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  • A STATISTICAL PROFILE 1

    INDIAN COOPERATIVE MOVEMENT

    A STATISTICAL PROFILE - 2016

  • INDIAN COOPERATIVE MOVEMENT2

    Compiled , Designed & Edited by

    Badrul Hasan Consultant, National Cooperative Union of India

    Santosh Kumar Sharma Honorary Consultant, National Cooperative Union of India

    Supported by

    R.C. Pandey National Cooperative Union of India

    Published by

    National Cooperative Union of India 3, Siri Institutional Area, August Kranti Marg, New Delhi-110 016 Website : www.ncui.coop E-mail : ncuidel@ndb.vsnl.net.in

    XIVth Edition November, 2016

    @ All rights reserved

    Chief Patron N. Satyanarayana Chief Executive, NCUI

  • The Government of India, immediately after independence, realising the important role cooperatives can play in the development of national economy, recognised them as a third economic sector. They were charged with the responsibility for taking care, the needs and aspirations of rural India with special emphasis on uplifting small and marginal farmers as well as weaker section of the society.

    The support received from our planners helped the cooperatives grow and play a very pivotal role in almost all sectors of Indian economy with special emphasis on agriculture and allied activities. The mere size of cooperative societies which is over 8.33 lakhs covering almost the entire population of the country speaks highly of the relevance of cooperatives in Indian developmental scenario.

    India is now poised for second green revolution in which cooperatives are bound to play a dominant role in its success. With the advent of economic reforms in the country they need to gear up professionally and technically to face the challenges of competitiveness.

    It is a well established fact that cooperatives have proven themselves time and again whenever the country has passed through difficult times of shortages, lack of supplies and other economic upheavals. The government of India needs to lay a renewed emphasis for the growth of cooperatives as was available till the 8th plan period.

    Statistics is a very important tool in the hands of planners, this aspect of cooperatives is being well taken care of by National Cooperative Union of India. NCUI is from time to time coming out with the publication of Statistical Profile containing information not only on cooperatives but also incorporating in it various aspects of Indian economy as also of important countries in the world.

    I am sure the present addition which is 14th in the series of "Indian Cooperative Movement - A Statistical Profile 2016" will be well received by the readers and shall be of immense value to co-operators, research scholars and planners.

    I convey my heartfelt thanks to Shri N. Satyanarayana, Chief Executive, NCUI and his team for bringing out this much awaited publication.

    Dr. Chandra Pal Singh President, NCUI

  • It is my privilege to present the 14th edition of "Indian Cooperative Movement - A Statistical Profile 2016". The profile has not only been updated but has also incorporated detailed analysis of credit & non-credit sectors of cooperative economy as also different parameters of Indian economy with special emphasis on agriculture & allied sectors. Further. it also contains India's position with respect to SAARC and G 20 Nations. I am sure that the publication will help academicians and planners in framing policies. It also contains ample information for students of cooperation and professionals for their research & other academic use and will benefit those professionals who have interest in Indian economy vis a vis international scenario.

    I take this opportunity to thank all member organizations. concerned ministries, NABARD. NCDC. Department of Cooperation of respective State governments, officials of Institute

    of Cooperative Management and Sate Cooperative Unions for their cooperation in timely furnishing the sought for information, enabling NCUI to prepare this profile in record time.

    I am highly indebted to Dr. Chandra Pal Singh. President, NCUI for his unstinted support and guidance without which compiling of the present edition of the profile would not have been possible.

    I shall be failing in my duty if I do not convey my gratitude to S/Shri Badrul Hasan, former Executive Director NCDC & Consultant NCUI and Santosh Kumar Sharma, Ex Director NCDC & Honorary consultant NCUI for their valuable contribution in bringing out this profile within a short span of five months. I am also thankful to Shri R.C Pandey, Data Entry Operator for his contribution in compiling and analysing the data collected from different sources. My thanks are also to all the employees of NCUI who participated in successfully bringing out this publication.

    I shall be awaiting comments and suggestions of the readers for making this profile more meaningful in its future editions.

    N. Satyanarayana Chief Executive, NCUI

  • A STATISTICAL PROFILE 7

    Glimpses of India ........................................................................................ 9

    Indian Cooperatives: Progress and Developmental Trends ........................ 43

    Organisational Structure, Functions & Progress of National Level Cooperative Federations ........................................................................... 89

    Indian Members of International Cooperative Alliance ............................. 119

    Overview of International Scenario vis a vis India .................................... 123

    Bibliography ........................................................................................... 152

    Abbreviations ......................................................................................... 153

    C O N T E N T S

  • Glimpses of India

  • A STATISTICAL PROFILE 11

    2001 CENSUS 2011 CENSUS

    Population 1,02,87,37,436 1,21,05,69,573

    Composition of Population (in Millions)

    (a) Male 532.223 (51.74%) 623.121 (51.47%)

    (b) Female 496.514 (48.26%) 587.447 (48.53%)

    Child Population Age Group (0-6) 163.819 (15.9%) 164.478 (13.58%)

    (a) Male child Population age group (0-6) 84.999 (51.89%) 85.732 (52.12%)

    (b) Female child Population age group (0-6) 78.820 (48.11%) 78.746 (47.88%)

    Scheduled Caste Population to Total Population 166.635 (16.2%) 201.38 (16.635%)

    Scheduled Tribe Population to Total Population 84.326 (8.2%) 104.28 (8.614%)

    Rural Population to Total Population 742.490 (72.2%) 833.463 (68.85%)

    Urban Population to Total Population 286.119 (27.8%) 377.106 (31.15%)

    Population Density (Persons per square kilometer) 325 382

    Sex Ratio (females per 1000 males) 933 943

    (a) Rural Sex Ratio (females per 1000 males) 946 949

    (b) Urban Sex Ratio (females per 1000 males) 900 929

    Total Workers (in Million) 402.512 (39.1%) 481.74 (39.8%)

    Agricultural Work Force (million) 235.076 (58.4%) 263.02 (54.6%)

    a) Cultivators 127.628 (54.4%) 118.69 (45.1%)

    b) Agricultural Labourers 107.447 (45.6%) 144.33 (54.9%)

    Other Workers (incl. Household Industry Workers) 167.436 (41.6%) 218.72 (45.4%)

    Rural Workers to Total Workers 310.655 (77.18%) 348.59 (72.4%)

    Urban Workers to Total Workers 91.857 (22.82%) 133.15 (27.6%)

    Male Workers to Total Workers 275.463 (68.44%) 331.86 (68.9%)

    Female Workers to Total Workers 127.048 (31.56%) 149.88 (31.1%)

    INDIA AT A GLANCE

  • INDIAN COOPERATIVE MOVEMENT12

    2000-01 2011-12

    Geographical Area (Total) - in Million hectare 328.73 328.73

    Land Utilization Area 305.19 305.81

    Gross Cropped Area 185.34 195.25

    Of which Irrigated Area (gross) 76.19 91.53

    Area under Forest 69.53 70.02

    No of Villages Year Year

    Total Number of Villages 2001 638588 2011 640930

    Total Number of Towns 2001 5161 2011 7933

    Total District 2001 593 2012 651

    Total Sub-District 2001 5463 2011 5924

    Total Number of Households (in Millions) 2001 191.96 2011 330.84

    (a) Rural Households (in Millions) 2001 138.27 2011 220.7

    (b) Urban Households (in Millions) 2001 53.69 2011 110.14

    Population below Poverty Line 2009 29.8% 2011 21.9%

    (a) Rural Population 2009 33.8% 2011 25.7%

    (b) Urban Population 2009 20.9% 2011 13.7%

    No. of Regd. Allopathic Doctors 2010 827006 2014 938861

    No. of Regd. Dental Doctors 2010 114047 2014 154436

    No of Registered Doctors under Ayush Systems 2010 785185 2014 736538

    Total no of medical colleges 2010 300 2014 398

    Total number of seats 2010 34084 2014 46456

    Total no of Dentals colleges 2010 290 2015 305

    Total no of seats 2010 23800 2015 26240

    Total no of Pharmacy colleges 2010 608 2015 723

    Total no of seats 2010 36115 2014 43300

    Total number of licensed blood banks 2015 2517 2015 2760

    Total Fertility Rate (Per Woman) 2008