japan and pacific rim

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  • 1. The Pacific Rime A s i a nJ a p a n a nd thT ig e r s :South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, and Hong Kong

2. Japan History after WWIIOccupation was led by General DouglasMacArthurJapans armed forces were disbandedThe American occupiers had the goal to endmilitarism and ensure a democratic government.Gave women the right to vote, increased civilliberties, encouraged labor unions.A new Japanese Constitution was drafted by theAmerican occupiers creating a ConstitutionalMonarchy that limited the power of the Emperorand abolished Shintoism as the state religion.The Japanese accepted this new constitutionand signed a treaty that took away Japansoverseas empireIn 1952, the Allied occupation officially ended General MacArthur andEmperor Hirohito 3. JapanEconomy Japan Incorporated Cooperation between state and private industry led to expansion of exports Concentrated on economic growth led by government economic planning and production guidelines Became World economic power focuses on advanced technologies automobiles and electronics Focus on labor and management cooperation wages remained low, living standards improved Stressed importance of group cohesion emphasized group decision making andGung Ho Film Clipstressed loyalty 4. JapanPolitical SystemBlended modern democraticforms with traditional elitist tiesTaro Aso - 92ndPrime MinisterGovernment was dominated by of Japanone Party Liberal DemocraticParty provided stability inJapan from 1955-1993.Developed into a rulingoligarchy stressed Patriotism,loyalty, development andYoshihiko Noda protection of Japanese industry,95th Prime Ministerpollution and population controlas of 2012 Democratic PartyAfter 1993, corruption caused asplit of the Liberal DemocraticParty Rise of Democratic Partyof JapanPrime Minister Visits WWIIShinto Shrinehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Prime_Ministers_of_Japan 5. Japan SocietyGovernment stress ofpopulation control birth controland abortion legalized in the1950sEducation expanded meritbased university enrollmentsHideki Matsui, PeopleTraditional cultural returns Pushers and the Bullet TrainPoetry, painting, tea ceremonies,chopsticksWestern culture adopted Baseball, dress, music, gamesshows, soap operas Japanese GameMale authority remained Showdominant womens role asmother stressed - small feministmovement 6. South KoreaHistory after WWIIKorea was split after WWII North Korea was Communistruled by dictator Kim Il SungSouth Korea was Capitalist ruledby autocratic President SyngmanRheeKorean War was fought (1950-1953) ended in fragile truce along the 38thparallel GeneralMacArthurat Invasion of Inchon 7. South KoreaEconomyGovernment attempt to recover fromyears of foreign occupation and civil war instituted five-year plans on exportsand infrastructure, land reformsAchieved major economic growth corporations like Samsung, Daewoo andHyundai became massive conglomerateswho have political and social influenceDevelopment of consumer goods, steel,automobiles, textilesPer capita income increased createdEconomic MiracleEconomic problems exist today corruption, trade deficit, unemployment,and bankruptcyHyundai plant in India and Seoul Korea. 8. North Korea andSouth KoreaSatellite Imagetaken at nightWhat does this satelliteimage tell us abouteach society? What is the cause ofthis drastic difference? 9. South Korea Political System General Chung Hee park andSyngman Rhee ruled harshly Guard at DMZuntil 1960 corruption, unfairelections, police brutalityMilitary coup led by GeneralChung Hee Park in 1961 newconstitution, slow democraticreformsLimited freedoms autocraticrule and suppression of alldissidentsPark was assassinated in 1979 National elections took place in1989, limited power of bigbusiness and began President Lee Myung-bakcommunication with North Korea and Labor Union Protestsabout reunification 10. South Korea SocietyPopulation increased to 48 million highest density (1000 people per squaremile)Government encourages limited birthrates for familiesBuddhist templeConfucian principles of thrift, and statue andeducation, and hard work is basicSouth Koreanattitude of workers baseball playerBuddhist beliefs and respect for natureHeavy influence of large companies(Chaebol) built housing, schools,arenas for Tae Kwon DoWestern influence Baseball, fast food,dress, music, karaoke 11. TaiwanHistory after WWIINationalist Party, or Kuomintang, fledfrom Communist Revolutionaries andwent to Taiwan in 1949Led by Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-Shek)United States has vowed to protectTaiwan from Communist China Security Treaty of 1954General MacArthur and Jiang Jieshi 12. TaiwanEconomyAchieved economic prosperity Agricultural and Industrialproduction increased standard ofliving increasedGovernment installed land reformprogram and economic planning infrastructure and targetingstrategic industriesGovernment stressed privatebusiness and foreign investmentStress on education, literacy,technical trainingOpened trade network with U.S.,Japan, S.E. Asia and ChinaCapital city of Taipei 13. Taiwan Political SystemAuthoritarian rule emergency decree bythreat of communists. Lack of politicaldiversity and political parties1978 U.S. recognized Peoples Republic ofChina and severed diplomatic ties withTaiwan1978 Jiang Jieshi died and son, ChiangChing-kuo eased authoritarian ruleToday, there is a more representative formUnder pressure from China, Taiwanof government with elections and multipleparticipates in the Olympics underparties the name of Chinese Taipei, and itsnational flag and anthem cannot beDiscussion of declaring Taiwaneseused when its athletes win medals.independence from China has createdtension and threatshttp://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/23/world/China wants one country, two systems 14. TaiwanSocietyPopulation growth government familyplanning programs to reduce rate ofgrowth (7 million to 20 million from1945-1980s)Traditional beliefs Confucian ideals,hard work, frugality, filial piety, medicalpractices, religious ritualsGovernment attempt to Sinicizepopulation Mandarin language Todaythere is a push for EnglishRecent Taiwanese nationalism hasdeveloped Taiwanese languageWestern influence medicine,hospitals, music, baseball, golf, forms ofentertainment, convenience storesTwo 7-11 convenient stores face off inTaiwan 15. SingaporeHistory after WWII Was originally part of the Britishcolony of Malaya. GainedIndependence from Great Britain in1959 British naval base until1971.Led by Prime Minister Lee KuanYew until 1990Lee Kuan Yew and Singapore peoplewelcome British after WWII 16. SingaporeEconomy Port of SingaporeExtraordinarily successful economicdevelopmentGovernment led initiatives combinedwith private enterprises inmanufacturing, banking, shipping,electronics, textiles, shipbuilding and oilrefining2nd highest per capita in Asia andbusiest port in the world - tourismarrivals are up, average householdincomes are rising, and the job marketlooks white hot. 17. SingaporePolitical SystemPrime Minister Lee Kuan Yew led as anauthoritarian rulerGovernment had tight controls over itspeople proclaimed strict discipline andrestraint was needed because such a largepopulation crowded a limited spaceResulted in very low crime rates and limitedgovernment opposition due to harshpenalties.New leader, Goh Chok Tong had promised akinder and gentler Singapore. Current PM is Lee Hsien Loong (Lee Kuansson). In 1994 American 18 year old MichaelFay was convicted on vandalism inSingapore and sentenced to 83 days inprison and 4 lashes with the cane! 18. SingaporeSociety Population growth Singapore is the oneof the most densely populated countries inthe worldGovernment introduced birth controlpolicies in the late 1960s to reducepopulation. In the late 1990s, thegovernment introduced a "baby bonus"scheme that encouraged couples to havemore children.Government run Ministry of Educationsets curriculum standardsGovernment owns and controls all radioand television stationsMix of traditional and western cultures Buddhism, Confucianism, Daoism withChristianity, Architecture, sports 19. Hong KongHistory after WWIIRemained a British Colony until1997 when it was returned tocommunist ChinaBritish Leave Hong Kong 20. Hong Kong EconomyHighly capitalist economy built on apolicy of free markets, low taxation andgovernment non-interventionDeveloped into major world trading portand international banking centerHigh export levels- textiles, toys, andelectronicsRecently has develop more serviceindustries as manufacturing has movedto mainland China Government has allocated funds fortransportation, education, publichousing and sanitation 21. Hong KongPolitical SystemRuled as a British Colony from1842-1997Hong Kong was handed over toCommunist China. Under the policy of"one country, two systems", thecommunists are responsible for theterritorys defense and foreign affairs,while Hong Kong is responsible for itsown legal system, police force, monetarysystem, customs policy, immigrationpolicy, and delegates to internationalorganizations and events.Protesters in Hong Kong fearspread of communismDemocracy right to vote, legislativebranch, judicial system, multi-partystate, civil service 22. Hong Kong Society Mix of British and Chinese cultures Education follows western models public schools run by Department of Education Diverse culture Buddhist, Christian, Muslim, Daoist Movie making industry Bruce Lee, Jackie ChanThe Tian Tan Buddha, tallestoutdoor Buddha statue 23. Similarities Emphasize group loyalty over individualism Stress hard work Confucian morality Government planning Limits of dissent Influenced others: Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia Little Tigers

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