introduction to poetry

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Introduction to Poetry. Introduction to Poetry. Goals for Poetry I unit: . Discuss poetry using poetic terminology. Use TPCASTT as a tool for deeper understanding Demonstrate knowledge of the sonnet’s structure by writing one Become familiar with the AP multiple choice poetry test - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Introduction to Poetry

Introduction to PoetryIntroduction to Poetry

Goals for Poetry I unit: Discuss poetry using poetic terminology.Use TPCASTT as a tool for deeper understandingDemonstrate knowledge of the sonnets structure by writing oneBecome familiar with the AP multiple choice poetry testDemonstrate the ability to explicate poetry in the essay format Poetry and the AP TestForty-five percent of the test is comprised of poetry related questions and writing.AP readers do not expect a 5 paragraph essay. (This structure can shackle your thoughts.)Spend at least 20 minutes reading the poem and annotating before you begin writing the essay.A line number means little to a reader. Dont waste precious time to count and insert the line. Instead use an apt reference in quotation marks.Six Basic Areas of StudyMetersyllables & stressRhymecreates humor or enhances meter (Meter and rhyme are the music of poetry)Poetic structurelines and stanzasImageryestablished through figures of speech and dictionIntentto tell a story (narration), to honor a person or thing (lyric), or portray another POV (dramatic)Toneestablished by dictionUpon His Departure

Thus I (1 metrical foot)Pass byAnd die:As One,Unknown,And gone:Im madeA shadeAnd laidIth grave;There haveMy cave.Where tellI dwell,Farewell. (Trochee meter)Money

Workers earn it, (2 metrical feet)Spendthrifts burn it,Bankers lend itWomen spend it,Forgers fake it,Taxes take it,Dying leave it,Heirs receive it,Thrifty save it,Misers crave it,Robbers seize it,Rich increase it,Gamblers lose itI could use it. (Iambic dimeter)

1. METER (two syllables)5Lengths of metrical feetMeterDimeterTrimeterTetrameterPentameterHexameter2 syllables4 syllables6 syllables8 syllables10 syllables12 syllablesMatch the stress pattern with these three examples of tetrameter (4 feet).A. Iambic tetrameter (da DUM)

B. Trochaic tetrameter(DUM da)

C. Anapestic tetrameter(da da DUM)

D. Spondee(DUM, DUM)"And the sheen of their spears was like stars on the sea"

"Because I could not stop for Death"

"Peter, Peter , pumpkin-eater"

Babes sleep, teens dream, men sigh--we die.KEY1. "And the sheen of their spears was like stars on the sea C. Anapestic

2. "Because I could not stop for Death" A. Iambic

3. "Peter, Peter, pumpkin-eaterB. Trochaic

4. Babes sleep, teens dream, men sighwe die.D. Spondee 2. Rhymegives resolutionFeminine2 syllables (can create comic tone as in limericks or add to rhythm as in rap.)Dreaming with a watering mouth,Wishing for a better life for my daughter and spouse,In this slaughtering house, caught up in bouts --Eminem Masculinefinal syllable rhymesThe boy found a dog.It was really a hog.Internal rhymewords within line rhymeThe boy had a toy.Near rhymeclose but not perfectOne short sleep past, we wake eternally,And death shall be no more; death, thou shalt die.

3. Poetic Structure(Stanza Forms &Syntax)AssignmentCut up your words.Create a poem by gluing the words to a sheet of paper.You can work alone or with a partner.We will share a few poems on the board.Original PoemCocoon

The little caterpillar creepsAwhile before in silk it sleeps.It sleeps awhile before it flies.And flies awhile before it dies.And thats the end of three good tries.Thinking about the Structure: Stanza Forms & SyntaxHow does the line length affect the poem?Is there enjambment? (Run-on clauses draws us to next linecreates flow.)Does the line length change dramatically?What has the poet done with stanza breaks, or stanza length?Look for spacing, punctuation and capitalization choices.Does the poem use rhyme? How so? Is there a pattern?Are there omissions or repetitions of sounds, letters or words? (Anaphorarepetition of the initial word in several successive lines: I have a dream)

William Carlos Williams (How does the structure of the poem enhance meaning?)The Red Wheel Barrow

so much dependsupon a red wheelbarrow glazed with rainwater beside the whitechickens. 4.Imagery

Applying human traits to an object: the house shut its eyesPersonification with an abstraction or someone deadDeath, be not proudLikening one thing to another

Extended metaphorship in Creons speech

Unlikely extended metaphorkings are buckets A single name stands for morepress stands for journalism, golden archesMcDonalds

A more specific type of metonomy: the part means the whole. A set of wheels, all hands on deck, the redneck *Personification





Metonymy (m-t-n-m)

Synecdoche (s-nek-d-k) Figurative Language:Creativity with WordsImagery (cont.)Reference to famous person or art

A seemingly contradictory statementA contradictory phrase: icy heat

Overstatement orexaggeration -minimizing (Litotes)

Opposite of whats expected

An object takes on greater meaning.

Mixing of senses (color/sound or taste/touch) screaming yellow tie or sour wind


Paradox Oxymoron

Hyperbole & Understatement


Symbol Synesthesia (si-ns-th-zh-)

Imagery Exercise--SynesthesiaPlace the concept of fear into the following categories:ColorSound or instrumentTaste or foodAnimalBody of waterPiece of furnitureFamous PersonArticle of clothingCountryAdding to ImageryThe words sound imitates the actual sound: ululating or pop

Repetition of initial consonant sound: sails did sigh like sedge

Repetition of vowel sounds:Be near me when my light is low.

Repetition of internal consonant sounds:Linger no longer with anger.

A complete pause in a line of poetry.





Caesura in small ways5. IntentNarrativeTells story, has crisis or turning point, uses formula or stock phrases repeated, images lead toward a crisis and give consequenceDramaticWriter adopts anothers voice and portrays character (soliloquy, dramatic monologue, epistolary) (Or the narrator may not be a person at all.)Lyric (Ode)A private, visionary or emotional poem, love poem, encomium (poem of praise), elegy (death song), meditative poemTo An Athlete Dying Young Lyric

6. ToneWriters attitude toward subject shown throughRhythmSoundsImagesand mostly--Word selection

Identifying tone in dictionGroup the following words into two groups of six according to tone.

freedomskullrodents sparklingshelteredwrathtorridcurselovesleekveinstiller

freedom, love, sleek, sparkling, sheltered, tillerskull, wrath, rodent, veins, curse, torridPracticing using toneGroup 1write a 3 line poem reflecting humilityGroup 2write a 3 line poem reflecting humorGroup 3write a 3 line poem reflecting rageGroup 4write a 3 line poem reflecting silly loveGroup 5write a 3 line poem reflecting arrogance

AssignmentPlease read each poem before class. Orange book.Write a 3 sentence analysis for each due on _____. 1. Sir Patrick Spence (546). 2.May He Lose His Way (570). 3. The River Merchants Wife (600). 4. Then (654). 5. In Absence from Becchina (676). 6. Seeing Hsia Chan Off by River (679). 7. Olympian II (758).8. Six Tanka (763). 9. The Complaint of Chaucer to His Purse (808).Common StructuresThe Ballad4 line stanza, iambic tetrameter, short lines to give speed, good for narration, one scene per quatrain

Ballad Of A Thin Man by Bob DylanYou walk into the roomWith your pencil in your handYou see somebody nakedAnd you say, Who is that man?

Shakespearean Sonnet 18Shall I compare thee to a summers day?Thou art more lovely & more temperate;Rough winds do shake the darling buds of MayAnd summers lease hath all too short a date;Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines,And often is his gold complexion dimmedAnd every fair from fair sometime declines,By chance, or natures changing course, untrimmed.But thy eternal summer shall not fadeNor lose possession of that fair thou owest;Nor shall Death brag thou wanderest in his shade.When in eternal lines to time thou growestSo long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,So long lives this, & this gives life to thee.--Shakespeare

The Italian Sonnet: Death

DEATH Death be not proud, though some have called theeMighty and dreadful, for, thou art not so,For, those, whom thou think'st, thou dost overthrow,Die not, poor death, nor yet canst thou kill me.From rest and sleep, which but thy pictures bee,Much pleasure, then from thee, much more must flow,And soonest our best men with thee doe go--Rest of their bones, and souls delivery!Thou art slave to fate, chance, kings, & desperate men,And dost with poison, war, and sickness dwell,And poppy, or charms can make us sleep as well,And better then thy stroke; why swell'st thou then;One short sleep past, we wake eternally,And death shall be no more; death, thou shalt die.

----John Donne The Sonnet AssignmentThree quatrains (4 lines) followed by a couplet (2 rhyming lines).The rhyme scheme is abab cdcd efef ggUse iambic pentameterfive accented beats per line (da Dum).Focus on a specific subject (your assigned classmate), but keep the name a secret.We will share these sonnets with the class to see if your peers can guess whom your sonnet describes.

Answer these Questions for the sonnet assignment.What is your favorite article of clothing?Where is your favorite place to hang out?What actor, teacher, athlete, politician, musician, or animal would you like to be?Where do you shop? What is your best physical feature?What is your best character quality?What actor would portray you in a movie?What do you grab if theres a fire?Whats your ultimate goal in life?Its your last mealwhat do you order?What is something few people know about you?What do you love most in others?What are