kiss me, i’m irish · a four-day long st. patrick’s day festival takes place in dublin, the...
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Kiss me, I’m
Charles, did you put on your green underwear?
• the green represents the Gaelic tradition of Ireland, the native people of Ireland
• the orange represents the followers of William of Orange in Ireland who settled in Northern Ireland
• the white represents the peace, between these two groups of people.
St. Patrick’s Day
WHO WAS ST. PATRICK?
• Facts about Saint Patrick • St. Patrick was born in 385
AD somewhere along the west coast of Britain, possibly in the
Welsh town of Banwen. • At age 16, he was captured
and sold into slavery to a sheep farmer. He escaped
when he was 22 and spent the next 12 years in a monastery.
• In his 30s he returned to Ireland as a Christian
missionary. He died at Saul in 461 AD and is buried at
St. Patrick's Day is celebrated on March 17, his religious feast
day and the anniversary of his death in the fifth century. The
Irish have observed this day as a religious holiday for over a
On St. Patrick's Day, which falls during the Christian season of
Lent, Irish families would traditionally attend church in the
morning and celebrate in the afternoon. Lenten prohibitions
against the consumption of meat were waived and people
would dance, drink and feast—on the traditional meal of Irish
bacon and cabbage.
St. Patrick's Day
Facts about St. Patrick's Day Holiday
• In Ireland on St. Patrick’s Day, people traditionally wear a small bunch of shamrocks
on their jackets or caps. Children wear orange, white and green badges, and women and
girls wear green ribbons in their hair.
• Many cities have a St. Patrick’s Day parade. Dublin, the capital of Ireland, has a huge
St. Patrick’s Day festival from March 15-19, that features a parade, family carnivals,
treasure hunt, dance, theatre and more. In North American, parades are often held on the
Sunday before March 17. Some paint the yellow street lines green for the day! In
Chicago, the Chicago River is dyed green with a special dye that only lasts a few hours.
There has been a St. Patrick’s Day parade in Boston, Massachusetts since 1737.
Montreal is home to Canada’s longest running St. Patrick’s Day parade, which began in
New York City dyes the river green for Saint Patrick's Day. .
THE SHAMROCK/THE CLOVER
The shamrock, which was also called the "seamroy" by the Celts, was a sacred plant in ancient Ireland because it symbolized
the rebirth of spring.
Facts about Clovers •
• According to the Guinness Book of World Records, the highest number of leaves found on a clover is 14!
• One estimate suggests that there are about 10 000 regular three-leaf clovers for every lucky four-leaf clover.
• Legend says that each leaf of the clover means something: the first is for hope, the second for faith, the third for love and the fourth for luck.
By the seventeenth century, the shamrock had become a symbol of
emerging Irish nationalism. As the English began to seize Irish land
and make laws against the use of the Irish language and the practice of
Catholicism, many Irish began to wear the shamrock as a symbol of their pride in their heritage and their displeasure with English rule.
• Shamrocks came to be associated with St. Patrick's Day because the patron saint of Ireland used the three-leafed plant as a
metaphor for the Christian concept of Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.
Shamrock or clover? • A shamrock is a common name for a clover. But
as American botanist Kathleen Pelkki explains, a shamrock is a common name for any number of plants belonging to the genus Trifolium, from the Latin meaning "having three leaves.„
• The plant most commonly referred to as shamrock is white clover or Trifolium repens. The Irish word "seamrog," from which shamrock comes, means "little clover." Black medic, wood sorrel, and the hop clover have also been called shamrocks.
• Music is often associated with St Patrick’s
Day—and Irish culture in general. From ancient
days of the Celts, music has always been an
important part of Irish life. The Celts had
an oral culture, where religion, legend and
history were passed from one generation to the
next by way of stories and songs. After being
conquered by the English, and forbidden to speak
their own language, the Irish, like other
oppressed peoples, turned to music to help them
remember important events and hold on to their
heritage and history. As it often stirred emotion
and helped to galvanize people, music was
outlawed by the English. During her reign,
Queen Elizabeth I even decreed that all artists
and pipers were to be arrested and hanged on the
• Today, traditional Irish bands like The
Chieftains, the Clancy Brothers and
Tommy Makem are gaining worldwide
popularity. Their music is produced
with instruments that have been used
for centuries, including the fiddle, the
uilleann pipes (a sort of elaborate
bagpipe), the tin whistle (a sort of
flute that is actually made of nickel-
silver, brass or aluminum) and the
bodhran (an ancient type of
framedrum that was traditionally used
in warfare rather than music).
CELTIC CHRISTIAN CROSS
CELTIC CHRISTIAN or IRISH CROSS
• In Ireland it is a popular legend that the Celtic Christian cross was introduced by
Saint Patrick during his time converting the pagan Irish.
• It has often been claimed that Patrick combined the symbol of
Christianity with the sun cross,
to give pagan followers an idea of the importance of the cross by linking it with the idea of the life-giving properties of the sun.
• Other interpretations claim that placing the cross on top of the circle represents
Christ's supremacy over the pagan sun.
How much do you know about St. Patrick and Irish culture?
St. Patrick’s Day is celebrated in different places around the world. Complete
the sentences with these words.
Harp Chicago potatoes Dublin 4.5 Boston pot of gold 70
shamrock 2 orange March
1. The population of the Republic of Ireland is ............................ million.
2. There are ............................ official languages in the Republic of Ireland.
3. The national flag of the Republic of Ireland is green, white and ............................ .
4. St. Patrick’s Day is on ............................ 17th.
5. A traditional St. Patrick’s Day meal consists of ............................ and cabbage.
6. The first St. Patrick’s day parade took place in ............................ .
7. On St. Patrick’s day the river is coloured green in ............................ .
8. The ............................ is a plant that brings luck.
9. The national emblem of Ireland is the ............................ .
10. ............................ is the capital of the Republic of Ireland.
11. Leprechauns are about ............................ cm tall.
12. If you catch a leprechaun, he has to show you where he keeps his
Read the texts to check your answers
to Activity 1.
Ireland is an island situated in the north-west of Europe. It is divided into the Republic of Ireland, which people often refer to as Ireland, and Northern Ireland. The population of the Republic of Ireland is 4.5million.
There are two official languages in the Republic of Ireland: English and Irish.
The national flag is green, white and orange.
He is a patron saint of Ireland, but he was born in Britain at the end of the 4th century. When he was young, he was sold as a slave in Ireland. Then he escaped to France where he lived at a monastery. He later returned to Ireland and taught people about Christianity. St. Patrick died on March 17th. The date of his death was chosen for St. Patrick’s Day.
St. Patrick’s Day in Ireland
In Ireland, St. Patrick’s Day is a religious holiday. People attend church services and eat a traditional meal of potatoes and cabbage. A four-day long St. Patrick’s Day Festival takes place in Dublin, the capital of the Republic of Ireland. There is a parade, music and fireworks.
St. Patrick’s Day in the USA
The first St. Patrick’s Day parade was organized in Boston, the USA. More than a hundred American cities hold St. Patrick’s Day parades. Participants wear green clothes as green is the popular colour of Ireland.
Even the river in Chicago is coloured green on St. Patrick’s Day.
The most famous Irish symbol is the shamrock, which is a small plant with three
leaves. Irish people believe that it brings good luck. Ireland’s national emblem is the
harp, which you can see for instance on the Irish euro coin.
These are little creatures from Irish legends and you can see them on St. Patrick’s
Day greeting cards. Leprechauns are about 70 cm tall. They are rich and keep their
pot of gold in secret places. If you catch a leprechaun, he has to show you where he
keeps his gold. However, if you turn your eyes away even for a second, the
leprechaun will run away.
© Macmillan Polska 2011 PHOTOCOPIABLE
TO SUM UP….
Who is Saint Patrick?
•Saint Patrick was a missionary
who lived in Ireland. He died
around March 17, 493.
•When he was 16 years old,
Saint Patrick was captured and
made a slave.
•He was a slave for six years.
When is Saint Patrick's day?
•It is on Thursday, March 17,
•We celebrate it by wearing
•We say "Happy Saint Patrick's
Who is this?
•It is a leprechaun.
•Leprechauns are little fairies
who live in Ireland.
•They play tricks on people
What does this picture
•It represents an Irish saying:
"There is a pot of gold at the
end of every rainbow.
What do people eat on Saint
•They eat corned beef,
cabbage, and potatoes.
•You can boil all these items
together in a large pot.
•Most people put mustard on
their corned beef.
Are there parades on Saint
•Yes, there are. This parade was
in New York City in 2006.
•The first celebration of Saint
Patrick's Day in the United
States was in Boston,
Massachusetts in 1737.
Why is the water in this river
•The city of Chicago dyes the
river green for Saint Patrick's
Many Irish people live in