keep talking: from text to touch screen (2014)

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A look at the origins of assistive technology for blind people, its context within the digital evolution, the challenges of evolving screen reader technology, and a glimpse into the future of assistive technology.

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  • 1.Keep talking From text to touch screenLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson1

2. Overview Where it all began Technology changed the world From text to touch screen Keep talkingLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson2 3. Where it all beganLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson3 4. 1st Century Magnifying glass Seneca the Younger writes: "Letters, however small and indistinct, are seen enlarged and more clearly through a globe or glass filled with water."LJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson4 5. 14th Century Eye-glasses Friar Alessandro della Spina makes corrective eye-glassesLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson5 6. 1808 Typing machine Pellegrino Turri invents a typing machineLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson6 7. 1876 Telephones Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephoneLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson7 8. 1917 Condensing microphone EC Wente invents condenser microphoneLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson8 9. 1936 Artificial speech HW Dudley invents artificial talking machineLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson9 10. 1952 Speech recognition Davis, Biddulph and Balasek invent first speech recognition deviceLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson10 11. Technology changed the worldLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson11 12. 1948 Transistor Bardeen, Shockley and Brattain invent the transistorLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson12 13. 1955 Transistor computer Felker and Harris create first fully transistor based computerLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson13 14. 1970 Xerox PARC Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) is establishedLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson14 15. 1971 Email Ray Tomlinson sends first email over ARPANetLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson15 16. 1974 Mouse Xerox Alto is first computer with mouse inputLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson16 17. 1981 Personal Computer IBM PC with DOS ignites the Personal Computer (PC) marketLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson17 18. 1983 Graphical User Interface Apple releases first PC with Graphical User Interface (GUI)LJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson18 19. 1984 Keyboard IBM ships first PC with keyboard peripheralLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson19 20. 1985 Windows Windows 1.0 is released by MicrosoftLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson20 21. 1990 Web Tim Berners Lee proposes HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and HyperText Markup Language (HTML)LJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson21 22. 1993 Mosaic Mosaic web browser is releasedLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson22 23. 1994 Netscape Navigator Netscape Navigator 1.0 is releasedLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson23 24. 1995 Internet Explorer Internet Explorer 1.0 is releasedLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson24 25. From text to touch screenLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson25 26. 1969 BCAB British Computer Association of the Blind (BCAB) is establishedLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson26 27. 1978 Speak n Spell Speak n Spell is releasedLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson27 28. 1986 IBM Screen Reader IBM Screen Reader is releasedLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson28 29. 1989 Outspoken Outspoken for Macintosh is releasedLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson29 30. 1990 IBM Screen Reader 2 IBM Screen Reader 2 is releasedLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson30 31. 1995 Jaws 1 Jaws 1.0 is released by Henter JoyceLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson31 32. 1995 Window-Eyes Window-Eyes is released by GW MicroLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson32 33. 2002 Jaws 4 Jaws 4.0 is released, introducing quick navigationLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson33 34. 2005 VoiceOver VoiceOver is released with OSX10.4LJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson34 35. 2007 NVDA Non Visual Desktop Access (NVDA) is released by NV AccessLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson35 36. 2009 Mobile VoiceOver for iOS and TalkBack for Android are releasedLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson36 37. Keep talkingLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson37 38. 2013 Tactile air Disney develops tactile air feedbackLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson38 39. 2013 Tactile 3D Disney prototypes 3D tactile interfaceLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson39 40. 2013 Google Glass Google Glass goes into public betaLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson40 41. 2011 Argus II Argus II visual prosthesis approved for clinical trial in the EULJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson41 42. 2014 Contact lenses Prototype contact lenses relay imagesLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson42 43. Thank youLJWatson.co.uk@LeonieWatson43