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    9/2/2014 karthikbyk: Devanga Chettiyar History



    Thursday, 20 Septem ber 2012

    Devanga Chettiyar History

    Lord Shivaand Par vathi Devi envisi oned creation, and i mmediately Para sakthi, the goddess of strength

    and energy, appeared before him along with Brahma, Vis hnu and Ka larudhra . Lord Shiva a pportioned to

    them the duties of creation, protection and destruction respectively. Brahma createdthe world and also

    created Manu the saint. Manu created all the creatures of the earth. After his selfless s ervice, Manu

    attained Shiva's presence, and as a result there was no one to weave clothesfor the people, leaving to

    suffer in leaves and bark until they appealed to Lord Shiva through Brahma.

    Lord Shiva created a s aint, Devala Maharshi , or "man with divine grace", and bade him to weave clothes

    for all creation, using yarn from Vishnu. As Devala Mahars hi wove clothes and covered the bodies of

    the people in the heaven he was called Devangan. He ruled Amoda.

    After getting the divine yarn from Vishnu, Devala Maharshi returned home but spent the night in a

    choultry. Devala Maharshi was hara ssed by evil forces. Vishnu defeated them with his charka but new

    evil forces appeared out of the blood of the dead evil forces. The goddess Devanga helped Devala

    Maharshi to overcome this diffic ulty by dazzli ng the evil forces with her bright crown and kill ed them,

    and the goddess' li on vahana of the goddess caught the arrakas' blood and prevented it from landi ng on

    the earth below. As a result of this battle, the goddess was named Sowdeswari, or the Devi with a

    dazzling crown.

    After this adventure Devala Maharshi reached the city of Amoda. Sunaban, the king of Amoda, was

    informed by Lord Shiva and he welcomed Devala Mahars hi to his pala ces for as l ong as Devala

    Maharshi might wish to stay as hi s guest. At last Sunaban crowned Devala Maharshi King of Amoda

    and requested Devala Mahars hi's permiss ion to return to his own home, explai ning that he was now

    cleared of Shiva's curse and the time had come for him to return home with his wife. Sunaban and hi swife disappeared, leaving Devala Mahars hi to rul e Amoda.

    Devala Maharshi had been ordered by lord Shiva to weave clothes. He was in need of handlooms and

    wanted to get them from Mayan, li ving i n the Meru hil ls. Leaving hi s mini sters in charge of Amoda, he

    travelled to Meru. After a long journey he reached the palace of Mayan, who gave him all the

    instruments he needed. Devala Maharshi returned home, but before he started weaving, he paid homage

    to the goddess chowdeswari a nd prayed for her bless ings. chowdeswari a ppeared before him and gave

    him a ba ngle of Gold and bless ed him so that he would soon gai n fame and great wealth. Devala

    Maharshi put the bangle on his right arm and s tarted weaving clothes.

    Devala Maharshi went to Kaila sh to present clothes to Lord Shiva and Goddess choowdeswari.

    chowdeswari was pleas ed to wear his clothes, while lord Shiva presented him Sudhanthiraham

    (the divine sword), and a pennant bearing the divine face of Nandhi. These will protect you and you

    will never face either failure of setback on your path to greatness . the lord sa id.

    Lord Shiva ordered Devala Maharshi to use the remaining yar n from his weaving hi m to make five

    divine threads, one of which is the sacred thread Janjam (a Telugu term), and offered him the hand ofthe sister of the sun in marriage. All the people in the heaven blessed them. The wife of Devala Maharshi

    bore him three sons, Divyangan, Vimala ngan, and Dhavala ngan. They were well versed in all the arts

    and experts in a ll the sciences, and when they reached manhood, they marri ed Prabhai, Badhmaatchi,

    and Sabal aatchi, respectively. Divyangan, the eldest, succeeded Devala Maha rshi .

    One day the Vidhyadas went to Lord Shiva and demanded a guru to teach them 64 arts the lord replied

    Oh my childr en, Yemavarunan of your kula has been meditating at the bottom of Meru mountain. I will

    bless hi m with a son, and you learn the 64 arts under him. Lord Shiva ordered that Devala Maharshi be

    reincarnated as the newborn sone of Yemavarunan. Devala Maharshi bade farewell to his wife and

    childr en and reached the feet of the Lord Shiva, leaving his body in the form of a li nga to be worshipped

    by his family.

    Devala Maharshi took seven avatharas:

    Devala Maharshi


    Summary of Devanga Purana


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  • 8/11/2019 Karthikbyk_ Devanga Chettiyar History


    9/2/2014 karthikbyk: Devanga Chettiyar History







    These seven begot many children, who grouped themselves into ten thousand kulas which took seven

    hundred rishis as their gurus . They adopted the names of the gurus as their gothras and foll owed the

    same gothras, generations upon generations.

    History of Devanga

    Devanga is a sub-caste in Hinduism. They were one of the weaving castes in India. This page mainly

    deals with Devangas of Karnataka.


    Devangas are of Brahmanical origin. They are Prakrut Brahmins (meaning brahmins by birth). The

    majority of them are weavers of sil k and cotton clothes.

    There were also famous Devang kings like Boja Raja of Ujjain (Uttar Pradesh, India). Many were also

    warriors during Vijayanagar times, according to warrior stones found in Hampi, Karnataka. Their

    native state was the kingdom of Ujjain where even to this day they form the major community. Their

    chief deity is Chowdeshwari(Chamundeshwari).They are Typical Kshatriyas of South and can be

    compared with the Rajput and Thakur of North.

    As is typical with other castes, Devangas became an endogamous unit of weavers, either due to caste

    rules or due to typical social conditions of India.

    Myth of origin

    Devangas trace the origin of their weaving tradition to a sage called Devala Maharshi. According to

    tradition, Devala Maharishi was the first person to weave the cotton cloth and to give it to Lord Shiva,

    who up until this time had been using animal skin. When Devala was taking the cloth to the king,

    demons came to attack him. Goddess Chowdeshwari (Chamundeshwari,a form of Durga,a warrior

    Goddess created by the Gods Brahma, Vishnu a nd Rudra, to fight the demon Mahis hasura), perched on

    a lion, fought and vanquished the demons so that Devala Maharishi could give the cloth to the king.

    [citation needed].The woven clothes were taken to Lord Shiva. Check Devanga Purana.


    Devanga was originally divided into two groups, the gandoru and namdoru. There were Saivite and

    Vaishnavite divisions among Devangas in the old days. Every one of the warrior sub sect have a sword

    in their homes. After the decli ne they settled in al l pa rts of Tamil Nadu. Devanga Literacy in TamilNadu i s

    High about 75% of them are doctors, Engineers and al so i n Leading Government Positions .

    source: Rigveda Devanga (Div am ga) was the first ever Bhramin who (OHM) comes to this world to give

    clothes to human beings Thiruvalluvar in his eighth poem says o


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