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    IETY OF I {




    Volume 4 March 1954


    President's Message, by Katharine Stinson

    Convention Program

    Field Trips

    Abstracts of Convention Papers

    Number 3






    Convention Speakers ............................... 10

    Section News 16

    Current Literature ..............................•.... 19

    New Worlds in Motion, by Lou Corbin

    From the Editorial Desk



    Editorial Staff: Emma Barth, Kay Broughton, Patricia Brown, Elsie Eaves, Lillian Murad, Aileen Murtishaw, Ruth Oldfield, Maxine Re gnier, Doris Schwender.

    Business Manager: Isabelle F. French

    Editorial Review Board: Emma Barth, Elsie Eaves, Rheta K. Latt, Sophia Voskerchian

    Published quarterly by the SOCIETY OF WOMEN ENGINEERS. INC •• 4 Washington Square North. New York 3. New York. All communications should be addressed to we Editor, 406 So. Plymouth Court. Chicago 5. Illinois. Statements and opinions in "the JOURNAL are those of the contributors. and the S OC I E T Y 0 F W 0 MEN ENG I NEE RS assumes no responsibility for them. Subscription $ I .00 per year. Copyrighted 1954 by the SOC IE T Y 0 F W 0 MEN ENGINEERS. INC.



    Some figures on engineers recently released by the U. S. De- partment of Health, Education and Welfare are quite significant and should be of interest to all of us.

    In the academic year ending June 30, 1953,21,612 baccalaureate degrees were awarded to men and 30 to women by the engineering schools having ECPD accredited curricula. (Of the 1953 graduates it is estimated that 12,300 are in ROTC or are draft eligible.) The number of degrees awarded by these same schools this year (end- ing June 30, 1954) will drop to about 17, 000. On the other hand, it is estimated that the Soviet Union will graduate 50,000 engineers.

    Dr. Arthur S. Flemming, director of the Office of Defense Mobilization, in a recent speech urged that more women be en- couraged to study engineering and further stated that the oppor- tunitie s for women are not being called to their attention in a forcible way.

    These facts present a great challenge to us and how well we accomplish our objective--to encourage women to study engineer- ing--not onlywill determine the future of our Society but may affect the fate of the world.

    Kathar.ine Stinson

    The 1953-1954 Membership Directory of the SWE will be available for distribution at the Annual Convention. Members are entitled to one free copy. Additional copies, as well as copies for nonmembers, will cost $1.00. Advance orders for the latter arE! now being accepted by the Publications Director, 382 LeRoy Street. Ferndale 20, Mich. Directories will be mailed in March.

    - 1 -


    "The Woman Engineer in a Peace-time Economyll

    ~arch 5-7, 1954

    ~ayflower Hotel, Washington, D. C.

    Friday, ~arch 5

    8: 00 a. m. to 5: 00 p. m.

    Registration desk will be open.

    8:30 a. m. to 5: 00 p. m. Field trip to U. S. Naval Engineering Experiment Station at Annapolis.

    8: 30 a. m. to 12: 00 a. m.

    Field trip to David ~. Taylor ~odel Basin.

    2: 00 p. m. to 5: 00 p. m.

    Field trip to U. S. National Bureau of Standards.

    No other events are scheduled for the general membership.

    7:30 p.m.

    ~eeting of National Board of Directors.

    Saturday, ~arch 6

    9: 00 a. m. to 6: 00 p. m. Registration desk will be open.

    10:00 a.m. to 12:00 a.m.



    IIRailroading with the Womanl s Viewpointll- Olive W. Dennis, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad

    lIThe Story of anAluminum Pistonll -~. Virginia Sink, Chrys- ler Corporation. - 2 -

  • Saturday, March 6

    10:00 a. m. to 12:00 a. m.


    "More Ways Than One" - Mary L. Murphy, Illinois Bell Telephone Company.

    12:30 p. m. to 2: 00 p. m. - Luncheon

    "Cosmetics is a Woman's Business" - Hazel Bishop, Hazel Bishop Laboratories.

    2:30 p. m. to 4:30 p. m.

    Tools of Industry:

    "The Compiler Technique for Digital Computer Applications" - Dr. Grace M. Hopper, Remington Rand

    "The Electronic Computer--A New Tool for the Mind" ... Dr. Ralph Slutz, National Bureau of Standards

    "Good Technical Manuals; Their Place in our National Economy" - Henry E. Mar schalk, Navy Bureau of Ordnance.

    Appliance Engineering:

    "Woman's Work is Never Done" - Helen E. Smith, Philco . Corporation

    6:30 p.m. to 7:30 p.m. -Reception given by the Washington Section

    7:30 p. m. - Banquet

    Presentation of Awards - Evelyn Jetter, Chairman, Awards Committee

    "The Development of Engineers" - Dr. Allen V. Astin, National Bureau of Standards.

    - 3 -

  • Sunday, March 7

    10:00 a.m. - Brunch

    Open membership meeting.

    2: 00 p. m. Informal sightseeing trips will be conducted by the local sec - tion members for those visitors who are able to remain.



    Member s and Nonmember s


    Meal s (including gr atuitie s)

    Saturday luncheon

    Saturday banquet

    Sunday brunch





    $ 2.00

    $ 1. 00

    $ 4.00

    $ 6.00

    $ 3.30

    $ 6. 00 to $ 16. 50

    $ 12 . 5 0 to $ 18. 5 0

    $13.00 to $19.50

    Reservations and information requests should be addressed to Ethel Levene, 504 Winthrop House, Washington 6, D. C.

    SWE PINS ••• This distinctive emblem of the SWE is available in a gold filled pin with safety catch at $ 1.80 plus postage. Members of SWE SectioIl$ may order their pins by contacting their Section Chairmen. Members-at-Large may order directly from the. Emblem Committee Chairman.

    - 4 -


    U. S. Naval Engineering Experiment Station at Annapolis

    This trip will take the entire day. Transportation leaves the Mayflower at 8:30 a. m. Friday, March 5. Cost of the tour will be $4.15 ($2.50 for transportation, $1.65 for lunch). The tour is open to U. S. citizens only.

    The Engineering Experiment Station is the Navy's oldest lab- oratory dedicated to the solution of the problems connected with the machinery for driving and operating naval vessels. It is divided into seven test laboratories and two projects.

    In addition to the tour of the Station, a visit will be made to the Naval Academy in time to see the meal formation of the Midship- men. Lunch at the Officer's Club will be followed by a tour of the points of interest at the academy with an officer escort.

    David M. Taylor Model Basin

    This trip will take half a day. Transportation leaves the May- flower at 8:30 a. m. Friday, March 5. This tour is open to U. S. citizens only.

    The Model Basin, the largest existing research laboratory of its kind, was established to provide a facility for the Navy and for other Government and private shipbuilders to test their ship designs by the use of scale models. Wind-tunnel facilities are also pro- vided for similar testing of airplane and missile designs. The facilities consist of deep-water and high- speed towing basins; a shallow-water and turning basin; a circulating-water channel; two variable-pressure water tunnels; a large structural laboratory; subsonic, transonic, and supersonic wind tunnels; and a number of smaller but highly important facilities. In addition, there are well equipped machine, woodworking, and wax-molding shops in which the models are made and prepared -for testing. The research, devel- opment, and testing operations are carried out in four laboratories,

    - 5 -

  • descriptively labelled. Hydromechanics, Structural Mechanics, Aer9dynamics, and Applied Mathematics .

    . U. S. National Bur.eau of Standards

    This trip will take three hours. Transportation from the May- flower will be by public conveyance. The tour begins at the NBS at 2:00 p. m. Friday, March 5.

    The NBS plant consists of some seventy buildings, about twenty of which are major ones, set within a sixty-eight-acre park in no.rthwest Washington. Visits will be made to the following labora- tories: Engineering Mechanics, Fire Protection, Electronic Com- puter, Betatron, High Voltage and X-Rays, Low Temperature, Electrical Standards, and Hydraulics. The group will also see a demonstration of the magnetic fluid clutch and a motion picture on Project Tinkertoy.


    "Railroading with the Woman's Viewpoint"

    by Olive W. Dennis

    Many kinds of engineering know-how are needed on a railroad. Mechanical engineering is involved in studies of motive power, in the design of running gear beneath car floors, in the development of heating and ventilating systems. Electrical training is needed in signalling and communications departments, chemical engineer- ing in the testing laboratories, and draftsmen are needed in many areas.

    Railroad engineering positions like these are generally held by men. Women who want to edge in have to show that they have something special to contribute because of their feminine viewpoint which enables them to tackle railroad problems from an angle men do not have.

    - 6 -'.