges = cryptocurrency

  • Open Badges are about recognition and trust

  • More about trust

  • Sharing ideas

    What is trust?

    Why do we need trust?

    What does trust allows us to do?

    What cant we do without trust?

    What are the conditions for trust?

  • trust |trst|

    noun [ mass noun ]

    1. firm belief in the reliability, truth, or ability of someone or something: relations have to be built on trust | they have been able to win the trust of the others.

    acceptance of the truth of a statement without evidence or investigation: I used only primary sources, taking nothing on trust.

  • Trust, in short, is a form of faith, in which the confidence vested in probable outcomes expresses a commitment to something rather than just a cognitive understanding.

    A. Giddens (1993)

  • Business

    TrustBadge

    Person

    Institution

    Issuer

    Earner

    Group

    Technology

  • Predictability Leap of faith

    Trust

    Suspending doubt

    Security

  • Security is intrinsic to trust

    Trust Security

    PredictabilityLeap of faith

    Suspending doubt DoubtSuspicion

    Contingency

    Trust is future oriented

    (extrinsic)

  • The more trust, the less extrinsic security measures are required, the more extrinsic security measures are taken, the less trustworthy the system becomes.

    Trust Extrinsic Security

    Trust and extrinsic security work in reverse proportions

  • Increasing security measures is about addressing the symptoms, not the causes of failing trust. There is no alternative to increasing trust thantaking the necessary steps to increasing trust!

    Trust Extrinsic Security

    Trust and extrinsic security work in reverse proportions

  • Nature Relation Stability Exit Rules Enforcement Trust space Who?

    Micro Individual Inter-personalShort,

    mid and long term

    Termination Tacit Informal Familiarity, proximityFamily, relatives,

    friends, neighbours,

    Meso CommunalInter-

    personal, Belonging

    Mid and long term Exclusion

    Tacit & explicit

    Informal and formal

    (membership)Proximity Peers, members,

    Macro Structural Belonging, ImpersonalLong term Sanction Explicit

    Laws, contracts, obligations standards,

    accreditations

    Strangers, time and distance

    Citizens, employees, partners,

  • In a society without trust, social interaction will be troublesome and have enormous transactional costs

  • Sharing ideasDo you think Open Badges could contribute to

    nurturing and repairing trust ?

    How?

  • Future developments

  • Personal LedgersBits of Trust

    What can we learn from blockchains? How can we improve Open Badges?

  • BadgeChain Trust

    BlockChain Trust

    trust / consensus?Transaction

    Transaction

    Open Badges and blockchains are

    based on antipodal views on trust

    @badgechain

  • Trust can heal!

  • A teenager had spent many months in a young peoples psychiatric hospital. When he was about to leave a therapist asked him what was the most significant thing which helped him in his recovery. He responded that it was the moment when in and art group the therapist asked him to fetch some art paper from a cupboard in another part of the building. The therapist handed him the keys to the cupboard which were on a key ring with many other keys to the rooms in the building.

    They young man said he felt so good, not just because he had been chosen to do the small job when his esteem was very low but because the therapist had not hesitated but just handed him the keys. He knew he could have used those keys to get up to all sorts of mischief but he felt trust to act responsibly.

    Julie Lunt

  • Trust, the Revolution! ePIC 2016Pathways to educational andsocial innovation

    BOLOGNA 27-29 OCTOBER

    Open Badge

    ePortfolio

    Identity

    Trust

    Blockchain

    http://openepic.eu

    0101011

    01100

    Serge RavetADPIOS, EUROPORTFOLIO, Badge Europe, Open Badge Passport, Badgechain@Szerge, learningfutures.eu, iosf.org openbadgepassport.com, europortfolio.org

    Merci !SREUROPORTFOLIO

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