introduction to macbeth “double, double, toil and trouble; fire burn and caldron...

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  • Slide 1
  • Slide 2
  • Slide 3
  • Introduction to Macbeth Double, Double, toil and trouble; Fire burn and caldron bubble.
  • Slide 4
  • Origin of the play Written in 1606 as a compliment to King James I (James VI of Scotland), after the death of Queen Elizabeth. Refers to James ancestry (hes a descendant of Banquo) It became known as the Scottish Play James was interested in witchcraft and Scotland, and hence the themes in the play.
  • Slide 5
  • Macbeth---Suspicions Believed to be a cursed playbased on series of accidents with those involved with the play Subject matter of witchcraft When you mess with the forces of evil---evil takes part Called The Scottish Play
  • Slide 6
  • Themes in Macbeth: #1 The Corrupting Power of Unchecked Ambition ambition drives the couple to terrible acts in the play. The problem is that once a person uses violence to acquire power its difficult to stop. In order to gain more power or to stop others it becomes tempting to use violence again.
  • Slide 7
  • Themes in Macbeth: #2 The Relationship between Cruelty and Masculinity in the play violence and power are associated with masculinity. In order to prove ones manhood they have to #1, commit violent (usually murderous) acts and #2 they must acquire power
  • Slide 8
  • Themes in Macbeth: #3 The Difference between Kingship and Tyranny the first, offers the kingdom order, justice, comfort, affection and most importantly loyalty to the country; the second, instigates chaos, destruction, violence and holding their own interests over that of their country
  • Slide 9
  • Motifs in Macbeth Hallucinations recur throughout the play and serve as reminders of the people who have died. Essentially, visions symbolize their feelings of guilt Violence between the description of the bloody wars, fights and murders, violence plays a major role in the play Prophecy these play major roles in instigating the action in the play; the prophecies are what set Macbeths plans into motion
  • Slide 10
  • Symbols in Macbeth Blood is everywhere in the play, it symbolizes the guilt that sits like a permanent stain on the consciences of characters The Weather the storms, thunder, lightening and unnatural occurrences in the weather reflect corruption in the moral and political orders
  • Slide 11
  • Main Characters - Macbeth His three main characteristics are bravery, ambition and self- doubt. Tragic flaws: ambition/self- doubt Holds the title Thane of Glamis Holds the title Thane of Glamis Shakespeare uses him to show the terrible effects of ambition and guilt on a man who lacks strength of character Shakespeare uses him to show the terrible effects of ambition and guilt on a man who lacks strength of character
  • Slide 12
  • Main Characters Lady Macbeth One of Shakespeares most famous and villainous characters she is stronger, more ambitious and more ruthless than Macbeth. Social restraints are the only thing holding her back. Her character implies that women can be as power-hungry and violent as men, but their place in society often denies them from acting.
  • Slide 13
  • Main Characters The Three Witches Referred to as the weird sisters They have beards, speak in rhyme and concoct bizarre potionsthey are clearly supernatural creatures The audience is left to decide, however, whether the Witches are independent agents toying with human lives or agents of fate whose prophecies are reports of the inevitable
  • Slide 14
  • DuncanKing of Scotland, trustworthy and loved by people..believes in and trusts his noblemen DuncanKing of Scotland, trustworthy and loved by people..believes in and trusts his noblemen Malcolm and Donalbainsons of Duncan BanquoA general in the armyHe lives by his morals and remains loyal to alliancesbrave and ambitiousnot too bright---has a son named Fleance BanquoA general in the armyHe lives by his morals and remains loyal to alliancesbrave and ambitiousnot too bright---has a son named Fleance MacduffThane of Fife MacduffThane of Fife Lennox, Ross, Angus, Menteith, Caithness Lennox, Ross, Angus, Menteith, Caithness All noblemen of Scotland
  • Slide 15
  • Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow/Creeps in this petty pace from day to dayOut, out brief candle!/Lifes but a walking shadow, a poor player/That struts and frets his hour upon the stage/And is heard no more. ~ Macbeth But cruel are the times, when we are traitors and do not know ourselves; when we hold rumor from what we fear, yet know not what we fear. ~ Ross Look like the innocent flower, but be the serpent under it. ~ Lady Macbeth Your face is as a book, where men may read strange matters. ~ Lady Macbeth Fair is foul and foul is fair. ~Witches