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  • IBM Spectrum Protect for Virtual Environments Version 8.1.2

    Data Protection for VMware User's Guide

    IBM

  • IBM Spectrum Protect for Virtual Environments Version 8.1.2

    Data Protection for VMware User's Guide

    IBM

  • Note: Before you use this information and the product it supports, read the information in “Notices” on page 245.

    This edition applies to version 8, release 1, modification 2 of IBM Spectrum Protect for Virtual Environments (product number 5725-X00) and to all subsequent releases and modifications until otherwise indicated in new editions.

    © Copyright IBM Corporation 2011, 2017. US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.

  • Contents

    About this publication . . . . . . . . v Who should read this publication . . . . . . . v Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v

    What's new in Version 8.1.2. . . . . . vii

    Chapter 1. IBM Spectrum Protect for Virtual Environments: Data Protection for VMware overview . . . . . . . . . 1 Backup and restore types . . . . . . . . . . 4 How IBM Spectrum Protect nodes are used in a virtual environment . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

    Mount proxy node and data mover node requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

    How Virtual Volumes are used in a virtual environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Tape media guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Controlling which disks are processed . . . . . 13 VM templates and vApps in a vSphere environment 13 Automated client failover. . . . . . . . . . 14 Out-of-space errors on VMware datastores . . . . 15 Full VM instant restore environment requirements 15 VMware vCenter Server user privilege requirements 16

    Chapter 2. Managing data with the IBM Spectrum Protect vSphere Client plug-in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Getting started . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Available features . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Connecting to the Data Protection for VMware vSphere GUI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Enabling tagging support. . . . . . . . . . 25

    Setting a data mover node as a tag-based node 25 Creating tags in the VMware inventory . . . . 27

    Creating a schedule that is compatible with tagging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

    Creating a schedule by using IBM Spectrum Protect Operations Center . . . . . . . . 29 Creating a schedule by using the DEFINE SCHEDULE command. . . . . . . . . . 29

    Configuring backup policies . . . . . . . . . 31 Selecting schedules for backing up virtual machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Excluding or including virtual machines from scheduled backup services . . . . . . . . 34 Specifying the retention policy of virtual machine backups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Selecting a data mover for backing up a virtual machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Protecting virtual machine disks by setting the disk protection . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Setting the data consistency of virtual machine backups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

    Enabling application protection for a virtual machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

    Managing backup operations for virtual machines 41 Managing backup schedules for a vCenter . . . 42 Viewing backup schedule history for a vCenter 43 Starting an on-demand backup of a virtual machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Canceling a backup of a virtual machine . . . 47 Viewing the status of backup operations for virtual machines. . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Setting the at-risk policy for a virtual machine. . 48

    Restoring a virtual machine . . . . . . . . . 49 Dismounting a virtual machine . . . . . . . . 53

    Chapter 3. Getting started with file restore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Common tasks for restoring files . . . . . . . 55 File restore prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . 56 Logging in to restore files . . . . . . . . . 57 Restoring files from a virtual machine backup . . . 58

    Chapter 4. Protection for in-guest applications . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Microsoft Exchange Server data protection in VMware environments . . . . . . . . . . 61

    Configuring the software for Exchange Server data protection in a VMware environment . . . 62 Managing backups . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Restoring data . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 IBM Spectrum Protect file space information . . 85

    Microsoft SQL Server data protection in VMware environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86

    Configuring the software for SQL Server data protection in a VMware environment . . . . . 87 Managing backups . . . . . . . . . . . 92 Restoring data . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Sample script for validating full virtual machine backups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 IBM Spectrum Protect file space information 101

    Application protection for Active Directory domain controllers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101

    Chapter 5. Data Protection for VMware commands and options . . . . . . . 103 dsmc command-line interface . . . . . . . . 103

    dsmc commands . . . . . . . . . . . 103 dsmc command options . . . . . . . . . 103

    vmcli command-line interface . . . . . . . . 105 Backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 Restore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 Inquire_config . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 Inquire_detail . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 Set_domain . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 Set_option . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119

    © Copyright IBM Corp. 2011, 2017 iii

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  • Set_password . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 Get_password_info . . . . . . . . . . 123 Start_guest_scan . . . . . . . . . . . 124 Profile parameters . . . . . . . . . . . 126

    Recovery Agent command-line interface . . . . 131 Starting the Recovery Agent command-line interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 Recovery Agent command-line interface overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132

    Chapter 6. Backing up VMware data 141 Backing up virtual machine data to IBM Spectrum Protect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141

    Setting options for an incremental forever backup schedule . . . . . . . . . . . 143

    Backing up migrated virtual machines . . . . . 144 Backing up organization vDCs to IBM Spectrum Protect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 Backing up data by disk usage . . . . . . . 146

    Scenario: Including four disks for backup processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147 Scenario: Excluding four disks for backup processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 Scenario: Separating disks for backup and restore processing . . . . . . . . . . . 149

    Backing up virtual machines by domain level . . 150 Scenario: Backing up virtual machines by cluster server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 Scenario: Backing up virtual machines by VMware datastore . . . . . . . . . . . 151 Scenario: Backing up virtual machines by name pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152

    Backing up multiple virtual machines in parallel (optimized backup) . . . . . . . . . . . 152

    Examples: Backing up multiple virtual machines in parallel . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154

    Backing up virtual machines that host Active Directory controllers . . . . . . . . . . . 157 Specifying a management class to associate objects 158

    Scenario: Specifying a management class for VMware backups in a vSphere environment . . 159 Scenario: Specifying a management class for VMware control files in a vSphere environment . 159

    Specifying objects to include in backup and restore operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160

    Scenario: Specifying objects to include for backup and restore operations in a vSphere environment. . . . . . . . . . . . . 161

    Chapter 7. Restoring VMware data 163 Mounting a virtual machine disk and exporting the volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 vSphere environment restore scenario . . . . . 166

    Full VM instant restore scenarios . . . . . . . 167 Full VM instant restore cleanup and repair scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168

    Full VM instant restore integrity validation scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170 Verifying that the Active Directory Domain Controller replicated successfully . . . . . . . 171 Restoring a virtual disk using multiple sessions 173

    Appendix A. Troubleshooting . . . . 175 Troubleshooting file restore operations . . . . . 180

    Trace options for file restore . . . . . . . 181 File restore solutions . . . . . . . . . . 182

    VMware attributes. . . . . . . . . . . . 182 Troubleshooting IBM Spectrum Protect vSphere Client plug-in problems . . . . . . . . . . 183

    Resolving Platform Services Controller connection problems . . . . . . . . . . 183 Enabling tracing . . . . . . . . . . . 184 Resolving administrator ID not found messages 185 Messages for the IBM Spectrum Protect vSphere Client plug-in . . . . . . . . . . . . 185

    Appendix B. IBM Spectrum Protect recovery agent operations . . . . . . 189 Mounting snapshots with the recovery agent . . . 189 Restoring files with the recovery agent . . . . . 190

    Restoring files from a Windows system with the recovery agent . . . . . . . . . . . . 192

    Restoring volumes instantly with the recovery agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194

    Restoring volumes instantly from a Windows system with the recovery agent . . . . . . 194

    Appendix C. Data Protection for VMware vSphere GUI messages . . . 199

    Appendix D. IBM Spectrum Protect recovery agent messages . . . . . . 219

    Appendix E. Accessibility features for the IBM Spectrum Protect product family. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243

    Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245

    Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249

    Index . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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