intercultural communication competence


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  1. 1. It means that CULTURE is passed onvia COMMUNICATION & COMMUNICATION reflects ones CULTURE. Cultureis communication andcommunicationis culture (Hall:1976) Culture& Communication are Interrelated (Martin&Nakayama: 2010)
  2. 2. Everything that can be saidin one languagecannot be saidin another Meanings are not directly translatable. Culturalaspects influence communication(Dadfar,H:2001) Level of Formality Level of directness and explicitness Level of showing emotion Level of context
  3. 3. In America, people shakehands and even hug each other. But in India we just join hands to say NAMASKAR. How If An American talks to An Indian?
  4. 4. DefinitionofInterculturalCommunication Benefitsof StudyingICC Obstaclesin InterculturalCommunication Contextualizationin ICC Ideologyin InterculturalCommunication TeachingImplementation
  5. 5. Intercultural Communication is the communication among those people who have so different cultural references that they perceive themselves as pertainingtodifferentcultures.(Alsina:1999:12) The EssencesofIntercultural Communicationare Understanding,Making understood, Persuadingand Influencing(UMPI). (Dadfar,H:2001)
  6. 6. the effectivecommunication from . communicationbetween members of the Cross-cultural Communication- implies a comparison of and contrast betweenparticular aspects of communicationbetween cultures (Dadfar,H:2001)
  7. 7. improving verbal and nonverbal communication; becoming better in recognizing and undertaking communication behavior in various contexts; betteradaptationto a new environment; betterunderstandingof ones own culture learning about customs and habitual behaviors of members of other cultures.
  8. 8. Novinger, Tracy:2001) Verbal Processes Accent Cadence (Rhythm) Connotation Idiom Polite Usage Nonverbal Processes Kinesics(BodyMotionCommunication) Emblems(Gesture) Eye Contact FacialExpression Touch Posture Directness
  9. 9. Contexttypically is created by the physical or social aspects of the situationin which communicationoccurs. Ex: in a classroom, in office. Etc Contextmay consist of the social, political & historical structures in which thecommunicationoccurs. (Martin & Nakayama: 2010) Hall(1976:79) definestwo levels of context High = Contextual meaning Low = Explicit/ Clear meaning
  10. 10. A Collage Can I borrow your Yule? Yeah, it is over there. Yule A writer name Yule = A book writen by Yule (things the writer produced)
  11. 11. Tim-Toomey (1999) Low Individualistic values Self-face concern Linear logic Direct verbal style Predominant meanings are in verbal messages Sender-oriented interaction Low scanning Analytical High Group-oriented values Mutualface concern Spiral logic Indirect verbal style Predominant meanings are in context Listener- oriented interaction High scanning Holistic
  12. 12. Ideology refers to a set of intellectualbeliefs of thinking individuals that are substantiated and constrained by the shared beliefs of the society at large. Ideological elements often complicate ICC in allcontext. Conflict resulting from ideological differences could easilyescalateto emotional and pychological level (Ramanathan:2005: 45-65) (John J. Gumpers) Examples=> Minority Populations in certain Country Traditional American/Indian (Ancestral Lg) X WhiteAmerican Aborigines X Australian
  13. 13. InterculturalCommunicationis the communicationamongpeople withdifferent cultural references. Diversity is a challengeas wellas an opportunity whichcan have positive as wellas negativeinfluence. Acknowledging,understanding,accepting, valuing and celebrating the differences amongpeople are to create equal employment opportunities.
  14. 14. Alsina, Miquel Rodrigo.1999.Comunicatinintercultural,AnthroposEditorial,Barcelona Corbett,John (Ed.).2003.AnInterculturalApproachtoEnglishLanguageTeaching.Australia:Multilingual MattersLtd. Dadfar,Hossein. 2001.InterculturalCommunication:TheoryandPractice. Hall, E.T.1976.BeyondCulture.GardenCity,NewYork:AnchorPress/Doubleday Jandt,FredEdmuntd.1995.InterculturalCommunication.Sage ThousandOaks Martin,JudithN., &Nakayama,ThomasK.(Eds.). 2010.InterculturalCommunicationinContexts(Fifthed.). NewYork:TheMcGraw-Hill. Novinger,Tracy(Ed.).2001.InterculturalCommunication: APracticalGuide(Firsted.).Austin:Universityof TexasPress. Ramanathan,V.2005.Ambiguities AboutEnglish:Ideologies andcriticalpracticein vernacular-mediumcollege classroomsin Gujarat,India.JournalofLanguage,Identity&Education,4,pp.45-65


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