implications for educational policy alternate routes to teacher certification

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  • Implications for Educational PolicyAlternate Routes To Teacher Certification

  • Policy Implications ExerciseThe 2012 reauthorization of the No Child Left Behind legislation requires 100% of the teachers to meet the highly qualified criteria. The Virginia General Assembly has introduced a bill mandating that School Divisions only hire teachers that are licensed through accredited post-secondary university programs. As the superintended of a medium sized school division, you are asked to make your case before the education subcommittee. List 2-3 policy implications you will be making in front of the committee____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________

  • Teacher Shortages

    High Need Areas (SPED, MATH, Science)

    66% of All School Districts

    High Need Areas Difficult To Staff

  • Explanation of ShortagesDifficult Work Environments (Urban Areas)Low starting salariesMass Retirements (Baby Boomers)New Teacher Attrition/TurnoverClass Size ReductionLicensure Requirements

  • Alternative Teacher Certification ProgramsIntend to increase pool of qualified teachersFor Non-Education College MajorsCast a wider netNCLB provides monetary incentives to states to establish ATCPsTake advantage of existing content knowledge of candidates

  • ImplementationAdministered by:UniversitiesCommunity CollegesSchool DivisionsGovernmental Agencies (DOD)Program instructional time varies between 75-794 hours.Student teaching requirements vary 10-21 weeks

  • National and State Alternate Teacher Certification Programs


  • Policies and Programs1999 VA SJR No.384 calls for alternative teacher certification program40 states have themTeacher shortages across the stateStudy other states (New Jersey and Texas)Leads to:VA Career SwitchersPathways to TeachingTroops to TeachersTransition to Teaching

  • Teach for America (TFT)Aims to end educational injustice by placing college grads from most selective universities to staff shortages in most difficult K-12 environments33 Regions throughout the US7,400 placements for 2009-2010 school yearFunded by 2008 Higher Ed ActHigher than average teacher performanceProgram completion = job placement or graduate scholarships

  • VA Career SwitcherMilitary Personnel, 5yr work experience (2001) Qualifications4 year degree from accredited universityPassing PRAXIS scores150 hours instruction in classroom management, instructional strategies, and human development theoriesMentorship20 Hr Additional Training

  • Transition to Teaching (T2T)Federally Funded, State AdministeredCollaboration between Local University and School DistrictHigh Need Area Schools/Subjects - >30% SESEducation Paraprofessionals and Recent College GraduatesProgram ProvidesSummer TrainingPaid TuitionUniversity Classroom SupportJob Placement 3yr Contract$5,000 Stipend

  • Troops to Teachers (TTT)Program RequirementsHonorably discharges Retirees, 10yr Service4-yr degree from accredited university in content areaTeach in high poverty rate >20%SES = $5,000 Bonus, >50%SES =$10,000 BonusSPED, Math, Science PrioritiesUS Dep't funded through DODDOD administered - Offices in 50 States - ODU

  • Pathways to TeachingBased on NJ and Texas programsProgram goals: increase quantity of minority and male teachers and quality of instructionProgram Requirements60 Semester Hours2.3
  • Highly QualifiedFull State Teaching Certification OR Passed Teach License Exam and is License to teach ANDNo Licensure under provisional, emergency, or temporary status ANDBatchelor Degree Minimum ANDSubject Matter Competency (PRAXIS II) AND


  • CaveatsACTP less prepared Student Achievement ImpactPedagogyAttrition of ACTPMathematica Study No statistical difference between traditionally and alternatively certified teachersTFA teachers student EOC better than traditionally certified teacher in Reading and MathTFA Classroom Management Negative Correlation

  • Caveats ContinuedLower student achievement for Middle School MathematicsOver reliance on textbooks and canned materialsLower teacher retention for some ATCP optionsSome ATCPs require as much college preparation as traditional certification programs.

  • ATCP Legislative Review: VA HB 506 introduced by Rep. Phil Hamilton, this bill would expand the Virginia Teaching Scholarship Loan Program leading to an endorsement in career and technical educationVA SJ 55 2008 establishes joint subcommittee to study teacher shortage in the Commonwealth; examines programs such as Teach for America, identifies barriers to teaching as a career choice and seeks to find possible solutions. VA SJ 384 1999 Resolution calling alternative teacher certification programsNC S803 offers teacher certification programs on military bases, probably as an incentive to lure former soldiers into teaching.NC S868 act directing the State Board of Ed to remove barriers to the lateral entry of skilled individuals from the private sector into the teaching profession.

  • Political ConsiderationsNCLB Highly Qualified Requirement / AccountabilityBachelor's DegreeActive teaching CertificatePass PRAXIS IIHOUSSE High Objective and Uniform State Standard of Evaluation Mandated Federal Standards Measuring Teacher CompetencyNEA Will ATC teachers dilute their power baseHigher Education Competition with existing teacher prep programsCNU Teaching Program EliminationHampton's First Steps Program

  • ConclusionsPolicy Cycle ATCP No Policy EvaluationImpact of NCLB on teacher licensurePolicy Decisions Ignores the Free MarketImpact of Current Economic Cycle on ATCPATCP Result of Govnt Distributive Approach to fixing the problem of teacher shortageNCLB Regulatory Approach v. Federal and State Distributive Approach

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