impact of public awarenss on increasing usage of solar products

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  • 8/8/2019 Impact of Public Awarenss on Increasing Usage of Solar Products

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    IMPACT OF PUBLICIMPACT OF PUBLIC

    AWARENESS ON INCREASINGAWARENESS ON INCREASING

    USAGE OF SOLAR PRODUCTSUSAGE OF SOLAR PRODUCTSSambit MohapatraSambit Mohapatra

    Naresh BhattNaresh Bhatt

    Sunil DasSunil Das

    Sushil SinghSushil SinghMDI GURGAONMDI GURGAON

    SCHOOL OF ENERGY MANAGEMENTSCHOOL OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT

    RESEARCH DESIGN STUDY

    INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY OF SAMBIT MOHAPATRA. DO NOT COPY ORREPORODUCE.

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    OBJECTIVEOBJECTIVE

    TO FIND THE IMPACT OF PUBLICTO FIND THE IMPACT OF PUBLICAWARENESS ON USE OF SOLAR ENERGY.AWARENESS ON USE OF SOLAR ENERGY.

    RESEARCH QUESTIONRESEARCH QUESTION

    WHAT IS THE IMPACT OFWHAT IS THE IMPACT OF

    PUBLIC AWARENESS ON USE OF SOLARPUBLIC AWARENESS ON USE OF SOLARENERGYENERGY

    HYPOTHESISHYPOTHESIS

    NULL: PUBLIC AWARENESS HAS NO IMPACT ONNULL: PUBLIC AWARENESS HAS NO IMPACT ON

    THE USE OF SOLAR PRODUCTSTHE USE OF SOLAR PRODUCTSALTERNATE: PUBLIC AWARENESS INCREASESALTERNATE: PUBLIC AWARENESS INCREASESTHE USAGE OF SOLAR PRODUCTS.THE USAGE OF SOLAR PRODUCTS.

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    RESEARCH DESIGNRESEARCH DESIGN

    ExploratoryExploratory

    QUESTIONSQUESTIONS

    Question 1Question 1 What are the factors responsible forWhat are the factors responsible forincreasing public awareness on Solar Energy ?increasing public awareness on Solar Energy ?

    Question 2Question 2 What factors contribute in increasingWhat factors contribute in increasingthe usage of Solar Energy ?the usage of Solar Energy ?

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    VARIABLES FOR QUESTION 1VARIABLES FOR QUESTION 1

    1 Print & Electronic Media1 Print & Electronic Media 2 Internet2 Internet 3 Educating school & college students as a part of curriculum3 Educating school & college students as a part of curriculum 4 Roadshows/Movies/Documentaries4 Roadshows/Movies/Documentaries 5 Solar Product demonstration and display in localities5 Solar Product demonstration and display in localities 6 Competitions/quizzes on solar energy6 Competitions/quizzes on solar energy

    7 Free distribution of the solar products to under privilaged7 Free distribution of the solar products to under privilaged 8 Using solar energy for all the street lights8 Using solar energy for all the street lights 9 Mandatory use of solar energy in industry for lighting & heating9 Mandatory use of solar energy in industry for lighting & heating

    requirementrequirement 10 Use of solar energy at public places.10 Use of solar energy at public places. 11 Hoardings/Banners displaying potential of solar energy11 Hoardings/Banners displaying potential of solar energy

    12 Organising seminar/Trade fair/Exhibitions on Sloar Energy12 Organising seminar/Trade fair/Exhibitions on Sloar Energy 13 Short term programs/Vocational courses/Workshops for LIG & MIG13 Short term programs/Vocational courses/Workshops for LIG & MIG

    peoplepeople 14 Setting up NGO's and public bodies to educate people14 Setting up NGO's and public bodies to educate people 15 National level action plan on creating public awareness15 National level action plan on creating public awareness 16 Creating employment opportunities by developing SS Enterprises in16 Creating employment opportunities by developing SS Enterprises in

    Solar sectorSolar sector 17 Foreign Collaborations to learn awareness enhancement techniques17 Foreign Collaborations to learn awareness enhancement techniques

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    STEPS WITH ANALYSIS-1STEPS WITH ANALYSIS-1 SAMPLE SPACE 57 respondentsSAMPLE SPACE 57 respondents FIVE POINT LIKERT SCALE WAS USED.FIVE POINT LIKERT SCALE WAS USED. DATA FED INTO SPSS.DATA FED INTO SPSS.

    MEAN EVALUATED.MEAN EVALUATED. MEAN CUTOFF ESTABLISHED AS 3.00.MEAN CUTOFF ESTABLISHED AS 3.00. VARIABLES REMOVED WERE:VARIABLES REMOVED WERE:

    - Competitions/quizzes on solar energy- Competitions/quizzes on solar energy- Short term programs/Vocational courses /Short term programs/Vocational courses /

    Workshops for LIG & MIG people.Workshops for LIG & MIG people.- Foreign Collaborations to learn awarenessForeign Collaborations to learn awareness

    enhancement techniquesenhancement techniques

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    STEPS WITH ANALYSIS-2STEPS WITH ANALYSIS-2

    FACTOR ANALYSIS: Rotated componentFACTOR ANALYSIS: Rotated componentmatrix generated with suppression belowmatrix generated with suppression below

    0.6.0.6. Five Factors were generated and onlyFive Factors were generated and only

    three came out to be reliable. They werethree came out to be reliable. They werenamed:named:

    - V8,V10 & V9 : In Public notice- V8,V10 & V9 : In Public notice

    - V3,V4,V5 & V16 : Solar Education- V3,V4,V5 & V16 : Solar Education

    - V15 & V14 : Policy Initiatives- V15 & V14 : Policy Initiatives

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    STEPS WITH ANALYSIS-3STEPS WITH ANALYSIS-3 GENERATION OF SUPER CONSTRUCTGENERATION OF SUPER CONSTRUCT

    I.E., PUBLIC AWARENESSI.E., PUBLIC AWARENESS REGESSION ANALSIS DONE TO FIND THEREGESSION ANALSIS DONE TO FIND THE

    CONTRIBUTION OF INDIVIDUAL ( 3 NOS. )CONTRIBUTION OF INDIVIDUAL ( 3 NOS. )

    CONSTRUCTS IN THE SUPER CONSTRUCT.CONSTRUCTS IN THE SUPER CONSTRUCT.Public awareness = 0.463 X In Public Notice +Public awareness = 0.463 X In Public Notice +

    0.442 X solar Education. + 0.483 X Policy0.442 X solar Education. + 0.483 X Policy

    Initiatives + 1.309x10Initiatives + 1.309x10-8-8

    +2.426x10+2.426x10-16-16

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    VARIABLES FOR QUESTION 2VARIABLES FOR QUESTION 2 1 Interest free loan to farmers for procuring solar equipments1 Interest free loan to farmers for procuring solar equipments 2 giving subsidies to industries for solar energy implemention2 giving subsidies to industries for solar energy implemention 3 A law, abiding industries to generate certain amount of renewable energy 4 Stricter norms3 A law, abiding industries to generate certain amount of renewable energy 4 Stricter norms

    for industries to regulate CO2 Emissionsfor industries to regulate CO2 Emissions

    5 No free power to farmers5 No free power to farmers 6 Minimal Maintenance and repairs requirement for Solar Products(lighting and heating)6 Minimal Maintenance and repairs requirement for Solar Products(lighting and heating) 7 Ease of use for Solar Products7 Ease of use for Solar Products 8 Negligible Risk in using Solar Products(Shocks / injury)8 Negligible Risk in using Solar Products(Shocks / injury) 9 payback period for Solar Products is fast9 payback period for Solar Products is fast 10 The Solar Products and Solar energy will last for ever10 The Solar Products and Solar energy will last for ever 11 Monetary benefits are possible under CDM scheme11 Monetary benefits are possible under CDM scheme

    12 You become an environmentally sensitive consumer of energy12 You become an environmentally sensitive consumer of energy 13 Country's / state's energy policy13 Country's / state's energy policy 14 Reducing the costs of Solar products14 Reducing the costs of Solar products 15 By ensuring prompt availability of solar products15 By ensuring prompt availability of solar products 16 Townships/housing complexes are coming up in remote locations16 Townships/housing complexes are coming up in remote locations 17 political motivation17 political motivation 18 Pumping funds on R & D for improving solar product's efficiency18 Pumping funds on R & D for improving solar product's efficiency

    19 Facilitating technology trasnfer from Developed Nations19 Facilitating technology trasnfer from Developed Nations 20 Training and skill upgradation of selected people to serve the Solar energy Market20 Training and skill upgradation of selected people to serve the Solar energy Market 21 Government giving wasteland to setup Solar plants21 Government giving wasteland to setup Solar plants 22 Conventional fuel consumtion will be reduced22 Conventional fuel consumtion will be reduced 23 Inflow of Foreign funds23 Inflow of Foreign funds 24 Releif against increased power cuts24 Releif against increased power cuts 25 Conventional power is getting costlier day by day25 Conventional power is getting costlier day by day

    26 Option to choose between grid/solar power (TOD metering Scheme)26 Option to choose between grid/solar power (TOD metering Scheme) 27 Ability to sell power27 Ability to sell power

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    STEPS WITH ANALYSIS-1STEPS WITH ANALYSIS-1 SAMPLE SPACE 57 respondentsSAMPLE SPACE 57 respondents

    FIVE POINT LIKERT SCALE WAS USED.FIVE POINT LIKERT SCALE WAS USED. DATA FED INTO SPSS SOFTWARE.DATA FED INTO SPSS SOFTWARE.

    MEAN EVALUATED.MEAN EVALUATED.

    MEAN CUTOFF ESTABLISHED AS 3.00.MEAN CUTOFF ESTABLISHED AS 3.00.

    VARIABLE REMOVED WAS:VARIABLE REMOVED WAS:

    -No free power to farmers-No free power to farmers

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    STEPS WITH ANALYSIS-2STEPS WITH ANALYSIS-2 FACTOR ANALYSISFACTOR ANALYSIS: Rotated component: Rotated component

    matrix generated with suppression below 0.6.matrix generated with suppression below 0.6. Nine Factors were generated :Nine Factors were generated :

    Two nos. of single variable factors-removedTwo nos. of single variable factors-removed

    One negative factor- Transformed.One negative factor- Transformed.

    Reliability Checked -Reliability Checked -

    Five Factors generated and namedFive Factors generated and named- V2,V1 Solar Incentive- V2,V1 Solar Incentive

    - V11,V10 Solar Economies- V11,V10 Solar Economies- V24 ,V20 & V16 Solar Availability & Reliability- V24 ,V20 & V16 Solar Availability & Reliability

    - V7, V6 - Ease in opern and maint.- V7, V6 - Ease in opern and maint.

    - V12, V15 Solar Product versatility- V12, V15 Solar Product versatility

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    STEPS WITH ANALYSIS-3STEPS WITH ANALYSIS-3 GENERATION OF SUPER CONSTRUCTGENERATION OF SUPER CONSTRUCT

    I.E., Increased Usage of Solar Products I.E., Increased Usage of Solar Products REGESSION ANALSIS DONE TO FIND THEREGESSION ANALSIS DONE TO FIND THE

    CONTRIBUTION OF INDIVIDUAL ( 5 NOS. )CONTRIBUTION OF INDIVIDUAL ( 5 NOS. )

    CONSTRUCTS IN THE SUPER CONSTRUCT.CONSTRUCTS IN THE SUPER CONSTRUCT.

    Increased Usage of Solar Products = 0.429 X Solar Incentive + 0.385 X solarIncreased Usage of Solar Products = 0.429 X Solar Incentive + 0.385 X solar

    Economies. + 0.340 X Solar Availability and reliability + 0.393 X Ease inEconomies. + 0.340 X Solar Availability and reliability + 0.393 X Ease in

    operation and + 0.396 X Solar product Versatility - 9.790x10operation and + 0.396 X Solar product Versatility - 9.790x10-16-16

    C O C SS O

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    IMPACT OF PUBLIC AWARENESS ONIMPACT OF PUBLIC AWARENESS ON

    INCREASING USAGE OF SOLAR POWERINCREASING USAGE OF SOLAR POWER

    Regression done taking each factor ofRegression done taking each factor of

    Usage of solar power as dependant wrtUsage of solar power as dependant wrtfactors of Impact of Public awareness asfactors of Impact of Public awareness as

    independent.independent.

    Significance checkedSignificance checkedFound no significance i.e public awarenessFound no significance i.e public awareness

    does not contribute to increased usage ofdoes not contribute to increased usage of

    solar products.solar products.

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    POSSIBLE REASONSPOSSIBLE REASONS

    IMPROPER SELECTION OF SAMPLEIMPROPER SELECTION OF SAMPLE

    IMPROPER PERCEPTION OF SAMPLESIMPROPER PERCEPTION OF SAMPLES

    AMBIGUITY IN THE VARIABLES TO THEAMBIGUITY IN THE VARIABLES TO THE

    RESPONDENTS.RESPONDENTS.

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    INFERENCEINFERENCE The null hypothesis was proved. We were not able toThe null hypothesis was proved. We were not able to

    establish a correlation between increased publicestablish a correlation between increased public

    awareness and Increased usage of Solar Productsawareness and Increased usage of Solar Products It can also be inferred that creating / increasing publicIt can also be inferred that creating / increasing public

    awareness will not bring about an increased usage forawareness will not bring about an increased usage forsolar products. Other factors would play a dominant rolesolar products. Other factors would play a dominant roleas Incentives, Policy changes, Environmental norms etc.as Incentives, Policy changes, Environmental norms etc.

    We were able to evaluate the contributions made byWe were able to evaluate the contributions made byindividual factors to increased public awareness andindividual factors to increased public awareness andIncreased usage of Solar Products.Increased usage of Solar Products.

    Prominent Factors contributing to public awareness-Prominent Factors contributing to public awareness-

    Policy initiatives.Policy initiatives. Prominent Factors contributing to increased usage Prominent Factors contributing to increased usage

    Solar Incentive.Solar Incentive.

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    SAMPLE SPACESAMPLE SPACE

    Energy Management Participants MDIEnergy Management Participants MDI

    Public policy Participants MDIPublic policy Participants MDI

    PGPM Participants MDIPGPM Participants MDI

    NMP PARTICIPANTS MDINMP PARTICIPANTS MDI

    Selected Power IndustriesSelected Power Industries

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    THANK YOUTHANK YOU