iom #philippines typhoon hagupit response (12 december 2014)

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This report presents an update on the situation in the Philippines and provides details of IOM's humanitarian response in the area.


  • 12 December 2014

    IOM Philippines - Typhoon Hagupit Response


    Typhoon Hagupit entered the Philippine Area of Responsibility at 3:00 am on 4 December and was locally named Ruby. Over one week, Hagupits wind speed fluctuated before making its first landfall in the Dolores municipality of Eastern Samar province at 9:15 pm on 5 December with maximum sustained winds of 175 km/h and gusts of up to 210 km/h (Category 3).

    Typhoon Hagupit affected several regions, with most severe damage in the Provinces of Eastern Samar in Region VIII, making landfalls approximately 180 km north of Typhoon Haiyan.

    Although there is a degree of overlap between the two affected areas especially in the central municipalities of Eastern Samar the worst affected areas from Hagupit are outside of Typhoon Haiyan affected areas.

    According to the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), as of 11th December 2014, more than 8,300 families are residing in 143

    evacuation centres in 23 different municipalities in Eastern Samar.

    As of 11 December, it was reported from different sources including the National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council (NDRRMC) that 27,270 houses have been totally damaged and 77,542 houses have been partially damaged.

    Relief materials such as 2,000 hygiene kits, 2,000 jerry cans, 1,000 Aquatabs arrived in Tacloban City and are ready for distribution


    Considering there is no electricity available in some areas, IOM distributed solar lamps

    _______________ Validations of damaged houses are underway and IOM teams will shortly start with shelter distributions _______________ IOM teams began to roll out the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in affected communities to identify the gaps and needs of the displaced families





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    An IOM camp manager gives instruction to evacuees inside the Leyte Normal University Gym in Tacloban City last 5 December IOM 2014


  • IOM Philippines Situation Report | 12 December 2014

    IOM Philippines | Tel: +63 2 230 1999 | E-mail:| Website: Http:// |Twitter: @IOM_Philippines



    On 10 December 2014, the Department of Social Welfare and Development officially requested emergency and recovery assistance from IOM. IOM is committed to contribute and support the governments efforts in assisting vulnerable communities affected by Hagupit. IOM will especially support the affected families by providing relief goods such as non-food items (NFIs) as well as emergency and recovery shelter materials to help shield from the climate and to accelerate self-recovery efforts that affected populations already started.

    In Region VI and VII all evacuation centres (ECs) have been closed and families have returned to their homes. In Region VII, especially in Eastern Samar, some ECs remain open.

    IOM CCCM teams have so far rolled out the DTM in two municipalities in Easter Samar, namely Taft and Can-Avid. DTM results indicate that there are more than 500 people in 5 ECs in these municipalities.

    The current needs for these IDPs are:

    WASH The number of sanitation facilities are not

    sufficient to meet SPHERE standards

    PROTECTION Absence of light in some ECs Irregular presence of peace or security patrols In addition, through CCCM support, IOM is repairing damaged displacement sites such as bunkhouses by providing new corrugated galvanized iron sheets for the roof (see picture below).

    According to NDRRMC and DSWD, 77,542 houses have been partially damaged and 27,270 houses have been totally damaged by Hagupit (see map of housing damage in the following page).

    The numbers of damaged houses were largest in Eastern Samar, which include Dolores, the municipality where Hagupit made its first landfall. It is estimated that these damaged houses were originally constructed with light materials and without appropriate construction techniques to withstand the strong winds.

    IOM has been supporting DSWD with the coordination of shelter related programmes in Eastern Samar. As of 12 December, two coordination meetings have been conducted to map out commitments and partners involved in the response and IOM shelter teams in Eastern Samar distributed pre-positioned materials such as:

    218 shelter graded plastic sheet

    83 jerry cans

    83 hygiene kits

    Distributions will continue in the following days including more plastic sheeting, fixing kits, hygiene kits and other NFIs.

    All 1,500 transitional shelters constructed by IOM in Region VI,VII and VIII are still standing without any serious damage as assessed by the shelter teams who revisited the different sites after Typhoon Hagupit hit. This shows that IOMs transitional shelters are able to withstand 122 - 170 kph wind load, thanks to good planning and design.

    IOM shelter construction teams have recommenced normal operations on the 9th of December 2014 in all sites.


    IOM helps residents repair damaged bunkhouses in Abucay, Tacloban City after Typhoon Hagupit IOM 2014

    IOM teams repairing the minimal damages to the transitional sites IOM 2014

  • IOM Philippines Situation Report | 12 December 2014

    IOM Philippines | Tel: +63 2 230 1999 | E-mail:| Website: Http:// |Twitter: @IOM_Philippines

    All of the 12 IOM supported Rural Health Unit (RHUs) in the provinces of Capiz and Iloilo, as well as the health posts in the bunkhouses in Estancia and Concepcion municipalities have remained intact and fully functional during and after the typhoon. The health facilities that had been repaired, or in the process of repair/rehabilitation under IOM projects have suffered no damage due to Hagupit. IOM health teams were deployed to different areas in the region to streamline the emergency response to prepare for anticipated emergency medical needs for IDPs.

    IOM health teams have continued their usual activities at the RHUs, maintaining full access to health services for the surrounding communities.


    IOM map indicating areas with partially and completely damaged houses IOM 2014

    IOM health team helps survivors of Typhoon Hagupit in the Pontevedra Rural Health Unit in Capiz IOM 2014