key drivers of the energy future

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key drivers of the energy future. GDP & pop. growth urbanisation demand mgmt. Demand Growth. Supply Challenges. Technology and policy. Security of Supply. Environmental Impacts. energy use grows with economic development. energy demand and GDP per capita (1980-2004). US. Australia. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Technology and policyDemand GrowthGDP & pop. growthurbanisationdemand mgmt.Security of SupplyEnvironmental ImpactsSupply Challengeskey drivers of the energy future

  • Source: UN and DOE EIARussia data 1992-2004 onlyenergy use grows with economic developmentUSAustraliaRussiaBrazilChinaIndiaS. KoreaMexicoIrelandGreeceFranceUKJapanMalaysiaenergy demand and GDP per capita (1980-2004)

    Data

    RegionQuantity1980198119821983198419851986198719881989199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004

    USAE (MBTU)343.9332.1315.7312.2324.9321.1319.1326.1338.1343.4338.5333.7334.5336.8338.9342.1349.4347.4344.8346.7350.6338.6340.5338.5342.7

    E (Gj)362.8019488285350.3532072585333.0536252094329.3405904913342.7407363119338.7135275709336.680228065344.0749791436356.6552375816362.2488436968357.1099899318352.0674282216352.9013277466355.3133562015357.5915210349360.9563027159368.6369482644366.4702785089363.7501910275365.7887870298369.8393632556357.182898768359.2764157261357.091364415361.5257442549

    GDP (2000$)22,59422,86321,96723,06124,31325,16726,02426,50027,09028,09028,37527,99128,65729,18030,00430,16630,89131,81432,48933,44633,97033,98334,56735,37336,465

    CO2 (tons)20.8820.1518.9118.5819.4519.2319.1019.6020.3120.4920.0419.5919.7319.8619.8819.8620.3220.3320.2320.2520.6020.1420.0120.0020.18

    UKE (MBTU)157.0151.0148.6149.1149.5154.3156.5158.7158.2162.2161.4165.1160.2164.9163.8161.7171.4165.6165.0164.6162.6164.4161.8164.4166.5

    E (Gj)165.6245326537159.3509470592156.7636233924157.2831768503157.725124004162.7415581533165.1471646365167.4459264538166.8687645876171.1001431248170.2345644199174.2009731823169.0290252455173.9594000999172.7588034827170.640276079180.82162556174.6689957463174.0236358134173.6246785957171.5672691976173.4132828657170.6812113416173.4323799788175.7050965081

    GDP (2000$)17,20916,90217,27117,74218,09318,82219,38920,28521,19321,67621,87221,44221,32021,77722,52023,22623,79624,43824,90225,95326,33226,86827,14327,60528,326

    CO2 (tons)10.8010.5310.1010.1310.0410.3910.4110.5710.4210.6110.4110.529.889.969.749.509.969.539.449.289.269.489.279.439.62

    FranceE (MBTU)156.7150.2144.0145.6149.4152.3154.0156.0154.1157.8161.1170.9170.9170.1169.1173.4178.6176.9179.9181.4183.0185.8183.6184.8186.1

    E (Gj)165.3139156596158.4278139214151.9427493226153.5621337337157.6386038292160.6365233209162.502814064164.5544521737162.5481409417166.4830887551169.98461659180.3289159401180.3470435534179.4598020866178.3566124978182.9493677559188.4428005139186.6128796012189.8296281614191.3457530209193.0325122741196.0489098023193.6732608393194.9192188194196.3164815735

    GDP (2000$)17,68117,94118,51719,03219,35719,72120,01520,25221,05721,64421,97222,08222,45721,94522,45222,96323,06123,50924,24524,77025,69826,14226,52026,49326,929

    CO2 (tons)9.058.177.807.427.157.156.626.496.116.496.496.906.676.366.206.406.646.516.916.786.736.766.666.746.71

    JapanE (MBTU)130.3128.6123.3120.2130.4130.1129.5132.7140.2144.2148.6153.0154.4154.8161.6165.2169.2174.2170.5174.1177.2174.8173.1174.5177.7

    E (Gj)137.5002893217135.6538160917130.1030065189126.8599170446137.5575189319137.3074382857136.6279746454139.9905431106147.870115206152.1131991594156.7622910486161.4272745003162.9383171922163.3544537253170.5081042759174.3212599924178.5222534038183.7370932606179.8567139126183.6236130221186.9209127862184.3848400915182.5797027639184.1406436838187.4485433321

    GDP (2000$)17,05617,45417,77717,92518,35419,13619,58820,18821,45822,48223,58024,28824,42124,41424,61825,01925,73526,06425,71325,65326,22026,11725,98526,27026,884

    CO2 (tons)8.037.847.236.937.467.397.217.277.777.988.218.308.368.378.708.588.789.068.749.099.399.229.339.789.91

    ChinaE (MBTU)17.817.217.718.519.620.821.622.623.823.823.524.224.826.328.328.929.330.329.629.330.632.033.038.545.9

    E (Gj)18.751986178118.192172744918.686791423919.502184762120.693591830521.94324752722.803798216423.870574260425.058669748825.138627994724.791305268325.57689500526.207983263327.736586900529.826387807230.505191205130.869061762331.971735408831.221066474430.901892568632.259019463733.738970137634.814888111640.620711166848.3886671196

    GDP (2000$)7637928499261,0511,1811,2691,3951,5281,5641,5961,7211,9442,1992,4572,7342,9713,2053,4383,6543,9284,2334,5684,9665,419

    CO2 (tons)1.481.431.471.531.641.741.811.901.991.981.952.022.062.172.322.362.362.452.352.302.392.492.573.023.62

    S. KoreaE (MBTU)44.044.144.949.351.954.759.266.074.280.188.9100.5111.7123.6132.2144.0150.2161.8148.1160.7167.3168.1175.6180.3185.5

    E (Gj)46.376464103146.502032868447.409859581952.041287670354.78117896657.755557795262.467881606969.670991913178.237477703984.458950828193.7584370304106.0085516446117.8429933004130.4072014725139.4845211645151.8696413497158.4333818964170.6883735715156.2724605707169.5590114651176.505303737177.3483126978185.2577011523190.2244457739195.7455126362

    GDP (2000$)4,8485,1055,3875,8586,2716,6497,2677,9308,6369,0889,79210,62211,14611,72912,62313,59714,41714,97013,99515,14316,17216,62717,63718,09718,840

    CO2 (tons)3.323.313.423.643.964.044.024.274.915.155.556.226.627.597.908.698.869.448.119.079.359.199.709.8510.26

    BrazilE (MBTU)32.831.030.830.132.233.735.636.036.536.938.339.339.240.141.343.145.046.847.647.848.947.847.847.849.3

    E (Gj)34.612417431532.676137163632.458333226831.71394428433.969633700135.521927838237.591099491437.940207411638.49851450938.930420950340.379053973941.437268159341.388611127642.341459182643.574923434945.484741960847.491773082549.330886538350.213287374450.463205017751.575079553750.459574990450.437522377950.4755998152.0196556796

    GDP (2000$)6,8906,4936,4486,1346,3076,6406,9637,0246,9036,9326,4976,4476,2936,5386,7686,9407,0217,1767,1007,1377,3017,3517,3947,3067,531

    CO2 (tons)1.521.391.331.221.301.361.481.501.481.501.471.511.501.631.671.761.841.921.881.931.971.971.951.761.83

    IrelandE (MBTU)95.090.688.785.686.988.595.695.894.798.9105.3108.7109.8112.8117.5119.6126.3134.0143.1150.7157.4163.0161.1155.9160.6

    E (Gj)100.207947268495.549188475493.537074734790.288222522191.697978118193.3591494687100.8393645607101.021038586599.9217008143104.3641312701111.0696062729114.7231076361115.8612514554119.054140502123.9997289581126.2067832417133.22390242141.3792084747150.9607549492158.9671535785166.0787988152171.9455422867170.0031799414164.431712662169.3981539015

    GDP (2000$)10,38010,66311,07911,10511,75912,22912,08012,59213,47314,51415,58715,73416,36016,66017,50219,34620,61822,97224,93528,15630,53232,56434,83535,06235,684

    CO2 (tons)6.556.225.945.765.545.806.676.876.636.897.357.567.667.818.098.328.669.379.7810.1810.5511.1310.8510.3110.69

    MexicoE (MBTU)54.658.860.555.458.058.657.958.658.759.559.460.260.459.160.358.458.559.261.261.263.361.861.862.863.0

    E (Gj)57.647108009162.008970036463.852722079358.446173011861.191267944261.839949017561.131288267861.854288023161.88373240862.770711613262.70925575563.554126440963.73842858162.354820349663.654870760261.623261289861.761588328562.446920095964.618417374164.57108794766.750949046665.207698949565.192790421766.258373566866.4313419478

    GDP (2000$)7,8568,4098,4337,8257,9047,8707,4967,4097,2887,4317,6277,7587,8857,9108,1367,6197,8508,1758,4548,6179,0468,8768,7878,7849,010

    CO2 (tons)3.393.623.633.363.543.523.383.443.363.463.533.563.533.503.653.433.493.613.793.663.803.733.763.773.67

    MalaysiaE (MBTU)30.431.131.534.740.545.047.046.147.750.655.960.662.068.274.374.881.781.480.681.585.994.899.0106.5107.1

    E (Gj)32.068716361732.843326065933.277490651436.655591171942.733410219347.456737987349.551333436348.619366696650.354690342653.335166033858.957559131963.942785527365.382237771471.99370623578.385766305678.937001086586.239767982285.921113631485.053162377785.986174533690.577129358799.9682307568104.4960040554112.3369257063112.9591385619

    GDP (2000$)3,9884,1544,3394,5714,8204,6604,5724,6724,9725,2905,5385,9566,3346,7427,1737,6648,2158,6617,8338,2668,9268,6948,8219,0039,444

    CO2 (tons)1.892.052.162.542.842.903.072.822.813.063.703.913.954.244.634.525.034.954.884.955.105.586.076.556.53

    GreeceE (MBTU)78.076.874.476.077.881.784.190.095.999.9102.5103.198.8103.3104.3107.6109.2114.2121.0120.2126.7128.0128.2135.2135.8

    E (Gj)82.245634495681.020417678.495681710280.165556034882.059893232886.166468229288.719127698294.9877932077101.205423137105.4039320609108.1803754934108.7342001306104.2615420456108.9316636825110.0317882757113.4813159991115.2170854848120.4868530053127.695811862126.8055459441133.6530819462135.0873241727135.2260287174142.6764367385143.2549945045

    GDP (2000$)14,22313,94113,67113,50013,84714,18014,29213,83614,41014,85414,56114,80714,70614,38514,54714,73515,03215,47815,92816,62317,39218,19418,81719,65920,407

    CO2 (tons)5.675.645.455.765.886.356.407.007.507.807.947.917.637.948.058.138.198.599.128.999.509.669.579.919.97

    IndiaE (MBTU)6.16.56.56.97.47.78.28.18.89.19.59.810.110.411.012.511.912.312.613.013.513.713.513.814.5

    E (Gj)6.39150891086.84253905746.89678388237.25170570527.79101408218.16856263868.61556233858.52930871599.29922596659.571652442210.056632443510.309511809510.701758715810.963688176211.619149064813.147626122812.526225177412.993470128213.280641427413.681514587614.260898397114.474132571314.245896824814.508577346515.2707743658

    GDP (2000$)1,1781,2281,2501,3111,3391,3851,4221,4541,5691,6381,7011,6861,7431,7911,8891,9942,1002,1542,2442,3622,4152,4802,5532,7312,885

    CO2 (tons)0.440.470.480.500.540.580.600.600.650.670.700.720.750.770.810.940.880.920.930.951.001.000.990.991.04

    AustraliaE (MBTU)188.8186.2190.7185.6195.3200.0198.6203.7210.4216.0218.4214.9218.3221.4219.0223.6230.2245.6244.8254.1252.2258.0260.8258.1264.5

    E (Gj)199.2144607286196.4007155658201.1729289641195.8032077242206.0618550552211.0020996087209.4786761742214.8971120708221.9785958642227.8458278323230.4393581397226.736230712230.3490632559233.5692427987230.9980716875235.8734214473242.8387