imperial china (589-1368 ad). the sui dynasty (519-618 ad) sui wen-ti (dies 605 ad): founder,...

Download Imperial China (589-1368 AD). The Sui Dynasty (519-618 AD) Sui Wen-ti (dies 605 AD): Founder, Chinese-Turkic General Yang-ti (605-618 AD) –Restores Confucianism

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  • Slide 1
  • Imperial China (589-1368 AD)
  • Slide 2
  • The Sui Dynasty (519-618 AD) Sui Wen-ti (dies 605 AD): Founder, Chinese-Turkic General Yang-ti (605-618 AD) Restores Confucianism Loses Nomad Support Defeat by Nomads and Korea Peasants and Generals Rise
  • Slide 3
  • Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD)
  • Slide 4
  • Centralized Government: Military Affairs, Censorate, Council of State Centralized Land: Emperor owns all land; land users owe labor and grain taxes. Nobles embezzle land Confucian system but Noble dominance
  • Slide 5
  • Wu Zhao (626-ca 706 AD)
  • Slide 6
  • Originally a concubine to Emperor Taizong Then marries his heir, Emperor Gaozong (649-683 AD) He has a stroke (660 AD); she takes over Emperor Ruizong (683-90)--Her Son, she Rules Over Him Founds own Zhou dynasty after she tires of him, rules in own name (690-705 AD)
  • Slide 7
  • Emperor Xuan Zong (713-756 AD) Census + Canal Rules from Changan 30 square miles over 1 million people Largest city on Earth in 8th century
  • Slide 8
  • Tang Imperialism War on Nomads Nomad vs. Nomad Defensive Fortifications Tributary States Absorbed Chinese Culture Country collapses in last decades due to warlords
  • Slide 9
  • Tang Culture Secular vs. Buddhists Golden Age of Buddhism / Tiantai Sect Maitreya Devotion--Buddha of Future Pure Land Buddhism Zen Buddhism Secular Confucian Scholars Li Bo (701-762 AD): BEER!!!!! Du Fu (712-770 AD): Life = PAIN
  • Slide 10
  • The Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD)
  • Slide 11
  • Song Dynasty Agricultural Revolution Aristocrats in Decline New Methods and Crops Better Rice Fertilizers Tea and Cotton Rise of District Magistrates Rise of Scholar Gentry
  • Slide 12
  • Commercial Revolution of the Song Emergence of the Yangzi Basin New Technologies: Coal and Iron-Smelting Printing with Carved Blocks and Seals Abacus Gunpowder Textiles Porcelains
  • Slide 13
  • Commercial Revolution of the Song Rise of Money (copper and Silver) Rising Trade Vastly Growing Cities Trade is Regional, some international
  • Slide 14
  • Aristocracy to Autocracy Growing Central Power Triple Tang Revenues Aristocracy Fading Rising Examination System Rising Scholar Gentry
  • Slide 15
  • Song Culture Philosophy: Zhu Xi (1130-1200 AD) and Neo- Confucianism Poetry Su Dungpo (1037-1101): Poet and Official 2700 Poems, 800 Letters Tang and Lyric styles Painting and Calligraphy; No Room For Error
  • Slide 16
  • The Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368 AD)
  • Slide 17
  • The Mongol World Empire (13th-14th Century AD) Mongols = 3.5 million Horse Nomad Polytheists Temujin -- Genghis Khan (1167-1227 AD) Unites Mongol Tribes Organizes by 10 / 100 / 1000 Recruits Specialists From Conquests Religiously Tolerant
  • Slide 18
  • The Khanates Empire of the Great Khan - gedei Khan Mongol homeland (present day Mongolia, including Karakorum) - Tolui Khan Chagatai Khanate - Chagatai Khan, (Central Asia and northern Iran) Khanate of the Golden Horde (Russian Steppes)
  • Slide 19
  • Mongol Rule in China Beijing -- 1227 AD 1241--North all taken Kublai Khan (1260-1294 AD) 1271--Yuan Dynasty Proclaimed Bureaucracy or Horse Pasture? 400,000 Mongols in China Mongols form upper ruling class
  • Slide 20
  • Foreign Contacts and China Mongols are Cosmopolitan Marco Polo?: Il Milione / The Travels of Marco Polo Religious Contacts Conservatism of the Chinese Yuan Era Opera and Drama
  • Slide 21
  • Fall of the Yuan Regencies, Child Emperors and Weak Emperors 10 Emperors in 1294-1368 Ukhaatu Khan Flees: 1368 AD

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