jataka vol 2
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DESCRIPTIONChalmer's edition of Jataka tales, originally published in 1895, vol 2.
QfarnBll Itttocraitg IGihrary
CHARLES WILLIAM WASONCOLLECTIONCHINA AND THE CHINESE
THE GIFT OF
CHARLES WILLIAM WASONCLASS OF 18761918
CORNELL UNIVERSITY LIBRARY
1924 072 231 081
Cornell University Library
Cornell University Library.
There are no known copyright
the United States on the use of the
STORIES OF THE BUDDHA'S FORMER BIRTHS
JLonHon: C. J. CLAY AND SONS, CAMBBIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS WAREHOUSE, AYE MARIA LANE.iBteBSofa:263,
MACMILLAN AND CO. G. BELL AND SONS.
(from Cuimiiij^ham, IM. xxv,
STORIES OF THE BUDDHA'S
TRANSLATED FROM THE PALI BY VARIOUS HANDS
UNDER THE EDITORSHIP OP
SOMETIME FELLOW OF CHRIST's COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE.
CAMBRIDGEAT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS.1895[All Bights resei'ved.]
AT THE UNIVERSITY PEEaS.
PREFACE.In a booklike this,
where a translation
for the first be.
time from a language
known, mistakes there needs must;
For any such I ask the indulgence of scholarsthat no trouble has been spared to get accuracy.
and assure them
dismissed in a footnote as obscure or inexplicable has often cost
hours of research before
has been given up.
has not been possible to reproduce the rhythm ofeffect
the verses, yet I hope something of the same
has been given
by keeping in each story to one metre where the Pali has but one,
and changing where
and a pretty consistent rule hasfor
been observed, of giving long
long and short for short,
lines being held equivalent to one long.
the same metre has often been differently translated for
have looked through
as they are printed; but I have not
must have escaped me.Other
The notes must thenillustrations
not be considered as exhaustive.
noted where I have come across them, and I hope that studentsof folk-talesI
interested in one unpublished variant which
have been able to give (page 110).J.11.
indebtedness to those friendsof our
who have helped me.
"Guild" who are
resident at Cambridge have been so kind as to revise the proofs
owe very many
R. Chalmers lent
a MS. translation of a few of the
of the Past,' for which I thank him.to
chief thanks are
Master, Professor Cowellpatience
that what I;
the kind permission of the Secretary of State for India, an
illustration ofin this
one of the stories from the Bharhut Stupafirst.
volume as in the
beneath the picture are
Christ's College, Cambridge,Juhi/ 30, 1895.
GVILLELMI ROBERTSON SMITHSVMMO DBSIDEEIOD. D. D.
kings, both wise and good, meet in a narrow way,
to give place.
Both are of
and a the same age and
Their drivers sing each his master's praises.
to the good,
to the bad; the other repays evil with good.
acknowledges his superior, and gives place.
SIGALA-JATAKAThe Bodhisattajackal, but seeingis
a young lion, one of seven brotherssister.
proposes love to his
Six of the brothers set out tothemselves.
as he lies in a crystal grotto, imaginekill
be in the sky, leap up and
and the jackal153.
dies of fear.
SUKARA-JATAKi A boar challenges
and then in fear wallows amid filth until he smells so foul that the lion wOl not come near him, but owns himself vanquished rather than fight with him.a lion to fight;.
Garula chases a serpent, which taking the form of a jewel, himself upon an ascetic's garment, and by this means wins
GAGGA-JATAKA How a goblinother well at
had power over all people who did not wish each a sneeze, and how he was foiled.. .
elephant runs a thorn into its foot carpenters, and serves them out of gratitude.
tended by some
His young one takes
his place afterwards, and is bought by the king for a large sum.
on the king's death,
routs a hostile host, and saves the
for the king's infant son.
GUNA-JATAKA A jackal rescuesTheexplained, and
makes him a
lioness is jealous of the she-jackal; then the
in praise of friendship.
savage horses, that maltreat
other of their kind, strikeillustrating the proverb,
up a sudden friendship with each other, thus'Birds of a feather.'
MOEA-JATAKA How a peacock
kept itself safe by reciting spells;it
was disturbed by hearing the female's note, andthe king desired to eatdivinity that heto return to theit,
mind was caught; howits
but the peacock discoursed such goodfinally the bird
was stayed; andmountains.
VINILAKA-JATAKA A bird, the offspringthemto horses that serve
26of a goose with a crow,is
being carried by
his father's two other sons to see him, but is arrogant
so he is sent back again,
INDASAMANAGOTTA-JATAKA How a man kept a fat elephant,trampled him to death.
28which turned against him and
SANTHAVA-JATAKA How a man had hiswhich he made
house burnt by reason of the great offerings
to his sacred fire.
SUSiMA-JATAKA How a lad whose
journeyed 2000 leagues in a day, learnt in time to conduct the ceremony.
manage a festival, the ceremonial, and returned
About a merchant who succoured some vultures, and they in return stole cloths and other things and brought to him; how one was caught, and the king learnt the story, and all the goods wererestored.
NAKULA-JATAKA How a mungooseother nevertheless;
and a snake were friends, and distrusted each and how they were made at one..
UPASALHA-JATAKA How a certain mandead body.
was particular in choice of burying-grounds, and how he was shown that there is no spot free of taint from some
SAMIDDHI-jlTAKA How a nymph temptedman knows
....by fighting on his own ground.
the time of death.
SAKUNAGGHI-JATAKA How a qu