le subjonctif the subjunctive mood moods there are 3 moods in language there are 3 moods in language...

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Le subjonctif Le subjonctif The subjunctive mood The subjunctive mood

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  • Page 1
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  • Le subjonctif The subjunctive mood
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  • Moods There are 3 moods in language There are 3 moods in language INDICATIVE: This is used to state facts where there is no uncertainty in the mind of the speaker INDICATIVE: This is used to state facts where there is no uncertainty in the mind of the speaker IMPERATIVE: Giving orders and commands IMPERATIVE: Giving orders and commands SUBJUNCTIVE: Stating ideas, possibilities and wishes that might not necessarily happen SUBJUNCTIVE: Stating ideas, possibilities and wishes that might not necessarily happen
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  • The Subjunctive mood The subjunctive has almost completely disappeared from the English language The subjunctive has almost completely disappeared from the English language If I were you If I were you May the force be with you! May the force be with you! Long live the King! Long live the King! However, in French, the subjunctive is very much still alive, particularly in the Present Tense. However, in French, the subjunctive is very much still alive, particularly in the Present Tense.
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  • The Subjunctive continued The subjunctive has present, imperfect and conditional forms. The subjunctive has present, imperfect and conditional forms. The imperfect and conditional are confined to written language and then often to the third person. The imperfect and conditional are confined to written language and then often to the third person. The present must however be learned thoroughly!! The present must however be learned thoroughly!!
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  • Subjunctive - formation Fortunately the subjunctive is easy to form Fortunately the subjunctive is easy to form You must first write down the ils form of the present tense You must first write down the ils form of the present tense You then take off the ent from the end You then take off the ent from the end To this stem you add the appropriate endings for each subject To this stem you add the appropriate endings for each subject
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  • Formation endings e.g. for the verb jouer ils jouent Je jou Je jou Tujou Tujou Iljou Iljou Ellejou Ellejou Noujou Noujou Vousjou Vousjou Ilsjou Ilsjou Ellesjou Ellesjouentententententententent -es -e -ions -iez -ent -e
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  • Formation Practice Write the correct present tense subjunctive forms of the following verbs Je (manger) Je (manger) Tu (rester) Tu (rester) Il (finir) Il (finir) Elle (vendre) Elle (vendre) Nous (partir) Nous (partir) Vous (boire) Vous (boire) Ils (craindre) Ils (craindre) Elles (venir) Elles (venir) Je mange Tu restes Il finisse Elle vende Nous partions Vous boiviez Ils craignent Elles viennent
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  • Subjunctive - summary Work out the ils forme.g. ils viennent Take off the ente.g. vienn Add the correct endinge.g. je vienne e.g. nous viennions
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  • Subjunctive - Exceptions Inevitably, there are some very important exceptions that need to be learned! Inevitably, there are some very important exceptions that need to be learned! There are seven common exceptions on the following pages. There are seven common exceptions on the following pages. There is no rule to know how to conjugate the verbs. There is no rule to know how to conjugate the verbs.
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  • Exceptions - 1 tre to be tre to be je sois je sois tu sois tu sois il soit il soit elle soit elle soit nous soyons nous soyons vous soyez vous soyez ils soient ils soient elles soient elles soient avoir to have avoir to have jaie jaie tu aies tu aies il ait il ait elle ait elle ait nous ayons nous ayons vous ayez vous ayez ils aient ils aient elles aient elles aient
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  • Exceptions - 2 aller to go aller to go jaille jaille tu ailles tu ailles il aille il aille elle aille elle aille nous allions nous allions vous alliez vous alliez ils aillent ils aillent elles aillent elles aillent vouloir to want vouloir to want je veuille je veuille tu veuilles tu veuilles il veuille il veuille elle veuille elle veuille nous voulions nous voulions vous vouliez vous vouliez ils veuillent ils veuillent elles veuillent elles veuillent
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  • Exceptions - 3 The following exceptions have the same endings as for the regular forms but have different stems The following exceptions have the same endings as for the regular forms but have different stems faireto dofass- faireto dofass- pouvoirto be able topuiss- pouvoirto be able topuiss- savoirto knowsach- savoirto knowsach-
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  • Practice 2 Write the correct subjunctive forms Je (savoir) Je (savoir) Tu (vouloir) Tu (vouloir) Il (avoir) Il (avoir) Elle (pouvoir) Elle (pouvoir) Nous (tre) Nous (tre) Vous (aller) Vous (aller) Ils (savoir) Ils (savoir) Elles (pouvoir) Elles (pouvoir) Je sache Je sache Tu veuilles Tu veuilles Il ait Il ait Elle puisse Elle puisse Nous soyons Nous soyons Vous alliez Vous alliez Ils sachent Ils sachent Elles puissent Elles puissent
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  • Subjunctive - Use The subjunctive is used after certain conjunctions after certain verbs The word que is often a trigger for the subjunctive mood (BUT NOT ALWAYS)
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  • After certain conjunctions bien que / quoiquealthough pour que / afin queso that avant quebefore jusqu ce queuntil sans quewithout pourvu queprovided that condition queon condition that moins queunless quoi quewhatever o quewherever
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  • After certain verbs wanting, wishing, desiring, requesting, demanding, feeling je suis content queI am happy that je suis surpris queI am surprised that je veux queI want je regrette queI am sorry that je demande queI ask that je mtonne queI am astonished that
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  • after certain verbs etc. after verbs expressing fear Jai peur queI am frightened that Je crains queI fear that
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  • After certain verbs expressing personal opinion the subjunctive is only required when the verb is used in the negative form!! je ne crois pas queI dont believe that je ne dis pas queI am not saying that je nespre pas queI dont hope that Je ne pense pas queI dont think that
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  • Impersonal verbs These are useful phrases that are always followed by the subjunctive Il faut queIt is necessary that Il se peut queIt is possible that Il importe queIt is important that Il est regrettable queIt is regrettable that Il est (im)possible queIt is (im)possible that Il est improbable queIt is unlikely that Il semble queIt seems that Il est douteux queIt is doubtful that
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  • Subjunctive practice 3 translate the following It is necessary that one is a realist although you are right Whatever he says Before they arrive I want you to know It is regrettable that she is ill unless we are able to leave I dont believe you want to do that.
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  • Practice 3 answers Il faut quon soit raliste bien que vous ayez raison quoi quil dise avant quils arrivent Je veux que vous sachiez Il est regrettable quelle soit malade moins que nous puissions partir Je ne crois pas que vous vouliez faire a!
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  • Some important points to consider Although it may appear complicated the subjunctive is nothing to be feared Although it may appear complicated the subjunctive is nothing to be feared You have survived five years of French without needing it You have survived five years of French without needing it It is very simple to form in the present tense if you follow the rules and note the 7 exceptions It is very simple to form in the present tense if you follow the rules and note the 7 exceptions There are lots of structures that trigger the infinitive but you are unlikely to ever use even half of them in your AS studies There are lots of structures that trigger the infinitive but you are unlikely to ever use even half of them in your AS studies It is a good idea to learn a few conjunctions and verbal phrases that use subjunctive to show off in your exam. It is a good idea to learn a few conjunctions and verbal phrases that use subjunctive to show off in your exam. Try learning the subjunctive in set phrases like those in the previous exercises. Try learning the subjunctive in set phrases like those in the previous exercises. Dont panic! Dont panic!