identity and access management: overview rafal lukawiecki strategic consultant, project botticelli...

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  • Slide 1
  • Identity and Access Management: Overview Rafal Lukawiecki Strategic Consultant, Project Botticelli Ltd rafal@projectbotticelli.co.uk www.projectbotticelli.co.uk Copyright 2006 Microsoft Corp & Project Botticelli Ltd. E&OE. For informational purposes only. No warranties of any kind are made and you have to verify all information before relying on it. You can re-use this presentation as long as you read, agree, and follow the guidelines described in the Comments field in File/Properties. This presentation is based on work of many authors from Microsoft, Oxford Computer Group and other companies. Please see the Introductions presentation for acknowledgments.
  • Slide 2
  • 2Objectives Build a good conceptual background to enable later technical discussions of the subject Overview the problems and opportunities in the field of identity and access management Introduce terminology Highlight a possible future direction
  • Slide 3
  • 3 Session Agenda Identity Problem of Today Identity Laws and Metasystem Components and Terminology Roadmap
  • Slide 4
  • 4 Identity Problem of Today
  • Slide 5
  • 5 Universal Identity? Internet was build so that communications are anonymous In-house networks use multiple, often mutually- incompatible, proprietary identity systems Users are incapable of handling multiple identities Criminals love to exploit this mess
  • Slide 6
  • 6 Explosion of IDs Pre 1980s 1980s1990s2000s # of Digital IDs Time Applications Mainframe Client Server Internet BusinessAutomation Company(B2E) Partners(B2B) Customers(B2C) Mobility
  • Slide 7
  • 7 The Disconnected Reality Identity Chaos Lots of users and systems required to do business Multiple repositories of identity information; Multiple user IDs, multiple passwords Decentralized management, ad hoc data sharing Enterprise Directory HRSystem InfraApplication Lotus Notes Apps In-HouseApplication COTSApplication NOS In-HouseApplication Authentication Authorization Identity Data Authentication Authorization Identity Data Authentication Authorization Identity Data Authentication Authorization Identity Data Authorization Identity Data Authentication Authorization Identity Data Authentication Authorization Identity Data
  • Slide 8
  • 8 Your COMPANY and your EMPLOYEES Your SUPPLIERS Your PARTNERS Your REMOTE and VIRTUAL EMPLOYEES Your CUSTOMERS Customer satisfaction & customer intimacy Cost competitiveness Reach, personalization Collaboration Outsourcing Faster business cycles; process automation Value chain M&A Mobile/global workforce Flexible/temp workforce Multiple Contexts
  • Slide 9
  • 9 Trends Impacting Identity Increasing Threat Landscape Identity theft costs banks and credit card issuers $1.2 billion in 1 yr $250 billion lost in 2004 from exposure of confidential info Maintenance Costs Dominate IT Budget On average employees need access to 16 apps and systems Companies spend $20-30 per user per year for PW resets Deeper Line of Business Automation and Integration One half of all enterprises have SOA under development Web services spending growing 45% CAGR Rising Tide of Regulation and Compliance SOX, HIPAA, GLB, Basel II, 21 CFR Part 11, $15.5 billion spend in 2005 on compliance (analyst estimate) Data Sources: Gartner, AMR Research, IDC, eMarketer, U.S. Department. of Justice
  • Slide 10
  • 10 Business Owner End User IT Admin Developer Security/ Compliance Too expensive to reach new partners, channels Need for control Too many passwords Long waits for access to apps, resources Too many user stores and account admin requests Unsafe sync scripts Pain Points Redundant code in each app Rework code too often Too many orphaned accounts Limited auditing ability
  • Slide 11
  • 11 Possible Savings Directory Synchronization Improved updating of user data: $185 per user/year Improved list management: $800 per list - Giga Information Group Password Management Password reset costs range from $51 (best case) to $147 (worst case) for labor alone. Gartner User Provisioning Improved IT efficiency: $70,000 per year per 1,000 managed users Reduced help desk costs: $75 per user per year - Giga Information Group
  • Slide 12
  • 12 Can We Just Ignore It All? Today, average corporate user spends 16 minutes a day logging on A typical home user maintains 12-18 identities Number of phishing and pharming sites grew over 1600% over the past year Corporate IT Ops manage an average of 73 applications and 46 suppliers, often with individual directories Regulators are becoming stricter about compliance and auditing Orphaned accounts and identities lead to security problems Source: Microsofts internal research and Anti-phishing Working Group Feb 2005
  • Slide 13
  • 13 One or Two Solutions? Better Option: Build a global, universal, federated identity metasystem Will take years Quicker Option: Build an in-house, federated identity metasystem based on standards Federate it to others, system-by-system But: both solutions could share the same conceptual basis
  • Slide 14
  • 14 Identity Laws and Metasystem
  • Slide 15
  • 15 Lessons from Passport Passport designed to solve two problems Identity provider for MSN 250M+ users, 1 billion logons per day Significant success Identity provider for the Internet Unsuccessful: Not trusted outside context Not generic enough Meant giving up control over identity management Cannot re-write apps to use a central system Learning: solution must be different than Passport
  • Slide 16
  • 16 Idea of an Identity Metasystem Not an Identity System Agreement on metadata and protocols, allowing multiple identity providers and brokers Based on open standards Supported by multiple technologies and platforms Adhering to Laws of Identity With full respect of privacy needs
  • Slide 17
  • 17 Roles Within Identity Metasystem Identity Providers Organisations, governments, even end-users They provide Identity Claims about a Subject Name, vehicles allowed to drive, age, etc. Relying Parties Online services or sites, doors, etc. Subjects Individuals and other bodies that need its identity established
  • Slide 18
  • 18 Metasystem Players Relying Parties Require identities Subjects Individuals and other entities about whom claims are made Identity Providers Issue identities
  • Slide 19
  • 19 Identity Metasystem Today Basically, the set of WS-* Security Guidelines as we have it Plus Software that implements the services Microsoft and many others working on it Companies that would use it Still to come, but early adopters exist End-users that would trust it Will take time
  • Slide 20
  • 20 Identity Laws www.identityblog.com www.identityblog.com 1. User Control and Consent 2. Minimal Disclosure for a Constrained Use 3. Justifiable Parties 4. Directed Identity 5. Pluralism of Operators and Technologies 6. Human Integration 7. Consistent Experience Across Contexts
  • Slide 21
  • 21 Enterprise Applicability That proposed metasystem would work well inside a corporation Of course, we need a solution before it becomes a reality Following the principles seems a good idea while planning immediate solutions Organic growth likely to lead to an identity metasystem in long term
  • Slide 22
  • 22 Enterprise Trends Kerberos is very useful but increasingly it does not span disconnected identity forests and technologies easily We are moving away from static Groups and traditional ACLs Increasingly limited and difficult to manage on large scales towards a dynamic combination of: Role-Based Access Management, and, Rich Claims Authorization PKI is still too restrictive, but it is clearly a component of a possible solution
  • Slide 23
  • 23 Components and Terminology
  • Slide 24
  • 24 What is Identity Management? Provisioning Single Sign On PKI StrongAuthentication Federation Directories Authorization Secure Remote Access PasswordManagement Web Services Security Auditing & Reporting RoleManagement DigitalRightsManagement
  • Slide 25
  • 25 Identity and Access Management The process of authenticating credentials and controlling access to networked resources based on trust and identity Repositories for storing and managing accounts, identity information, and security credentials The processes used to create and delete accounts, manage account and entitlement changes, and track policy compliance Directory Services Access Management Identity Lifecycle Management A system of procedures, policies and technologies to manage the lifecycle and entitlements of electronic credentials
  • Slide 26
  • 26 Remember the Chaos? Enterprise Directory HRSystem InfraApplication Lotus Notes Apps In-HouseApplication COTSApplication NOS In-HouseApplication Authentication Authorization Identity Data Authentication Authorization Identity Data Authentication Authorization Identity Data Authentication Authorization Identity Data Authorization Identity Data Authentication Authorization Identity Data Authentication Authorization Identity Data
  • Slide 27
  • 27 Identity Integration HRSystem InfraApplication Lotus Notes Apps In-HouseApplication COTSApplication StudentAdmin In-HouseApplication Authentication Authorization Identity Data Authentication Authorization Identity Data Authentication Authorization Identity Data Authentication Author

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