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Regulatory Services Overview Warren Pinkston Agriculture Regulatory Specialist

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Regulatory Services Overview

Warren PinkstonAgriculture Regulatory Specialist

What is Regulatory Services?• We are part of the Kentucky Agriculture Experiment Station

within the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food, and Environment.

• Consist of:– Regulatory Specialists (Inspectors)– Laboratories and laboratory personnel– Program Coordinators– Administrative Support Staff

• Administer 4 Kentucky laws in regards to:– Feed– Fertilizer– Seed– Milk

• Provide 2 service programs:– Soil testing– Seed testing

• Basic role is to serve in consumer protection and provide service.

• Also provide research based education to manufacturers, retailers, and consumers regarding issues related to each of the regulatory and services programs.

• 1/3 of our budget comes from the state and 2/3 is from inspection and service fees.

• Offices and laboratory facilities located in the Bruce Poundstone Building in UK’s campus in Lexington, KY.– Have an additional soils laboratory located at UK Research and

Education Center in Princeton, KY.

What is Regulatory Services? (continued)

• April 13, 1886 Melville Amasa Scovell, Director of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station worked with the Kentucky General Assembly to pass “An Act to regulate the sale of fertilizers in this Commonwealth, and to protect the agriculturalist in the purchase and use of the same”.– This bill placed the Director of the Experiment Station in full administrative charge

of fertilizer control work.– The bill required fertilizer manufacturers to submit a yearly sample to the

Experiment Station, and label their products according to the laboratory analysis.– The fertilizer manufacturers were charged $15 for the analysis, but in turn received

a “certificate” indicating the product was “true and complete” • Labels were also sold to the manufacturrers for $1 per 100.

– Created the first revenue source for the Experiment Station independent of the general fund.

• This regulatory ability gained Scovell and the Experiment Station a statewide reputation for honesty and integrity.

• Growing statewide confidence in the Experiment Station led to acceptance of research results and recommendations.

History of Regulatory Services

• 1898 revised fertilizer law required manufactures guarantee products themselves and to report tonnage.– Fees would be paid for labels based on tonnage reporting.– All sample results would be published annually.– Inspectors were hired to collect samples from around the state.– This increased revenue for the Experiment Station as well as increasing confidence

of farmers in the Experiment Station.– Surplus finances from regulatory fees allowed Experiment Station to purchase land

and expand in 1900.

• 1898 Scovell and General Assemby pass a “Pure Food Law” and start to sample and test food products for adulteration.– Special attention was given to milk sampling and testing.

• 1904 KY General Assembly passes bill regulating the sale of pasture seed in KY and give regulatory task to the Experiment Station.– 1932 Kentucky Seed Law was passed to regulate all agricultural seed.

• 1906 KY Millers Association and Scovell passed feed regulation law and regulatory task was given to the Experiment Station.– Required all feed to be registered and licensed.– Required proper and truthful labeling.– Required tonnage fees to be paid.

History of Regulatory Services (continued)

• Dr. Darrell Johnson– Executive Director

• Stephen McMurry– Fertilizer & Seed Program Coordinator

• Dr. Alan Harrison– Feed & Milk Program Coordinator

• Dr. Frank Sikora– Director of Laboratories and Soils Programs

Who’s Who at Regulatory Services

Regulatory Specialists (Inspectors) by Region

John Flood

Warren Pinkston

Mark Barrow Brad Johnston Nathan Keith

Bart YoungDave Mason

Terry Prather

Milk Inspector-Bob Hickerson

Duties of the Regulatory Specialists (Inspectors)

• Make regular visits to manufacturers and retailers.

• Take official samples of animal feed, pet food, fertilizer, and seed.

• Review labels at point of purchase.• Make sure products are properly registered.• Samples are sent to our lab for analysis.• Assist manufacturers with problems.• Conduct feed mill inspections.

– Some in conjunction with FDA– All Regulatory Specialists are credentialed

with the FDA

Feed Regulation in 2012• Performed 1,316 official inspections on feed manufacturers and dealers.

• Collected 2,582 official samples:– 19,222 laboratory analyses performed.

• Collected 804 specialty pet food samples.

• Monitored the 2012 corn crop for mycotoxins including aflatoxin, fumonisin, and vomitoxin.

• Conducted 75 BSE inspections for compliance with the ruminant to ruminant feed ban and inspected 4 FDA licensed feed mills that use Type A Category II drugs.

• Maintained registration on more than 20,800 feed products from nearly 1,160 manufacturers and conducted new product label reviews on more than 3,260 new products.

• Analyzed and reported 36 feed samples from national laboratory quality control programs.

• Laboratories currently use 47 different approved analytical methods.

Product name

Medication statement& purpose

Feed purpose statement

Medication containedand concentration


Manufacturer or company taking responsibility for the product. Must be registered with our office.

Net wt. in English & Metric. May say net wt on invoice.

Ingredients-may be individual or collective terms but not both

Feeding Directions

Caution and/or Warning statements

Nutrient Swine Poultry Beef Dairy Equine Goat/Sheep

Crude Protein, min % Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

NPN, max % No No Yes if add Yes if add No Yes if add

Lysine, min % Yes Yes No No No No

Methionine, min % No Yes No No No No

Crude Fat, min % Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Crude Fiber, max % Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Acid Detergent Fiber, max % No No No Yes No No

Calcium, min/max % Yes Yes Yes if add Yes if add Yes if add Yes if add

Phosphorus, min % Yes Yes Yes if add Yes if add Yes if add Yes if add

Salt, min/max % Yes if add Yes if add Yes if add No No Yes if add

Sodium, min/max % a a a No No a

Magnesium, min % No No No No No No

Potassium, min % No No Yes if add No No No

Copper, ppm min. No No No No Yes if add b

Selenium, ppm min Yes No No Yes if add Yes if add Yes if add

Zinc, ppm min Yes No No No Yes if add No

Vitamin A, min IU/lb No No Yes if add Yes if add Yes if add Yes if add


a-Sodium guarantee required only when total sodium exceeds that furnished by max salt guaranteeb-Copper minimum and maximum for goat/sheep required when added or level exceeds 20 ppm

Nutrient Beef Dairy EquineCalcium, min % Yes Yes YesCalcium, max % Yes Yes YesPhosphorus, min % Yes Yes YesSalt, min % Yes Yes YesSalt, max % Yes Yes YesSodium, min % a a aSodium, max % a a aMagnesium, min % Yes Yes NoPotassium, min % Yes Yes NoCopper, ppm min Yes No YesSelenium, ppm min Yes Yes YesZinc, ppm min Yes No YesVitamin A, min IU/lb Yes Yes Yes


a-Sodium guarantee required only when total sodium exceeds that furnished by max salt guarantee

• Conducted 1,337 visits to perform inspections and to sample agricultural, lawn, turf, and garden fertilizer.

• Took 2,526 official and 78 unofficial samples of fertilizer and ran 6,600 chemical tests.– Represented 52,000 tons of ~972,000 tons of fertilizer

distributed in Kentucky.

• Reviewed labels and registered 5,036 products from 703 manufacturers, and issued licenses to 216 firms that manufacture custom blended fertilizers.

Fertilizer Regulation in 2012

Seed Regulation in 2012

• Conducted 1,322 visits to perform inspections and to sample agricultural, lawn, turf, and garden seeds.

• Collected and tested 1,744 official seed samples.

• Issued stop sale orders on 235 official seed samples.

• Issued stop sale orders on 241 violative seed lots at seed dealer and seed processor locations.

• Cooperated with USDA Seed Branch regarding shipments of seed into KY in violation of the Federal Seed Act

• Reviewed and issued 233 permits to label agricultural seed and 53 permits to label vegetable and flower seed.

• Registered 605 seed dealers and 26 non-certified custom seed conditioners.

Seed Service Program in 2012

• Analyzed 2,510 seed service samples.

• Collaborated with researchers to analyze 48 seed samples.

• Supported the equine and livestock pasture management programs in analyzing 372 plant samples for endophyte.

• Analyzed 37 seed samples under the provision that allows one free sample per year for Kentucky residents.

Variety Kind Germination Analysis

Lot Number

Purity Analysis


Test Date Seedsman Information

Kind Variety Brand SeedsmanCorn, Blend (RIB) 10137215 / 10137211 6626AM-R Beck's Hybrids - Atlanta, INCorn, Blend (RIB) 10137215 / 10137211 SCS1131AM-R Seed Consultants - Washington C.H., OHCorn, Blend (RIB) 1240522 / 1240338 6354VT2RIB Great Lakes Hybrids - Ovid, MICorn, Blend (RIB) 1240522 / 1240338 A6533VT2RIB AgriGold Hybrids - St. Francisville, ILCorn, Blend (RIB) 1240522 / 1240338 LG2620VT2RIB LG Seeds - Elmwood, ILCorn, Blend (RIB) A1029479 / A1013698 1262Pro2RIB Armor Seed - Waldenburg, ARCorn, Blend (RIB) A1029479 / A1013698 D52VC20RIB Loveland Products - Greeley, COCorn, Blend (RIB) A1034215 / A1034216 1550Pro2RIB Armor Seed - Waldenburg, ARCorn, Blend (RIB) A1034215 / A1034216 D54VC81RIB Loveland Products - Greeley, COKind Variety Brand SeedsmanSoybeans A1016281 4500R2 Channel Bio - St. Louis, MOSoybeans A1016281 4501R2 Steyer Seeds - Tiffin, OHSoybeans A1026335 32RY39 Loveland Products - Greeley, COSoybeans A1026335 39-R16 Armor Seed - Waldenburg, ARSoybeans A1026416 4705R2/STS Channel Bio - St. Louis, MOSoybeans A1026416 4712R2 Stewart Seeds - Greensburg, INSoybeans A1026416 R2C4801S Winfield Solutions - St. Paul, MNSoybeans A1026547 39RY43 Loveland Products - Greeley, COSoybeans A1026547 43R29 Pfister Seeds - Champaign, ILSoybeans A1026547 R2C4391 Winfield Solutions - St. Paul, MNSoybeans A1026547 SS4312NR2 Southern States Coop - Seaford, DESoybeans A1036372 47R22 Pfister Seeds - Champaign, ILSoybeans A1036372 GL4729R2 Great Lakes Hybrids - Ovid, MISoybeans A1036372 R2C4752S Winfield Solutions - St. Paul, MNSoybeans A1036372 S48RS53 Loveland Products - Greeley, COSoybeans RJS44002 444NR Beck's Hybrids - Atlanta, INSoybeans RJS44002 SCS9443RR Seed Consultants - Washington C.H., OHKind Variety Brand SeedsmanWheat 111301W 9012 Loveland Products - Greeley, COWheat 111301W SS8340 Southern States Coop - Franklin, KYWheat 111305W 9171 Loveland Products - Greeley, COWheat 111305W SC1321 Seed Consultants - Washington C.H., OHWheat 112316W 9223 Loveland Products - Greeley, COWheat 112316W SC1342 Seed Consultants - Washington C.H., OH

Crop Seed Varieties Marketed Under Various Brand Names

Quick Overview of My Area

• Feed:– 45 firms that sell livestock feed– 22 firms that manufacture livestock feed– 442 feed samples collected in 2012

• Fertilizer:– 36 firms that sell agricultural fertilizer– 26 firms that manufacture custom mix fertilizers– 434 fertilizer samples collected in 2012-2013

• 182 custom mix fertilizer samples collected

• Seed:– 53 firms that sell agricultural seed– 44 firms that sell major row crop seed– 303 seed samples collected in 2012

Soil Testing Laboratory in 2012

Sample Type Number of Samples

Agriculture 42,994

Home Lawn and Garden 10,300

Commercial Horticulture 970

Greenhouse media 51

Research 8,291

Atrazine residue in soil 28

Animal waste 447

Nutrient solution 100

Soil Nitrate 72

Total Samples 63,253

Thank you for your time and consideration.

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