ingilizce t¼rk§e

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  • 1.
    • TO KIZ TEKNK VE MESLEK LSES
  • ngilizce Program
  • BEYOLU-STANBUL
  • http://www.beyogluitoamlvetml.k12.tr

2. NGLZCE ALFABES

  • A b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z

3.

  • PRATK NGLZCE REHBER
  • HOW ARE YOU - NASILSINIZ?
  • HOW DO YOU DO?-NASILSINIZ?
  • WHERE ARE YOU FROM-NERELSNZ?
  • HOW OLD ARE YOU?-KA YAINDASINIZ?
  • WHAT TIME IS IT?-SAAT KA?
  • HOW MUCH IS IT?-ONUN FYATI NEDR?
  • WHAT IS THE MATTER?-SORUN NE?
  • WELCOME-HOGELDNZ
  • GOOD BYE -GLE GLE
  • WHERE ARE YOU?-NEREDESNZ?
  • THANK YOU -TEEKKR EDERM

4. Soru kelimeleri

  • Where-Nerede
  • What-Ne
  • Why-Niin
  • Who-Kim
  • Whose-Kimin
  • How-Nasl
  • Which-Hangisi

5. NOUNS-SMLER

  • TEKL SMLER-SINGULAR NOUNS
  • OUL SMLER-PLURAL NOUNS
  • NGLZCEDE S, TAKISI GETRLEREK TEKL SM OULA DNR. FAKAT BAZI STSNALAR VARDIR.

6. Singular-plural

  • Book-books zoo-zoos
  • Table-tables dog-dogs
  • Pen-pencils cat-cats
  • Baby-babies computer-computers
  • Woman-womennotebook-notebooks
  • Child-children
  • Not:saryla yazlanlarkuralsz oullararnektir.

7. K ZAMRLERPOSSESIVE PERSONAL PRONOUNSADJECTIVES

  • I-BEN
  • YOU-SEN
  • HE/SHE/IT-O
  • WE-BZ
  • YOU-SZ
  • THEY-ONLAR
  • MY-BENM
  • YOUR-SENN
  • HIS/HER/ITS-ONUN
  • OUR-BZM
  • YOUR-SZN
  • THER-ONLARIN

8. NESNE ZAMRLER (OBJECTPRONOUNS)

  • ME-BEN,BANA
  • YOU-SEN,SANA
  • HIM/HER/IT-ONU,ONA
  • US-BZE,BZ
  • YOU-SZ,SZE
  • THEM-ONLARI,ONLARA

9. REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS

  • MYSELF
  • YOURSELF
  • HIMSELF/HERSELF/ITSELF
  • OURSELVES
  • YOURSELVES
  • THEMSELVES
  • zne ve nesne ayn kii olduu zaman kullanlr.
  • rnek:
  • I saw myself in the mirror. (Kendimi aynada grdm)
  • You saw yourself.
  • She saw herself
  • He saw himself
  • It saw itself
  • We saw ourselves
  • You saw yourselves
  • They saw themselves

10.

  • Possessive pronounsPossessive Adjectives
  • Mine My
  • Yours Your
  • Hers Her
  • His His
  • - Its
  • Ours Our
  • Yours Your
  • Theirs Their
  • Bir nesnenin birisine ait olduunu anlatmak iin kullanrz.
  • rnein,
  • Bu araba benimdir demek istersek
  • 1. This car ismineya da
  • 1.This ismycar.
  • Aadakileri siz yapnz. (Yeille yazlanlar arasnda seim yapnz.)
  • 1. Children should obeyhis, theirparents.
  • 2. Excuse me. Is thismy, minedictionary oryour, yours
  • Kural: Eer isimden nce geliyorsa, possessive adjective aksi takdirde possessive pronoun
  • Kullanrz.

11. Basit sorular ve cevaplar

  • What is your name?
  • My name is Ahmet
  • What time is it?
  • It is two oclock
  • How much is it?
  • It is five YTL.
  • Where do you live?
  • I live in Beyoglu

12. SAATLERN ANLATILMASI

  • TAM SAATLER SYLERKEN RNEN SAAT 2.OO, SAAT 12.00 .... YLE DERZ.
  • IT IS TWO OCLOCK, IT IS TWELVE 0CLOCK. U DA DORUDUR. IT IS TWO YA DA IT IS TWELVE.
  • PEK 12 Y 5 GEYOR DEMEK STERSEK
  • KURAL UDUR. IT IS FIVE PAST TWELVE
  • PAST-GEYOR DEMEK.
  • 12 YE 5 VAR DERMEK STERSEK TO KULLANACAIZ. IT IS FIVE TO TWELVE.

13. RNEK SAAT ALITIRMALARI

  • 7.30-IT IS HALF PAST SEVEN
  • 7.20-IT IS TWENTY (MINUTES) PAST SEVEN
  • 7.45 IT IS FORTY FIVE PAST SEVEN
  • YA DA IT IS FIFTEEN TO EIGHT
  • 5.OO P.M DENLDNDE NE ANLARIZ?
  • P.M SAAT 12.00-24.00 ARASINI ANLATMAK
  • N KULLANILIR. 5.00 P.M DEMEK 17.00

14. ADJECTIVES (SIFATLAR)

  • RNEK SIFATLAR
  • EXPENSIVE-PAHALILIGHT-HAFF
  • BEAUTIFUL-GZELLAZY-TEMBEL
  • UGLY-RKNCROWDED-KALABALIK
  • CHEAP-UCUZEXPENSIVE-PAHALI

15. RNEK (Alt izili kelimeler sfattr)

  • Istanbul is abigcity
  • Ankara is abeautifulcity
  • He is a veryfatman
  • Mercedes is a veryexpensivecar.
  • The students are veryhappy.

16. Comparison (Karlatrma)

  • ngilizcede iki nesneyi birbiriyle karlatrmak istediimizde aadaki cmleye dikkat edelim.
  • Istanbul is bigger than Ankara. Big sfatnn sonuna er eki geldi. Karlatrma yaparken than kullanldn grnz.
  • He is older than me. (Old-older)
  • Fakat Istanbul Ankaradan kalabalk demek istersek, Istanbul is morecrowdedthan Ankara.
  • Sfat birden fazla heceliyse more kelimesi sfatn nne gelir. BMW Renault marka arabadan pahal demek istersek
  • BMW is moreexpensivethan Renault.

17. SUPERLATIVE

  • Bir nesnenin en st deerde olduunu belirtmek istersek, yle bir yap kullanacaz.
  • O snfn en uzun boylu rencisidir.
  • He isthe talleststudent of the class.
  • Tall-tallest olarak deiir ve nne the taksn alr. Eer sfat bir heceliden fazla ise rnein expensive-the most expensive,
  • Crowded-the most crowded
  • Istanbul isthe most crowdedcity of Turkey.
  • Most kelimesinin sfattan nce kullanldna dikkat ediniz.

18. Adverbs-zarflar

  • Zarflar bir iin nasl yapldn anlatan kelimelerdir.
  • Examples
  • Quickly-hzlcaGenel kural sfatn sonuna
  • Slowly-yavaa-ly taksnn getirlmesidir.
  • Suddenly-anidenBazenayn kelime sfatve zarf olabilmektedir.

19. rnekler

  • he drivescarefully
  • They will leavetomorrow
  • Hesometimesgoes fishing at the weekend
  • She is verypolite
  • Your bag ishere
  • Yukardaki cmlelerde alt izili kelimelerin zarf olduuna dikkat ediniz.

20. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE MDK ZAMAN

  • U AN DEVAM ETMEKTE OLAN BR ANLATMAK N KULLANILIR.
  • YRYORUM, ALIIYORUM, OKUYORUM GB.
  • RNEKLER
  • 1. I AM WALKING
  • 2. THEY ARE RUNNING

21. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

  • KULLANDIIMIZ YARDIMCI FLLER
  • (IS, ARE).
  • FLLERN SONUNA ING EKN GETRDMZE DKKAT EDNZ.
  • EAT EATING
  • WALKWALKING. FLN SON
  • SMILE SMILINGHARF E SE
  • RUN RUNNINGE DMEKTEDR.

22. PRESENT CONTINUOUS OLUMLU

  • I AM RUNNING
  • YOU ARE RUNNING
  • HE/SHE/IT IS RUNNING
  • WE ARE RUNNING
  • YOU ARE RUNNING
  • THEY ARE RUNNING
  • RUNRUNNING (n HARFNN TEKRARLANDIINI GRNZ.)

23. PRESENT CONTINUOUS OLUMSUZ CMLE

  • I AM NOT STUDYING
  • YOU ARE NOT STUDYING
  • HE/SHE/(IT) IS NOT STUDYING
  • WE ARE NOT STUDYING
  • YOU ARE NOT STUDYING
  • THEY ARE NOT STUDYING

24. PRESENT CONTINUOUS SORU

  • AM I STUDYING?
  • ARE YOU STUDYING?
  • IS HE/SHE STUDYING?
  • ARE WE STUDYING?
  • ARE YOU STUDYING?
  • ARE THEY STUDYING?
  • BU SORULARA YES/NO LE BALAYAN CEVAPLAR VERLR.

25. PRESENT CONTINUOUS SORULAR

  • 1. WHAT ARE YOU DOING NOW?
  • 2. WHO IS MAKING THAT NOISE?....
  • I AM STUDYING. 1. sorunun cevabdr.

26. Aadaki altrmalar yapnz.

  • 1. Saat 12 yi 25 geiyor.
  • 2. 4e 5 var.
  • 3. Turkiyenin en pahal ehri istanbuldur.
  • 4. Ali ok hzl yrr.
  • 5. Ahmet ok yavatr.
  • 6. Kitab bana ver.

27. Emir cmleleri

  • Ayaa kalk, Otur, Ev devini yap gibi emir verdiimiz cmleler EMR CMLELERDR.
  • (ORDER SENTENCES)
  • Examples
  • 1.Sit down -oturDikkat ettiyseniz fiilin 2.Stand up ayaa kalkyaln hali kullanlyor.
  • 3. Give me your book-kitabn bana ver.

28. Verbs - fiiller

  • Fiiller cmlenin temel elerindendir.
  • ngilizcede farkl zamanlarda fiilin ald biim deimekted

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