jurisdiction in the sacrament of penance - a canonical-theological schema

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KATHOLIEKE UNIVERSITEIT LEUVEN FACULTEIT KERKELIJK RECHT FACULTY OF CANON LAW

JURISDICTION IN THE SACRAMENT OF PENANCE: A CANONICAL THEOLOGICAL SCHEMA

A Thesis Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Society, Law and Religion

Promoter

by

Prof. Dr. Rik Torfs

Noel Travis Rankin II

2011

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I am greatly indebted to the encouragement and support of many generous souls who have helped bring this work to completion. In the first place I wish to acknowledge my family who has tarried long and hard right along with me throughout this past year. To my wife, Sarah, I simply could not have finished this project without the many sacrifices you have made. Thank you for your unfailing confidence in me and for all the hot teas to keep me going. To my children, Isaac and Sophia, thank you for your unconditional love and for cheering your dad on like only his biggest fans could. To my family and friends back home in Kentucky, I am convinced that any measure of good which has come from missing you has been poured into these pages. Last but not least, I would like to acknowledge a doctor of canon law without whom my research into this topic would have been greatly impoverished. A sincere thank you to Father Anzelm Szuromi for his guidance and for allowing me access to the Library of the Faculty of Theology at Pzmny Pter Catholic University in Budapest. It was truly my home away from home during these last months.

i

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS BIBLIOGRAPHY INTRODUCTION

i ii iv viii

CHAPTER I.

HISTORICAL ANTECEDENTS FOR PENITENTIAL JURISDICTION LESSONS IN AUTHORITY AND SACRAMENTALITY CYPRIAN AS MODERATOR OF THE PENITENTIAL DISCIPLINE A RECONCILIATION NULL AND VOID THE RISE AND INFLUENCE OF THE IRISH PENITENTIALS THE PENITENTIAL LITERATURE A PARADOX FOR JURISDICTION

1

1.1

1 4 6 9

1.2 1.3 1.4

CHAPTER II.

PENITENTIAL JURISDICTION IN THE HIGH MEDIEVAL PERIOD

12

2.1

COMPETING TRENDS IN ECCLESIOLOGY AND THE CONFLICT OF JURISDICTION PROPRIO SACERDOTE THE CONTRIBUTION OF LATERAN IV THE PRIEST-CONFESSOR AS DOCTOR AND JUDGE THE JURISDICTION OF THE MENDICANT ORDERS AFTER LATERAN IV

12 14 17

2.2 2.3 2.4

19

CHAPTER III.

PENITENTIAL JURISDICTION AT THE COUNCIL OF TRENT ii

22

3.1 3.2

THE COUNCIL OF TRENT IN CONTEXT THE TRIDENTINE LEGISLATION ON PENITENTIAL JURISDICTION THE INSTITUTE OF EPISCOPAL APPROBATION MELCHIOR CANO'S ARGUMENT EX DIVINI INSTITUTIONE

22

26 29 32

3.3 3.4

CHAPTER IV.

PENITENTIAL JURISDICTION IN THE 1917 CODE OF CANON LAW

36 36

4.1 4.2

THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE MINISTER ORDINARY JURISDICTION: ACQUISITION, EXTENT AND CESSATION DELEGATED JURISDICTION: ACQUISITION, EXTENT AND CESSATION THE DELICT OF HEARING CONFESSIONS WITHOUT JURISDICTION

38

4.3

41

4.4

44

CHAPTER V.

PENITENTIAL JURISDICTION IN THE 1983 CODE OF CANON LAW THE INFLUENCE OF VATICAN II ON THE DOCTRINE OF PENITENTIAL JURISDICTION PENITENTIAL JURISDICTION AS DISTINCT FROM THE POWER OF GOVERNANCE SELECTED NORMS ON THE PENITENTIAL FACULTY THE ELEVATION OF THE OFFENSES MENTIONED IN C. 1378 2, 2 TO THE STATUS OF GRAVIORA DELICTA

47

5.1

47

5.2

51 56

5.3 5.4

63

CONCLUSION

67

iii

BIBLIOGRAPHY

REFERENCE WORKS AND BOOKS CONSULTED Acta Apostolicae Sedis: commentarium officiale. Romae: Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis, 1909 Beasley-Murray, G., John (World Biblical Commentary, 36), Waco, Word Books, 1987 Bvenot, M., St. Cyprian, The Lapsed (Ancient Christian Writers, 25), Westminster, Newman Press, 1957 Burtsell, R., (ed.), The Catholic Encyclopedia, New York, Robert Appleton Company, 1907 Caparros, e., (ed.) et. al., Code of Canon Law Annotated: Second edition revised and updated of the 6th Spanish language edition, Montral, Wilson & Lafleur, 2004 Clarke, G.W., The Letters of St. Cyprian of Carthage (Ancient Christian Writers, 44), New York, Newman Press, 1984 Corecco, E., Borgonovo, G. & Cattaneo, A., Canon Law and Communio: Writings on the Constitutional Law of the Church, Citt del Vaticano, Libreria editrice vaticana, 1999 D'Als, A., La Thologie De Saint Cyprien, Paris, G. Beauchesne, 1922 Denzinger H., (ed.), Enchiridion Symbolorum. The Sources of Catholic Dogma, St. Louis, Herder, 1957 Flannery A., (ed.), Vatican Council II: The Conciliar and Post-Conciliar Documents, Wilmington, Scholarly Resources, 1975 Friedberg, A., (ed.), Corpus Iuris Canonici editio Lipsiensis secunda post Aemilii Ludouci Richteri, Graz, Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1955 Halsall, P., Internet Medieval Sourcebook, New York, Fordham University City for Medieval Studies, 1996 Hartmann W. and Pennington K. (eds.), The history of medieval canon law in the Classical Period, 1140-1234. From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX, Washington, Catholic University of America Press, 2008 Innocent III, De Sacro Altaris Mysterio Libri VI, S.I., Sylv-Ducum, 1846

iv

International Commission on English in the Liturgy, Emendations in the Liturgical Books Following upon the New Code of Canon Law, Washington, ICEL, 1984 Kelly, J., The Jurisdiction of the Simple Confessor, Canon Law Studies no. 43, Washington, Catholic University of America Press, 1927 Marzoa, a., Miras j. & Rodrguez-Ocana, R. (eds.), Exegetical Commentary on the Code of Canon Law, Montral, Wilson & Lafleur, 2004 Miaskiewicz, F., Supplied Jurisdiction According to Canon 209, Canon Law Studies no. 122, Washington, Catholic University of America Press, 1940 McCartney, M., Faculties of Regular Confessors, Canon Law Studies no. 280, Washington, Catholic University of America Press, 1949 McNeill J. & Gamer H., Medieval Handbooks of Penance: A Translation of the Principal "Libri Poenitentiales" and Selections from Related Documents, New York, Columbia University Press, 1990 Migne, J.P., Patrologiae Cursus Completus: Series Latina. Sive, Bibliotheca Universalis, Integra, Uniformis, Commoda, Oeconomica, Omnium SS. Patrum, Doctorum Scriptorumque Ecclesiasticorum Qui Ab Aevo Apostolico Ad Usuque Innocentii III Tempora Floruerunt. Parisiis: excudebat Migne, etc, 1844 Murphy, G., Delinquencies and Penalties in the Administration of the Sacraments, Canon Law Studies no. 17, Washington, Catholic University of America Press, 1923 Newman, W., Jus Divinum and the Sacrament of Penance in Two Tridentine Theologians: Melchior Cano and Ruard Tapper, Studies in Sacred Theology no. 206, Washington, Catholic University of America Press, 1969 Ordo Penitentiae rituale Romanum ex decreto sacrosancti Oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli PP. VI promulgatum, Citt del Vaticano, Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis, 1974 Payer, P., Sex and the New Medieval Literature of Confession, 1150-1300, Toronto, Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 2009 Peters, E., (ed.), The 1917 or Pio-Benedictine Code of Canon Law in English Translation with Extensive Scholarly Apparatus, San Francisco, Ignatius Press, 2001 Pontificia Commissio Codici Iuris Canonici Recognoscendo, Schema Documenti Pontificii Quo Disciplina Canonica De Sacramentis Recognoscitur, Citt del Vaticano, Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis, 1975

v

Richardson, W., The Validity of the Sacrament of Penance as Administered by the Priests of the Society of St. Pius X (unpublished thesis Faculty of Canon Law, Saint Paul University), Ottawa, S.d. Schreck, A., The Compact History of the Catholic Church, Cincinnati, St. Anthony Messenger Press, 2009 Schroeder, H., Disciplinary Decrees of the General Councils: Text, Translation, and Commentary, St. Louis, Herder, 1937 Schroeder, H., Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent: Original Text with English Translation, St. Louis, Herder, 1941 Vogel, C., Il peccatore e la penitenza nella Chiesa antica, Torino-Leumann, Elle di ci, 1968 Webber, D., Confessional Faculties: A Comparison Study of the 1917 and 1983 Code of Canon Law (unpublished thesis Faculty of the School of Religious Studies, Catholic University of America), Washington, 1984 Woestman, W., Sacraments: Initiation, Penance, Anointing of the Sick: Commentary on Canons 840 1007, Ottawa: Faculty of Canon Law, St. Paul University, 1992

JOURNALS AND ARTICLES CONSULTED Artner, P., The Canonical Protection of the Dignity of the Sacrament of Penance in the Penal Law, in Folia Canonica 10 (2007) 87 Bvenot, M., The Sacrament of Penance and St. Cyprian's De Lapsis, in Theological Studies 16 (1955) 184-185 Bushman, D., Pope Paul VI on the Renewal of Vatican II as an Act of the Church Drawing from Her Treasure Things both Old and New, in Nova et Vetera 9.2 (2011) 376 Dallen, J., The Imposition of Hands in Penance: A Study in Liturgical History, in Worship 51 (1977) 226 Deutsch, B., Ancient Roman Law and Modern Canon Law, in The Jurist 30 (1970) 182-190 Goering, J., The Summa of Master Serlo and Thirteenth-Century Penitential Literature, in Mediaeval Studies 40 (1978) 305

vi

Green, T., The Revision of Sacramental Law: Perspectives, in Studia Canonica 11.2 (1977) 307 Green, T., The Church's Sanctifying Office: Reflections on Selected Canons in the Revised Code, in The Jurist 44 (1984) 361-362 Huels, J., Another Look at Lay Jurisdiction, in The Jurist 41 (1981) 62 Lynch, J., The Changing Role of the Bishop: A Historical Survey, in The Jurist 39 (1979) 305 Oakley, T., The Cooperation of Mediaeval Penance and Secular Law, in Speculum 7 (1932) 51617 Oakley, T., Commutations and Redemptions of Penance, in Catholic Historical Review 18 (1932/1933) 343-344 Sacred Congregation for the Sacraments and Divine Worship, Variat

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